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How to Share Keynote Presentations Online
Last Updated: May 4, 2023
This article was co-authored by wikiHow staff writer, Nicole Levine, MFA . Nicole Levine is a Technology Writer and Editor for wikiHow. She has more than 20 years of experience creating technical documentation and leading support teams at major web hosting and software companies. Nicole also holds an MFA in Creative Writing from Portland State University and teaches composition, fiction-writing, and zine-making at various institutions. This article has been viewed 13,907 times. Learn more...
This wikiHow teaches you how to share your Keynote presentation with other people on the internet. If you want to present the presentation live, you can use Apple's Keynote Live feature. You can also share the presentation by embedding it into your website or blog post.
Using Keynote Live
- Keynote Live is limited in that it won't play audio or let you do live audio narration. If you want to narrate the presentation live, you'll want to use Keynote Live with an audio conferencing tool like Zoom, Microsoft Teams , or Google Meet .
- If you want to share the invitation link in your video conferencing software or a live chat, choose Copy Link to copy the link to your clipboard, and then paste it into the conversation.
- If you want to require a password for viewing the presentation, click More Options, select Require password , and follow the on-screen instructions.
- If you don't want to start the presentation just yet, you can choose Play Later instead. Then, when you're ready to share your presentation, click the green-and-white rectangle with a triangle in the toolbar and select Play on Keynote Live to start sharing. You can click the green-and-white rectangle and triangle icon to start sharing again.
- If you want to invite more people after starting the presentation, press the Esc key to stop playback, click the Keynote Live button in the toolbar (the computer monitor with two curved lines), select Invite Viewers , and choose your viewers.
- When you end the presentation, the link will stop working. If you want to present again, you'll need to create a new link.
Embedding on a Website
- If you protected your presentation with a password, remove the password before you continue.
- The link begins with "https://www.icloud.com/keynote" and ends with "#yourfilename" .
- Medium: No extra code is needed. To embed the link, simply paste it onto its own line and press Enter or Return .  X Research source Medium will display the embedded presentation once you publish your story.
- Wordpress: Using the Block Editor, create a new "Embed" block (the first embedding option), paste the Keynote link into the field, and click "Embed." If you're not using the Block Editor, you can embed the presentation by placing the URL on its own line.  X Research source
- Embed.ly: If you're using another type of website or site builder, check out Embed.ly , which will help you create embed codes for a variety of sites and services.
You might also like.
- ↑ https://support.apple.com/guide/keynote/present-on-a-mac-over-the-internet-tan683ecab0f/mac
- ↑ https://help.medium.com/hc/en-us/articles/214981378-Embedding
- ↑ https://wordpress.org/support/article/embeds/
About This Article
1. Open Keynote on your Mac. 2. Click the Keynote Live button. 3. Click Continue . 4. Invite viewers to the presentation. 5. Click Play Now . Did this summary help you? Yes No
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How to Share Keynote Presentations Online: A Comprehensive Guide
Sharing Keynote presentations online has become increasingly important in today's digital age, where remote work, online collaboration, and accessibility are more crucial than ever. In this comprehensive guide, we will discuss various methods for sharing Keynote presentations, explore different tools for sharing like Showell , and provide practical examples to help you share your presentations with ease. By adopting these best practices and leveraging the right tools, you can make your Keynote presentations accessible and engaging to a wider audience.
What is a Keynote presentation?
Keynote is a presentation software developed by Apple Inc., similar to Microsoft PowerPoint. It is designed specifically for macOS and iOS devices and offers a wide range of design and animation tools to create visually stunning presentations. Keynote presentations typically have the file extension .key, and while they cater primarily to the Apple ecosystem, they can be exported to various formats for compatibility with other platforms, like PowerPoint.
The 4 advantages of using Keynote for presentations
1. Sleek design templates: Keynote offers a variety of professionally designed templates, making it easy to create visually appealing presentations.
2. Animation and transition effects: Keynote provides a range of animations and transitions to add dynamism and polish to your presentations.
3. Compatibility with Apple devices: Keynote is designed to work seamlessly with macOS and iOS devices, ensuring optimal performance and user experience.
4. Export options: Keynote allows you to export your presentations in various formats, including PDF, PowerPoint, QuickTime, and HTML, ensuring compatibility with different platforms.
Preparing Your Keynote Presentation for Online Sharing
While Keynote is a popular presentation software, not everyone has access to it, and this can pose a problem when sharing Keynote presentations online. Not everyone has access to Apple devices, which are required to use Keynote. If the presentation was created on a Mac, then it can only be opened by someone who has access to a Mac, which limits the audience.
To ensure accessibility and reach a wider audience, it is essential to consider the compatibility of the file format and provide alternative formats for those who don't have Keynote or compatible software. This is why it might be a good solution to export your Keynote presentation as a PDF file.
To do this, follow these steps:
1. Open your Keynote presentation. 2. Click "File" in the top menu, and then select "Export To." 3. Choose the desired export format (PDF) and configure the export settings according to your preferences. 4. Click "Next" and choose a destination for the exported file. Click "Export" to complete the process.
Methods to Share Keynote Presentations Online
Attaching the exported presentation: You can share your Keynote presentation by attaching the exported file (PDF, PowerPoint, QuickTime, or HTML) to an email. This method is suitable for smaller files and when sharing with a limited number of recipients.
Security and size limitations: When sharing large Keynote files or presentations containing sensitive information via email, consider using a secure file-sharing platform like Showell. Showell offers password-protected access to your files and ensures a better sharing experience for the recipient, with attachments that won't get lost among other emails.
Social media platforms
Sharing links to the presentation: You can also share your Keynote presentation on social media platforms like LinkedIn, Twitter, and Facebook by posting a link to the presentation hosted on a cloud-based file-sharing platform like Showell.
Cloud-based file-sharing platforms
iCloud: iCloud is Apple's cloud storage service, which integrates seamlessly with Keynote. You can store and share your presentations via iCloud by sending a link to your recipients, who can then view or download the file.
Google Drive: Google Drive is a popular cloud storage platform that supports Keynote files. You can upload your presentation, convert it to Google Slides if needed, and share it with others through unique links. Dropbox: Dropbox allows you to upload Keynote files and share them with others using shareable links.
Showell : Showell is a powerful content-sharing and collaboration platform that supports Keynote presentations and various other file formats. With Showell, you can upload and organize your presentations, making it easy to share them with your team or clients. Showell stands out due to its user-friendly interface, secure sharing features, and the ability to track engagement with your shared content. By using Showell, you not only streamline the sharing process but also gain valuable insights into how your audience interacts with your presentation.
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Collaborating on Keynote Presentations Online
Real-time collaboration using icloud.
Keynote supports real-time collaboration through iCloud, allowing multiple users to work on a presentation simultaneously. To collaborate, simply click the "Collaborate" button in the top-right corner of your Keynote presentation and invite participants via email, link, or by adding them from your contacts. You can control the access level for each participant, choosing between "Can make changes" or "View only."
Sharing and commenting on presentations
When sharing your presentation online, you can enable comments to facilitate feedback and communication with your team or audience. Comments can be added to specific slides or elements, fostering a focused and productive discussion.
Version control and tracking changes
Keynote allows you to track changes made by collaborators and maintain version control over your presentation. You can access the version history by clicking "File" and then "Revert To." This feature enables you to review past edits, compare different versions, and revert to a previous version if needed.
Ensuring Security and Privacy While Sharing Keynote Presentations Online
Protect sensitive information in your Keynote presentation by adding a password. To do this, click "File," then "Set Password." You can also apply password protection when sharing your presentation via a file-sharing platform like Showell, which offers secure, password-protected access to your files.
Controlling access and permissions
When sharing your presentation online, you can control who can view, edit, or comment on the file. File-sharing platforms like Showell allow you to set permissions and manage access to your presentations.
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Sharing Keynote presentations online has become increasingly important in today's digital landscape. By selecting the appropriate method for sharing and leveraging online collaboration tools like Showell, you can efficiently and securely share your presentations with a wider audience. Following best practices for file preparation and optimization, coupled with using the right tools and platforms, will ensure that your Keynote presentations are accessible, engaging, and impactful for your viewers
The Best Way to Give a Keynote Presentation Over Zoom or Skype
Don't feel daunted if you need to give a Keynote presentation over Zoom or Skype. Here are two simple methods to do it.
When working remotely, you may need to deliver a Keynote presentation over Zoom, Skype, or other video conferencing apps. This is daunting at first---especially if you aren't tech savvy---but there are two simple methods you can use to do it.
Keynote Live is the best option, which lets you share your presentation slides with anyone online. If that isn't available, you can share your Mac screen over Zoom or Skype instead. We'll explain each of these methods in more detail below.
Share Your Presentation Online With Keynote Live
Keynote Live is a tool that lets you share your presentation online with up to 100 people at once. Invited members can tune in to watch your presentation from any device: iPhone, iPad, Mac, Windows PC, or other mobile devices. All they need to do is click the link you send them and open it in Keynote or a web browser.
Using Keynote Live, you can view the Presenter Display to keep an eye on your current slide, next slide, and Presenter Notes while only showing your current slide to people watching.
Unfortunately, Keynote Live doesn't let you share audio with your audience. The best way to use it is to start a group call using Zoom, Skype, or other video conference apps, then direct everyone to view your presentation in a separate window.
That way, people can still listen to you over the conference call while viewing the slides in Keynote Live.
Here's how to use Keynote Live in three simple steps.
Step 1. Invite People to Your Keynote Live Presentation
Open your presentation in Keynote and make sure your slides are ready to go. Then click the Keynote Live button in the toolbar; it looks like a laptop with two waves coming out of it.
In the popup window that appears, click Invite Viewers and send a link to your contacts over Mail, Messages, or AirDrop. Alternatively, choose to Copy Link from the dropdown menu and paste it into the chat in your Zoom or Skype call.
If needed, add a password to your presentation to keep it private. Click More Options and enable the Require Password box to do so. Make sure you give the password to everyone who needs it, alongside the invitation link.
After sharing the link for your Keynote presentation, click Play Later so you can wait for everyone to get ready before starting the presentation. This gives you time to start your conference call, invite more members, or make any final adjustments to your slides.
Step 2. Start a Conference Call Over Zoom or Skype
Since Keynote Live doesn't let you share audio, you still need to start a call in Zoom (see our guide to common Zoom issues if you have problems), Skype, or any other conferencing app for people to hear you. Make sure everyone is attending your conference call before directing them to Keynote Live to watch the presentation.
Ask people to click the link in the invite you sent them or copy a new link into the chat box for Zoom or Skype. To copy a new link, click the Keynote Live button in Keynote, then click Invite Viewers > Copy Link .
Before starting the presentation, you may want to turn off your camera in the video conferencing app. This way, people can't watch you while you're presenting, prompting them to switch to the Keynote Live window instead.
Step 3. Start Presenting in Keynote Live
When you return to the Keynote app, you should notice the Play button has turned green. The number next to the button tells you how many people are currently waiting for your Keynote Live presentation to begin.
To start your presentation, click the Play button and choose to Play on Keynote Live .
Keynote takes a moment to load the slideshow. During this time, it uploads your slides to the cloud to reduce delays for those watching.
When the presentation starts, press the X key to switch between Presenter Display and Audience Display. In Presenter Display, you can view your current slide, next slide, Presenter Notes, and the number of viewers. Anyone viewing your presentation only sees the current slide.
Use the Left and Right arrows to navigate through your slides, or press Esc to exit.
After finishing your presentation, click the Keynote Live button and Turn Off Keynote Live . Then finish up your call in the video conferencing app.
Share Your Keynote Screen Using Zoom or Skype
If Keynote Live isn't available to use, you can still deliver your Keynote presentation by sharing your screen over Skype or Zoom. This method isn't as elegant as Keynote Live, but it's a better option if you don't want to use Keynote in fullscreen presentation mode.
Depending on the options in your video conferencing app, you can choose to share a portion of your screen, a particular app window, or your entire computer screen.
It's best to share a portion of your screen, which means you can still view your next slide and Presenter Notes. Zoom allows you to do this, but Skype doesn't. Instead, you need to share your entire Keynote window to deliver a presentation using Skype ( Skype keyboard shortcuts ).
How to Share a Portion of Your Screen Using Zoom
Open your Keynote presentation and go to Keynote > Preferences in the menu bar.
From the Slideshow tab, enable the option to Allow Mission Control, Dashboard and others to use the screen . This lets you switch between apps after starting your presentation.
Now go to Play > Rehearse Slideshow from the menu bar. Press X to enable Presenter Display, which shows your current slide, next slide, and Presenter Notes.
With Keynote ready, open Zoom and start your video conference call.
Click Share Screen at the bottom of the Zoom window, then go to Advanced > Portion of Screen . Click Share to start sharing a portion of your screen.
If prompted, open the System Preferences on your Mac and go Security & Privacy > Privacy .
In the sidebar, click Screen Recording , then enable the option to allow Zoom to record your screen. You may need to restart Zoom and start sharing your screen again.
When you start sharing your screen, return to Keynote and resize the sharing box to match your Current Slide . This is what people will see in your video conference call. Click a blank space in Keynote , then use the Left and Right arrows to navigate through your presentation.
When you're finished, click Stop Share at the top of the screen and end your Zoom call.
How to Share Your Keynote Window Using Skype
Skype and Keynote don't work particularly well together. Although Skype lets you share your Keynote window over a video call, this stops working the moment you enter fullscreen presentation mode.
Instead, you can only share your Keynote screen from the edit view. This means your Keynote transitions and animations won't work. It also means other people will be able to see your Presenter Notes unless you read them in a separate app.
If you plan to do this, we suggest you hide the Format window by clicking the paintbrush icon to minimize clutter on the screen. You should also adjust the zoom level to make your Keynote slides fill as much of the window as possible.
Now start your Skype call and click the two overlapping squares to share your screen.
Open the Share Screen dropdown menu and choose to Share Application Window , then select Keynote from the list of available apps.
In the sidebar, click Screen Recording , then enable the option to allow Skype to record your screen. You may need to restart Skype and start sharing your screen again.
Don't enter presentation mode in Keynote. Use the navigation bar or the Up and Down arrows to switch between your slides instead. If you launch your full presentation, the people in your call won't be able to see it.
More Tools for Online Presentation
Keynote is an excellent app for creating stylish presentations with minimal effort. But it isn't the best option for online presentations. While it's possible to share your slides over Keynote Live, screen sharing options in the app itself are rather limited.
Fortunately, there are a wealth of other online presentation apps you can use to step up your game. Each of these apps offers better tools for delivering a presentation over Zoom, Skype, and other video conferencing apps than what you find in Keynote.
Presentations that stand out. Beautifully.
With its powerful tools and dazzling effects, Keynote makes it easy to create stunning and memorable presentations, and comes included with most Apple devices. Use Apple Pencil on your iPad to create diagrams or illustrations that bring your slides to life. And with real‑time collaboration, your team can work together, whether they’re on Mac, iPad, iPhone, or a PC.
See what’s new in Keynote
Present your story. Your way.
Keynote sets the stage for an impressive presentation. A simple, intuitive interface puts important tools front and center, so everyone on your team can easily add beautiful charts, edit photos, and incorporate cinematic effects. And Rehearse Mode lets you practice on the go, with the current or next slide, notes, and clock — all in one view.
Start with a gorgeous layout.
Choose from over 40 eye‑catching themes that instantly give your presentation a professional look. Or create your own slide designs, background images, and page‑by‑page customization.
Create next-level animations.
Add drama to your presentation with more than 100 cinematic transitions and effects. Make your words pop by adding textures, color gradients, and even photos — with just a tap. And animate objects along a path using Apple Pencil or your finger on your iPhone or iPad.
Make every slide spectacular.
Add subtle movement to your slides with dynamic backgrounds. Illustrate your point with over 700 Apple-designed shapes, or add photos, videos, music, image galleries, and charts. Easily remove backgrounds from supported images and live videos or manually refine adjustments as needed. You can even use your iPhone to take a photo or scan a document, and Continuity Camera can send it straight to Keynote on your Mac.
What’s new in Keynote.
Learn about everything you can do in Keynote
Get the updates. Then get in touch.
Stay up to date when people join, edit, or comment in collaborative presentations and easily get in touch with your team using Messages and FaceTime.
Get more done on iPad.
Quickly insert objects, find settings, and get to your favorite tools with the customizable toolbar. And Stage Manager makes it easy to multitask across multiple presentations and apps at the same time. 1
Make backgrounds disappear.
Now you can more easily remove backgrounds from supported images — and even live videos — or adjust them to your liking.
Add live video feeds to any slide.
Appear in a window, right on your slides, with a picture-in-picture display during remote presentations. Or include a live feed of your iPhone or iPad screen to show off apps.
Get started with dynamic themes.
Start with one of three beautiful new animated themes, then customize it to set the tone for each slide with 18 adjustable background presets — from understated to highly visual, monochrome to colorful, calm to energetic.
Captivate your audience with dynamic backgrounds.
Make your presentation stand out by adding stunning color and visual interest to your slides. Create motion on a title or closing slide for a bold statement, and keep viewers engaged with subtle movement throughout the presentation.
Present with your team. Seamlessly.
For slideshows with multiple presenters, you can take turns controlling a single deck — from anywhere — on Mac, iPad, and iPhone.
Play YouTube and Vimeo videos right in Keynote.
Embed a video from YouTube or Vimeo, then play it right in your presentations, without the need to download or open the video in a media player. 2
Present over video conference. Like a pro.
Play a slideshow in its own window so you can access other apps while you present. You can view your presenter notes, upcoming slides, and navigation in a separate window as well.
Outline your presentation. Easier.
With outline view for iPhone and iPad, quickly jot down your thoughts, restructure ideas, and move concepts from slide to slide. Then switch to slide view and start designing.
Present like never before. From anywhere.
With Keynote, presenting remotely can be just as seamless as presenting in person. Say goodbye to saying “Next slide, please” — now multiple people can present together, even remotely, with each person taking control of their section of the deck. Add a live video feed of yourself to any slide for a picture-in-picture experience. Or when presenting on your Mac, include a live feed of your iPhone or iPad screen to walk through your apps. You can even play a slideshow in its own window, so you can simultaneously access your notes and other apps.
Any presentation. Any device. Anytime.
You don’t work in one place on just one device. The same goes for Keynote. Work seamlessly across all your Apple devices. The slides you create using a Mac or iPad will look the same on an iPhone or web browser — and vice versa.
You can also work on presentations stored on iCloud or Box using a PC.
Start using Keynote at iCloud.com
Create and present together. Even when apart.
Work together in the same presentation, from across town or across the world. You can see your team’s edits as they make them — and they can watch as you make yours, too. You can even get notifications when people join, edit, or comment. When presenting as a team, you can also take turns controlling a single deck from anywhere.
Use Apple Pencil when inspiration strikes.
Add color, illustrations, and handwritten comments for more beautiful presentations with Apple Pencil on your iPad.
Plays well with Office.
Teaming up with someone who uses Microsoft PowerPoint? Keynote makes it a great working relationship. You can save Keynote presentations as PowerPoint files. Or import and edit PowerPoint presentations right in Keynote.
Learn more about Microsoft PowerPoint compatibility
See everything that’s new in Keynote
- What’s new in Keynote for iPhone and iPad
- What’s new in Keynote for Mac
- Keynote for iCloud release notes
- Get Keynote support
- Learn about Microsoft Office compatibility
- Learn about collaboration for Pages, Numbers, and Keynote
- Use Keynote in a video conference app
Keynote User Guides
- Keynote User Guide for Mac
- Keynote User Guide for iPad
- Keynote User Guide for iPhone
- Keynote User Guide for Web
Build spreadsheets that are bottom-line brilliant.
Create documents that are, in a word, beautiful.
Screen sharing a Keynote presentation
You can share a Keynote presentation to participants with Zoom. You would share a Keynote presentation like any other screen share , but this article covers a few tips for optimizing your experience when sharing with Keynote.
If you have other participants presenting portions of the Keynote, you can give them slide control in Zoom, so that they can control the slideshow on their end, without needing to ask you to move the slides forward.
Tips for sharing a Keynote presentation
- Select the Slideshow tab
- Check the Allow Mission Control, Dashboard and others to use the screen option to allow Zoom full access to the Keynote slides as they advance.
- If you want to show your mouse at all times, choose Show pointer when using the mouse or trackpad.
- If you maximize Keynote, the Zoom meeting controls will disappear. Use Keynote in windowed mode to see the controls.
- If you have dual screen, you can use the X key shortcut when in Presentation mode to swap the display.
- If you go into full screen mode in macOS, screen share your Desktop, instead of the individual application.
Keynote: A Guide to Working With Others on a Presentation
- 0 Shares Share
A single person will struggle to work solely on a complex file. It is more advantageous if a file can be accessible to several people and work on the tasks collaboratively. Technology has allowed companies to have work done online to address this concern.
Hence, there is a need for a software program that allows collaboration for simultaneous work and tracking changes. This is where the Keynote App is useful for real-time collaboration. You can conveniently invite participants to contribute to the shared presentation.
Keynote App is an excellent tool for collaboration. Collaborating with others using the Keynote App is highly beneficial. You can try this app and encourage your team to take advantage of its use. This article will help you understand what is keynote app and how to use it on your iPhone or iPad.
Using Keynote App on Mac or Windows Computer
You can use the Apple Keynote app to create excellent presentations. The Keynote presentation app has a simple interface that helps everyone on the team conveniently add visual elements, like charts, images, and even amazing effects and animations.
Not only that, collaboration in Keynote on iCloud is easy. It has built-in collaboration tools that allow the team to work on multiple and parallel projects. The application helps organize the workflow and provides feedback and comment sharing.
Collaborating with others using the Keynote App is much easier if you take advantage of its features. Below are some features that make the Keynote app a good collaboration tool.
- You are notified when new people join in. You will also be notified of the changes or edits in the presentation and comments left by your teammates
- It is a collaborative tool where you can conveniently connect with everyone on the shared file through messages and FaceTime
- It has a customizable toolbar for your favorite tools
- It has captivating and dynamic backgrounds that you can use for your presentation
- You can conveniently add live video feeds to your presentation
- Allows seamless presentation where your teammates can take turns controlling the presentation deck
Steps in Collaborating With Others
Inviting & accepting invitation.
When inviting or accepting an invitation to collaborate on the Keynote app, check if you meet the minimum system requirements to access the file. You will receive a message with the link to the file. You would need to sign in with your Apple ID, or you will need to do extra steps by following additional instructions.
Shared presentations can be opened depending on certain factors. The minimum system requirement for Mac computers to open a shared file is macOS12 or Keynote 12.2. While the minimum requirement for iPhone and iPad are iOS15 and iPad iPadOS15, respectively.
However, if these requirements are unmet, the file will open in Keynote for iCloud. If you haven’t installed the Keynote app, the file will automatically open in iCloud (web browser). Similarly, for android device users, the Keynote app can be accessed in a browser. It is viewable but uneditable.
You can invite people by clicking the collaborate icon with a plus mark. You may restrict who gets to view and make changes to the shared file. By default, all invited participants have edit permission.
You can share a file by sending a presentation access link to the intended person. If the email address or phone number used to send the link is not associated with their Apple ID, you must follow additional instructions for the invitation to work.
Managing Collaborators on a Shared Presentation
Once you have access to the shared keynote presentations, you can interact with other collaborators. You will be able to edit the presentation in real time. You will also be able to see the other collaborators in the file.
The Keynote app has a built-in comment and suggestion feature for more accessible communication. There is no need to use a separate program to email or chat. You can conveniently communicate with everyone on the team on the shared presentation file.
You can still be productive even if you don’t have access to the Internet. Keynote collaboration allows you to work offline.
You would know you are working offline when the collaborate button becomes a cloud with a diagonal line running through it. You can conveniently edit your work, and what is saved offline will be uploaded to iCloud automatically once you are online.
When you are working offline, here are some reminders:
- If you want to share the edited file with your teammates before the changes you have made are uploaded, you can tap the Share or Export button. This will ensure that your changes will be applied to the file.
- You can quickly check the status of the file if the changes made while offline are applied. You can tap the sync status button in the presentation manager at the top right corner of the monitor screen.
- Working offline has its downside. All the changes you have made while offline will not be applied to the file once you work online if the other online collaborators delete them.
Sharing Finished Keynote Presentation Online
Real-time collaboration is possible when done online. Keynote has the best feature for sharing presentations online, Keynote Live .
Keynote Live is the online sharing feature of the Keynote app. It allows you to show your presentation on the Internet, which can be viewed simultaneously on several devices by viewers who are given access.
Leaving the Shared Presentation
You can remove yourself from the participant list if you wish to leave the shared presentation file. You can remove your name from the list through the presentation manager.
Open the presentation in iCloud drive and click Select at the top right corner. Then, click on presentation , share, and finally, show people. Look for your name and click remove me.
Collaborating with others using the Keynote App has never been this convenient and productive. Thanks to Keynote, wherever your team members are, you can connect with them and work efficiently as a team.
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How to Upload a Keynote Presentation to YouTube
After you've finished perfecting your Keynote presentation and delivered it to wild applause, you don't need to relegate it to your hard drive for the rest of eternity: it can live forever on YouTube.
Here's how to post a Keynote presentation to YouTube:
1. Click Share.
2. Select Send a Copy.
3. Click YouTube.
5. Sign into Google.
6. Click Allow.
7. Click Send. Name your presentation if you'd like. Click the box next to Make this movie personal to set the YouTube video to private.
8. Click Visit.
Your Keynote presentation is on YouTube.
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How to Share Presentations: 5 Apps and Tricks to Publish Slides Online
Documents get printed, websites get published, spreadsheets get filed away for accountants to double-check later. Presentations, though, get presented. After all the time you spend making slides in PowerPoint, Keynote, or other presentation apps, often you only show those slides during a meeting or talk, then save them in case you give that talk again.
Your slides can do the same for your business. Here are the best ways to get extra results from your presentation by putting it online.
→ Need an app to make that presentation? Jump over to our Best Presentation Apps roundup for 13 tools to make a full presentation in minutes, then come back here to learn how to share it.
The Simple Option: Embed Presentations From Your Presentation App
The easiest way to share a presentation is with your presentation app’s built-in sharing and embed tools, something that comes with most online presentation apps today including Google Slides , PowerPoint Online , Keynote , Zoho Slides , Slides , Prezi , Microsoft Sway , Adobe Spark , Canva , Swipe , and Slidebean . Typically, these apps let you copy a sharing link from your presentation to let others view your presentation in that app online. Or, you can copy embed code to put an interactive version of your presentation in your blog or website, much like embedding a YouTube video in a page.
Tip : Deskset and Evernote Presentation Mode don’t include embeds, but you can export your presentation as a PDF, then embed it online using any of the tools below.
Another option is to stream your presentation during your talk, something Keynote Live , Zoho Show Broadcast , Slides Present Live , and Slidebean Live Mode all offer from their apps. Those tools stream your presentation in real-time and give you a link to share so viewer can watch on their own devices. Flip to the next slide in your deck, and everyone will see the new slide along with your online audience. Zoho Slides includes a chat panel for audience feedback, and Slidebean has an option to let the audience help control the slides for a multi-presenter presentation.
PowerPoint Office Presentation Service also lets you stream a PowerPoint presentation online through PowerPoint’s Windows apps—though not its web, mobile or Mac apps. Google Slides’ Hangouts On Air integration lets you stream a Google Slides presentation through YouTube, and here you could include audio from your presentation too. That option could work for any presentation app as long as you use Hangouts’ option to show your desktop.
Either way, you’ll need to promote the presentation yourself. These tools are a great option if you already have a popular blog and want to embed a copy of your presentation in it along with your own presentation notes.
Want to use Microsoft's PowerPoint to build and share your presentation? Learn everything you need to build and share your next presentation in our PowerPoint Online guide —including tips to sync all of your presentations to PowerPoint Online automatically.
The Social Option: Three Apps to Share Presentations
Sharing a link to your presentation or embedding it in your site is a great way to let your followers know about your talk. Want to reach new people? Presentation sharing apps are the better option. They’re social networks built around presentations, for an easier way both to publish your presentation and help people find it.
Save a copy of your presentation in PowerPoint or PDF format. Then upload your presentation file to one of these apps, and add a name, description, category, and other details. You can then share a link to your presentation or embed it on your site, as with online presentation apps. Best of all, your presentation will now be publicly visible online, and should get new visitors through Google and search inside that presentation app. That makes your presentation a way to share your ideas with a far wider audience who might not otherwise have found your presentation on your blog.
Here are the best options from ten tools we’ve tried:
For clipping favorite slides from popular presentations
SlideShare is the most popular way to share slides online. As part of Microsoft’s LinkedIn professional social network, publishing your presentation on SlideShare is another way to fill out your business profile. You’ll get a profile page on SlideShare with each presentation you’ve shared where people can follow you to get notified every time you publish a new presentation. And you can add presentations to your LinkedIn profile, alongside your job and education history.
You can upload a PDF or PowerPoint file to SlideShare, then add a description, category, and tags to help people discover it—along with additional presentation files or YouTube videos if you want. SlideShare will automatically copy the text out of your slides and include them under it to help your presentation show up in search results. You can also add links to slides, to send viewers to your website. Then, anyone who views your presentation can click through it online, download a PDF copy, or add a comment.
SlideShare includes one other handy tool: A Clip Slide button on presentations so you can save slides you like to your own collection. That’s a great way to build a library of inspiration from other presentations you find on SlideShare, with quotes and ideas you could then reference in your future presentations.
SlideShare Price: Free
For a presentation-focused landing page
Speaker Deck is a simpler slide sharing tool, Vimeo to SlideShare’s YouTube. Share a presentation, and Speaker Deck will show it full-width in a preview page that focused on just your slides. Scroll down to see your presentation description, with a download button to save a PDF copy of the presentation if you’d like. And at the very bottom, you’ll find related presentations from Speaker Deck’s collection of featured presentations in the same category as your own.
You can’t search through Speaker Deck’s library of presentations, though you can look through them by category, with newer presentations showed first. Hover your mouse over a presentation thumbnail and move it from left to right to quickly peek at each of the slides. Then, if you want to embed your presentation in your site, add your presentation link to Embedly’s Speaker Deck site and copy its embed code. It’s a tad more hassle, but you get an ad-free page for your presentation that’s far more focused on your slides than what other sites offer.
Speaker Deck Price: Free
For embedding specific slides from a presentation
Scribd is designed for sharing PDF files, and today is mainly focused on a subscription eBook library, with everything from popular best sellers to self-published books to user guides and other free PDF uploads. That vast library means it’s a popular place to search for content—and if you publish your presentation there, it might get discovered when people search for what you talked about.
The best reason to share your presentation on Scribd, though, is that its Embed tool offers far more options. Use the Autosize embed option to match the embed to your slide size, then on down the embed page under Options , choose the Slideshow style to let viewers click between slides (with the default Scroll option, they’ll need to scroll down as in a PDF file to view next slides). You can also set which page—or slide—to show first, if you’d like to embed different parts of your presentation in separate blog posts, perhaps.
Scribd Price: Free to publish and view free content; subscription from $9.99/month to read unlimited paid eBooks
The Streaming Option: Present Your Slides Online in Real Time
Want to present online in real-time, where people can follow your presentation online during your talk? That’s another way to build buzz around your talk and expand your audience. Even if your presentation app doesn’t include a streaming tool, there are other options.
One way is to run a webinar, using Hangouts (as Google Slides offers for its streaming slides), GoToWebinar, Zoom, or other popular video streaming services. With those tools, you’d start a webinar stream, open your presentation in your normal presentation app, then share your screen using the webinar app’s screen share option. That will give you a full video of your talk, complete with audio and your slides. Check out our roundup of the best webinar apps to find the perfect tool for your next talk.
Or, you could use an app designed around streaming presentations—essentially standalone versions of the built-in streaming tools in Keynote and Zoho Slides. Here are two great options.
For a live stream of your slides with polls and videos
For the closest alternative to the built-in streaming in presentation apps, Presentain lets you upload your presentation, present it, and stream the presentation in real-time to anyone with the link or embed. It’s best for letting people in the audience view your slides on their own device while you’re presenting. You can add animations to your slides online and use the web app to show the presentation on a projector—and to copy a link to share the live presentation with followers.
Then use the Presentain mobile app to start the presentation, switch slides, add polls where your audience can share their thoughts in real-time, and play YouTube videos embedded in your presentation. When you’re done, you can see stats about your presentation and polls online and save your presentation, upgrading your account only on the days you need to stream presentations.
Presentain Price: from $3 for one day of streaming unlimited presentations, so you can purchase a plan only for the days you’re presenting
For making a video of your full presentation
Want a full video of your presentation, complete with your slides, a video of you talking, and your audio? SlidePresenter is the app you need. Using its web app (which requires Flash or a recent version of Google Chrome), start by uploading your slides. Then enable your camera and microphone and start the presentation online, talking through your slides and pressing arrow keys to switch slides. Press your space bar when finished, and SlidePresenter will save a video of your talk that you can share online.
You could use it to record your talk while you’re giving it, but SlidePresenter is best to make a separate copy of your talk for your online audience. It’s an easy way to make a webinar of your presentation to share anytime.
SlidePresenter Price: Free 14 day trial
Next time you give a presentation, don’t save the file in your Documents folder and forget about it. Instead, using your presentation apps’ built-in sharing tools or one of these services, your presentation can be as valuable as a new video or blog post for your company with almost no extra work. It’s a great way to get the most out of your presentation efforts.
Slides photo image by Jason Leung via Unsplash .
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Matthew Guay is an editor and writer in Bangkok. When he's not writing, he's likely reading a new book or exploring random streets in a new city. Follow Matthew at @maguay.
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Pro Speakers on How to Give a Perfect Keynote Presentation
Updated: January 13, 2021
Published: November 03, 2020
Two years ago, I was asked to give a presentation about my HubSpot article on emotional marketing . It was by far the most exhilarating and nerve-wracking experience of my professional life.
I don’t necessarily hate public speaking. However, leading up to the event, I felt the full responsibility of not only delivering a good presentation but also teaching the audience valuable , actionable information — and that was very intimidating.
I wanted to do a good job, and I wanted to be a good teacher.
Therein lies the importance of keynote presentations : to be effective, they should be educational and entertaining. Do you have a keynote presentation in your future? Read on for some advice from professional speakers.
First, what is a keynote presentation? Glad you asked.
You may also be tasked with a keynote presentation in order to secure funding, make a sale, or update stakeholders or executives. Whatever stage you find yourself on, delivering a keynote presentation is an important responsibility as a public speaker.
How to Give a Perfect Keynote Presentation, According to the Experts
I spoke with four professional speakers on how to deliver a near-perfect presentation. Here are five pieces of advice they shared.
1. Rehearse, rehearse, rehearse.
When it comes to public speaking, practice quite literally makes perfect. Every expert I spoke with mentioned how frequently they rehearse their presentations.
“However much you think you need to rehearse, rehearse 10 times more than that. When you show up to a concert, you expect that the musicians know their songs, and you certainly don't want the first time they try to play it to be right there on stage. You owe your audience and the folks hiring you to speak the same respect,” said Melanie Deziel , international keynote speaker and founder of StoryFuel . (She received this advice herself from Michael and Amy Port at Heroic Public Speaking .)
Provided by Melanie Deziel
As more presentations and events become fully virtual, the likelihood of technical difficulties also grows. Rehearsing your content can help you weather any interruptions or last-minute changes.
Rehearsal not only leads to content mastery; it allows freedom in your presentations. “The more you rehearse and become comfortable with the content, the freer you'll be to take chances, experiment, and truly focus on your delivery, rather than trying to remember what comes next,” shared Deziel.
How do these experts recommend practicing your presentations? “[Use] a mirror,” said Olivia Scott , keynote speaker and founder of Omerge Alliances . “I take the time to see how I'm being received, I look at my body posture, and I look at everything to make sure that I feel good about what I'm delivering. This isn’t exactly a tool or technology, but it's a way to practice and rehearse.”
Additionally, consider asking friends, family, and trusted colleagues to listen to your practice runs and provide feedback on your presentation.
2. Ask for feedback.
Speaking of feedback, expert orators know to ask for it on a regular basis — from friends, peer groups, mentors, audience members, and clients. “Find a support crew and connect with other speakers in the industry,” mentioned Karen Hopper , keynote speaker and data strategist at M+R. Hopper personally recommends Shine Bootcamp , which provided her with lifelong friendships, helpful feedback, and a priceless education about public speaking.
Provided by Karen Hopper
“We help each other with feedback on our pitches, topics, outlines, and presentations, and we celebrate each others' wins,'' said Hopper. “ ... It’s well worth surrounding yourself with people who will cheer for you and who will give you honest feedback — the fastest way to get better is to ruthlessly seek out that feedback.”
Clients can also be an incredibly helpful source of feedback. If you’re asked to speak at an event or conference, consider asking the people who hired you. “I ask my client for their reaction immediately after every presentation. It’s important to know how they felt, and whether the presentation achieved their goals. Every time my client is happy, that’s my most successful presentation,” said Jeff Toister , keynote speaker, author, and customer service expert.
Lastly, the best feedback often comes from the source — in this case, your audience. Whether you ask questions during your presentation (which we’ll discuss next) or ask for feedback following your presentation, it’s never a bad idea to know what your audience thought about your keynote.
Feedback may look different if giving a remote keynote presentation, but it's still possible.
“It’s been a creative challenge to adapt a talk I'd hoped to give in person to work in a virtual environment. It's much harder to tell how your talks are received online, without being able to see nodding and note-taking and hear laughter and clapping. But all the feedback I have received [over email] indicated that my talk successfully changed the way many people are thinking about their content idea generation process, and that was the ultimate goal of the talk: to change how people think ,” shared Deziel, referring to her recent keynote at Content Marketing World 2020.
3. Engage your audience.
Nobody likes being talked at . Sure, delivering a keynote presentation involves you doing most of the talking, but it doesn’t have to be a one-way conversation. Many of the experts I interviewed encouraged some sort of audience engagement or interaction to enhance your presentation.
“People love to be involved in a presentation. Rather than explain a concept to my audience, I find a way to have them experience it,” said Toister. “For example, when I share how multitasking hurts productivity and causes us to make more errors, I have the audience try a brief multitasking exercise so they can experience the problem themselves.”
Did you know that audience engagement levels drop considerably (14%) if a presenter does most of the talking, versus if the audience talks just as much? Moreover, 64% of people believe that a presentation with two-way interaction is much more engaging than a one-way presentation.
Presentation engagement also takes practice — just like your presentation content itself. “ ... Entertainment comes from the performance itself: the way in which you deliver that content and the energy you bring to that delivery. This is a separate skill you need to practice. Work with a coach, watch back recordings of yourself to identify opportunities to improve your craft, and watch videos of top-notch comedians, poets and other speakers to see what you can learn from them,” encouraged Deziel.
Lastly, as important as engagement is, don’t let technology stand in the way. While smartphones and polling software can make audience interaction easier, they can also get in the way of you connecting with your audience. “I prefer to just have people stand up, raise their hand, or clap to participate in the poll. It gets the audience moving, and I don’t have to worry about WiFi connections or whether the polling software is working,” said Toister.
4. Prioritize your content as much as the delivery.
While entertaining and interacting with your audience is helpful and exciting, it shouldn’t take precedence over your presentation content itself. “Nearly all of what the audience can learn from you comes from the content: the stories you tell, the examples you share, the facts you cite and the other information you explain. Carefully crafting those materials and testing it out ensures that the audience will get the information they were promised from your session,” said Deziel.
Tools like PowerPoint, Keynote, Google Slides, and Canva can help you hone your content and develop a story within your presentation. A 2018 Prezi study (another presentation tool option) showed that 90% of people believe a strong narrative makes for a more engaging, interesting presentation. Data can help form arguments and explain facts, but stories stay with your audience long after your time on stage.
Storytelling is yet another way to engage with your audience, especially by evoking emotions like humor. “It’s entertaining to ask questions, saying, ‘Can anyone relate to this? Has anyone ever had this type of experience before?’ and then getting them involved with some laughter around those experiences. Laughter always helps,” said Scott, who presented at INBOUND 2020 .
Hopper, who was also a Breakout Speaker at INBOUND 2020, agreed: “Don't be afraid to be funny or drop in jokes — there are studies that show that laughing actually helps your brain retain information better, so not only will your audience have a good time laughing with you, but they'll also get more out of your presentation. It’s a win-win!”
5. Focus on the audience.
Finally, everyone can agree that public speaking is either revered or feared. If you relate to the latter and find yourself nervous when giving presentations, turn your focus on the audience.
“Speakers easily get nervous when they focus on themselves and worry too much about their own performance. Focusing on your audience first takes the nerves away and redirects your attention to making sure your audience gets something of value from your keynote,” shared Toister.
That’s the goal of a keynote presentation — to provide value to your audience. Regardless of what story you’re telling, what tools you’re using, or how you’re engaging the crowd, as long as you deliver a presentation that inspires your audience to think differently — even for 30 minutes — you’ve given a perfect keynote presentation.
Note: HubSpot Marketing teams reserve the right to use guest blog author’s likeness across our content as we see fit, including but not limited to HubSpot’s social media channels.
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Screen sharing a Keynote presentation in zoom App
Zoom lets you share Keynote presentations with others. As with any other screen share, you can share a Keynote presentation, but this article provides a few tips for optimizing your experience.
Alternatively, if you have other participants presenting portions of the Keynote, you can give them slide control in Zoom, so they can control the slideshow themselves, without having to ask you to move them.
Tips for sharing a Keynote presentation
- Open Keynote preferences before you begin your presentation.
- Click the Slideshow tab
- To give Zoom full access to the Keynote slides as they advance, check the Allow Mission Control, Dashboard , and others to use the screen option.
- If you want to see your mouse at all times, select Show pointer when using a mouse or trackpad.
- Zoom meeting controls will disappear if you maximize Keynote. Make Keynote windowed so you can see them.
- While in Presentation mode, you can use the X key shortcut to switch displays if you have dual screens.
- Screen share your Desktop instead of the individual application if you’re in full screen mode in macOS.
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Keynote User Guide for iPad
- What’s new in Keynote 13.2
- Intro to Keynote
- Intro to images, charts, and other objects
- Create a presentation
- Choose how to navigate your presentation
- Open a presentation
- Save and name a presentation
- Find a presentation
- Print a presentation
- Prevent accidental editing
- Undo or redo changes
- Quick navigation
- Change the working view
- Customize the toolbar
- Copy text and objects between apps
- Basic touchscreen gestures
- Use Apple Pencil with Keynote
- Create a presentation using VoiceOver
- Add or delete slides
- Reorder slides
- Group or ungroup slides
- Skip or unskip a slide
- Change the slide size
- Change a slide background
- Add a border around a slide
- Show or hide text placeholders
- Show or hide slide numbers
- Apply a slide layout
- Add and edit slide layouts
- Change a theme
- Add an image
- Add an image gallery
- Edit an image
- Add and edit a shape
- Combine or break apart shapes
- Save a shape to the shapes library
- Add and align text inside a shape
- Add 3D objects
- Add lines and arrows
- Add and edit drawings
- Add video and audio
- Record video and audio
- Edit video and audio
- Add live video
- Set the movie format
- Position and align objects
- Use alignment guides
- Place objects inside a text box or shape
- Layer, group, and lock objects
- Change object transparency
- Fill shapes and text boxes with color or an image
- Add a border to an object
- Add a caption or title
- Add a reflection or shadow
- Use object styles
- Resize, rotate, and flip objects
- Add linked objects to make your presentation interactive
- Select text and place the insertion point
- Copy and paste text
- Format a presentation for another language
- Use phonetic guides
- Use bidirectional text
- Use vertical text
- Change the look of text
- Use text styles
- Change text capitalization
- Add drop caps
- Make characters superscript or subscript
- Format fractions automatically
- Format dashes and quotation marks
- Format Chinese, Japanese, or Korean text
- Set tab stops
- Format text into columns
- Adjust line spacing
- Format lists
- Add mathematical equations
- Add borders and rules (lines) to separate text
- Add or delete a table
- Select tables, cells, rows, and columns
- Add or remove rows and columns
- Move rows and columns
- Resize rows and columns
- Merge or unmerge cells
- Change the look of table text
- Show, hide, or edit a table title
- Change table gridlines and colors
- Use table styles
- Resize, move, or lock a table
- Add and edit cell content
- Format dates, currency, and more
- Highlight cells conditionally
- Format tables for bidirectional text
- Alphabetize or sort table data
- Add or delete a chart
- Change a chart from one type to another
- Modify chart data
- Move, resize, and rotate a chart
- Change the look of data series
- Add a legend, gridlines, and other markings
- Change the look of chart text and labels
- Add a chart border and background
- Use chart styles
- Animate objects onto and off a slide
- Animate objects on a slide
- Change build order and timing
- Add transitions
- Present on your iPad
- Present on a separate display
- Present on iPad over the internet
- Use a remote
- Make a presentation advance automatically
- Play a slideshow with multiple presenters
- Add and view presenter notes
- Rehearse on your device
- Play a recorded presentation
- Check spelling
- Look up words
- Find and replace text
- Replace text automatically
- Set your author name for comments
- Highlight text
- Add and print comments
- Send a presentation
- Intro to collaboration
- Invite others to collaborate
- Collaborate on a shared presentation
- See the latest activity in a shared presentation
- Change a shared presentation’s settings
- Stop sharing a presentation
- Shared folders and collaboration
- Use Box to collaborate
- Create an animated GIF
- Post your presentation in a blog
- Use iCloud Drive with Keynote
- Export to PowerPoint or another file format
- Restore an earlier version of a presentation
- Move a presentation
- Delete a presentation
- Password-protect a presentation
- Create and manage custom themes
- Transfer files with AirDrop
- Transfer presentations with Handoff
- Transfer presentations with the Finder
- Keyboard shortcuts
- Keyboard shortcut symbols
Send a Keynote presentation on iPad
You can send a copy of a Keynote presentation using AirDrop , Mail, Messages, or another service. You can also send a copy in another format, such as PDF, Microsoft PowerPoint, Movie, and more.
Tip: Before you send a copy of your presentation to a recipient, you can password-protect it to restrict access to the presentation and provide extra security.
Send a copy of a Keynote presentation
Tap the pop-up menu, then tap Send Copy.
Tap a sending option:
AirDrop: Tap the name of the recipient. The recipient must be on the same network and must accept the file to receive it.
Messages, Mail, or another service: Provide the requested information for your recipient (an email address if you’re sending an email, for example), then send or post the copy.
Notes: To save a copy, choose the note where you want to save it (or create a new one), add text if you want, then tap Save.
Tap More to add another service to the options (you set up other services in Settings, accessible from your device’s Home screen).
In Keynote on iPhone or iPad, the presentation opens in reading view .
Send a copy of a Keynote presentation in another format
Tap the format you want to use:
PDF: You can open and sometimes edit these files with applications like Preview and Adobe Acrobat. Tap a layout at the top of the Export Options menu to choose what appears on each page of the PDF. Depending on the layout you choose, you can include comments, presenter notes, how many slides appear on each page, and more. If you select Include Each Stage of Builds, each build is printed on its own page, in the same order as they appear in the presentation.
Tap Image Quality, then choose an option (the higher the image quality, the larger the file size). If you added image, drawing, audio, or video descriptions for assistive technology (for example, VoiceOver), they’re automatically exported. To include accessibility tags for large tables, tap Accessibility, then tap On.
When you have specified the settings you want to use, tap Export in the top-right corner.
PowerPoint: You can open and edit these files with Microsoft PowerPoint in .pptx format.
Movie: You can export the slides in .mov format and include any audio in the presentation. To choose a resolution, tap Resolution and choose an option. To export only part of the presentation, tap Slide Range and enter the beginning and ending slide numbers.
The movie advances to the next slide or build according to the time intervals you enter (for transitions and builds set to start On Tap). If you have an animation that’s set to advance following a previous build or transition, it’s not affected by the time interval you enter.
Animated GIF: You can export selected slides as an animated GIF that you can send or post. See Create an animated GIF for more information. When you have specified the settings you want to use, tap Export in the top-right corner.
Images: You can export the slides as JPEG, PNG, or TIFF files. Tap Slide Range to choose the slides you want to export as images. Choose an image format (the higher quality the image, the larger the file size). To include each build animation as a single image, turn on Include Builds. When you have specified the settings you want to use, tap Export in the top-right corner.
Keynote Theme: Send your presentation as a template that can be saved in the Template Chooser. Tap Send Template in the Export controls.
To send your presentation, tap a sending option:
OpenAI teases an amazing new generative video model called Sora
The firm is sharing Sora with a small group of safety testers but the rest of us will have to wait to learn more.
- Will Douglas Heaven archive page
OpenAI has built a striking new generative video model called Sora that can take a short text description and turn it into a detailed, high-definition film clip up to a minute long.
Based on four sample videos that OpenAI shared with MIT Technology Review ahead of today’s announcement, the San Francisco–based firm has pushed the envelope of what’s possible with text-to-video generation (a hot new research direction that we flagged as a trend to watch in 2024 ).
“We think building models that can understand video, and understand all these very complex interactions of our world, is an important step for all future AI systems,” says Tim Brooks, a scientist at OpenAI.
But there’s a disclaimer. OpenAI gave us a preview of Sora (which means sky in Japanese) under conditions of strict secrecy. In an unusual move, the firm would only share information about Sora if we agreed to wait until after news of the model was made public to seek the opinions of outside experts. [Editor’s note: We’ve updated this story with outside comment below.] OpenAI has not yet released a technical report or demonstrated the model actually working. And it says it won’t be releasing Sora anytime soon. [ Update: OpenAI has now shared more technical details on its website.]
The first generative models that could produce video from snippets of text appeared in late 2022. But early examples from Meta , Google, and a startup called Runway were glitchy and grainy. Since then, the tech has been getting better fast. Runway’s gen-2 model, released last year, can produce short clips that come close to matching big-studio animation in their quality. But most of these examples are still only a few seconds long.
The sample videos from OpenAI’s Sora are high-definition and full of detail. OpenAI also says it can generate videos up to a minute long. One video of a Tokyo street scene shows that Sora has learned how objects fit together in 3D: the camera swoops into the scene to follow a couple as they walk past a row of shops.
OpenAI also claims that Sora handles occlusion well. One problem with existing models is that they can fail to keep track of objects when they drop out of view. For example, if a truck passes in front of a street sign, the sign might not reappear afterward.
In a video of a papercraft underwater scene, Sora has added what look like cuts between different pieces of footage, and the model has maintained a consistent style between them.
It’s not perfect. In the Tokyo video, cars to the left look smaller than the people walking beside them. They also pop in and out between the tree branches. “There’s definitely some work to be done in terms of long-term coherence,” says Brooks. “For example, if someone goes out of view for a long time, they won’t come back. The model kind of forgets that they were supposed to be there.”
Impressive as they are, the sample videos shown here were no doubt cherry-picked to show Sora at its best. Without more information, it is hard to know how representative they are of the model’s typical output.
It may be some time before we find out. OpenAI’s announcement of Sora today is a tech tease, and the company says it has no current plans to release it to the public. Instead, OpenAI will today begin sharing the model with third-party safety testers for the first time.
In particular, the firm is worried about the potential misuses of fake but photorealistic video . “We’re being careful about deployment here and making sure we have all our bases covered before we put this in the hands of the general public,” says Aditya Ramesh, a scientist at OpenAI, who created the firm’s text-to-image model DALL-E .
But OpenAI is eyeing a product launch sometime in the future. As well as safety testers, the company is also sharing the model with a select group of video makers and artists to get feedback on how to make Sora as useful as possible to creative professionals. “The other goal is to show everyone what is on the horizon, to give a preview of what these models will be capable of,” says Ramesh.
To build Sora, the team adapted the tech behind DALL-E 3, the latest version of OpenAI’s flagship text-to-image model. Like most text-to-image models, DALL-E 3 uses what’s known as a diffusion model. These are trained to turn a fuzz of random pixels into a picture.
Sora takes this approach and applies it to videos rather than still images. But the researchers also added another technique to the mix. Unlike DALL-E or most other generative video models, Sora combines its diffusion model with a type of neural network called a transformer.
Transformers are great at processing long sequences of data, like words. That has made them the special sauce inside large language models like OpenAI’s GPT-4 and Google DeepMind’s Gemini . But videos are not made of words. Instead, the researchers had to find a way to cut videos into chunks that could be treated as if they were. The approach they came up with was to dice videos up across both space and time. “It’s like if you were to have a stack of all the video frames and you cut little cubes from it,” says Brooks.
The transformer inside Sora can then process these chunks of video data in much the same way that the transformer inside a large language model processes words in a block of text. The researchers say that this let them train Sora on many more types of video than other text-to-video models, varied in terms of resolution, duration, aspect ratio, and orientation. “It really helps the model,” says Brooks. “That is something that we’re not aware of any existing work on.”
“From a technical perspective it seems like a very significant leap forward,” says Sam Gregory, executive director at Witness, a human rights organization that specializes in the use and misuse of video technology. “But there are two sides to the coin,” he says. “The expressive capabilities offer the potential for many more people to be storytellers using video. And there are also real potential avenues for misuse.”
OpenAI is well aware of the risks that come with a generative video model. We are already seeing the large-scale misuse of deepfake images . Photorealistic video takes this to another level.
Gregory notes that you could use technology like this to misinform people about conflict zones or protests. The range of styles is also interesting, he says. If you could generate shaky footage that looked like something shot with a phone, it would come across as more authentic.
The tech is not there yet, but generative video has gone from zero to Sora in just 18 months. “We’re going to be entering a universe where there will be fully synthetic content, human-generated content and a mix of the two,” says Gregory.
The OpenAI team plans to draw on the safety testing it did last year for DALL-E 3. Sora already includes a filter that runs on all prompts sent to the model that will block requests for violent, sexual, or hateful images, as well as images of known people. Another filter will look at frames of generated videos and block material that violates OpenAI’s safety policies.
OpenAI says it is also adapting a fake-image detector developed for DALL-E 3 to use with Sora. And the company will embed industry-standard C2PA tags , metadata that states how an image was generated, into all of Sora’s output. But these steps are far from foolproof. Fake-image detectors are hit-or-miss. Metadata is easy to remove, and most social media sites strip it from uploaded images by default.
“We’ll definitely need to get more feedback and learn more about the types of risks that need to be addressed with video before it would make sense for us to release this,” says Ramesh.
Brooks agrees. “Part of the reason that we’re talking about this research now is so that we can start getting the input that we need to do the work necessary to figure out how it could be safely deployed,” he says.
Update 2/15: Comments from Sam Gregory were added .
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