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How to Cite Online News Articles in APA

Last Updated: December 5, 2022 Fact Checked

This article was co-authored by Gerald Posner and by wikiHow staff writer, Jennifer Mueller, JD . Gerald Posner is an Author & Journalist based in Miami, Florida. With over 35 years of experience, he specializes in investigative journalism, nonfiction books, and editorials. He holds a law degree from UC College of the Law, San Francisco, and a BA in Political Science from the University of California-Berkeley. He’s the author of thirteen books, including several New York Times bestsellers, the winner of the Florida Book Award for General Nonfiction, and has been a finalist for the Pulitzer Prize in History. He was also shortlisted for the Best Business Book of 2020 by the Society for Advancing Business Editing and Writing. This article has been fact-checked, ensuring the accuracy of any cited facts and confirming the authority of its sources. This article has been viewed 70,399 times.

If you're writing a research paper, you may want to use news articles you find online as sources. When using the American Psychological Association (APA) citation method, you'll need to include both an in-text citation and an entry in the Reference List at the end of your paper. Generally, these entries should include enough information for your readers to be able to find the article you used when writing your paper. For an online news article, this means including the URL for the story in your reference list entry. [1] X Trustworthy Source APA Style Definitive source for current APA style writing and citation guidelines Go to source

Formatting Your Reference List Entry

APA Reference List Format template written, beginning with the last name of the author.

  • Example: Alpert, A.
  • If there are multiple authors, separate their names with commas, using an ampersand (&) before the last author's name. [3] X Research source
  • If no individual author is listed, skip this element and start your entry with the title of the article.

Step 2 List the date the article was published or last updated.

  • Example: Alpert, A. (2019, February 20).

Step 3 Type the title and subtitle of the article in sentence case.

  • Example: Alpert, A. (2019, February 20). The good-enough life: The desire for greatness can be an obstacle to our own potential.

Step 4 Add the name of the newspaper or website.

  • Example: Alpert, A. (2019, February 20). The good-enough life: The desire for greatness can be an obstacle to our own potential. The New York Times .

Step 5 Close with the URL for the article.

  • Example: Alpert, A. (2019, February 20). The good-enough life: The desire for greatness can be an obstacle to our own potential. The New York Times . Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com

Reference List Format:

Author, A.A. (Year, Month Day). Title of article in sentence case: Subtitle of article in sentence case. Title of Newspaper or Website in Title Case . Retrieved from URL

Creating In-Text Citations

Step 1 Include the author's name and the year of publication when paraphrasing.

  • For example, you might write: The idea that striving for greatness might not be the best goal for humanity runs through hundreds of years of philosophy (Alpert, 2019).

Tip: APA style requires a parenthetical citation at the end of every sentence in which a source is paraphrased. The only exception would be a block quote of several sentences from the same source. In that case, your parenthetical citation would go at the end of the quote.

Step 2 Use the first few words of the title if the article has no author.

  • For example, suppose one of your sources was an article from The Globe and Mail titled "How Globe and Mail reporters traced the rise of fentanyl." This article doesn't have an individual author – it is simply attributed to "staff." If you paraphrased or quoted the article in your text, your in-text citation might be: ("How Globe and Mail," 2018).

Step 3 Include a page or paragraph number for direct quotes.

  • For example, you might write: A "good-enough" relationship with nature entails that "we recognize both the abundance and the limitations of the planet we share with infinite other life forms" (Alpert, 2019, para. 7).

Step 4 Leave out information already provided in the body of your paper.

  • If you name the author in the body of your paper and quote the article directly, include a parenthetical citation after the quote with the page number or paragraph where the quoted material appears.
  • For articles without an individual author, a full parenthetical citation isn't necessary if you include the title of the article in the body of your paper. As with the author's name, you would simply put the year the article was published in parentheses immediately following the title of the article.

Expert Q&A

You might also like.

Cite the WHO in APA

  • ↑ https://www.apastyle.org/learn/faqs/cite-newspaper
  • ↑ https://bowvalleycollege.libguides.com/c.php?g=714519&p=5093747
  • ↑ https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_style/apa_formatting_and_style_guide/reference_list_electronic_sources.html
  • ↑ https://columbiacollege-ca.libguides.com/apa/newspapers
  • ↑ http://aus.libguides.com/apa/apa-newspaper-web

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American Psychological Association

“I found it online”: Citing online works in APA Style

Chelsea Lee

  • Elements of a Reference List Entry

“I Found It Online”: Citing Online Works in APA Style

One of the most common APA Style questions is “How do I cite a work I found online?”

This blog post explains that there is actually a better question to ask that will help you easily create correct APA Style references.

Retrieval method versus reference type

The question of “How do I cite a work I found online?” focuses on the method of retrieval. It is akin to asking, “How do I cite a work I found at the library?” or “How do I cite a work I borrowed from my friend?”

However, to know how to cite a work in APA Style, you must first know what kind of work it is. What did you find online? What did you find at the library? What did you borrow from your friend?

Reference formats in APA Style depend on the reference type, not the method of retrieval. Thus, the better question is “What kind of work is this?” By identifying the type of work, you will know what reference format to follow in the Publication Manual or Concise Guide to APA Style .

For example, if the work is a report, follow the report format. If the work is an ebook, follow the book format. If the work is a journal article, follow the journal article format.

(Note that APA will not be updating the APA Style Guide to Electronic References, Sixth Edition for seventh edition style because a separate electronic references guide is no longer necessary.)

Online and print references are largely the same

Reference formats for online and print works are largely the same in seventh edition style. The style manual provides templates for each reference category, and one template covers the creation of references for both online and print works.

Each template breaks a reference down into its four components: author, date, title, and source. There are no differences in the presentation of the author, date, and title of a work for any of the reference categories.

For the source element, there are minor differences between print and online works. Both print and online works will include source information, such as the publisher name for a book or report. Then, in general, online works additionally include electronic retrieval information that may not be present for print works, such as DOIs and URLs and database information .

Using the webpages and websites reference category

The term “website” can cause confusion because people use it to refer to both a reference category (see Section 10.16 in the Publication Manual and Section 10.14 in the Concise Guide ) and a method of retrieval (i.e., online).

When you are citing something on a website, ensure you are thinking about its reference type and not its method of retrieval. Many kinds of works can appear on websites (e.g., reports , ebooks , journal articles ), but only those not better accounted for by some other reference category use the webpages and websites reference category .

For more information on when to use the webpages and websites reference category to cite works in seventh edition style, see Section 9.2 of the Publication Manual or Concise Guide .

Further information on citing online works

For more information about how reference categories work in APA Style, see Sections 9.1 to 9.3 of the Publication Manual or Concise Guide  as well as the reference examples in Chapter 10. Also check out the free webinar Creating References Using Seventh Edition APA Style , which covers the topic of seventh edition references in detail.

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Newspaper article from a library database, newspaper article from a website, webpage from a news website, newspaper article in print, newspaper article with an unknown author, how do i know if it's a newspaper.

Photo from Flickr, created by user NS Newsflash. Available under a Creative Commons license.

Not sure whether your article is from a newspaper? Look for these characteristics:

  • Main purpose is to provide readers with a brief account of current events locally, nationally or internationally.
  • Can be published daily, semiweekly or weekly.
  • Articles are usually written by journalists who may or may not have subject expertise.
  • Written for the general public, readers don't need any previous subject knowledge.
  • Little, if any, information about other sources is provided.

If an item has no author, start the citation with the article title.

If, and only if, the article is signed "Anonymous", put the word Anonymous where you would normally place the author's name.

Italicize titles of journals, magazines and newspapers. Do not italicize the titles of articles.

Capitalize only the first letter of the first word of the article title. If there is a colon in the article title, also capitalize the first letter of the first word after the colon.

If an item has no date, use the short form n.d. where you would normally put the date.

Retrieval Dates

Most articles will not need these in the citation. Only use them for online articles from places where content may change often, like a free website or a wiki.

Page Numbers

If an article has no page numbers provided, leave that part of the citation out in the References List.

If an article doesn't appear on continuous pages, list all the page numbers the article is on, separated by commas. For example (4, 6, 12-14).

Note : All citations should be double spaced and have a hanging indent in a Reference List.

A "hanging indent" means that each subsequent line after the first line of your citation should be indented by 0.5 inches.

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial if Given. (Year of Publication, Month Day if Given). Title of article: Subtitle if any. Name of Newspaper , p. SectionPage if given.

Example

Schachter, H. (2012, June 18). What does it take to be a good team player? , B7.

: If an article ends with a question mark or exclamation mark (!), you do not need to add a period to mark the end of the title.

In-Text Paraphrase

(Author's Last Name, Year)

Example: (Schachter, 2012)

In-Text Quote

(Author's Last Name, Year, p. Page Number)

(Schachter, 2012, p. B7)

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial if Given. (Year of Publication, Month Day if Given). Title of article: Subtitle if any. Name of Newspaper . URL

Example

Aw, J. (2012, June 12). Stopping the soda bulge: Why we need to consider restricting sugary beverages. .  

In-Text Paraphrase

(Author's Last Name, Year)

Example: (Aw, 2012)

In-Text Quote

(Author's Last Name, Year, p. Page Number)

Example: (Aw, 2012, para. 1)

: This entry has no page numbers, so a paragraph number is used instead.

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial if Given. (Year of Publication, Month Day if Given). Title of article: Subtitle if any. Name of News  Website.  URL

Use this format for articles published in online news sources such as BBC News, HuffPost, CNN, Salon etc. 

Example

Tucker, E. & Miller, Z. (2020, Jan. 18). . HuffPost. 

In-Text Paraphrase

(Author's Last Name, Year)

Example: (Tucker & Miller, 2020)

In-Text Quote

(Author's Last Name, Year, p. Page Number)

Example: (Tucker & Miller, 2020)

Note: This entry has no page numbers, so a paragraph number is used instead.

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial if Given. (Year of Publication, Month Day if Given). Title of article: Subtitle if any. Name of Newspaper , SectionPage.

Example

Aulakh, R. (2012, June 13). From surviving to thriving. , GT1, GT4.

In-Text Paraphrase

(Author's Last Name, Year)

Example: (Aulakh, 2012)

In-Text Quote

(Author's Last Name, Year, p. Page Number)

Example: (Aulakh, 2012, p. GT1)

Title of article: Subtitle if any. (Year of Publication, Month Day if Given). Name of Newspaper , p. SectionPage.

Note : If instead of having no author, the article is signed as being written by "Anonymous", put the name "Anonymous" where you'd normally put the author's name. Only use the word Anonymous if the article is specifically credited that way.

Example

Get on board for train safety. (2012, June 17). , A14.

In-Text Paraphrase

("One two or three words from the title", Year)

Example: ("Get on board", 2012)

: Choose one or more of the first words from the title, enough to clearly identify the article in the Reference list. Use double quotation marks around the words from the title of an article in the in-text citation.

In-Text Quote

("One two or three words from the title", Year, p. Page Number)

Example: ("Get on board," p. A14)

: Choose one or more of the first words from the title, enough to clearly identify the article in the Reference list. Use double quotation marks around the words from the title of an article in the in-text citation.

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Home / Guides / Citation Guides / APA Format / How to Cite a Newspaper Article in APA

How to Cite a Newspaper Article in APA

Newspapers can be an excellent source of information, as they are published daily and can illustrate emerging events in specific communities. This guide covers how to cite a newspaper according to APA 7.

Newspaper: A daily or weekly publication that contains news; often featuring articles on political events, crime, business, art, entertainment, society, and sports.

Guide Overview

This guide includes the following sections:

How to cite a newspaper article in print

How to cite a newspaper article found online, how to cite a newspaper article with two authors, how to cite a newspaper article with three or more authors, what you need, troubleshooting.

Reference Page
Structure

Author last name, F.M. (Year, Month Date of Publication). Article title. , p./pp. xx-xx.

Example

Bowman, L. (1990, March 7). Bills target Lake Erie mussels. , p. A4.

In-text citation structures:

(Author last name, Year published)

Author last name (Year published)

In-text citation examples

(Bowman, 1990)

Bowman (1990)

View Screenshot

Note:  If the article is printed on discontinuous pages, list all of the page numbers/ranges and separate them with a comma. (e.g., pp. C2, C4, C7-9.)

Reference Page
Structure

Author last name, F.M. (Year, Month Date of Publication). Article title. . URL

Example

Kaplan, K. (2013, October 22). Flu shots may reduce risk of heart attacks, strokes and even death. . https://www.latimes.com

In-text citation structure:

In-text citation examples:.

(Kaplan, 2013)

Kaplan (2013)

When you use a bibliography tool like EasyBib to help you with your citations, make sure you are citing a newspaper article – not a website!

Reference Page
Structure

Author last name, F.M., & Author last name, F. M. (Year, Month Date of Publication). Article title. . URL

Example

Hermann, P., & Brice-Saddler, M. (2022, February 21). Bowser’s crime fighting effort is shifting its structure. https://www.washingtonpost.com/dc-md-va/2022/02/21/crime-shootings-prevention-washington/

(Hermann & Brice-Saddler, 2022)

Hermann and Brice-Saddler (2022)

Reference Page
Structure

Author last name, F.M., Author last name, F. M., & Author last name, F. M. (Year, Month Date of Publication). Article title. . URL

Example

Dixon, R., Sonne, P., and Nakashima, E. (2022, February 21). White House stops short of announcing full sanctions. https://www.washingtonpost.com/national-security/2022/02/21/ukraine-russia-putin-biden/

(Dixon et al., 2022)

Dixon et al. (2022)

Updated November 3, 2020.

APA Formatting Guide

APA Formatting

  • Annotated Bibliography
  • Block Quotes
  • et al Usage
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  • Paraphrasing
  • Page Numbers
  • Parenthetical Citations
  • Reference Page
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  • View APA Guide

Citation Examples

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  • View all APA Examples

citing online news sources apa

To cite a newspaper article in APA format, you should have the following information:

  • (Year, Month day).
  • Article title (in sentence case).
  • Newspaper Name.

Solution #1: What to include in the citation information

  • You do not need to include retrieval information (e.g., date of access) in APA citations for electronic resources.
  • If you found a newspaper article through an online database (e.g., EBSCO’s Academic Search Complete), you do not need to include that information in the citation, either.
  • If a URL runs across multiple lines of text in the citation, break the URL off before punctuation (e.g., periods, forward slashes) – except https://.

Solution #2: Online newspaper article vs. Online news site article

If you’re citing an online article, first determine if you are citing an article from a newspaper OR an article from a news site. APA style has a slightly different format for each.

  • YES –> Cite it as a newspaper article.
  • NO –> Cite it as a web page or a news site article .
  • NO –> Cite it as a web page or news site article .

The rest of this guide gives reference structures and examples for newspaper articles.

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To cite a newspaper in APA style, you need to have basic information including the author name, article title, newspaper title, date of publication, and page numbers. The templates for in-text citation and reference list entry of a newspaper and examples are given below:

In-text citation template and example:

Author Surname (Publication Year, Page Number)

Canton (2021, p. A1)

Parenthetical:

(Author Surname, Publication Year, Page Number)

(Canton, 2021, p. A1)

Reference list entry template and example:

Surname, F. M. (Date of publication). Title of the article. Title of the Newspaper , Page numbers.

Canton. N. (2021, August 5). Covid-19: India to be removed from UK ‘Red’ travel list on August 8. The Times of India , A1.

Give the exact date of publication of the news in Year, Month Day format. The newspaper title is italicized. The title of the articles is set in sentence case; however, capitalize the first word after a colon.

To cite an online newspaper in APA style, you need to have basic information including the author name, article title, newspaper title, date of publication, and URL. The templates for in-text citations and a reference list entry of an online newspaper and examples are given below:

Author Surname (Year)

Belluck (2021)

(Author Surname, Year)

(Belluck, 2021)

Surname, F. M. (Date of publication). Title of the article. Title of the Newspaper . URL

Belluck, P. (2021, August 8). ‘This is really scary’: Kids struggle with long covid. The New York Times . https://www.nytimes.com/2021/08/08/health/long-covid-kids.html?searchResultPosition=3

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APA Citation Style, 7th Edition: Newspaper Articles

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Citing Newspaper Articles (Retrieved Electronically) in APA Format

How to Create an APA 7th edition Reference for an online newspaper article
Author Date Title (SOURCE) Newspaper Name (SOURCE) URL
Author, A. A. 

(2020, September 28).
 

Title of article. .

https://xxx.xxxx
 

Most current newspaper articles can be found online. Since newspapers have transitioned to an online presence, the APA formatting for a reference entry focuses on noting the date the article was written, adding the Newspaper's Name in the source followed by a period, and then adding the website. Notice that as with journals, the NEWSPAPER name, not the article is added in italics . Because the individual link for the article was long, it was also shortened by using tinyurl.com.

Example: 

Online Newspaper Article: 

Mitzel, C. (2020, December 25). Former Roanoke Times religion reporter and columnist Cody Lowe remembered for gentle soul, storytelling chops. The Roanoke Times .  https://tinyurl.com/5fb3937a  

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):  

(Mitzel, 2020).

In-Text Citation (Direct Quote): 

(Mitzel, 2020, para. 12).

Citing Newspaper Articles (Print Format) in APA Format

How to Create an APA 7th edition Reference for a print newspaper article
Author Date Title (SOURCE) Newspaper Name, Section & Page (SOURCE) URL
Author, A. A. 

(2020, September 28).
 

Title of article , B3.

https://xxx.xxxx

Print newspapers aren't as common as they once were, but they are still valid sources. In APA, it's important to share the Section (usually A, B, C, or D), and the page number of that particular section in the source information.  It's also important to note that just like with journals, the name of the NEWSPAPER is in italics , NOT the title of the article . 

Print Newspaper Article: 

Walsh, P. (2020, May 28). Floyd's sister, Sharpton, NBA friend call for justice. Star Tribune , A9. 

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

(Walsh, 2020)

(Walsh, 2020, para. 4)/ 

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Page References

Citation information has been adapted from the APA Manual (7th Edition). Please refer to page 320 of the APA Manual (7th Edition) for more information.

Helpful Tips

-Denote page numbers for newspaper articles with p. or pp.

-Cite all pages of an article that spans over multiple pages and separate the discontinuous pages by commas. For example: (pp. A1, A3-A4, A6).

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Citation guides

All you need to know about citations

How to cite an online newspaper article in APA

APA online newspaper article citation

To cite an online newspaper article in a reference entry in APA style 6th edition include the following elements:

  • Author(s) of the article: Give the last name and initials (e. g. Watson, J. D.) of up to seven authors with the last name preceded by an ampersand (&). For eight or more authors include the first six names followed by an ellipsis (…) and add the last author's name.
  • Date of publication: Give the year, month and day in brackets followed by a full stop, e.g. (2019, June 13).
  • Title of the article: Only the first letter of the first word and proper nouns are capitalized.
  • Title of newspaper: Give the full, non-abbreviated title of the periodical in title case. It should also be italicized.
  • Retrieved from URL: Start with 'Retrieved from' followed by the URL. If the URL is long or contains personal identifiers, give only the domain name, e.g. Retrieved from Amazon Prime.

Here is the basic format for a reference list entry of an online newspaper article in APA style 6th edition:

Author(s) of the article . ( Date of publication ). Title of the article . Title of newspaper . Retrieved from URL

To cite an online newspaper article in a reference entry in APA style 7th edition include the following elements:

  • Author(s) of the article: Give the last name and initials (e. g. Watson, J. D.) of up to 20 authors with the last name preceded by an ampersand (&). For 21 or more authors include the first 19 names followed by an ellipsis (…) and add the last author's name.
  • URL: Give the full URL of the web page including the protocol (http:// or https://).

Here is the basic format for a reference list entry of an online newspaper article in APA style 7th edition:

Author(s) of the article . ( Date of publication ). Title of the article . Title of newspaper . URL

APA reference list examples

Take a look at our reference list examples that demonstrate the APA style guidelines for an online newspaper article citation in action:

An article from the digital version of a newspaper

Greenslade, R . ( 2018, July 29 ). Opinion is valued more than fact in this digital era . The Guardian . Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/
Greenslade, R . ( 2018, July 29 ). Opinion is valued more than fact in this digital era . The Guardian . https://www.theguardian.com/
Steinhauser, G . ( 2018, July 30 ). Zimbabweans turn out in droves for first vote without Mugabe . Wall Street Journal . Retrieved from https://www.wsj.com/
Steinhauser, G . ( 2018, July 30 ). Zimbabweans turn out in droves for first vote without Mugabe . Wall Street Journal . https://www.wsj.com/

apa cover page

This citation style guide is based on the official Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association ( 6 th edition).

More useful guides

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  • How do I reference an online newspaper article in APA Style?
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APA 7 Citation Style Guide

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Citing Journal Articles

Citing magazine & news articles.

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SOURCES CITATION IN-TEXT

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year of journal publication). Title of article. (Issue #, if given), pages xxx-xxx. Digital Object Identifier* (DOI) (format is https://doi.org/xx.xxxx.xx...), if available

(Last Name, Year)

(Last Name & Last Name, Year)

3 or more authors

(Last Name, et al., Year)
Lecky, F. (2019). Should plasma GFAP guide the management of patients with traumatic brain injury and a negative CT scan? (10), 98-99. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1474-4422(19)30327-8

(Lecky, 2019)

(Lecky, 2019, p. 99)
Burgette, J. M., Safdari-Sadaloo, S. M., & Van Nostrand, E. (2020). Child dental neglect laws: Specifications and repercussions for dentists in 51 jurisdictions. (2), 98-107. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adaj.2019.09.010

(Burgette, et al., 2020)

(Burgette, et al., 2020, Table 1)
Pursley Dooling, J., Hidalgo, S., & Woebkenberg, J. (2020). How inclusive is your data?: Collection and workflow considerations for sexual orientation and gender identity data. (1), 22-25. (Pursley Dooling, et al., 2020, p. 24)

Hunter, R. F., de la Haye, K., Murray, J. M., Badham, J., Valente T. W., Clarke, M. & Kee, F. (2019) Social network interventions for health behaviours and outcomes: A systematic review and meta-analysis. (9), Article e1002890. 

https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1002890

(Hunter, et al., 2019)
 

.

(Hunter, et al., 2019, p. 22)

(Hunter, et al., 2019, Types of Interventions section, para. 1)

*DOI: Digital Object Identifier - a unique alphanumeric combination, providing a persistent link to online items – e.g., https://doi.org/10.1037/15969-000

** For 21 or more authors, list the 1st through 19th authors in the reference, followed by an ellipsis (…), then the last author.

  • APA 7th Ed. Journal & Book Citation Guide by Diane Kearney
SOURCES CITATION IN-TEXT

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year, Month Date). Title of Article. Digital Object Identifier* (DOI) or URL [no period at end]

(Last Name, Year)

(Last Name & Last Name, Year)

Staying happy, healthy & hydrated. (2018, September). (9), 34. 

(Staying healthy, 2019)


(Staying healthy, 2019, p. 34)

Jhpiego. (2019, April 5). He who hesitates: All-male African clinic fights HIV a new way. . https://magazine.nursing.jhu.edu/2019/04/he-who-hesitates-all-male-african-clinic-fights-hiv-a-new-way/

(Jhpiego, 2019)

(Jhpiego, 2019, para. 6)
Kluger, J., Aciman, A, & Steinmetz, K. (2013, July 8). The happiness of pursuit. (2), 24-28. (Kluger et al., 2013, p. 25)
Kornberg, M. (2020, February 28). The death toll of the opioid epidemic is higher than originally thought, researchers say. https://www.washingtonpost.com/health/2020/02/28/opioid-deaths/

(Kornberg, 2020)

(Kornberg, 2020, para. 15)
Rogers, K. (2020, March 4). Smartphones may make your headache worse, study finds. https://www.cnn.com/2020/03/04/health/smartphone-headache-wellness/index.html

(Rogers, 2020)

Rogers, 2020, Searching for a Cause section, para. 2)
  • APA 7th Ed. Clinical, Web, Magazine, & News Guide by Diane Kearney
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  • Last Updated: Jul 23, 2024 2:52 PM
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  • Free Tools for Students
  • APA Citation Generator

Free APA Citation Generator

Generate citations in APA format quickly and automatically, with MyBib!

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🤔 What is an APA Citation Generator?

An APA citation generator is a software tool that will automatically format academic citations in the American Psychological Association (APA) style.

It will usually request vital details about a source -- like the authors, title, and publish date -- and will output these details with the correct punctuation and layout required by the official APA style guide.

Formatted citations created by a generator can be copied into the bibliography of an academic paper as a way to give credit to the sources referenced in the main body of the paper.

👩‍🎓 Who uses an APA Citation Generator?

College-level and post-graduate students are most likely to use an APA citation generator, because APA style is the most favored style at these learning levels. Before college, in middle and high school, MLA style is more likely to be used. In other parts of the world styles such as Harvard (UK and Australia) and DIN 1505 (Europe) are used more often.

🙌 Why should I use a Citation Generator?

Like almost every other citation style, APA style can be cryptic and hard to understand when formatting citations. Citations can take an unreasonable amount of time to format manually, and it is easy to accidentally include errors. By using a citation generator to do this work you will:

  • Save a considerable amount of time
  • Ensure that your citations are consistent and formatted correctly
  • Be rewarded with a higher grade

In academia, bibliographies are graded on their accuracy against the official APA rulebook, so it is important for students to ensure their citations are formatted correctly. Special attention should also be given to ensure the entire document (including main body) is structured according to the APA guidelines. Our complete APA format guide has everything you need know to make sure you get it right (including examples and diagrams).

⚙️ How do I use MyBib's APA Citation Generator?

Our APA generator was built with a focus on simplicity and speed. To generate a formatted reference list or bibliography just follow these steps:

  • Start by searching for the source you want to cite in the search box at the top of the page.
  • MyBib will automatically locate all the required information. If any is missing you can add it yourself.
  • Your citation will be generated correctly with the information provided and added to your bibliography.
  • Repeat for each citation, then download the formatted list and append it to the end of your paper.

MyBib supports the following for APA style:

⚙️ StylesAPA 6 & APA 7
📚 SourcesWebsites, books, journals, newspapers
🔎 AutociteYes
📥 Download toMicrosoft Word, Google Docs

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Daniel is a qualified librarian, former teacher, and citation expert. He has been contributing to MyBib since 2018.

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Cite a Newspaper

Don't let plagiarism errors spoil your paper, consider your source's credibility. ask these questions:, contributor/author.

  • Has the author written several articles on the topic, and do they have the credentials to be an expert in their field?
  • Can you contact them? Do they have social media profiles?
  • Have other credible individuals referenced this source or author?
  • Book: What have reviews said about it?
  • What do you know about the publisher/sponsor? Are they well-respected?
  • Do they take responsibility for the content? Are they selective about what they publish?
  • Take a look at their other content. Do these other articles generally appear credible?
  • Does the author or the organization have a bias? Does bias make sense in relation to your argument?
  • Is the purpose of the content to inform, entertain, or to spread an agenda? Is there commercial intent?
  • Are there ads?
  • When was the source published or updated? Is there a date shown?
  • Does the publication date make sense in relation to the information presented to your argument?
  • Does the source even have a date?
  • Was it reproduced? If so, from where?
  • If it was reproduced, was it done so with permission? Copyright/disclaimer included?
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APA Citation Guide (APA 7th Edition): When Formatting Citation Elements

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Formatting Citation Elements

The following are tips for formatting/styling citation elements (e.g., authors' names) in your reference list or in text.

  • Reference List: Ordering Citations

Authors' Names

 


Block, B. A.


(Block, 2008, p. 15)


Jamsa, K., & Anderson, A.


(Jamsa & Anderson, 2008, p. 37)


 Tobaldini, E., Costantino, G., Solbiati, M., Cogliati, C., Kara, T., Nobili, L., & Montano, N.



(Tobaldini et al.,  2017, p. 325)


 Wiskunde, B., Arslan, M., Fischer, P., Nowak, L., Van den Berg, O., Coetzee, L., Juárez, U., Riyaziyyat, E., Wang, C., Zhang, I., Li, P., Yang, R., Kumar, B., Xu, A., Martinez, R., McIntosh, V., Ibáñez, L. M., Mäkinen, G., Virtanen, E., . . . Kovács, A.


(Wiskunde et al.,  2019, p. 1937)


In the article, the publisher styled the author's last name in all capital letters: Smaranda ŞTEFANOVICI. In the reference list, only capitalize the first letter of the first initial and last name: Ştefanovici, S.

 


 

 


 

The American Psychological Association (APA, 2017) provided information on overcoming opioid abuse. 

 

. Toronto, ON: Fancy Publisher.

. Toronto, ON: Very Fancy Publisher.

 http://blogpostUR

 http://blogpostUR


 

Publication Dates

The date of publication in the reference list citation usually takes one of the following formats. For APA, spell out the full name of the month. See the Citation Examples for information on what parts of the date are included when citing your source.

Titles & Subtitles of Sources

 

.

, the main character...

 


. Ten Speed Press.

 Corgi.

URLs of Sources

APA recommends copying and pasting the URL or DOI directly from your browser into your reference list. Do not manually split the URL when adding it to your citation. However, it is acceptable if your word processing app automatically moves part of your URL into a new line.

When a URL or DOI is extremely long or complex, you may also use  shortDOIs  or shortened URLs (e.g.,  bit.ly ).

Accessible URLs

According to APA , those who are creating online-only materials can use descriptive links in their text and reference list.

Example of original citation:

Lane, J. D., & Williams, R. B. (1987). Cardiovascular effects of caffeine and stress in regular coffee drinkers.  Psychophysiology, 24 (2), 157-164.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8986.1987.tb00271.x

Example of citation with descriptive link:

Lane, J. D., & Williams, R. B. (1987). Cardiovascular effects of caffeine and stress in regular coffee drinkers .  Psychophysiology, 24 (2), 157-164.

Publisher & Sponsoring Organizations

In APA style, the publisher refers to the organization or company responsible for making a work available.   

Ordering Citations in the Reference List

Generally, citations are arranged in alphabetical order by the authors' last names or name of the group author. If your citations include citations that begin with the title or description of the source, alphabetize them by the first letter of the first word, ignoring the articles  a ,  an , and  the .  

Diabetes Canada. (n.d.).  Preventing diabetes .  https://www.diabetes.ca/signs,-risks---prevention/preventing-diabetes

An introduction to food science . (2018). ABC Press.

Vincent, C., & Amalberti, R. (2016).  Safer healthcare: Strategies for the real world . Springer Open.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-25559-0

Vividata. (2018). Potato chips - prsnlly ate in the past 6 mths [Base: Age 14+] [Data set].  http://library.senecapolytechnic.ca/res/vividata

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Citation and Documentation Styles

APA is the primary citation style students use but in some instances, MLA or Chicago should be applied.

If the citation style of your major or program of study is not on the list above, check with your professor to see what citation style is preferred.

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Purdue Online Writing Lab Purdue OWL® College of Liberal Arts

In-Text Citations: The Basics

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Welcome to the Purdue OWL

This page is brought to you by the OWL at Purdue University. When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice.

Copyright ©1995-2018 by The Writing Lab & The OWL at Purdue and Purdue University. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use.

Note:  This page reflects the latest version of the APA Publication Manual (i.e., APA 7), which released in October 2019. The equivalent resource for the older APA 6 style  can be found here .

Reference citations in text are covered on pages 261-268 of the Publication Manual. What follows are some general guidelines for referring to the works of others in your essay.

Note:  On pages 117-118, the Publication Manual suggests that authors of research papers should use the past tense or present perfect tense for signal phrases that occur in the literature review and procedure descriptions (for example, Jones (1998)  found  or Jones (1998)  has found ...). Contexts other than traditionally-structured research writing may permit the simple present tense (for example, Jones (1998)  finds ).

APA Citation Basics

When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text citation. This means that the author's last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, like, for example, (Jones, 1998). One complete reference for each source should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.

If you are referring to an idea from another work but  NOT  directly quoting the material, or making reference to an entire book, article or other work, you only have to make reference to the author and year of publication and not the page number in your in-text reference.

On the other hand, if you are directly quoting or borrowing from another work, you should include the page number at the end of the parenthetical citation. Use the abbreviation “p.” (for one page) or “pp.” (for multiple pages) before listing the page number(s). Use an en dash for page ranges. For example, you might write (Jones, 1998, p. 199) or (Jones, 1998, pp. 199–201). This information is reiterated below.

Regardless of how they are referenced, all sources that are cited in the text must appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.

In-text citation capitalization, quotes, and italics/underlining

  • Always capitalize proper nouns, including author names and initials: D. Jones.
  • If you refer to the title of a source within your paper, capitalize all words that are four letters long or greater within the title of a source:  Permanence and Change . Exceptions apply to short words that are verbs, nouns, pronouns, adjectives, and adverbs:  Writing New Media ,  There Is Nothing Left to Lose .

( Note:  in your References list, only the first word of a title will be capitalized:  Writing new media .)

  • When capitalizing titles, capitalize both words in a hyphenated compound word:  Natural-Born Cyborgs .
  • Capitalize the first word after a dash or colon: "Defining Film Rhetoric: The Case of Hitchcock's  Vertigo ."
  • If the title of the work is italicized in your reference list, italicize it and use title case capitalization in the text:  The Closing of the American Mind ;  The Wizard of Oz ;  Friends .
  • If the title of the work is not italicized in your reference list, use double quotation marks and title case capitalization (even though the reference list uses sentence case): "Multimedia Narration: Constructing Possible Worlds;" "The One Where Chandler Can't Cry."

Short quotations

If you are directly quoting from a work, you will need to include the author, year of publication, and page number for the reference (preceded by "p." for a single page and “pp.” for a span of multiple pages, with the page numbers separated by an en dash).

You can introduce the quotation with a signal phrase that includes the author's last name followed by the date of publication in parentheses.

If you do not include the author’s name in the text of the sentence, place the author's last name, the year of publication, and the page number in parentheses after the quotation.

Long quotations

Place direct quotations that are 40 words or longer in a free-standing block of typewritten lines and omit quotation marks. Start the quotation on a new line, indented 1/2 inch from the left margin, i.e., in the same place you would begin a new paragraph. Type the entire quotation on the new margin, and indent the first line of any subsequent paragraph within the quotation 1/2 inch from the new margin. Maintain double-spacing throughout, but do not add an extra blank line before or after it. The parenthetical citation should come after the closing punctuation mark.

Because block quotation formatting is difficult for us to replicate in the OWL's content management system, we have simply provided a screenshot of a generic example below.

This image shows how to format a long quotation in an APA seventh edition paper.

Formatting example for block quotations in APA 7 style.

Quotations from sources without pages

Direct quotations from sources that do not contain pages should not reference a page number. Instead, you may reference another logical identifying element: a paragraph, a chapter number, a section number, a table number, or something else. Older works (like religious texts) can also incorporate special location identifiers like verse numbers. In short: pick a substitute for page numbers that makes sense for your source.

Summary or paraphrase

If you are paraphrasing an idea from another work, you only have to make reference to the author and year of publication in your in-text reference and may omit the page numbers. APA guidelines, however, do encourage including a page range for a summary or paraphrase when it will help the reader find the information in a longer work. 

Citing with No Author: Handle Sources Without Named Authors

Struggling to figure out how to cite with no author? Learn the tricks to referencing anonymous sources & keep your writing credible.

' src=

In the rigorous landscape of academic writing, proper citation serves not only as a mark of intellectual honesty but also as a cornerstone of scholarly rigor. However, navigating the citation of sources that lack a clear author can present unique challenges for researchers and writers alike. Whether citing a website, a report from an organization, or an anonymous article, the absence of authorship requires adherence to specific guidelines to maintain accuracy and uphold academic integrity.

This comprehensive guide explores the essential principles and practices for citing with no author. This article will delve into the foundational rules that govern such citations, outline formatting conventions tailored to different types of sources, provide practical examples across various citation styles, and highlight common pitfalls to avoid. By mastering these techniques, you will learn citing with no author and to confidently attribute and reference sources in your academic and professional writing, ensuring clarity, consistency, and adherence to scholarly standards.

Basic Principles of Citing with No Author

Citing sources without named authors requires adherence to fundamental principles to ensure accuracy and consistency in academic and professional writing. This section outlines the essential guidelines for effectively handling citations where authorship is unclear or absent.

General Rules

  • Identify the Title of the Work: In the absence of an author, use the title of the work as the primary element for citation.
  • Use the Title in Place of the Author: Substitute the author’s name in the citation with the title of the source.
  • Ensure Consistency: Maintain uniformity in citation style throughout your document or manuscript.

Title Formatting

  • Italics for Books and Websites: Italicize the titles of books, websites, and larger works.
  • Quotation Marks for Articles and Chapters: Enclose the titles of articles, chapters, and shorter works in quotation marks.

Different Types of Sources

When citing with no author, it’s crucial to follow specific guidelines tailored to different types of publications. This section outlines how to handle various sources where authorship is unclear or absent:

Books and Articles

  • Format Directly with the Title: Use the title of the book or article in place of the author.
  • Example 1 : “The Art of Citing” (2023).
  • Example 2:  “Understanding Quantum Mechanics” (2021).
  • Use the Website Title: When citing web pages without a clear author, substitute the author’s name with the title of the website.
  • Example 1: nytimes.com (Accessed July 14, 2024).
  • Example 2: cnn.com (2023).

Reports and Documents

  • Identify the Agency or Organization: For reports or documents without a named author, attribute the work to the responsible agency, organization, or institution.
  • Example 1: Department of Health and Safety. (2022). Annual Report on Workplace Safety.
  • Example 2: Environmental Protection Agency. (2023). Climate Change Action Plan.

In-text Citations

In academic writing, in-text citations serve to acknowledge sources and provide brief identifiers to guide readers to the full citation in the reference list. When citing sources without named authors, specific considerations apply to ensure clarity and accuracy in your text.

Short Titles

  • Example: (“Art of Citing,” 2023) or (“Understanding Quantum Mechanics,” 2021).

Multiple Citations

  • Example: (Department of Health and Safety, 2022a) and (Department of Health and Safety, 2022b).

Reference List

The reference list, also known as the bibliography or works cited, provides detailed information about all sources cited within a document. When citing sources without named authors, specific formatting rules ensure accuracy and consistency in documenting these references.

Alphabetical Order

  • Example 2: New York Times. (Accessed July 14, 2024). www.nytimes.com

Consistency and Accuracy

  • Example 1: CNN. (2023). “Understanding Global Economics.” Retrieved from www.cnn.com .

Common Mistakes to Avoid

Citing sources without named authors requires careful attention to detail to maintain accuracy and adherence to citation guidelines. Avoiding these common mistakes ensures clarity and consistency in your citations:

Misidentifying Titles

Ensure the correct title is chosen when substituting for the author’s name. Verify the accuracy of the title to avoid misattributing sources.

Inconsistent Formatting

Stick to one citation style consistently throughout your document (e.g., APA, MLA, Chicago). Inconsistent formatting can confuse readers and undermine the credibility of your references.

Omitting Important Details

Include all necessary information required by your chosen citation style, such as publication year, URL for web sources, and organization name for reports. Omitting crucial details can make it difficult for readers to locate the original source.

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Mass IT outage hits airports, businesses and broadcasters around the world

Major airlines, medical facilities, businesses and police forces around the world were hit by a massive information technology glitch Friday, with Microsoft computers around the world showing " Blue Screens of Death ."

The cybersecurity company CrowdStrike said Friday that the outages were the result of a routine software update gone wrong, "not a security incident or cyberattack."

CrowdStrike, which provides cybersecurity services and software for many large corporations that use Microsoft systems, later issued a new software update that automatically fixed some computers. But others must be manually restarted and patched, causing huge delays.

Microsoft announced late Friday morning that its 365 apps and services had recovered, and CrowdStrike said a fix had been deployed early in the morning. But some frozen computers couldn’t receive CrowdStrike’s automatic update, leading to some of the problems lingering into the weekend.

Many flights were delayed as of Friday afternoon . Starbucks locations in New York had resumed normal wait times , despite its mobile order-ahead feature still not working.

The glitch brought chaos to a number of key institutions and businesses around the world that may take some time to clear up.

Many flights were grounded across the globe, and stores and broadcasters in several countries went offline. According to the aviation technology company FlightAware, the tech glitch was responsible for more than half of the U.S.'s 1,352 flight delays and cancellations before 8 a.m. ET on Friday.

Major carriers, including American Airlines , Delta Air Lines and United Airlines , all issued ground stops Friday morning citing communications issues. Passengers traveling to the United States from as far away as Japan had their flights canceled. Delta ordered a “global ground stop,”  said Rep. Eric Swalwell, D-Calif., a member of the House subcommittee on cybersecurity.

Follow live updates on the global tech outage

George Kurtz, president and CEO of CrowdStrike, said the problems could persist.

“It could be some time for some systems that just automatically won’t recover,” he told NBC’s “TODAY” show on Friday.

Kurtz said the company was “deeply sorry for the impact that we’ve caused to customers, to travelers, to anyone affected by this,” adding the issue had been fixed on its end.

“Many of the customers are rebooting the system, and it’s coming up, and it’ll be operational because we fixed it on our end,” he said. “We’re just trying to sort out where the negative interaction was,” he said of the faulty update that affected Windows PCs.

Earlier, in a post on X , Kurtz said that the outages were due to a “defect found in a single content update for Windows hosts.”

In Europe, Berlin’s Brandenburg Airport said there would be delays to passenger check-ins “because of a technical fault,” and Aena, which manages 46 airports in Spain, said “an incident in the computer system” could cause delays. Several budget airlines in South Korea reported technical problems and delays, The Associated Press said. Sydney Airport, one of Australia’s largest, said there would be delays.

Paris' airport authority said in a statement that while its systems were not affected ahead of next week's Olympic Games opening ceremony, "this situation has an impact on the operations of airlines at Paris-Charles de Gaulle and Paris-Orly airports: delays in check-in, delays and temporary suspension of some flights," according to the AP.

Global technology outage

The Paris Olympics organizing committee told Reuters that while the outage was slowing its operations, its ticket sales remained unaffected. Elsewhere in the world of sports, British soccer team Manchester United delayed a ticket release scheduled for Friday, blaming problems with Microsoft.

That was just one of many businesses affected across the United Kingdom, with train operators blaming IT outages for cancellations Friday morning and the London Stock Exchange saying that a “3rd party global technical issue” had prevented its regulatory news service from posting any new items.

The country’s National Health Service posted on X that “the NHS is aware of a global IT outage and an issue with a [general practitioner] appointment and patient record system.” The NHS that the system’s emergency phone service was still operating.

In Israel, at least 15 major hospitals were affected, according to media there. However, most medical centers had either returned to normal operations or reverted to manual operations. The emergency line of the country’s ambulance service was also affected.

At 2:20 a.m. ET, Alaska State Troopers said that 911 and nonemergency phone numbers across the state were not working “due to a nationwide technology-related outage."

The glitch affected news outlets, too, including NBC News. Sky News, NBC News' British partner broadcaster, was temporarily unable to air live news. Broadcasters in Australia also reported problems.

In a blog posted late Friday afternoon , Kurtz wrote that CrowdStrike staffers would be on call over the weekend to help affected customers, and warned of hackers and scammers exploiting the situation.

“We know that adversaries and bad actors will try to exploit events like this," he said. "I encourage everyone to remain vigilant and ensure that you’re engaging with official CrowdStrike representatives."

citing online news sources apa

I cover early morning U.S. breaking news, everything from severe weather to crime. I'm based in London and have worked for American news outlets since 2013.

Kevin Collier is a reporter covering cybersecurity, privacy and technology policy for NBC News.

Right-wing influencers use Trump assassination attempt to attack DEI

Diversity and inclusion efforts have become a popular target for conservatives online.

Within hours of the shooting at the Trump rally in Pennsylvania, right-wing media pundits and conservative influencers coalesced around an unfounded narrative on social media: the reason Donald Trump was injured was because of female Secret Service agents and diversity, equity and inclusion programs.

The unsubstantiated accusation arose after photos and edited videos featuring female Secret Service agents spread online, along with allegations that the assassination attempt on Trump happened because the head of the Secret Service, Kimberly Cheatle, is a woman. Conservative media pundit Ann Coulter promoted a petition calling for the firing of Cheatle, citing the Secret Service chief’s goal of increasing the number of female agents to 30 percent.

“Absolute humiliation for this gaggle of female Secret Service Agents,” right-wing content creator Benny Johnson captioned one video on X, writing lower down in the post that “DEI Secret Service make Presidents LESS Safe.” The post was viewed nearly 9 million times.

“Secret Service personnel on the ground moved quickly during the incident, with our counter sniper team neutralizing the shooter and our agents implementing protective measures to ensure the safety of former president Donald Trump,” Cheatle said in a statement issued by the Secret Service on Monday.

The online backlash over the gender of the Secret Service agents responding to the shooting illustrates how online antagonists can quickly spread partisan speculation during national emergencies when there is little authoritative information available. In the wake of the weekend shooting, liberals and conservatives have flooded social media with unproven claims about the shooter and attack.

Meanwhile, internet platforms have backed away from some of their most aggressive efforts to moderate toxic content, often leaving much of it unchecked. The social media landscape has become more decentralized, as groups of like-minded users bolster their partisan views in online silos.

The DEI attacks add to the growing references to diversity in social media posts, podcasts and other public statements from conservative politicians, commentators and influencers, blaming corporations’ efforts to foster a more inclusive and equitable work environment for everything including airline malfunctions and fights in schools . According to social media posts, podcasts and other public statements from high-profile conservative politicians, commentators and influencers analyzed by The Washington Post, such references rose 50 percent and are 15 times as common since July 2022. The term DEI is emerging as one of the right wing’s favored topics to generate social media attention and outrage, experts said.

“This is all part of a direct effort to kind of undermine and eliminate those [DEI] policies in the federal government should Trump get elected,” said Teddy Wilson, publisher of Radical Reports, which covers and studies far-right extremism.

In another example, far-right influencer Matt Walsh posted a video featuring female Secret Service agents gathering around Trump after the attack with the caption, “There should not be any women in the Secret Service. These are supposed to be the very best, and none of the very best at this job are women.” Pearl Davis, a well-known anti-feminist YouTuber said in a since-deleted post, “Why do we keep trying to put women in positions where we don’t belong? Go work in human resource, assistant, sales, or low level management.”

Institutions appear to be backing away from DEI in the wake of these attacks. Some have rebranded their diversity programs or eliminated requirements of job applicants to discuss diversity, said Bhaskar Chakravorti, dean of global business at the Fletcher School at Tufts University.

“After the George Floyd killing and all the chaos through the pandemic, lots of corporate leaders sort of came out and said, ‘You know, we are going to change,’” Chakravorti said. “They made all kinds of promises, and a year later, you look at the numbers — literally nothing had changed.”

Over the past year, DEI efforts — once praised by tech CEOs — are increasingly criticized for leading to bloated payrolls in Big Tech, unqualified hires at start-ups, and lower standards across the economy and academia, a position often discussed on tech podcasts like “All-In.”

Elon Musk has been campaigning against DEI to his nearly 190 million followers on X long before the rally, including a post in December that said, “ DEI must DIE .” Venture capitalists in his orbit also pointed to the Secret Service’s DEI efforts on X. Musk wasn’t immediately reachable for comment.

Anil Dash, a veteran tech entrepreneur, said the pushback against DEI by tech titans in Silicon Valley is partly a response to the rise of tech workers as a powerful class of laborers who called out bad actors, advocated diversity initiatives and pushed back against business deals they saw as unethical, like working on weapons. Some tech leaders resented this display of power — and moved to roll back consensus that racial and gender diversity is a good thing for the industry, Dash said.

DEI encompasses a wide range of practices that advocates describe as ways to diversify companies, schools and organizations and ensure equal access to opportunity. It includes efforts such as recruiting and mentorship programs geared toward underrepresented groups, anti-bias training and employee resource groups. Critics of DEI programs say preferences based on race and gender are themselves discriminatory.

The social media attacks on DEI come on the heels of a conservative legal movement designed to challenge long-standing corporate and government programs that consider race, gender and other preferences to fight demographic disparities in business, government and education. That legal campaign has been buoyed by the Supreme Court’s ruling last June that held race-based preferences in college admissions decisions at Harvard and the University of North Carolina were unconstitutional.

Chakravorti said right-wing influencers probably won’t slow their attacks.

“The attacks on DEI programs and the so-called ‘woke agenda’ has been a critical part of the right wing platform, the Republican platform.”

Jeremy Merrill contributed to this report.

citing online news sources apa

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How to cite in MLA format

MLA handbook 9th edition

MLA is one of the most common citation styles used by students and academics. This quick guide explains how to cite sources according to the 9th edition (the most recent) of the MLA Handbook . You can also use Scribbr’s free  citation generator to automatically generate references and in-text citations.

An MLA citation has two components:

  • In-text citation : Every time you quote or paraphrase a source, you cite the author and the page number in parentheses.
  • Works Cited : At the end of your paper, you give a full reference for every source you cited, alphabetized by the author’s last name.

MLA Works Cited list

The list of Works Cited (also known as the bibliography or reference page) gives full details of every source you cited in your text. Each entry is built from nine core elements:

Following this format, you can create a citation for any type of source—for example, a book , journal article , website , or movie . You only include information that’s relevant to the type of source you’re citing.

Missing information in MLA citations

Regardless of the source type, the most important elements of any MLA citation are the author , the source title , and the publication date. If any of these are missing from the source, the Works Cited entry will look slightly different.

What’s missing?What to doWorks Cited example
No authorStart with the source title instead. Alphabetize by the first word (ignoring ).“Australia fires: ‘Catastrophic’ alerts in South Australia and Victoria.” , 20 Nov. 2019, www.bbc.com/­news/­world-­australia-­50483410.
No titleGive a brief description of the source. Use sentence case and no italics or quotation marks.Mackintosh, Charles Rennie. Chair of stained oak. 1897–1900, Victoria and Albert Museum, London.
No dateLeave out the publication date. Add the date you accessed the source at the end of the citation.“Who are Scribbr Editors?” , www.scribbr.com/­about-­us/­editors/. Accessed 10 June 2019.

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MLA in-text citations

MLA in-text citations are brief references that direct your reader to the full source entry. You include them every time you quote , block quote , paraphrase or summarize a source.

The in-text citation must match the first word of the Works Cited entry—usually the author’s last name . It also includes a page number or range to help the reader locate the relevant passage.

AuthorWhat to doCitation example
1 authorGive the author’s last name.(Wallace 11–12)
2 authorsGive both author’s last names.(Wallace and Armstrong 11–12)
3+ authorsName the first author followed by “et al.”(Wallace et al. 11–12)
Corporate authorIf a source was created by an organization other than the publisher, use the organization name as author.(U.S. Global Change Research Program 22)
No authorIf the author is the same as the publisher, or if no author is credited, use the source title instead. Format the title the same as in the full Works Cited reference, and shorten if it is more than four words.(“Australia Fires”)
Multiple sources by the same authorInclude the title (or a shortened version) after the author’s name in each source citation.(Morrison, , 73)
(Morrison, , 45)

If you already named the author in your sentence, include only the page number in parentheses:

Sources with no page numbers

If the source has no page numbers, you either use an alternative locator, or leave the page number out of the citation:

Source typeWhat to doCitation example
Audiovisual source (e.g. a or )Give the time range of the relevant section.(Arnold 03:15–03:21).
Source with numbered sections (e.g. an )Give a paragraph, section, or chapter number.(Smith, par. 38)
(Rowling, ch. 6)
Source with no numbered sections (e.g. a )Leave out the page number.(Barker)

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IMAGES

  1. APA Style

    citing online news sources apa

  2. APA Citation Newspaper Article Examples

    citing online news sources apa

  3. Online Sources

    citing online news sources apa

  4. Online Sources

    citing online news sources apa

  5. This Is How to Cite Online Sources in APA Format

    citing online news sources apa

  6. How to Cite a Newspaper Article APA: a Quick Guide and Examples

    citing online news sources apa

VIDEO

  1. How to Cite Sources in APA Style

  2. Help with Citing Online Sources According to APA Guidelines

  3. How do you cite a source with no author and no date in APA 7?

  4. How do you cite APA 7th edition with no author and date?

  5. What is APA style reference format?

  6. How To: Cite an Article

COMMENTS

  1. Reference List: Electronic Sources

    Please note: the following contains a list of the most commonly cited electronic sources. For a complete list of how to cite electronic sources, please refer to the 7 th edition of the APA Publication Manual. Webpage or Piece of Online Content. If the page names an individual author, cite their name first:

  2. Newspaper article references

    In the source element of the reference, provide at minimum the title of the newspaper in italic title case. If the newspaper article is from an online newspaper that has a URL that will resolve for readers (as in the Carey example), include the URL of the article at the end of the reference. If volume, issue, and/or page numbers for the article ...

  3. How to Cite Online News Articles in APA: 9 Steps (with Pictures)

    Download Article. 1. Start your entry with the last name of the author. The author of an online news article is typically listed below the headline, although it may occasionally appear at the bottom of the piece. Format the name by typing the last name first, followed by a comma, then the first initial of the author.

  4. How to Cite a Newspaper in APA Style

    An APA Style newspaper citation includes the author, the publication date, the headline of the article, and the name of the newspaper in italics. Print newspaper citations include a page number or range; online newspaper citations include a URL. You can easily create citations for newspaper articles using our free APA Citation Generator.

  5. Webpage on a Website References

    Provide the name of the news website in the source element of the reference. Link to the comment itself if possible. Otherwise, link to the webpage on which the comment appears. Either a full URL or a short URL is acceptable. 3. Webpage on a website with a government agency group author.

  6. "I found it online": Citing online works in APA Style

    The term "website" can cause confusion because people use it to refer to both a reference category (see Section 10.16 in the Publication Manual and Section 10.14 in the Concise Guide) and a method of retrieval (i.e., online).. When you are citing something on a website, ensure you are thinking about its reference type and not its method of retrieval.

  7. How to Cite a Newspaper Article

    Revised on January 17, 2024. To cite an article from a newspaper, you need an in-text citation and a reference listing the author, the publication date, the article's title, the name of the newspaper, and a URL if it was accessed online. Different citation styles present this information differently. The main styles are APA, MLA, and Chicago ...

  8. APA Citation Guide (7th edition) : Newspaper Articles

    Newspaper Articles - APA Citation Guide (7th edition) - LibGuides at Columbia College (BC) Main purpose is to provide readers with a brief account of current events locally, nationally or internationally. Can be published daily, semiweekly or weekly. Articles are usually written by journalists who may or may not have subject expertise.

  9. How to Cite a Newspaper Article in APA

    Solution #1: What to include in the citation information. You do not need to include retrieval information (e.g., date of access) in APA citations for electronic resources. If you found a newspaper article through an online database (e.g., EBSCO's Academic Search Complete), you do not need to include that information in the citation, either.

  10. APA Citation Style, 7th Edition: Newspaper Articles

    Most current newspaper articles can be found online. Since newspapers have transitioned to an online presence, the APA formatting for a reference entry focuses on noting the date the article was written, adding the Newspaper's Name in the source followed by a period, and then adding the website.

  11. How to cite an online newspaper article in APA

    To cite an online newspaper article in a reference entry in APA style 6th edition include the following elements:. Author(s) of the article: Give the last name and initials (e. g. Watson, J. D.) of up to seven authors with the last name preceded by an ampersand (&). For eight or more authors include the first six names followed by an ellipsis (…) and add the last author's name.

  12. How to Cite a Website in APA Style

    Revised on January 17, 2024. APA website citations usually include the author, the publication date, the title of the page or article, the website name, and the URL. If there is no author, start the citation with the title of the article. If the page is likely to change over time, add a retrieval date. If you are citing an online version of a ...

  13. APA Formatting and Style Guide (7th Edition)

    Basic guidelines for formatting the reference list at the end of a standard APA research paper Author/Authors Rules for handling works by a single author or multiple authors that apply to all APA-style references in your reference list, regardless of the type of work (book, article, electronic resource, etc.)

  14. Online News Sources

    Reuters News Media is a collection of stories from one of the world's largest news agency. Newseum allows you to find daily newspaper front pages from 68 countries across the globe. This page contains links and short descriptions of writing resources including dictionaries, style manuals, grammar handbooks, and editing resources.

  15. LibGuides: APA 7 Citation Style Guide: Citing Online Sources

    Citing Sources . APA; MLA; Chicago/Turabian; Citing Media; Plagiarism; Get Help . How to... 24/7 Chat; FAQs; ... Citing Online Sources. Citing Journal Articles; Citing Magazine & News Articles; ... Newspaper online, One Author, no DOI: Kornberg, M. (2020, February 28). The death toll of the opioid epidemic is higher than originally thought ...

  16. How to Cite Sources in APA Format

    The most confusing and time-consuming part of writing an APA style paper is formatting each source in the reference list correctly, because the format is different depending on whether the source is a website, book, journal, newspaper, or any other medium. 💡 Our interactive templates automatically update to show how a citation should be ...

  17. Citation Machine®: APA Format & APA Citation Generator

    Having a standard format for citing sources allows readers to glance at a citation or APA reference and easily locate the title, author, year published, and other critical pieces of information needed to understand a source. The evolution of this style. The guide below is based on APA style 7th edition, which was released in 2020.

  18. Citing a Website in APA

    If you're wondering how to cite a website in APA, use the structure below. Structure: Author Last Name, First initial. (Year, Month Date Published). Title of web page. Name of Website. URL. Example of an APA format website: Austerlitz, S. (2015, March 3).

  19. Free APA Citation Generator [Updated for 2024]

    Generate APA style citations quickly and accurately with our FREE APA citation generator. Enter a website URL, book ISBN, or search with keywords, and we do the rest! Updated with APA 7th Edition! ... APA 6 & APA 7: 📚 Sources: Websites, books, journals, newspapers: 🔎 Autocite: Yes: 📥 Download to: Microsoft Word, Google Docs: About the ...

  20. Free Citing a Newspaper in APA

    Scan your paper for plagiarism mistakes. Get help for 7,000+ citation styles including APA 7. Check for 400+ advanced grammar errors. Create in-text citations and save them. Free 3-day trial. Cancel anytime.*️. Try Citation Machine® Plus! *See Terms and Conditions. Consider your source's credibility.

  21. LibGuides: APA Citation Guide (APA 7th Edition): When Formatting

    Narrative Style Example: The American Psychological Association (APA, 2017) provided information on overcoming opioid abuse. Sources with the same author and year: When you are citing two different sources that share the same author and year of publication, assign lowercase letters after the year of publication (a, b, c, etc.).

  22. Cite a Online News Article

    Cite an article published in an online newspaper like The Washington Post. Use another form to cite. articles from print newspapers. or. articles from magazines. like The New Yorker. If the article is from a news website such as CNN —one that does not have an associated daily or weekly newspaper—cite it as a regular. webpage.

  23. Citing

    How to cite newspaper sources using APA, MLA, or Chicago styles. Welcome; Local Newspapers; ... APA is the primary citation style students use but in some instances, MLA or Chicago should be applied. If the citation style of your major or program of study is not on the list above, check with your professor to see what citation style is preferred.

  24. In-Text Citations: The Basics

    When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text citation. This means that the author's last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, like, for example, (Jones, 1998). One complete reference for each source should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.

  25. A detailed guide to citing sources in MLA and APA

    The way you cite your source, meaning the type of citation style you use, will determine what information is important to include as well as punctuation, the order of details, and other formatting nuances. Here are three of the most common citation styles used to cite sources: 1. American Psychological Association (APA) Citation Style

  26. Citing with No Author: Handle Sources Without Named Authors

    When citing sources without named authors, specific formatting rules ensure accuracy and consistency in documenting these references. ... Double-check that all information in the reference list matches the in-text citations and follows the chosen citation style (e.g., APA, MLA, Chicago). Example 1: CNN. (2023). ... - Scientific news and trends ...

  27. Free APA Citation Generator

    APA Style is widely used by students, researchers, and professionals in the social and behavioral sciences. Scribbr's free citation generator automatically generates accurate references and in-text citations. This citation guide outlines the most important citation guidelines from the 7th edition APA Publication Manual (2020).

  28. Mass IT outage hits global airports, businesses and broadcasters

    Major airlines, including American, Delta and United, all issued ground stops Friday morning citing communications issues.

  29. Why DEI, female Secret Service agents became targets of right wing

    Conservative media pundit Ann Coulter promoted a petition calling for the firing of Cheatle, citing the Secret Service chief's goal of increasing the number of female agents to 30 percent.

  30. Free MLA Citation Generator

    How to cite in MLA format. MLA is one of the most common citation styles used by students and academics. This quick guide explains how to cite sources according to the 9th edition (the most recent) of the MLA Handbook.You can also use Scribbr's free citation generator to automatically generate references and in-text citations.. An MLA citation has two components: