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Free CSE Citation Generator
Generate accurate CSE citations for books, websites, journals and more, with MyBib!
🤔 What is a CSE Citation Generator?
A CSE citation generator is an online tool that creates citations in the Council of Science Editors (CSE) citation style. It does this automatically by taking in an identifier for a document, such as a website URL, book ISBN, or journal DOI, and then formatting the citation correctly using the remaining details.
🤓 What is the CSE citation style?
The CSE citation style is a citation style created by the Council of Science Editors, a non-profit organization. They publish the CSE style guidelines in the CSE Scientific Style and Format Manual , now on the 8th edition.
There are three ways to correctly cite sources in the CSE style. They should not be mixed together (format all citations the same way).
- Name-Year (N-Y): Also known as author-date, the author name and publication year are surrounded with parenthesis and placed next to the cited text as an in-text citation. The reference list at the end of the article is ordered alphabetically by the author's last name.
- Citation-Name (C-N): Superscripted numbers (example: ¹) are placed next to cited text as an in-text citation. The reference list is still sorted alphabetically by the author's last name, but the corresponding in-text citation number is prepended to each reference to connect both of them together.
- Citation-Sequence (C-S): Similar to Citation-Name, superscripted numbers are used next to cited text and are also prepended to the author's name in the reference list, but the reference list is sorted by the citation number in ascending order instead of the author's last name.
👩🎓 Who uses a CSE Citation Generator?
The CSE style is used broadly across the sciences--especially biology, where it originated. If you are studying the sciences, or you are writing to be published in an CSE publication (such as Science Editor ), then you will likely need to cite your sources using the CSE style.
🙌 Why should I use a CSE Citation Generator?
Every academic field, not just the sciences, will recommend using a tool to record references to others' work in your writing. A citation generator like MyBib can record this data, and can also automatically create an accurate bibliography from it, with the necessary in-text citations too.
⚙️ How do I use MyBib's CSE Citation Generator?
MyBib's CSE citation generator was designed to be accurate and easy to use (also it's FREE!). Follow these steps:
- Search for the article, website, or document you want to cite using the search box at the top of the page.
- Look through the list of results found and choose the one that you referenced in your work.
- Make sure the details are all correct, and correct any that aren't. Then click Generate!
The generator will produce a formatted CSE citation that can be copied and pasted directly into your document, or saved to MyBib as part of your overall reference list (which can be downloaded fully later!).
MyBib supports the following for CSE style:
Daniel is a qualified librarian, former teacher, and citation expert. He has been contributing to MyBib since 2018.
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Citing Sources: CSE Style
What is cse style.
CSE (Council of Science Editors) Style is widely used in scientific disciplines, particularly in the natural and physical sciences. The CSE manual describes three systems of documentation. All three systems use a reference list at the end of the paper with complete source information. The Name-Year system uses parenthetical citations consisting of the author's last name and year of publication; the Citation-Sequence and Citation-Name systems both use numbered references in the text to refer to the reference list at the end. In Citation-Sequence, the reference list is presented and numbered in the order the sources appear in the text, while in Citation-Name, the reference list is numbered alphabetically by author's last name.
Official Guidance from the CSE
- Quick Guide to Scientific Style and Format From University of Chicago Press, the publishers of the CSE Manual.
Online CSE Name-Year Style Guides
- Citation Guide: CSE Name-Year System Guide to using parenthetical references in CSE Style, from the Writing Across the Curriculum Clearinghouse
- Cite Your Sources: CSE Name-Year From the University of Guelph -- see also their several videos on the guide
- The Writer's Handbook: CSE Documention Style Quick guide to both Name-Year and Citation-Sequence/Citation-Name systems, from the Writing Center at University of Wisconsin
Online CSE Citation-Name/Citation-Sequence Style Guides
- Citation Guide: CSE Citation-Sequence System Guide to using numbered references in CSE Style, from the Writing Across the Curriculum Clearinghouse
- Cite Your Sources: CSE CItation-Name From the University of Guelph; see also their several videos on the guide.
- The Writer's Handbook: CSE Documentation Style Quick guide to both Name-Year and Citation-Sequence/Citation-Name systems, from the Writing Center at University of Wisconsin
Books on CSE Style
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- CSE- Citation Name
CSE Style Manual
Cse name year style, journal articles, tables and figures, cse name-year.
- Specialized Citations
CSE is now in its 8th edition! When looking at examples online, make sure they are based on the 8th edition.
CSE has three citation styles, CSE Name-Year is the format where references are listed alphabetically in your reference list. When citing references in the text of your paper, you will refer to them by author name and date.
CSE style uses a reference list which means that you only list items cited in your paper. There must be agreement between the sources cited in your work and the sources listed in the references section.
Special notes about in-text citations and creating CSE references:
- If there are one or two authors you will list all authors, for example: ( Fry and Smith 2016)
- If there are more than two authors list only the first author followed by et al., for example: (Fry et al. 2017)
- In-text citations can be placed within a sentences, for example: "Smith's studies of arbovirus infections (Smith 1970, 1975) have shown that
- Corporate or Organization authors may be abbreviated, but also include the abbreviation in the reference list
- Website and book references should include date, location, and publisher name – if you cannot find this information you should say [date unknown], [place unknown], or [publisher unknown] as appropriate.
- If you have a doi for your article, please include it at the end of your citation in the following format: doi:10.1007/s10344-014-0825-0
- to identify how specific words are abbreviated consult: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK7251/
- to search for an abbreviation by journal name consult: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/journals
- Authors names should be listed in the order that they are given in the paper - do not reorder this list. Additionally, when there are 1 to 10 authors, all authors should be named. If there are more than 10 authors, the 1 st to 10 th are listed, followed by “and others”. For example:
Smith EW, Vance ML, Bartel D, Joy E, Janus J, Qui W, Pa J, Hobbes C, Cant G, Kant W, and others. 2005. Avian flu in China. N Engl J Med. 372: 2275-82.
Examples for most of the citations you will need to make are below, but you may also refer to the other quick guides listed on this page, for the full CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers available in Reference .
Book template : Authors(s). Year. Title. Edition. Place of publication: publisher. Extent. Notes. Chapter of an edited book template: Author(s). Year. Chapter title. In: Editor(s), editors. Book title. Edition. Place of publication: publisher. Extent. Notes. Electronic book template: Author(s) Year. Title. Edition. Place of publication: publisher [accessed date]. Extent. Notes.
Example chapter in a book:
Honigsbaum M. 2003. The fever trail: in search of the cure for malaria. New York: Picador. Chapter 2, The cure; p.19-38.
NOTE: if you use only a chapter of a book note the part used in the extent section
Examples of chapter in an edited books, where each chapter has its own author:
Gillaspy AF, Landolo JJ. 2009. Staphylococcus. In: Schaechter M, editor. Encyclopedia of microbiology. 3rd ed. Boston: Elsevier/Academic Press. Vol. 2, p. 293-303.
Tramont EC. 2010. Treponema pallidum (syphilis). In: Mandell GL, Bennet JE, Dolin R, editors. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett’s principles and practices of infectious diseases. 7th ed. Philadelphia: Churchill Livingstone/Elsevier. p. 3035-3053.
NOTES: If an encyclopedia entry or book chapter have a separate author(s) from the editor, and both must be included in the reference. A volume number (e.g. Vol.4) is only needed if the pagination is not continuous across volumes (e.g. volume 2 starts again with page 1). Include the full page range for the article cited.
Example of a chapter in an electronic book:
Aldridge S. 2008. Malaria. In: Lerner BW, Lerner KL, editors. Infectious diseases: in context. Detroit: Gale; [accessed 2010 May 5]. p. 515-522. http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE|1RIG&v=2.1&u=seattlepu&it=aboutBook&p=GVRL&sw=w
Example of a chapter in an edited electronic book where no chapter authors are given:
Kimberlin DW, Long SS, Pickering LK, Baker CJ, American Academy of Pediatrics, editors. 2012. Red book: 2012 report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics.[accessed 2014 May 2]. Pertussis (whooping cough); p. 553-556. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=ip&db=nlebk&AN=567191&site=ehost-live&ebv=EB&ppid=pp_553
Template: Author(s). Year. Article Title. Abbreviated Journal Title. Vol(Issue):page numbers. Example: Mahmud K, Vance ML. 2003. Human growth hormone and aging. N Engl J Med. 348(2):2256-2257.
Template: Author(s). Year. Article title. Abbreviated Journal Title. [date updated; date accessed];volume(issue):location. Notes. Example: Martins KAO, Steffens JT, van Tongeren SA, Wells JB, Bergeron AA, Dickson SP, Dye JM, Salazar AM, Bavari S. 2014. Toll-like receptor agonist augments virus-like particle-mediated protection from Ebola virus with transient immune activation. PLoS One. [accessed 2014 Apr 18];9(2):e89735. http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0089735
NOTE: In this example, there are no page numbers, so the location is given as the electonic article ID number. If you have page numbers you may use those instead.
- Journal titles are abbreviated. To search for an abbreviation by journal name consult: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/journals (use the NLM title abbreviation)
Template: Author(s). Full Date. Article Title. Full Magazine Title [updated date; accessed date]. Notes. Example: Badie, R. 2015 Mar 25. Solar energy pros, cons. Atlanta Journal – Constitution. [updated 2016 Oct. 21; accessed 2017 Jan 30].http://search.proquest.com/docview/1665682468?accountid=2202
Template: Author(s). Year. Page title. Publisher location: Publisher; [updated date; accessed date]. Notes.
Gagnon F. 2017. Wind energy, the next task. Nashau (NH): Renewable Energy World.com; [updated 2018 Oct 21; accessed 2017 Jan 19]. http://www.renewableenergyworld.com/ugc/articles/2017/01/18/wind-energy-the-next-task.html
Example if there is no author:
Pertussis: practice essentials. 2014. New York (NY): WebMD LLC; [updated 2014 Jan 31; accessed 2014 Apr 26]. http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/967268-overview
Example with a corporate author (abbreviation used for in-text citation include in reference, alphabetize by full name):
[CDC] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US). 2012. Plague: ecology and transmission. Atlanta (GA): Author. [updated 2012 Jun 13; accessed 2014 Apr 26].http://www.cdc.gov/plague/transmission/index.html
Tables and figures are numbered separately in CSE in the order they are mentioned in the text. (e.g. Table 1, Table 2, Figure 1, Table 3).
In the text of your paper give parenthetical references to the table or figure, e.g. (see Table 1)
Place the tables and figures at either the top of the bottom of the page as close as possible to where they are mentioned in the text.
Give tables a short descriptive title and, if citing from another source, place any citations beneath the table. Include a full reference in your cited references list. If portions of the table comes from other sources, use superscript letters to indicate the various information sources, with corresponding citations directly beneath the table.
Give figures a description beneath the image, include any citing information as part of the description. Do not include figure references in the cited references list.
More guides for CSE Name-Year format:
- Scientific Style and Format Citation Quick Guide by the Council of Science Editors
- Dalhousie Library CSE Guide
- << Previous: CSE- Citation Name
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- Last Updated: Sep 14, 2023 9:57 AM
- URL: https://spu.libguides.com/citations
Cite Your Sources: CSE (Citation-Name)
What is cse (citation-name), how do i format my in-text citations, how do i format my end references, article in a journal or periodical (print), article in a journal or periodical (online), part of an edited book or collection, resources to help with writing.
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- Uses a superscripted number as the in-text citation. Bibliographic information is at the end of the paper in a list called References or Literature Cited.
- References are listed in alphabetical order.
- Preferred by many writers in scientific disciplines related to experimental and observational science, including physical sciences, mathematics and life sciences.
- Information in this guide is based on the 8th edition of Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers (CSE stands for Council of Science Editors).
- Smith 1 tested this hypothesis.
- Six species share this trait. 4
- Smith's study 1 tested this hypothesis, whereas James's study 2 did not.
- In 2009, Smith 1 tested this hypothesis.
- This hypothesis was tested. 1
- This hypothesis was tested 1 ; James's study 2 had different findings.
- Do not place multiple citations at the end of the citation or place the citation at the end of a sentence if the reader would be confused about which information came from which reference.
- In Health Problems in the Elderly, Smith explores...
- In his article "Sleepwalking and the Elderly," Smith reveals...
- The reference list comes at the end of your paper and provides the full bibliographic information for your materials.
- The title should be References or Literature Cited.
- Works you have cited within your paper should be listed in the reference list in alphabetical order and assigned numbers in that order.
- If you used other material but didn't specifically cite it, include it in a section called "Additional References."
- Authors' first names are rendered as capitals after their surnames (e.g., Smith RA).
- Obtain the original paper and cite it instead of the secondary source. If you can't obtain the original paper, cite in the reference list only the secondary source that you actually read.
- e.g., [date unknown], [DVD], [cited 2011 Jan 23].
- e.g., editorial, letter, dissertation, database, computer program, homepage, etc.
- e.g., videocassette, microfiche, internet, CD-ROM, DVD, etc.
- You can combine them as [database on the internet] and [homepage on the internet].
Author AA, Author BB. Article title. Journal Title. Year;Volume number(issue number):inclusive pages.
Burns LH, Thorpe G. Fears and phobias. Journal of Internal Medical Research. 1979;17(2):235-246.
Author AA, Author BB. Article title. Journal Title (edition) [medium designator]. Date of publication [date updated; date cited];Volume(issue):inclusive pages. Available from: URL doi:#
Tong V, Abbott FS, Mbofana S, Walker MJ. In vitro investigation of hepatic extraction. Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Science [Internet]. 2001 [cited 2001 May 3];4(1):15-23. Available from: http://www.ualberta.ca/~csps/JPPS4(1)/F.Abbot/RSD1070.pdf doi:10.1136/jpps.460.7600.1070
If there is no pagination in your online material, estimate how many pages it has:
Ganz PA. Menopause and breast cancer. Innovations in Breast Cancer Care [Internet]. 1997 Apr [cited 1997 Nov 4];2(3):[about 10 p.]. Available from http://www.meniscus.com/bcc/Art2_23.html/.
NOTE: When the reference ends with a URL, do not follow with a period unless the URL ends with a forward slash.
Author AA, Author BB, Author CC. Title of work. Edition. Place of publication (State or Prov): Publisher name; Year. Number of pages p.
Agrios GN. Plant pathology. 2nd ed. New York (NY): Academic Press; 1978. 703 p.
Davidson RH, Lyon WF. Insect pests of farm, garden, and orchard. 7th ed. New York (NY): John Wiley & Sons; 1979. 596 p.
Author(s) of the part. Title of the part. In: Author(s) or Editor(s). Title of book. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher name; Year. p. pages of part.
Kuret JA, Murad F. Adenohypophyseal hormones and related substances. In: Gilman AG, Rall TW, Nies AS, Taylor P, editors. The pharmacological basis of therapeutics. 8th ed. New York (NY): Pergamon; 1990. p. 1334-1360.
If the author of the part also is the author or editor of the book, place the book information before the part information.
Author(s) or Editor(s). Title of book. Place of publication: Publisher name; Year. Kind of part and its numeration, title; p. pages of part.
Hebel R, Stromberg MW. Anatomy of the laboratory rat. Baltimore (MD): Williams & Wilkins; 1976. Part C, Digestive system; p. 43-54.
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CSE style describes three systems for references ; use the style which is commonly used in your discipline:
- Uses the surname of the author and the year of publication within the text to refer to the end references
- End references are then listed alphabetically by author and then by year.
- The general sequence of information in the end reference is author names are followed by the year of publication followed by the title , and additional items. In text example : By contrast, the several antisera that have been raised against Sp1, a defined RNA polymerase II transcription factor (Kadonaga 1986), stain exclusively the nucleus...
- Uses superscript numbers within the text to refer to the end references.
- End references are listed in the order they are referred to in the text.
- Subsequent citations to the same document use the same number as its initial citation.
- the general sequence of information in the end reference is author name, title, and additional items (including year of publication). In text example : Modern scientific nomenclature really began with Linnaeus in botany 1 , but other disciplines 2,3 were not many years behind in developing various systems 4-7 for nomenclature and symbolization.
- Uses superscript numbers within the text to refer to the end references.
- End references are listed alphabetically by author and then by title.
- The general sequence of information in the end reference is author name, title, and additional items (including year of publication). In text example : Modern scientific nomenclature really began with Linnaeus in botany 4 , but other discipline 1,5 were not many years behind in developing various systems 2-3,6,10 for nomenclature and symbolization.
In the N-Y system, author names are followed by the year of publication, then the title, then all the other items.
In the C-S and C-N systems, the general sequence of information in a reference is author name, title, and then additional items (including year of publication).
Note: Author names with initials are recommended for reference lists that also include references to journal articles, for which names with initials are preferred. When there are 2-10 authors, all should be named; if more than 10 authors, list the first 10 followed by “and others”.
Note : throughout CSE style, no commas are used to offset the author's last name from his or her initials, no space separates the first and middle initial, and periods do not, in general, follow initials.
Note : in CSE style, titles of periodicals (newspapers, journals, magazines) are capitalized as they normally are; book titles and article titles have only the first word of the title (and of any subtitles), as well as proper nouns, capitalized. Obvious exceptions are capitalized abbreviations and symbols (e.g., HIV-1, DDAVP, pH).
- Scientific Style and Format Citation Quick Guide examples from the editors at the University of Chicago Press.
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- Last Updated: Aug 21, 2023 12:36 PM
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