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Innovations in Electronics and Communication Engineering pp 299–309 Cite as
A Solar Tracking and Remote Monitoring System Using IoT
- Fariha Khatoon 13 &
- Sandeep Kumar 13
- Conference paper
- First Online: 23 April 2020
Part of the Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems book series (LNNS,volume 107)
In this paper, for smart management and control of solar tracking system, a prototype is built to test or check the management and control of the system. The newly build prototype is developed for many applications with the aim of being a powerful tool for the learning of the smart solar energy system. The Internet of Things incorporates everyday objects using the Internet to extend into the real world. Here, we facilitate IoT technology for supervising solar PV (photovoltaic) power generation which can enhance the maintenance, monitoring, and performance of the plant. This will provide tracking of the solar panel and turning it in the direction of the sunlight. This is all possible using LDR sensors. The IoT automatically keeps track of the amount of voltage supply received by the solar panel in direction of sunlight. The proposed system displays the usage of the power of solar PV online. Finally, its application is discussed further.
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Authors and affiliations.
Department of Electronics and Communications, Sreyas Institute of Engineering and Technology, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
Fariha Khatoon & Sandeep Kumar
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Correspondence to Fariha Khatoon .
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Guru Nanak Institutions, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
Dr. H. S. Saini
Guru Nanak Institutions Technical Campus, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
R. K. Singh
Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, Delhi, India
Prof. Mirza Tariq Beg
Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, Rupnagar, Punjab, India
Prof. J. S. Sahambi
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Khatoon, F., Kumar, S. (2020). A Solar Tracking and Remote Monitoring System Using IoT. In: Saini, H.S., Singh, R.K., Tariq Beg, M., Sahambi, J.S. (eds) Innovations in Electronics and Communication Engineering. Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems, vol 107. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-3172-9_30
DOI : https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-3172-9_30
Published : 23 April 2020
Publisher Name : Springer, Singapore
Print ISBN : 978-981-15-3171-2
Online ISBN : 978-981-15-3172-9
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Survey on Automatic Solar Tracking System.pdf
by International Journal of Innovations in Engineering and Science, ISSN:2456-3463 IJIES
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2022, Zenodo (CERN European Organization for Nuclear Research)
In order to trap the energy to the maximum extent solar tracker technique (STT) is used based on the orientation of different payloads toward the sun. Payloads may be photovoltaic cells, reflectors, lenses or other optical devices. For this paper the payload is solar panel and optical device. The tracker detects the sun at dawn and tracks it for the whole day then it resets automatically for the next cycle. Since sunlight basically has two components the direct beam and diffuse sunlight, the direct beam carries about 90% of the solar energy and the diffuse sunlight that carries the remainder. As the majority of the energy is in the direct beam collection of this beam should be Maximum and should fall straight onto the panels as long as possible for which a tracker is needed. The tracker is basically a mechanical device consist of servo motors and moves according to the command from the microcontroller in response to the sun direction. Two light dependent resistors (LDRs) are used as...
A solar tracking system is a generic term used to describe devices that orient various payloads toward the sun. Payloads can be photovoltaic panels, reflectors, lenses or other optical devices. This paper describes a potential solar system using two stepper motors, light sensor and a concave mirror. This method not only improves power collection efficiency by about 65% by developing a system that tracks the sun to keep the solar panel at perpendicular to its rays but also decreases the overall cost of production. This solar tracking system is designed, practically implemented and experimentally tested. The design details and the experimental results are shown. Index Terms — ATMEGA16 (AVR Family) Microcontroller, Concave Mirror, Darlington Pair Transistor, LDR Sensor, Power Optimization, Renewable Energy, Tracking system. —————————— ——————————
2022, International Journal for Research in Applied Science and Engineering Technology (IJRASET)
Renewable energy is a type of energy that is derived from ongoing natural processes and energy of natural processes converted into available forms. Solar energy is any type of energy that is generated by the sun. To make use of this energy and convert it into electricity we use solar panels. A solar panel has maximum productivity when the sun rays are incident at right angle to it. Usual home use solar panels are fixed in a stationary position hence there will be only a certain time in the day that the sun-rays are incident at right angle on the panel. A solar tracking system is a single-axis rotating system which aims for solar panels to operate by tracking the sun's movement throughout the day which makes it possible for the rays to arrive perpendicular to the panels. This maximises the productivity of the panel. Solar tracking system was designed which used LDRs in form of a voltage divider circuit to sense the sunlight and actuate the stepper motor to rotate the panel over a single-axis so that the sun-rays the panel is perpendicular to the sun-rays. This model was tested out alongside a stationary solar panel. Readings were noted down of both panels every hour. The panel with the tracking system proved to be more productive than the stationary panel as it had generated more power over each hour. The panel could be moved both automatically with the help of the sensors and through manual mode using the blynk UI.
A solar tracker is a mechanized solar panel that actually moves with the sun to collect its full power. A tracking system’s primary advantage is its ability to collect solar energy throughout most of the day and with the most accurate alignment as the Sun’s position changes with the seasons. There are two different degrees that the Arduino Axis Tracker uses as its rotational axis The best technique to increase a PV system’s ability to produce power is solar tracking. Solar energy is an endless supply of power that, if correctly handled, will allow mankind to replace the traditional energy sources he has long relied upon. This was taken into consideration when designing the project to increase the effectiveness of solar energy harvesting.An open hardware test bench for solar trackers is presented in this project. The suggested prototype is built on a dual-axis solar tracker that is controlled by an Arduino Uno, an open-source prototyping platform with user-friendly hardware and software. Using the use of Light Dependent Resistor (LDR) sensors, the solar tracker can be operated automatically, or manually with a potentiometer. The hardware used has been selected to be inexpensive, small, and adaptable.
Taslim Ahmed , Imran Chowdhury
2019, International Conference on Advances in Electrical Engineering (ICAEE)
A sustainable powered standalone automatic Solar Tracking System is designed and successfully simulated to provide the best alignment of solar panel with position of the sun automatically, to extract an increased efficiency by 40 percent. A very low cost (approx. 5 USD), high precision Solar Tacking Sensor has been designed to rotate the solar panel coupled to the stepper motor rotates 25.70 degree at single step and to tracks the whole 180-degree trace in 8 (eight) steps per day with greater accuracy. Microcontroller (ATmega16) is used as main control unit where its ADC ports are used to interface the Sensor unit and ULN2000A motor driver is used to interface the stepper motor to rotate the solar panel at maximum solar energy angle. The results found from the simulation and analysis shows that, the system required 12.04 mA and 37.163 mA current, and 144.48 mW and 445.956 mW power, during standby and panel rotating mode respectively. The maximum current drawn by the Solar Tracking Sensor is less than 0.5 mA. ‘Proteus ISIS 7.7 professional’ is used for design and simulation, and ‘Code Vision AVR v2.5’ is used to write the program code and burning into the ATmega16 for simulation and analysis.
The consumption of conventional energy causes heavy environmental pollution. To solve these problems, solar energy can play a vital role as an alternative energy source. This paper presents the design, construction and performance study of an Arduino-based self-powered dual-axis solar tracking system for photovoltaic panel which allows more energy reproductionby keeping the solar panels aligned with the Sun. When the intensity of light is decreases due to change of Sun's position, the system automatically changes its direction to get maximum intensity of light. For this purpose four light dependent resistance are used along with four 100kΩ ordinary resistance for constructing a voltage divider circuit. The whole function is continuously monitored and controlled by an ArduinoUNO R3 microcontroller. Besides the system is entirely self-powered, so that no external conventional energy sources needed. A computer simulation of the proposed system was first designed using proteus 7 software and then the prototype was carried out according to the simulation. This systemcan be used in industrial and residential sectorfor increasing the efficiency of a photovoltaic panel or any solar energy conversion device which will contribute in solving the increasing demand of electrical energy.
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