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Innovations in Electronics and Communication Engineering pp 299–309 Cite as

A Solar Tracking and Remote Monitoring System Using IoT

  • Fariha Khatoon 13 &
  • Sandeep Kumar 13  
  • Conference paper
  • First Online: 23 April 2020

934 Accesses

Part of the Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems book series (LNNS,volume 107)

In this paper, for smart management and control of solar tracking system, a prototype is built to test or check the management and control of the system. The newly build prototype is developed for many applications with the aim of being a powerful tool for the learning of the smart solar energy system. The Internet of Things incorporates everyday objects using the Internet to extend into the real world. Here, we facilitate IoT technology for supervising solar PV (photovoltaic) power generation which can enhance the maintenance, monitoring, and performance of the plant. This will provide tracking of the solar panel and turning it in the direction of the sunlight. This is all possible using LDR sensors. The IoT automatically keeps track of the amount of voltage supply received by the solar panel in direction of sunlight. The proposed system displays the usage of the power of solar PV online. Finally, its application is discussed further.

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Department of Electronics and Communications, Sreyas Institute of Engineering and Technology, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Fariha Khatoon & Sandeep Kumar

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Guru Nanak Institutions, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Dr. H. S. Saini

Guru Nanak Institutions Technical Campus, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

R. K. Singh

Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, Delhi, India

Prof. Mirza Tariq Beg

Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, Rupnagar, Punjab, India

Prof. J. S. Sahambi

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Khatoon, F., Kumar, S. (2020). A Solar Tracking and Remote Monitoring System Using IoT. In: Saini, H.S., Singh, R.K., Tariq Beg, M., Sahambi, J.S. (eds) Innovations in Electronics and Communication Engineering. Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems, vol 107. Springer, Singapore.

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Published : 23 April 2020

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Survey on Automatic Solar Tracking System.pdf

by International Journal of Innovations in Engineering and Science, ISSN:2456-3463 IJIES


2011, … University Journal of …

Microcontroller based solar-tracking system and its implementation

saad izhar , usama amanat

2020, automated solar tracker

This project presents a Solar Tracking System with gear Motors and a controller circuit. The system consists of solar panel and the mechanical system that follow the direction of a sun by controlled by programming software. The purpose of this Solar Tracking System is to maximize the power generation from the photovoltaic panel. The hardware designs are of solar panel, motor controller circuit to control the motor and circuit converter comprised the voltage output from the solar panel is stabilized by circuit converter before to be used by application. Benefit of Solar power is pollution-free during use. Production end-wastes and emissions are manageable using existing pollution controls. PV installations can operate for many years with little maintenance or intervention after their initial set-up, so after the initial capital cost of building any solar power plant, operating costs are extremely low compared to existing power technologies. At the end we have provided a comparison between conventional solar panel and a solar panel with a solar tracker.


Shubham Chauhan

Energy crisis is the most important issue in today’s world. Conventional energy resources are not only limited but also the prime culprit for environmental pollution. Renewable energy resources are getting priorities in the whole world to lessen the dependency on conventional resources. Solar energy is rapidly gaining the focus as in important means of expanding renewable energy uses. The energy extracted from solar photovoltaic (PV) or solar thermal depends on solar insulation. A microcontroller is based designed based design technology of an automatic solar tracker is presented in this work. Sun trackers move the solar collector to follow the sun trajectories and keep the orientation of the solar collector at an optimal tilt angle. This method is increasing power collection efficiency by developing a device that tracks the sun to keep the panel at a right angle to its rays.

Automatic Sun Tracking Solar Panel

Abdallah Kassem

2011, 2011 IEEE International Systems Conference

A microcontroller-based multi-function solar tracking system

Sharif Aliyu Yakubu

Renewable energy exploration has rapidly gained importance as an alternative energy source with fossil fuels availability worldwide continue to deplete causing fluctuation in their prices. At the energy research and innovation level, it is required to have an understanding and appreciation of the technologies associated with renewable energy. One of the most prevalent renewable energy sources is solar energy. Research has been directed toward the use of trackers to increase the efficiency of a solar energy collectors to be able to harvest substantial energy. This was designed for to operate on single axis tracking system in this study. Feedback control theory with sensors was used to enable the solar collector to seek optimum position for the radiation of energy. A mechanism for automatic reset and restart was incorporated in the design of the tracking system. The constructed system satisfactorily tracks the sun from east to west and reset at sunset, with higher efficiency of solar energy harvested as compare to a fixed collector.


DrOmorogiuwa Eseosa

Solar energy is rapidly becoming an alternative means of electricity source. Fossil fuels are seriously depleting, thus the need for alternative energy source is a necessity. To make effective use of solar energy, its efficiency must be maximized. A feasible approach to maximizing the power output of solar array is by sun tracking. This paper therefore presents the design and construction of a solar tracking system that position the solar PV panel in proper orientation with the sun so as to always receive direct radiation. The prototype is designed around a programmed microcontroller which controls the system by communicating with the sensors and motor driver based on the movement of the sun.

Design and Simulation of Solar Monitoring Tracking System

Energy crisis is the most important issue in today's world as demand for electrical energy increasing over the years. Conventional energy sources are not only limited but also hazardous to environment. Therefore, usage of non - conventional energy sources are getting more popula r to lessen the dependency over conventional energy sources. In the recent years, solar energy has been established as one of the chief non - conventional energy sources. Owing to the usage of solar energy, it has become necessary to develop some methods fo r the better use of solar energy. This paper presents one such resurgent method: Solar Position Tracking. A Arduino controller based method of solar tracking is presented in this paper. Light dependent resistors are used as sensors to determine the start a nd stop point of tracker. A small prototype of solar tracking system is also constructed to implement the design methodology.


Madan Varmma Suparmaniam

A Real Time Data Monitoring System for Two-Degree of Freedom of Microcontroller based Solar Tracking System

Solar Concentrator & Solar Tracking Combine system is main option to decrease price of solar energy generation. This Paper contains Tracking system & solar concentrating in PV/Thermal applications. By combining Solar Panel with Tracking System & solar concentrator, we can get better efficiency compared to Conventional System. Using two light dependent resistor interface with microcontroller and compare both LDR value and rotate stepper motor either clockwise or anticlockwise according to sun position. Whenever sun is east direction that time solar panel are also in east direction and whenever at the end of the day sun are west direction that time panel are rotate and move on west direction. Using LDR sense the light intensity and according to that rotate automatically panel and get the extracting the maximum energy from solar using automatic mechanical single axis solar tracking system.

Extracting Maximum Energy from Solar using Microcontroller Tracking System and Solar Concentrator

Diponkor Bala

2021, Journal of VLSI Design and Signal Processing

The phrase the sun is the source of all energy implies that solar energy is an essential element for the earth. Sun-powered vitality is fast becoming a substantial approach for renewable energy source assets. The sun is a plentiful source of vitality, and this sunpowered vitality may be effectively dealt with by employing sunlight-based photovoltaic cells and photovoltaic impact to convert sunpowered energy into electrical vitality. The solar tracking system maximizes the power generation of solar system by following the sun through panels throughout the day, optimizing the angle at which panels receive solar radiation. Compared to stable solar panels, a solar tracking system using solar panel linear actuators or gear motors can increase the efficiency of solar panels by 25% to 40%. The transformation efficiency of any sun-based application increases when the modules are consistently adjusted to the optimal edge as the sun crosses the sky. A dual-axis tracker allows panels to move on two axes, both north-south and east-west parallel. This paper presents the design and implementation of a dual-axis solar panel based on the Arduino microcontroller.

Design and Implementation of Low Cost Dual Axis Solar Tracking System using Microcontroller

Md. Ashiquzzaman

2012, Stamford Journal of Electrical, Electronic & Communication Technology

This paper presents a low cost microcontroller based solar tracking system with charge controller. Here PIC (Programmable Intelligent Controller) is used to coordinate and control the functions properly. Details of the designing process for the manufacture of solar tracking system and charge controller using (crystal oscillator, stepper motor, optocoupler, sensor, MOSFET) are presented. The source code is written in C for the PIC to achieve maximum power with precise and efficient disconnecting/ reconnecting action automatically. Main goal of this project is to develop and implement a prototype of two-axis solar tracking system based on a microcontroller. As a result, maintaining proper solar tracking, besides disconnection of battery from solar cell when overcharging and reconnection while under discharging which is another main feature of this proposed system. The LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) is equipped to display the tracking status, battery charging discharging status and amount of current flown to the load via microcontroller. The manufacture and operation of proposed low cost smart solar tracking system with charge controller is more effective and functions properly.

Low Cost Microcontroller based Solar Tracking system with Charge Controller


2019, TELKOMNIKA Telecommunication Computing Electronics and Control

Demand of energy increases in the global and exponential exhaustion is favored of resources by fossil fuel for electricity production with the new systems development. Compared with all other remainder energies, the specialist sun energy is the most bountiful energy and it's typically easy to be changed into electrical energy. The main thing of using solar panel is to produce electrical energy from sun's energy but the optimum energy can be generated by tracking solar panel due to the sun movement from east to west. The problem can be solved by proposed systems where the sun tracking by solar panel that based on high intensity of sun ray. This paper concentrates on tracking the sun by using servo motor coupled with solar panel. So that, the largest quantity of sun light at the incident panel along the day at any time is better than that for method of fixed panel array which is less efficient. The microcontroller Arduino (mode UNO) was programmed by using C++ language while the track of sun light processing was implemented by using light depending resistor (LDR), Chip IC H-bridge and microcontroller Arduino (UNO) circuits have been designed by using Proteus software. By circuit design and sun tracking control process, the cost reduction has been improved and high amount of energy was saved when implemented this system.

Design and implementation of smart electronic solar tracker based on Arduino

Abdulmajid Murad

Currently, generating electricity by solar energy is inefficient and costly. The energy extracted from a solar photovoltaic depends on solar insolation. For the extraction of maximum energy from the sun, the plane of a solar collector should always be normal to the incident radiation. In this graduation project, we seek to improve the solar system efficiency by designing and implementing an automatic solar tracking systems which will keep the solar panel aligned with the sun in order to maximize solar power extraction. This system tracks the maximum intensity of light by adjusting the solar panel to be normal to the incident light. This sun tracker system uses two light dependent resistors as sensors element to find the brightest point in the sky. The data and signal processing of light sensors are performed by a microcontroller based system which controls a rotating DC Motor. Performance of this system over the important parameters like solar radiation received on the collector, maximum hourly electrical power, efficiency gain, short circuit current, and open circuit voltage has been evaluated and compared with those for fixed tilt angle solar collector.


IOSR Journals

The sole objective of the present study is to obtain a more electrical power by tracking the solar panel. In view of the present energy crisis, the world over, the study undertaken is of current interest. Solar energy is rapidly gaining a wide popularity as an important means of expanding renewable energy resources. So it is imperative to those who are engaged in engineering fields to be aware about the technologies associated with this area of research. This paper comprises the testing results of a microcontroller based solar tracker at Etawah in Utter Pradesh,India. In order to maximize the power output from the solar panels, we need to keep the panels aligned with the sun. As per the earlier investigators the yield from the solar panels can be increased by 30-60% by utilizing a tracking system instead of a stationary array. The testing result presented in this paper is in good agreement with the earlier investigators. This paper also summarizes the need of tracking the sun. The future scope of the work presented here is also highlighted in this paper. The microcontroller used in this paper had to be able to convert the analog photocell voltage into digital values and also provide four output channels to control motor rotation.

Testing of a Microcontroller Based Solar panel Tracking System

afarulrazi abu bakar

2011, 2011 International Conference on Business, Engineering and Industrial Applications

Solar Tracker Robot using microcontroller

Adel Abdulrahman

The dual threats of fossil and oil resources limitation and global worming place the renewable energy resources to become the center of public interest. Solar energy is one of the most energy resource used wide spread, to make solar energy more viable, the efficiency of solar array systems must be maximized. A feasible approach to maximizing the efficiency of solar array systems is sun tracking. In this work an effort has been made to develop an electromechanical system programmed using C++ programming language that controls the movement of a solar array so that it is constantly aligned towards the direction of the sun whereas the maximum energy of a solar panel can be produced by making the sun irradiation exactly perpendicular to the solar panel. The solar tracker designed and constructed in this work offers a reliable and affordable method of aligning a solar panel with the sun in order to maximize its energy output and its efficiency by 31% comparing to the fixed solar panel.

Design and Implementation of Solar Tracking System

Egbosi Kelechi

Energy crisis is one of the most prevalent issues striking Nigeria's human and capital development sector. Solar energy is rapidly gaining the focus as an important means of expanding renewable energy uses. To ensure the use of the sun's energy at the maximum level a tracking system should be developed. Solar tracking system is the most appropriate technology to enhance the efficiency of the solar cells by tracking the sun. In this paper a microcontroller based sun tracking system is designed and developed to ensure that the solar panel is always parallel to the sun for maximum energy output. Light intensity detecting sensors were used to receive light rays and the signal processed through a microcontroller to rotate the solar panel towards the side with maximum intensity using the turning mechanism of a 5.2 degrees unipolar stepper motor. The LCD display was added to indicate the angular position in degrees, and a source code was written in assembly language for the prototy...

Hussain Akber

Solar energy is becoming a promising renewable energy technology. Conventional fixed solar panel with a certain angle limits there area of sun exposure due to rotation of Earth. The automatic solar tracking system solves this problem. In this paper a dual axis solar tracker is designed and implemented to track the sun in both azimuth and altitude axes by using an AVR microcontroller. The implemented system consists mainly of the ATmega 328 controller, DC motors, light sensors and relays. The results show that the designed low cost sun tracker increases the output power generation efficiency by 25-30 % as compared with the fixed panel systems. The effect of temperature and panel covering by colored cellophane, on the performance of the designed system is also studied. The temperature and the colored cellophanes decrease the output power of the solar panel.

Microcontroller Based Dual Axis Sun Tracking System for Maximum Solar Energy Generation

Sharad kumar


International Journal of Advanced Science and Engineering (IJASE)

2020, International Journal of Advanced Science and Engineering

The dual problems of energy shortage and global warming brought at the forefront of public interest the development of strategies for harnessing renewable energy resources. Solar power is among the most promising sources of renewable energy. Sun trackers can significantly improve a photovoltaic (PV) system's electricity production. This paper presents a novel approach to design of an automatic dual-axis solar tracking system is designed and developed on a mechanical structure with gear arrangement using Light Dependent Resistor (LDR) and DC motors. Using the ARDUINO UNO controller based on Sun-Earth Geometry, two-axis solar monitoring (azimuth angle as well as altitude angle) is implemented. The dual axis solar tracking PV system that uses the feedback control theory together with a four-quadrant light based resistor (LDR) sensor and simple electronic circuits to deliver robust system performance To achieve solar monitoring, the proposed system uses a unique dual-axis AC engine and a stand-alone PV inverter. Implementation of controls is a technical innovation which is a simple and effective design. Alternatively, to test the functionality of the device, a scaled-down laboratory prototype is designed. The Sun tracker's efficiency is proven experimentally. The results indicated a more reliable and efficient adaptive solar tracking system than a fixed one.

Design and Implementation of Solar Tracking System  using LDR Sensor

anupom ghosh

2019 3rd International Conference on Electrical, Computer & Telecommunication Engineering (ICECTE)

Solar energy is one of the most promising renewable energy resources that recently have become broader in current technology. This paper presents the technique how Ohm’s law and power equation applies to generate more energy from solar photovoltaic (PV) panels. To implement automatic dual axis and a polar single axis solar tracker system is used. It contains a locked vertical axis and a flexible horizontal axis, which is regulated by a motor. To get the maximum power output and highest efficiency, trackers always track the sun and change panel position accordingly. The tracker automatically changes its position after every 2 to 3 degrees of misalignment, to prevent the power loss created by running motor continuously. The light intensities of both sides were compared by the sensors and move the panels towards the light. The panel continuously moves until the tracker detects the equal light falls on both sides. This project helps to improve the solar irradiance of the panel.

A Microcontroller Based Dual Axis Tracking System for Solar Panel

Souparno Basu , Aniruddho Chatterjee

1,2,3,4Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, VIT University, Tamil Nadu, India 5Professor, Head of Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, VIT University, Tamil Nadu, India ----------------------------------------------------------------------***--------------------------------------------------------------------Abstract Now-a-days there is a high demand of electrical energy generated from renewable energy sources. One of the best ways is solar energy since it is inexhaustible and causes no pollution. Solar panels can be used to convert solar energy to electricity. But the challenge remains to maximize the input from sun and correspondingly maximize in the output power generated. These solar panels can be fixed type or can be rotatory type. They can be rotated in both single and dual axis. This paper deals with the implementation of Energy and Cost Effective Dual Axis Solar Tracker using Arduino along with the comparison and cost report of fixed, single...

Smart and Intelligent Dual Axis Solar Tracker using Arduino Micro-controller

anshul somani

Solar power is one of the most important renewable energy resource because it is sustainable and reliable. It has some drawbacks that need to be worked upon, the major one is variation of temperature and illumination that affects the output of solar panel. This project uses solar tracker along with the temperature alert system. Solar tracking system helps panel to produce optimum power for more time by proper orientation and Temperature alert system allows the panel to work under favorable temperature conditions. In order to accomplish this, a microcontroller is suitably programmed to compare the illumination of LDRs and rotate the panel in the direction of sun by

Intelligent Solar tracker using LDR with temperature alert system

IJAERS Journal

— This paper presents the design of a solar tracking system driven by an AVR microcontroller. This project is done by two ways of tracking system, manual and auto tracking. This project is very useful for street light in the campus and villages. The solar panel converts the sun light into the electrical energy, because sun is a very good source of different energies. And the solar energy is the best technique for renewable energy. Basically the energy sources are two types such as conventional energy sources and non-conventional energy sources. Coal, petroleum, natural gas etc. are example of conventional energy sources and solar cell, fuel cells, thermo-electric generator, thermionic converter, solar power generation, wind power generation, geo-thermal energy generation etc. are example of non-conventional energy sources. In developing countries where electricity supplies are inadequate, renewable energy can offer an alternative to expensive extensions of the grid to sparsely populated or rural areas, or a contribution to the grid-based energy mix to meet rapidly expanding electricity demand in urban areas. This work presents an autonomous street lighting system based on solar energy as primary source, batteries as secondary source, and light emitting diodes as lighting source. This system is being presented as an alternative for remote localities, like roads and crossroads.

Automatic Solar Tracking System with AVR Microcontroller based Street Light

Mohammed Mynuddin , Protik Das

Microcontroller Based Automatic Solar Tracking System with Mirror Booster

prakash Bethapudi


IJRASET Publication

2023, International Journal for Research in Applied Science & Engineering Technology (IJRASET)

Solar energy is a form of renewable energy that is generated through the use of solar panels. However, since solar panels are usually stationary, they don't always align with the sun's position as it changes throughout the day. This can result in lower energy output. To address this issue, a solar tracking system has been developed. A solar tracker is a system that automatically adjusts the position of the solar panel to track the sun's movement and maximize the power output. This paper reviews different types of tracking mechanisms used in solar tracking systems. There are two main types of solar trackers: singleaxis and dual-axis trackers. Single-axis trackers are suitable for areas around the equator where there is less variation in the sun's position. On the other hand, dual-axis trackers are better suited for regions where the sun's movement is tracked from east to west throughout the day and from east to north or south throughout the seasons. This paper aims to review various tracking mechanisms used in solar tracking systems. The objective is to explore different types of mechanisms that can improve the efficiency of solar panels by enabling them to constantly align with the sun's position.

Arduino Based Solar Tracking System as a Step towards Efficient Utilization of Clean Energy: A Review

International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)

2019, International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)

The solar energy is fast becoming a different means of electricity resource. Now in world Fossil fuels are seriously depleting thus the need for another energy source is a necessity. To create effective utilization of its solar, energy efficiency must be maximized. An attainable way to deal with amplifying the power output of sun-powered exhibit is by sun tracking. This paper presents the control system for a solar cell orientation device which follows the sun in real time during daytime. 1. INTRODUCTION The global warming problem has at present drawn worldwide public consideration to issues connected to energy preservation and alternate energy. A few energy preservation strategies, for example, energy, reusing and energy collecting procedures, have been proposed to lessen pointless vitality squander from commercial apparatus. What's more, elective energy, for example, wind, warm or sunlight based energy is renewable and addresses pollution issues. The solar energy introduces the benefits of low cost and contamination free qualities [1]. These are keys to comprehending compounding a global calamity crisis and decreasing ozone harming substance emanations. Along these lines, this renewable energy has been increasing expanding prevalence in various nations. Solar based energy in future to may be the most proficient decision as to energy generation. However, despite everything it exceeds different sorts of energy, for example coal, atomic, and gas, energy, since it causes zero contamination, and takes into consideration simple upkeep. In fossil fuel reserves day by day is very depleting and Price of fossil fuels is increasing very fast. This energy is very affected for our health, air population, environment, emission of the greenhouse [2]. So in the future, need several thoughts for electric energy. Some researchers they are getting alternative way for clean energy development. They are getting renewable energy (solar energy, wind energy, bio-mass energy) sources. So, solar energy is considered as one of the best renewable energy sources [3]. In solar energy the solar panel tracking system plays an important role in achieving maximum efficiency in solar power generation [4]. The sun tracker controls for solar cell systems plays an important role in achieving maximum efficiency in solar power generation [5]. The sun tracking systems needs an efficient controller and a stepper motor to maximize the power output from the solar panels. This Sun tracker control of solar cell systems, the process is occupied superior-intensity power [6]. The Sun-tracking system plays an important role in the development of solar energy applications, especially for the high solar concentration systems that directly convert the solar

An efficient microcontroller based sun tracker control for solar cell systems

nader barsoum

2010, … Journal of Technology and Optimization GJTO

Simplified Solar Tracking Prototype

Alok Baranwal

Solar energy is the most abundant stream of energy. It is available directly as solar isolation and indirectly as wind energy. Solar energy has the sources of renewable energy. Its potential is 178 Billion MW, which is about 20,000 times the world’s demand. Sun sends out energy in the form of electromagnetic radiation. The solar cells receive the solar energy. The solar cells operate on the photo-electric energy by using solar cells principle. The energy from the photo voltaic cells is used to switch on the lights. At present solar electric power generation systems are having fixed solar panels whose efficiency of generation is less. The aim of the project is to introduce the SOLAR TRACKING to the existing fixed solar panels, thus we are maintaining the constant maximum power output. Thus by using this tracking system we can increase the conversion efficiency of the solar electric power generation. For this tracking purpose we use a sensor and the input from the sensor is given to the micro controller and according to the program the panel is fixed to the maximum intensity position. Here we are using PIC micro controller. The 16F877 is a low-power, high-performance CMOS 8-bit microcontroller with 4K bytes of Flash Programmable and Erasable Read Only Memory (PEROM). The opto-coupler used is to provide isolation between the micro controllers to the sensor circuits.

Optimization of Solar Energy Using Solar Tracking System

2019, International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology

Solar energy is quick turning into significant methods for sustainable power source asset. With solar tracking, it will end up conceivable to create more energy since the solar panel can keep up an opposite profile to the beams of the sun. In this paper, we talk about the structure and development of a prototype for a solar tracking framework that has a solitary pivot of opportunity. Execution and attributes of solar panels are broke down experimentally. The increment in power is significant and accordingly worth the little increment in expense. Support costs are not prone to be high.

Design and Implementation of Solar Tracking System for Solar Panels

Muhammad Ahmad Baballe

2022, Zenodo (CERN European Organization for Nuclear Research)

Review on Impact of Installing the Solar Tracking System Its Challenges and Types

Rikhit Swargiary

In order to trap the energy to the maximum extent solar tracker technique (STT) is used based on the orientation of different payloads toward the sun. Payloads may be photovoltaic cells, reflectors, lenses or other optical devices. For this paper the payload is solar panel and optical device. The tracker detects the sun at dawn and tracks it for the whole day then it resets automatically for the next cycle. Since sunlight basically has two components the direct beam and diffuse sunlight, the direct beam carries about 90% of the solar energy and the diffuse sunlight that carries the remainder. As the majority of the energy is in the direct beam collection of this beam should be Maximum and should fall straight onto the panels as long as possible for which a tracker is needed. The tracker is basically a mechanical device consist of servo motors and moves according to the command from the microcontroller in response to the sun direction. Two light dependent resistors (LDRs) are used as...

Microcontroller based Solar Tracker System ( STS )

A solar tracking system is a generic term used to describe devices that orient various payloads toward the sun. Payloads can be photovoltaic panels, reflectors, lenses or other optical devices. This paper describes a potential solar system using two stepper motors, light sensor and a concave mirror. This method not only improves power collection efficiency by about 65% by developing a system that tracks the sun to keep the solar panel at perpendicular to its rays but also decreases the overall cost of production. This solar tracking system is designed, practically implemented and experimentally tested. The design details and the experimental results are shown. Index Terms — ATMEGA16 (AVR Family) Microcontroller, Concave Mirror, Darlington Pair Transistor, LDR Sensor, Power Optimization, Renewable Energy, Tracking system. ——————————  ——————————

Helianthus - a Low Cost High Efficient Solar Tracking System Using AVR Microcontroller

2022, International Journal for Research in Applied Science and Engineering Technology (IJRASET)

Renewable energy is a type of energy that is derived from ongoing natural processes and energy of natural processes converted into available forms. Solar energy is any type of energy that is generated by the sun. To make use of this energy and convert it into electricity we use solar panels. A solar panel has maximum productivity when the sun rays are incident at right angle to it. Usual home use solar panels are fixed in a stationary position hence there will be only a certain time in the day that the sun-rays are incident at right angle on the panel. A solar tracking system is a single-axis rotating system which aims for solar panels to operate by tracking the sun's movement throughout the day which makes it possible for the rays to arrive perpendicular to the panels. This maximises the productivity of the panel. Solar tracking system was designed which used LDRs in form of a voltage divider circuit to sense the sunlight and actuate the stepper motor to rotate the panel over a single-axis so that the sun-rays the panel is perpendicular to the sun-rays. This model was tested out alongside a stationary solar panel. Readings were noted down of both panels every hour. The panel with the tracking system proved to be more productive than the stationary panel as it had generated more power over each hour. The panel could be moved both automatically with the help of the sensors and through manual mode using the blynk UI.

Automatic Solar Panel Positioning and Maintenance System

IRJET Journal

2022, IRJET

A solar tracker is a mechanized solar panel that actually moves with the sun to collect its full power. A tracking system’s primary advantage is its ability to collect solar energy throughout most of the day and with the most accurate alignment as the Sun’s position changes with the seasons. There are two different degrees that the Arduino Axis Tracker uses as its rotational axis The best technique to increase a PV system’s ability to produce power is solar tracking. Solar energy is an endless supply of power that, if correctly handled, will allow mankind to replace the traditional energy sources he has long relied upon. This was taken into consideration when designing the project to increase the effectiveness of solar energy harvesting.An open hardware test bench for solar trackers is presented in this project. The suggested prototype is built on a dual-axis solar tracker that is controlled by an Arduino Uno, an open-source prototyping platform with user-friendly hardware and software. Using the use of Light Dependent Resistor (LDR) sensors, the solar tracker can be operated automatically, or manually with a potentiometer. The hardware used has been selected to be inexpensive, small, and adaptable.

Design of Arduino Based Solar Tracker for Renewable Energy

Taslim Ahmed , Imran Chowdhury

2019, International Conference on Advances in Electrical Engineering (ICAEE)

A sustainable powered standalone automatic Solar Tracking System is designed and successfully simulated to provide the best alignment of solar panel with position of the sun automatically, to extract an increased efficiency by 40 percent. A very low cost (approx. 5 USD), high precision Solar Tacking Sensor has been designed to rotate the solar panel coupled to the stepper motor rotates 25.70 degree at single step and to tracks the whole 180-degree trace in 8 (eight) steps per day with greater accuracy. Microcontroller (ATmega16) is used as main control unit where its ADC ports are used to interface the Sensor unit and ULN2000A motor driver is used to interface the stepper motor to rotate the solar panel at maximum solar energy angle. The results found from the simulation and analysis shows that, the system required 12.04 mA and 37.163 mA current, and 144.48 mW and 445.956 mW power, during standby and panel rotating mode respectively. The maximum current drawn by the Solar Tracking Sensor is less than 0.5 mA. ‘Proteus ISIS 7.7 professional’ is used for design and simulation, and ‘Code Vision AVR v2.5’ is used to write the program code and burning into the ATmega16 for simulation and analysis.

Design of an Automatic High Precision Solar Tracking System with an Integrated Solar Sensor

Editor IJRET


The consumption of conventional energy causes heavy environmental pollution. To solve these problems, solar energy can play a vital role as an alternative energy source. This paper presents the design, construction and performance study of an Arduino-based self-powered dual-axis solar tracking system for photovoltaic panel which allows more energy reproductionby keeping the solar panels aligned with the Sun. When the intensity of light is decreases due to change of Sun's position, the system automatically changes its direction to get maximum intensity of light. For this purpose four light dependent resistance are used along with four 100kΩ ordinary resistance for constructing a voltage divider circuit. The whole function is continuously monitored and controlled by an ArduinoUNO R3 microcontroller. Besides the system is entirely self-powered, so that no external conventional energy sources needed. A computer simulation of the proposed system was first designed using proteus 7 software and then the prototype was carried out according to the simulation. This systemcan be used in industrial and residential sectorfor increasing the efficiency of a photovoltaic panel or any solar energy conversion device which will contribute in solving the increasing demand of electrical energy.

Design, construct and Performance Study of Microcontroller Based Self-Powered Dual-Axis Solar Tracking System for Photovoltaic Panel

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  1. (PDF) Survey on Automatic Solar Tracking System.pdf

    literature survey of solar tracking system

  2. (PDF) Laboratory-Scale Single Axis Solar Tracking System: Design and

    literature survey of solar tracking system

  3. Image de Systeme solaire: Solar Tracking System Circuit Diagram Pdf

    literature survey of solar tracking system

  4. (PDF) Automatic Solar Tracking System

    literature survey of solar tracking system

  5. (PDF) Design of a Solar Tracking System for Improving Solar

    literature survey of solar tracking system

  6. (PDF) Arduino Based Solar Tracking System For Energy Improvement Of Pv

    literature survey of solar tracking system


  1. New Science Project, Solar Tracking System #science #shorts

  2. Survey Goshala For Solar Project

  3. different types of solar tracking system

  4. automatic solar panel tracking in bangladesh

  5. Solar Tracking System Testing 🧑‍🔧🌻❤️#Solar

  6. Solar Tracking System



    Department of mechanical engineering, Dr.M.G.R University, Chennai. suneetha [email protected], [email protected]. The generation of power from the reduction of fossi l fuels is the biggest ...

  2. Review on sun tracking technology in solar PV system

    Description about the types of solar PV systems and types of solar tracking systems. • Description about the design, working mechanism and performance analysis of many dual axis solar tracking systems proposed in recent years. Keywords Solar energy Solar PV Tracking system Grid Standalone 1. Introduction

  3. (PDF) A review of automatic solar tracking systems

    Abstract and Figures. Solar tracking systems which can track the Sun movement can increase the power generation rate by maximizing the surface area of the solar panels that are exposed to the ...

  4. A state-of-the-art review: Solar trackers

    Solar energy is the most widely used renewable energy source because of its versatility and its presence worldwide. Although, these systems have many promising features, they have numerous challenges to be addressed. This paper aims to present a compressive literature survey on the advancement of photovoltaic (PV) systems in terms of materials used, various module geometries, and tracking ...

  5. Solar Tracking System

    A typical solar tracking system adjusts the face of the solar panel or reflective surfaces to align with the sun as it moves across the sky. The system moves though one rotation per day. It is this relatively slow motion that enables the time-compression approach for ALT.

  6. Full article: Solar tracking system

    Listen Review Article Solar tracking system - a review Suneetha Racharla & K. Rajan Pages 72-81 | Received 07 Aug 2014, Accepted 11 Jan 2016, Published online: 04 Jan 2017 Cite this article In this article Full Article Figures & data References Citations Metrics Reprints & Permissions View PDF

  7. Review of dual axis solar tracking and development of its functional

    open access The use of solar energy is in the upswing due to its environmental friendliness and abundance. That notwithstanding, efficiency remains a major problem in many of the applications. Mitigation is normally in the form of tracking systems. This paper therefore investigates dual axis solar tracking systems from two dimensions.

  8. Design of a solar tracking system for renewable energy

    Abstract: In this paper, a solar tracking system for renewable energy is designed and built to collect free energy from the sun, store it in the battery, and convert this energy to alternating current (AC). This makes the energy usable in standard-sized homes as a supplemental source of power or as an independent power source.

  9. Deep learning techniques for solar tracking systems: A systematic

    Volume 262, 15 September 2023, 111803 Deep learning techniques for solar tracking systems: A systematic literature review, research challenges, and open research directions , , , Christopher Ifeanyi Add to Mendeley Get rights and content Abstract

  10. Technologies of solar tracking systems: A review

    Hence, solar tracker system is the method to keep the optimum position of the PV panel for always perpendicular to the solar radiation. This paper aims to review on various technologies of solar tracking to determine the best PV panel orientation. The various types of technologies of solar tracking system have been discussed which includes ...

  11. Design and Simulation of a Solar Tracking System for PV

    After installing a solar panel system, the orientation problem arises because of the sun's position variation relative to a collection point throughout the day. It is, therefore, necessary to change the position of the photovoltaic panels to follow the sun and capture the maximum incident beam. This work describes our methodology for the simulation and the design of a solar tracker system ...

  12. (PDF) Review of dual axis solar tracking and development of its

    This paper therefore investigates dual axis solar tracking systems from two dimensions. Firstly, a review of extant literature was conducted to draw up a trajectory of where we are in the...

  13. A Solar Tracking and Remote Monitoring System Using IoT

    2.2 Solar Tracking. With enough precision and by means of solar position algorithm, we can define the change in direction of the sun because the sky is moving and earth is in constant rotation [].The issue for system efficiency is the system demand for the mechanism for the system alignment with the sun [].Regarding the rotation and position, solar trackers are classified.

  14. Arduino Based Solar Tracking System For Energy ...

    The methodology employed in this work includes the implementation of an Arduino based solar tracking system. Light Dependent Resistors (LDRs) are used to sense the intensity of sunlight and hence ...

  15. A Review of Time-Based Solar Photovoltaic Tracking Systems

    The results indicated that the astronomical-based solar tracker performed better than the LDR-based system, with an efficiency of 4.2%, and better than a fixed solar panel system, with an efficiency of 57.4%. The developed astronomical-based tracker can be utilized in regions with varying climatic conditions.

  16. Survey on Automatic Solar Tracking System.pdf

    2019 This paper proposes a project that involves an automated solar tracking system which will make use of LDR's to track the position of sun. The output of LDR's will be compared and analyzed to provide correct alignment of the solar panel.

  17. A Review on an Automatic Solar Tracking System

    Aug 2021 R. Kavin Kiruthikvaibav PR Madhu Kumar C Kripanand R PDF | A smart solar tracker which consists of an automated tracking mechanism is reviewed in this literature. The studies over...

  18. Solar tracking system using microcontroller

    Solar tracking system using microcontroller Abstract: In this advancing era of technology we are more concerned about the advancements made in technology rather than thinking upon the alternative sources of energy. Energy costs and decreasing supplies of fossil fuels, emphasis on protecting the environment and creating sustainable forms of ...


    1).pdf Content uploaded by Udit Mamodiya Author content Content may be subject to copyright. 25. Song, Jifeng, Yongping Yang, Yong Zhu, and Zhou Jin (2013). "A High Precision Tracking System...

  20. PDF Design and Analysis of Dual Axes Tracking System for Solar ...

    Literature review reveals that tracking the sun in both the directions can improve the power output by 25 to 30 percent. This improvement can play a ... The effective methods of capturing the full potential are critically analyzed and studied. A solar tracking system was designed with active tracking systems in both directions viz. east to west ...

  21. PDF Single Axis Solar Tracking System

    Literature Survey . Journal of Science and Technology ISSN: 2456-5660 Volume X, Issue X (XXXX-XXXX 2018), PP XX-XX ... included in this single axis solar tracking system. Solar PV Panel is mounted in this frame in such a way that when the Gear Motor rotates, the Panel rotates as well; therefore it is attached to the lower end of the panel and ...

  22. PDF Review on Solar Tracking System and Their Classification

    Whereas solar tracking system follows the movement of sun automatically and continuously track the sun throughout the day. Figure.2 shows the comparison of power energy obtained from the sun between fixed-tilt and tracking system. Solar tracking system can be single axis or dual axis trackers. These tracking system increases the

  23. A literature survey of photovoltaic water pumping system

    This paper presents different converter topologies and techniques used for solar water pumping application. The techniques are taken from the literature dating back to the earliest methods. more than 10 converter circuitry and 19 distinct methods of MPPT control technicques have been introduced in the literature, with many variations on implementation. Problem identification is carried out on ...