Best Nursing Research Topics for Students

What is a nursing research paper.

  • What They Include
  • Choosing a Topic
  • Best Nursing Research Topics
  • Research Paper Writing Tips

Best Nursing Research Topics for Students

Writing a research paper is a massive task that involves careful organization, critical analysis, and a lot of time. Some nursing students are natural writers, while others struggle to select a nursing research topic, let alone write about it.

If you're a nursing student who dreads writing research papers, this article may help ease your anxiety. We'll cover everything you need to know about writing nursing school research papers and the top topics for nursing research.  

Continue reading to make your paper-writing jitters a thing of the past.

A nursing research paper is a work of academic writing composed by a nurse or nursing student. The paper may present information on a specific topic or answer a question.

During LPN/LVN and RN programs, most papers you write focus on learning to use research databases, evaluate appropriate resources, and format your writing with APA style. You'll then synthesize your research information to answer a question or analyze a topic.

BSN , MSN , Ph.D., and DNP programs also write nursing research papers. Students in these programs may also participate in conducting original research studies.

Writing papers during your academic program improves and develops many skills, including the ability to:

  • Select nursing topics for research
  • Conduct effective research
  • Analyze published academic literature
  • Format and cite sources
  • Synthesize data
  • Organize and articulate findings

About Nursing Research Papers

When do nursing students write research papers.

You may need to write a research paper for any of the nursing courses you take. Research papers help develop critical thinking and communication skills. They allow you to learn how to conduct research and critically review publications.

That said, not every class will require in-depth, 10-20-page papers. The more advanced your degree path, the more you can expect to write and conduct research. If you're in an associate or bachelor's program, you'll probably write a few papers each semester or term.

Do Nursing Students Conduct Original Research?

Most of the time, you won't be designing, conducting, and evaluating new research. Instead, your projects will focus on learning the research process and the scientific method. You'll achieve these objectives by evaluating existing nursing literature and sources and defending a thesis.

However, many nursing faculty members do conduct original research. So, you may get opportunities to participate in, and publish, research articles.

Example Research Project Scenario:

In your maternal child nursing class, the professor assigns the class a research paper regarding developmentally appropriate nursing interventions for the pediatric population. While that may sound specific, you have almost endless opportunities to narrow down the focus of your writing. 

You could choose pain intervention measures in toddlers. Conversely, you can research the effects of prolonged hospitalization on adolescents' social-emotional development.

What Does a Nursing Research Paper Include?

Your professor should provide a thorough guideline of the scope of the paper. In general, an undergraduate nursing research paper will consist of:

Introduction : A brief overview of the research question/thesis statement your paper will discuss. You can include why the topic is relevant.

Body : This section presents your research findings and allows you to synthesize the information and data you collected. You'll have a chance to articulate your evaluation and answer your research question. The length of this section depends on your assignment.

Conclusion : A brief review of the information and analysis you presented throughout the body of the paper. This section is a recap of your paper and another chance to reassert your thesis.

The best advice is to follow your instructor's rubric and guidelines. Remember to ask for help whenever needed, and avoid overcomplicating the assignment!

How to Choose a Nursing Research Topic

The sheer volume of prospective nursing research topics can become overwhelming for students. Additionally, you may get the misconception that all the 'good' research ideas are exhausted. However, a personal approach may help you narrow down a research topic and find a unique angle.

Writing your research paper about a topic you value or connect with makes the task easier. Additionally, you should consider the material's breadth. Topics with plenty of existing literature will make developing a research question and thesis smoother.

Finally, feel free to shift gears if necessary, especially if you're still early in the research process. If you start down one path and have trouble finding published information, ask your professor if you can choose another topic.

The Best Research Topics for Nursing Students

You have endless subject choices for nursing research papers. This non-exhaustive list just scratches the surface of some of the best nursing research topics.

1. Clinical Nursing Research Topics

  • Analyze the use of telehealth/virtual nursing to reduce inpatient nurse duties.
  • Discuss the impact of evidence-based respiratory interventions on patient outcomes in critical care settings.
  • Explore the effectiveness of pain management protocols in pediatric patients.

2. Community Health Nursing Research Topics

  • Assess the impact of nurse-led diabetes education in Type II Diabetics.
  • Analyze the relationship between socioeconomic status and access to healthcare services.

3. Nurse Education Research Topics

  • Review the effectiveness of simulation-based learning to improve nursing students' clinical skills.
  • Identify methods that best prepare pre-licensure students for clinical practice.
  • Investigate factors that influence nurses to pursue advanced degrees.
  • Evaluate education methods that enhance cultural competence among nurses.
  • Describe the role of mindfulness interventions in reducing stress and burnout among nurses.

4. Mental Health Nursing Research Topics

  • Explore patient outcomes related to nurse staffing levels in acute behavioral health settings.
  • Assess the effectiveness of mental health education among emergency room nurses .
  • Explore de-escalation techniques that result in improved patient outcomes.
  • Review the effectiveness of therapeutic communication in improving patient outcomes.

5. Pediatric Nursing Research Topics

  • Assess the impact of parental involvement in pediatric asthma treatment adherence.
  • Explore challenges related to chronic illness management in pediatric patients.
  • Review the role of play therapy and other therapeutic interventions that alleviate anxiety among hospitalized children.

6. The Nursing Profession Research Topics

  • Analyze the effects of short staffing on nurse burnout .
  • Evaluate factors that facilitate resiliency among nursing professionals.
  • Examine predictors of nurse dissatisfaction and burnout.
  • Posit how nursing theories influence modern nursing practice.

Tips for Writing a Nursing Research Paper

The best nursing research advice we can provide is to follow your professor's rubric and instructions. However, here are a few study tips for nursing students to make paper writing less painful:

Avoid procrastination: Everyone says it, but few follow this advice. You can significantly lower your stress levels if you avoid procrastinating and start working on your project immediately.

Plan Ahead: Break down the writing process into smaller sections, especially if it seems overwhelming. Give yourself time for each step in the process.

Research: Use your resources and ask for help from the librarian or instructor. The rest should come together quickly once you find high-quality studies to analyze.

Outline: Create an outline to help you organize your thoughts. Then, you can plug in information throughout the research process. 

Clear Language: Use plain language as much as possible to get your point across. Jargon is inevitable when writing academic nursing papers, but keep it to a minimum.

Cite Properly: Accurately cite all sources using the appropriate citation style. Nursing research papers will almost always implement APA style. Check out the resources below for some excellent reference management options.

Revise and Edit: Once you finish your first draft, put it away for one to two hours or, preferably, a whole day. Once you've placed some space between you and your paper, read through and edit for clarity, coherence, and grammatical errors. Reading your essay out loud is an excellent way to check for the 'flow' of the paper.

Helpful Nursing Research Writing Resources:

Purdue OWL (Online writing lab) has a robust APA guide covering everything you need about APA style and rules.

Grammarly helps you edit grammar, spelling, and punctuation. Upgrading to a paid plan will get you plagiarism detection, formatting, and engagement suggestions. This tool is excellent to help you simplify complicated sentences.

Mendeley is a free reference management software. It stores, organizes, and cites references. It has a Microsoft plug-in that inserts and correctly formats APA citations.

Don't let nursing research papers scare you away from starting nursing school or furthering your education. Their purpose is to develop skills you'll need to be an effective nurse: critical thinking, communication, and the ability to review published information critically.

Choose a great topic and follow your teacher's instructions; you'll finish that paper in no time.

Joleen Sams

Joleen Sams is a certified Family Nurse Practitioner based in the Kansas City metro area. During her 10-year RN career, Joleen worked in NICU, inpatient pediatrics, and regulatory compliance. Since graduating with her MSN-FNP in 2019, she has worked in urgent care and nursing administration. Connect with Joleen on LinkedIn or see more of her writing on her website.

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Nursing: Literature Review

  • Required Texts
  • Writing Assistance and Organizing & Citing References
  • NCLEX Resources
  • Literature Review
  • MSN Students
  • Physical Examination
  • Drug Information
  • Professional Organizations
  • Mobile Apps
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  • Certifications
  • Recommended Nursing Textbooks
  • DNP Students
  • Conducting Research
  • Scoping Reviews
  • Systematic Reviews
  • Distance Education Students
  • Ordering from your Home Library

Good Place to Start: Citation Databases

Interdisciplinary Citation Databases:

A good place to start your research  is to search a research citation database to view the scope of literature available on your topic.

TIP #1: SEED ARTICLE Begin your research with a "seed article" - an article that strongly supports your research topic.  Then use a citation database to follow the studies published by finding articles which have cited that article, either because they support it or because they disagree with it.

TIP #2: SNOWBALLING Snowballing is the process where researchers will begin with a select number of articles they have identified relevant/strongly supports their topic and then search each articles' references reviewing the studies cited to determine if they are relevant to your research.

BONUS POINTS: This process also helps identify key highly cited authors within a topic to help establish the "experts" in the field.

Begin by constructing a focused research question to help you then convert it into an effective search strategy.

  • Identify keywords or synonyms
  • Type of study/resources
  • Which database(s) to search
  • Asking a Good Question (PICO)
  • PICO - Worksheet
  • What Is a PICOT Question?

Seminal Works: Search Key Indexing/Citation Databases

  • Google Scholar
  • Web of Science

TIP – How to Locate Seminal Works

  • DO NOT: Limit by date range or you might overlook the seminal works
  • DO: Look at highly cited references (Seminal articles are frequently referred to “cited” in the research)
  • DO: Search citation databases like Scopus, Web of Science and Google Scholar

Web Resources

What is a literature review?

A literature review is a comprehensive and up-to-date overview of published information on a subject area. Conducting a literature review demands a careful examination of a body of literature that has been published that helps answer your research question (See PICO). Literature reviewed includes scholarly journals, scholarly books, authoritative databases, primary sources and grey literature.

A literature review attempts to answer the following:

  • What is known about the subject?
  • What is the chronology of knowledge about my subject?
  • Are there any gaps in the literature?
  • Is there a consensus/debate on issues?
  • Create a clear research question/statement
  • Define the scope of the review include limitations (i.e. gender, age, location, nationality...)
  • Search existing literature including classic works on your topic and grey literature
  • Evaluate results and the evidence (Avoid discounting information that contradicts your research)
  • Track and organize references
  • How to conduct an effective literature search.
  • Social Work Literature Review Guidelines (OWL Purdue Online Writing Lab)

What is PICO?

The PICO model can help you formulate a good clinical question. Sometimes it's referred to as PICO-T, containing an optional 5th factor. 

Search Example

nursing literature review topics

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100+ Current Nursing literature review topics + Examples to Write About

  • Bob Johnson
  • August 18, 2023
  • Advanced Nursing Informatics , Advanced Pharmacology , capstone project , Nurse Practitioner , Nursing Care Plan , Nursing Leadership and Management , Nursing Topics and Ideas , PICOT Paper Examples , Samples for MSN students

Nursing literature review is an important part of the nursing profession. It allows nurses to learn from the best studies and research on a particular topic. In this article, we will provide you with 100 good nursing literature review topics that you can use to help you write your nursing literature review.

Current Nursing literature review topics to Write About – topics for literature review in nursing

Nursing literature review is an essential component of any nursing program. Nurses need to have a comprehensive understanding of the latest nursing research in order to provide optimal care for their patients .

Here are current nursing literature review topics that you can explore:

  • The Role of Nursing Research in Clinical Practice
  • Enhancing Patient Outcomes through Nursing Research
  • Applications of evidence-based Practice in Nursing
  • The Relationship between Nursing Theory and Practice
  • Issues in Implementation and Translation of Research Evidence into Clinical Practice
  • Cultural Competence in Nursing: Perspectives from the Global South
  • Nursing Perspective on Genetics and Genetics in Nursing
  • Advances in Geriatric Nursing: From Theory to Practice
  • Transforming Pediatric Nursing Care through EvidenceBased Practice
  • Health Technology Assessment: A Critical Appraisal from a Nursing Perspective
  • Promoting Collaborative Care through Effective Communication Practices within the Health System
  • Nurses, Technology, and Innovation: Implications for Quality Improvement and Patient Safety
  • Nursing Ethics: A Multidisciplinary Perspective
  • Nursing in an Era of Health Care Reform
  • The Role of Nursing Research in Evaluating Nursing Practice
  • Nursing Research and Quality Improvement: Strategies for conducting systematic reviews
  • Collaborative Care in Nursing: Theory, Research, and Practice
  • The Impact of Nursing on Patient Safety
  • The Role of Nursing Ethics in Patient Safety
  • Nursing Informatics: A Critical Appraisal
  • What Nurses Should Know About the National Minimum Data Set (NMDS)
  • Assessing Electronic Health Records: Challenges and Opportunities
  • Nursing in the Era of the Affordable Care Act
  • The Influence of Nursing on Patient Outcomes
  • The Effects of Culture on Nursing Practice
  • Nursing in a Time of Economic Turmoil
  • Challenges Facing Nursing Education in the Context of Healthcare Reform
  • The Use of Technology by Nurses in the Delivery of Nursing Care
  • Creating an Effective Learning Environment for Nursing Students

Here’s How to write a Strong Literature Review for Nursing | Guide, Outlines & Examples

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20 Mental health nursing literature review topics

  • Introduction to mental health nursing literature review: This literature review will introduce the reader to the field of mental health nursing and provide an overview of 20 different mental health nursing literature review topics.
  • Psychiatric assessment: This literature review will focus on the psychiatric assessment process, including topics such as history taking and diagnostic procedures.
  • Assessing for suicide risk: This literature review will discuss methods for assessing for suicide risk in patients, including coding criteria and risk assessment tools.
  • Cultural competency in mental health nursing: This literature review will explore ways to be culturally competent when providing care to patients with mental illness, such as understanding cultural norms and beliefs.
  • Therapeutic interventions for depression: This literature review will focus on therapeutic interventions for treating depression, such as pharmacological and psychological treatments.
  • Psychotherapy for anxiety disorders: This literature review will discuss psychotherapy options for treating anxiety disorders, including cognitive-behavioral therapy and group therapies.
  • Psychosocial rehabilitation interventions for addiction: This literature review will focus on psychosocial rehabilitation interventions designed to help patients recovering from addiction. Topics covered include relapse prevention and counseling techniques.
  • Care of childrenand adolescents with mental health issues: This literature review will discuss the care of children and adolescents with mental health issues, including pediatric mental health disorders and psychosocial interventions for children and adolescents.
  • Care of older adults with mental illness: This literature review will focus on the care of older adults with mental illness, including interventions for dementia-related psychosis and falls prevention.
  • Complementary and alternative medicine in mental health nursing: This literature review will explore complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies used to treat mental illness, such as acupuncture and meditation.
  • Ethics in mental health nursing: This literature review will discuss ethical considerations in providing care to patients with mental illness, such as cross-cultural competency and ensuring patient safety.
  • Mental health literacy: This literature review will focus on how to improve mental health literacy among nurses, including teaching strategies and clinical applications.
  • Research methods in mental health nursing: This literature review will discuss research methods used in the study of mental health Nursing, including qualitative methods and quantitative methods.
  • The role of nursing research in advancing mental health nursing: This literature review will discuss the role of nursing research in advancing the field of mentalhealth nursing, including the importance of randomized controlled trials.
  • The role of advocacy in mental health nursing: This literature review will discuss the role of advocacy in mental health nursing, including advocacy for better access to mental health care and insurance coverage for mental health services.
  • Patient safety in mental health nursing: This literature review will discuss patient safety issues in mental health nursing , including safe practices for handling psychiatric medications and preventing falls in elderly patients with dementia.
  • The role of social work in mental health nursing: This literature review will discuss the role of social work in mental health nursing, including providing support to patients and their families.
  • Geriatric psychiatry: This literature review will focus on the impact of aging on the brain and psychiatric disorders, including geriatric bipolar disorder and dementia-related psychosis.
  • Rehabilitation interventions for people with mental illness: This literature review will focus on rehabilitation interventions designed to help people with mental illness recover from their illnesses. Topics covered include cognitive-behavioral therapy and peer support groups.
  • Future research in mental health nursing: This literature review will discuss future research directions in mental health nursing, including innovative treatments and new approaches to understanding psychiatric disorders.

Here’s the process of Evaluating sources for a nursing literature review | Guide

List of 7 Nursing Literature Review Examples

  • Here’s a  sample Capstone project
  • Make use of this  Nursing Literature Review Sample | Benchmark – Part B: Literature Review
  • More resources for your study  Capstone Literature Review
  • Here’s the best  Capstone Project Literature Review – Solved Example
  • Working with a PICOT question, here’s a  Literature Review For The PICOT Question – Solved Essay
  • Make use of this  Grand Canyon Literature Review PICOT Statement Paper
  • Taking MSN, here’s a sample nursing literature review example that you should read  Literature Review: The Use Of Clinical Systems To Improve Outcomes And Efficiencies

40 Ideas for nursing literature review topics

Nursing literature review is an important practice that nurses use to learn about new concepts and research studies. It can also be used to evaluate the quality of nursing care.

Here are forty ideas for nursing literature review topics:

  • Nursing care of patients with dementia
  • Effect of bed rest on nurses’ health
  • Use of complementary and alternative medicine in nursing care
  • Impact of technology on nurses’ work
  • Role of nurses in disaster preparedness
  • Effectiveness of patient safety programs
  • Assessment and management of chronic diseases in the elderly
  • Developing culturally competent nursing care plans
  • Care of hospitalized pediatric patients
  • Nursing interventions for preventing falls in the elderly
  • Effectiveness of home health services for persons with disabilities
  • Strategies to improve communication between nurses and patients with dementia
  • Health promotion in hospitals: an evidence-based approach
  • Nursing care for critically ill patients
  • Promoting safe sleep for children
  • A qualitative exploration into transitional learning experiences in nursing
  • The intersection of race, ethnicity, and gender with nursing
  • Ethics education for nurses
  • Nurses’ experience working with migrant patients
  • The impact of social media on nurses’ work
  • Nurses’ perceptions of work stress and burnout
  • Nursing management of chronic pain in adults
  • Implementation and evaluation of nurse-led interventions for promoting oral health in older adults
  • The role of nurses in the transition to palliative care
  • Assessment and management of postoperative pain in adults
  • Effects of sleep deprivation on nurses’ performance
  • Nurse-led interventions for preventing falls in the elderly: a systematic review
  • Nursing care in intensive care units: an overview
  • Psychiatric nursing: an introduction
  • Impact of burnout on nurses’ quality of life
  • Nursing research: a critical perspective
  • The influence of culture on maternal nursing
  • Assessment and management of chronic diseases in children
  • Caregiving trajectories among migrant mothers in Canada
  • Development and evaluation of an evidence-based electronic health record for pediatric patients with chronic conditions (CHILD-EHR)
  • Research methods for studying nursing practices: a qualitative exploration
  • Cultural competency among hospital workers: implications for patient safety
  • Nursing interventions for managing postoperative pain
  • The role of nurses in disaster preparedness
  • A qualitative exploration of the experience of work-life balance in nurses

Pediatric nursing literature review topics

There are many nursing literature review topics that could be covered when studying pediatric nursing. A few possible topics include:

  • Acute care of the pediatric patient
  • Assessment and diagnosis of pediatric patients
  • Vital signs in pediatric patients
  • Nutrition in the pediatric patient
  • Pharmacology in the pediatric patient
  • Palliative care of the pediatric patient
  • Sleep patterns in the pediatric patient
  • Infectious diseases of the pediatric population
  • Child abuse and neglect in the pediatric population
  • Medications and their effects in pediatrics

Nursing dissertation topics literature review

Nursing dissertation topics can be incredibly diverse, and there are many different ways to approach them. Below is a list of thirty possible topics that could be used as a starting point for your literature review. This is by no means an exhaustive list – you may want to explore additional topics that you feel would be relevant to your project.

  • Care of the Elderly
  • Care of Patients with Chronic Conditions
  • Care of Pregnant Women
  • Developmental Nursing
  • Geriatric Nursing
  • Healthcare Ethics
  • Healthcare Leadership and Management
  • Industrial/Organizational Nursing
  • Neonatal/Pediatric Nursing
  • Patient Safety and Welfare
  • Primary Health care nursing
  • Public Health nursing
  • Women’s health nursing
  • Youth health nursing
  • Nursing Research Methods
  • Nursing Care of Children with Special Health Needs
  • Nursing Care of Patients with Developmental Disabilities
  • Nursing Care of the Elderly with Memory Loss
  • Nursing Research on Pediatric Populations
  • Nursing Research on Chronic Illness
  • Nursing Care of the Obese Patient
  • Nursing Research on Palliative Care
  • Nurse Anesthetists
  • Nurse Midwives
  • Nurse Practitioners
  • Nurses in Critical Care Settings
  • Nurses in Psychiatric Settings
  • Nurses in Geriatric Settings
  • Advanced Practice Registered Nurses
  • Collaborative Practice

Nursing literature review is an important part of the nursing profession. It allows nurses to learn from the best studies and research on a particular topic. In this article, we will provide you with 100 good nursing literature review topics that you can use to help you write your nursing literature review.

Other Nursing Dissertation Topic Areas include

  • The impact of technology on nursing
  • Global health nursing
  • Nursing care in the aged population
  • Geriatric psychiatry
  • Nursing research methods Nursing care of developmental disabilities
  • Nursing research with multicultural populations
  • Palliative care in nursing
  • Nursing leadership
  • Nursing care of hospitalized patients
  • Nursing research on pediatric populations
  • Nursing care of patients with chronic conditions
  • Nursing care for pediatric cancer patients
  • Nursing research on chronic illness
  • Nursing care of the obese patient
  • Nursing research on geriatric populations
  • Nursing care of the medically ill patient
  • Nursing care of the chronically ill patient
  • Nursing care of the postoperative patient
  • Nursing care of the pediatric patient in critical condition
  • Nursing research on perinatal and neonatal patients
  • Nursing care of the pediatric patient with cerebral palsy
  • Nursing research on palliative care

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List of Literature review topics for nursing students

Nursing students need to be familiar with a wide variety of literature review topics in order to become well-rounded professionals . Here are fifty of the most common nursing literature review topics.

  • Nursing care of people with disabilities
  • Advanced practice nurse practitioner roles and responsibilities
  • Infectious diseases in nurses and patients
  • Collaborative care: working together as a team in healthcare settings
  • Leadership concepts in nursing: decision making, planning, organizing, goal setting, communication, delegation, and problem solving
  • Nursing research: methods and applications in population-based studies
  • Violence against nurses:prevention, intervention and response
  • Nursing care of patients with chronic diseases
  • Health assessment in the clinical setting
  • Care of the elderly patient: principles and practice
  • Nursing care of persons with diabetes mellitus
  • Nursing care of the HIV-infected patient
  • Cardiovascular nursing
  • Advanced practice nurse roles in pediatric health nursing
  • Nursing care of the post-operative patient
  • Geriatric mental health nursing: a framework for practice
  • Critical care transport nursing
  • Community pharmacists in healthcare
  • Pediatric advanced practice nurse roles and responsibilities
  • Environmental health nursing
  • Nurse case managers: integrating evidence-based interventions into clinical practice
  • Mental health assessment tools for nurses
  • Acute renal failure: diagnosis and management
  • Nurses & social work collaboration in long-term care settings
  • Care of the homeless patient
  • Nursing care of the elderly at home
  • Palliative care for pediatric patients
  • Nursing care of older adults in assisted living facilities
  • Nurses & pharmacists: drug therapy interactions
  • Nursing care of cancer patients
  • Patient assessment
  • Care of the critically ill patient
  • Nursing interventions for acute care
  • Palliative care
  • Nursing assistantship and leadership development
  • Pharmacology for nursing students
  • Human growth and development
  • Community health nursing
  • Research methods in nursing
  • Nursing leadership and management
  • Mental health nursing
  • Nutrition for nurses
  • Psychiatric rehabilitation nursing
  • Nurse-midwife collaboration in obstetrics and gynecology
  • Pediatric infection control and prevention
  • Geriatric health teaching: a systematic approach
  • Palliative care for children and adolescents
  • Critical incident stress debriefing

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Nursing Literature Review Topics And Examples

Nursing is one of the careers that call for significant and up-to-date research. This profession primarily necessitates qualitative, up-to-date research that discusses in depth the aspects influencing the behavior of a particular disease. Research is the only method by which experts can find a cure for an ailment. Researchers and students, therefore, must find the appropriate nursing literature review topics.

A nursing literature review can focus on the behavioral or physical part of the condition. It is crucial to have a competent mentor in nursing literature reviews to select the correct topic for your research.

Here you’ll find some nursing literature review topics to help you narrow down your search.

Top Tips for doing your literature review

Choose a fascinating topic.

Choosing fascinating topics for a literature review in nursing might sound quite obvious but it helps make a massive difference in keeping you motivated and interested in writing your literature review. In the nursing area you are interested in, select a specific question that you will seek to answer.

Choose a topic other people will be interested to learn about. This way, you will research and refrain from other irrelevant questions and form an appealing and intriguing question you can provide answers to.

Be selective

Do not just pick any piece of literature out there related to your nursing literature review topic. Not every data available, although related to your case, is relevant. Only select more information pertinent to your selected literature review on nursing topics.

9/10 nursing literature review questions can be answered by conducting simple research. If the question is about evaluating a treatment approach, then the viable option should be quantitive research. Qualitative research could be more appropriate in cases where the question is quite explorative.

You always remember that understanding the type of literature you need to use is crucial in writing your literature review. It will be wise to discuss the details with your instructor. Carefully examine the type of literature that will be most useful to your literature review. Once you understand what you should look for exactly, you will be good to go.

Nursing Literature Review Topics

Make the library your friend

Schedule frequent library sessions and learn more about the subject, particularly your chosen topics for literature review in nursing. Most institutions have sections for students’ thesis and dissertations, which should be easier to find.

Identify the publications you will research. You can visit the academic library website and skim through the different sections and discover the most relevant ones to the topics you are interested in.

At this point, you are almost ready to get started. You should now know where to source the relevant databases both online and in the library. The rule of thumb is to use offline and online research publications to write your nursing literature review paper. Sometimes, some key details might be missing in the online databases and vice versa.

Go through the abstracts of relevant articles that have been published before

Only review the relevant articles since this will save you time and energy in the long run. When going through the abstracts, note the articles you deem relevant. Remember to be conscientious about the kind of articles you take note of. Ditch any papers that are not relevant, no matter how well-written they might seem. The same goes for relevant articles. You must review them.

Have a list of the article you deem relevant to your nursing literature review topic. If you are an undergraduate, ten articles should be good to get you started. A higher number of articles will mean that you won’t get into many details of the articles, and fewer articles translate to inadequate research.

If you have no other choice, then you will need to improvise. You can refine the nursing paper topics to match the articles you have collected. When you have a long list of articles, you can always reduce the scope of your nursing literature review question. For example, you can limit your focus to only one country or even one state.

The next step is to assess the quality of the content of the articles you have. Sometimes a paper can be relevant to your nursing literature review topic or question, but it might be of poor quality. That is why you should employ a critical appraisal method that is unique to the research design of your paper. This could mean that you will have to use other essential appraisal methods if your literature review question requires you to access a wide variety of literature.

You can talk to your instructor. Using the critical appraisal method, you can see the limitations and strengths of the data you have collected and the level of influence each article has had on your final literature review paper.

Review all the articles together and list down the answers to your question

A pro tip is to create a chart of the main topics you come across as you read through the articles, the authors, and the strengths and weaknesses. You will then see what issues are recurrent in most of the articles.

By doing this, you will notice the clear picture and pattern in the literature, and you will be able to formulate an answer to your question quickly. That does not mean that the answer will always be perfect. You might need to make further adjustments.

Whatever final answer you come up with, make sure it is supported by the evidence collected. you should not have a solution that none of the facts you collected in the literature is answering

Community Nursing literature review Topics

Writing about community services is quite a tricky task. You might need help from an expert to help you nail your nursing literature review. Here are community nursing literature review topics.

  • Patient Documentation Discussion
  • Digital Healthcare Surveys Rehabilitation of Sexual Abuse Victims
  • Innovative Methods
  • Innovative Care Planning
  • Immigration Aid
  • Rural Population Healthcare Demands
  • Scotland’s Culture
  • Volunteer Nursing Work
  • Stress Treatment

Top Nursing Literature Review Topics

  • Impact of health promotion initiatives on public health Collaborative roles of nurses, policymakers, social workers, and primary care physicians
  • How gardening therapy reduces anxiety in the elderly
  • facets of healthcare development, strategy, and research strategies
  • Teenage binge drinking and alcoholism are a growing problem.
  • National Health Services’ efficiency and effectiveness in providing services to the elderly
  • Family therapy’s effect on adolescents.
  • Guidelines to improve healthcare quality
  • Ethics and leadership demonstrated
  • Evidence-based disease management
  • Effective methods for working with a variety of patients with mental health difficulties
  • Mental health issues related to substandard housing
  • Management difficulties in the care of elderly patients
  • Public health strategies in Great Britain
  • Improving pregnancy and care outcomes
  • Understanding food labels to prevent obesity and poor health
  • Positive results of laughter therapy
  • World Health Organization approaches and policies concerning child development
  • Community nursing’s role in enhancing senior health
  • Community nurse health promotion practice
  • AIDS: Social repercussions
  • Knowledge management employing evidence
  • Spouses of people living with Alzheimer’s may experience psychological difficulties.
  • epidemiological trends concerning cardiovascular hazards
  • Can a patient and nurse bond aid in a patient’s recovery?
  • Principal dangers in clinical management
  • Hearing the hallucinations of schizophrenia patients
  • Evidence-based practice as both a pragmatic and theoretical strategy
  • repercussions of community service and elderly patient care
  • Implications of music therapy on individuals with depression
  • How to properly manage drunk patients
  • Developing a welcoming atmosphere in the waiting room
  • Influence of nursing on parents who refuse to vaccinate their children
  • Improved nurse-patient connections. How essential are they?
  • Patients who refuse care must be treated.
  • The significance of mental health nursing to patient outcomes
  • What can a nurse do to administer initial care?
  • Aiding the elderly patients in their everyday activities and providing nursing care
  • The influence of nursing practice on future nurses
  • Nursing precautions against infectious diseases
  • Nursing schools and the practical application of academic knowledge
  • The nursing aspect of child care. Assisting youngsters to have no fear of physicians.
  • The uniform colors of nurses and their utility in the hospital
  • What nurses must know to improve their knowledge
  • Assisting the person in need: The significance of triage nurses
  • Why are male nurses necessary, and why are there more of them than ever before?
  • How to approach patients with medical procedure phobias
  • Application of practical expertise in nursing interventions
  • The advancements in patient care and nursing approaches
  • How can nurses make patients feel secure?
  • How may a patient’s relationship with a nurse aid in their recovery?
  • Recognize the signs of abuse promptly.
  • Nursing role in the prevention of pressure ulcers in bedridden individuals
  • Treatment of patients with mental disorders
  • Nursing ethics and how to respect the preferences of the patient
  • Recognizing potentially dangerous patients and what to do if you encounter one Doctor–nurse relationship enhancement strategies
  • Reducing nurses’ working hours and the possible benefits of doing so
  • Are nurses treated differently than other hospital employees?
  • Nursing duties in various patient wards

Health Organizations’ nursing literature review topics

Here are a few good nursing literature review topics about health organizations

  • Rural Conflicts in New Healthcare Developments
  • Television Healthcare Advertising
  • Inequality in Healthcare Delivery in the United Kingdom Training Remote-care Help
  • Racism in Emergency Department
  • Electronic Administration
  • School Screening Methodologies
  • Work Opportunity Availability
  • Rehabilitation of Children in School Facilities

Elderly Personsnursing literature review Topics

  • What characteristics enable a nurse to recognize an old patient who has been abused in the past?
  • Are you in agreement that community-based social innovations have facilitated healthy aging?
  • Is it permissible to conduct clinical studies on elderly patients?
  • Home is the most pleasing environment for aging. How much do you concur?
  • What is the required minimum level of education for nurses, and how may it be enhanced?
  • Does mealtime help aid the elderly in monitoring their protein and vitamin intake?
  • Should the families of geriatric patients be held accountable for progressing the patients’ treatment?
  • What significant challenges do elderly patients face?
  • Explain the aging trend and the concept of global health.
  • How should the healthcare system be modified to guarantee that the elderly receive quality care?
  • What are the most effective medical methods for managing stress and information surcharge?

Healthcare Management Nursing Literature Review Topics

  • Challenges that may be encountered during the contracting process in health care.
  • What legal concerns may non-native patients encounter?
  • What are the primary tenets of marijuana management?
  • How do you establish a private medical practice?
  • Regarding medical decisions and apology legislation.
  • Exists discrimination based on gender in the nursing profession?
  • The advantages and disadvantages of Medicare.
  • Principal provisions of the nursing uniform code.
  • What is the cause of the shortage of males in the healthcare industry?
  • Home healthcare services.

Geriatric Nursing Literature review Topics

  • Malnutrition’s impact on the organ system.
  • What effect does aging have on the immune system?
  • How should sepsis be treated in critically unwell elderly patients?
  • How can a lengthy hospital stay contribute to complications among critically ill patients?
  • What are the causes and risks of depression in later life?
  • How effective is a healthy diet at lowering the risk of osteoporosis?
  • What role do registered nurses play in advance care planning?
  • Several methods for preventing delirium in older individuals.
  • The diagnosis and risk factors for urinary tract infections in older adults.
  • Discuss essential care techniques for older individuals with hip fractures of fragility.
  • What molecular mechanisms and preventative strategies exist against Alzheimer’s disease in adults?
  • Can nutrition pose a dementia risk?
  • How can elderly individuals maintain dental hygiene?
  • Age-related effects on the cardiovascular system.
  • Elderly dehydration: causes, symptoms, prevention, and therapy.
  • The changes in the elderly’s nerve system and cognitive senses.
  • Essential care strategies for older adults with alcohol use problems.
  • What medical emergencies are faced by elderly cancer patients?
  • Available treatments for heart failure in the elderly.

Pediatric Nursing literature review topics

  • Leukemia Cells And Children’s Immune Systems
  • How has the pandemic affected the mental health of children?
  • Strategies To Reduce The Risk Of Blindness In Children Receiving Oxygen Therapy Using Pragmatic Language Patterns For Children With Autism
  • Acute Leukemia in Children and Reducing Painful Treatment and Diagnosis
  • Student And Youngsters Depression And Psychological Health Vulnerability
  • Congenital Heart Disease In Children And Their Psychological Problems
  • Enhancing Language Acquisition For Children With Developmental Disabilities
  • Optimizing Childhood Cancer Treatment
  • Childhood Obesity: An Issue of Public Health
  • Ethical issues preventing nurses from providing care to younger patients

Quantitative Nursing literature review Topics

  • Describe and assess nursing critical care.
  • Methods for treating pressure ulcers in hip fracture patients.
  • Present a critical evaluation of assisted suicide and the associated ethics.
  • What roles do nurses have in teaching and encouraging self-care?
  • Compare and contrast nursing facilities and home care.
  • What are the most common causes of heart attacks?
  • What are the hurdles involved in managing chronic diseases?
  • Describe the benefits of a healthy diet.
  • The most effective cardiovascular disease treatments.
  • Discuss assisted suicide and its ethical implications.

Child Nursing Literature Review Topics

  • What are the requirements of Pediatric Critical Care?
  • Examine the leading causes of child mortality in the United Kingdom.
  • Strategies for addressing childhood malnutrition
  • Causes and treatment of Tourette syndrome in children.
  • The optimal treatments for autistic people.
  • How can children’s meningitis be prevented?
  • Examine the development of newborn care.
  • The pathogenesis and management of opportunistic fungal infections.
  • Dietary Health and Childhood Obesity
  • Adolescent Practices in Medicine.
  • Discuss childhood Neuroblastoma and Metabolic Syndrome.
  • Pediatric asthma and monitoring approach.
  • Explain why youngsters are resistant to antibiotics.
  • Antibiotic resistance in preschoolers.
  • The impact of social media on children’s eating habits.

Nursing Careers literature review Topics

  • Clinical guidelines and nursing principles
  • Stress management training for night shift workers.
  • Critical care nursing administration
  • Training to make prudent medical decisions
  • The clinical nurse functions
  • Guidelines for primary gynecological education
  • Diversity within the healthcare industry
  • Between occupation and service to others
  • The best method to force seniors to consume.
  • The digital age and nursing’s future
  • Exercise to guarantee no drug errors
  • Nursing professionals
  • Remote concerns about intensive care unit
  • Superior nursing procedures
  • What are the best leadership skills for nurses?
  • Morality and homelessness treatment
  • The nurse’s role in managing anxiety
  • Works of nursing theorists

The Bottom Line

Nursing is a serious occupation, and you need to be as professional as possible. ​Nursing literature review ideas​ can be pretty challenging to come up with. Writing a nursing literature review is simple but not easy. It all begins by selecting appropriate nursing literature review topics and getting down to relevant and accurate research.

Choose ​nursing literature review topics​ that you are familiar with, as this will ensure that you will spend less time doing the research and more time writing. The tips and comprehensive list of nursing literature review topics should get you started. You can even modify them so that they fit you perfectly. Should you get stuck with writing your nursing literature review, do not fret. You can always get help from professional nursing literature review experts.

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Someone once said, “Nursing is a blessed profession because those people are the first and the last to watch the beginning and end of life. Nurses open the eyes of a newborn and moderately close the eyes of a dying man.” This quote summarizes the caregivers' importance in society. However, education for nurses is challenging because they must learn how to provide healthcare and support for patients and research different medical issues. This requires finding good research topics in nursing. In case you are looking for the best nursing research topics, we have you covered. This article explains nursing research topics, their characteristics, and how to select them. Also, we have compiled a list of more than 350 nursing topics for research papers that are divided into various categories to get you started. Choose the title you like most, and contact our professionals to buy nursing papers cheap should you need any help.

What Are Nursing Research Topics?

Nursing research topics refer to subjects or issues that interest nursing students, which they can investigate and write academic proposals about. Any nursing topic is based on theoretical components, including lab applications, human physiology, and healthcare management. However, it focuses on tackling issues from a caregiver’s perspective, such as elderly and child care, midwifery, primary healthcare, mental health, pain management, women's health, etc. The process of selecting nursing topics for research paper can be stressful and challenging for many students because practical assignments are extremely demanding, which leaves little time for writing tasks. As a result, finding the right title for your academic paper is crucial. That's why it is necessary to consider time management skills as your research may take more time than one hour for example.

Characteristics of Good Nursing Research Topics

There are times when students need help with selecting good nursing research paper topics. They may encounter challenges in choosing themes because of mental blocks or lack of time. We have provided tips to guide your selection. Before picking the title, you should be mindful that good research topics for nursing students have the following characteristics:

  • Meaningful.
  • Interesting.
  • Explorative.

These characteristics help in selecting the title of your paper. However, feel free to seek help from your professor to narrow down the options. Their insights might make you more successful in writing your paper. 

How to Choose a Nursing Research Paper Topic?

Before writing your academic paper, it is essential to have a good nursing research topic . Ensure that the selected title has the characteristics mentioned in the above section. In most cases, your teachers will provide suggestions of good research paper topic for nursing that you can choose from. However, if that is not the case, you will have to come up with your own title. You can derive ideas from websites, books, journals, or personal experiences. To set you off, follow the next steps in selecting your title: 

  • First, identify the field that is most appealing to you.
  • Second, gather a lot of nursing evidence based practice topics from the category you are passionate about.
  • Then, deliberate on all the title ideas and eliminate all those irrelevant or with less research scope.
  • Fourth, select the most comfortable title from this narrowed-down list and begin writing about it.
  • Lastly, ensure that your topic follows the guidelines provided by your teacher or school.

Best Nursing Research Questions

Using research questions in nursing is one of the best ways to arrive at a suitable topic for your study. A nursing research question can act as a guiding tool. Our professional research paper writers have provided you with some of the best examples of nursing research questions below to aid you in coming up with a great title: 

  • How does the hospital wards' design influence patients' aggressive tendencies?
  • Do patients diagnosed with dementia experience any pain?
  • What is the negative impact of cord cutting on placenta separation?
  • How has COVID-19 affected caregiving practices?
  • What positive effects do computerized records have on patient outcomes?
  • What changes can improve the sustainability of surgical rooms?
  • How can you assist domestic violence victims?
  • How to prevent chemotherapy and radiation effects among cancer patients?
  • Is yoga an effective method for helping patients with back problems?
  • How can music therapy help lactating mothers?
  • Do healthcare providers have to be internet savvy?
  • Are spinal cord nerve damage and persistent constipation related?
  • What are the advantages of applying cognitive hypnotherapy in managing pain?
  • How do you manage PTSD among army veterans?
  • Is the immune system impacted by aging?

Top Nursing Research Topics List

If you find it challenging to come up with suitable topics about nursing, do not panic because you are not alone. In some way, many proficient writers and students have encountered the challenge of coming up with topics for nursing research paper. But we are here to help you jump-start the process by providing a list of research topics for nursing students. Some of them include the following: 

  • Causes and prevention of childhood obesity.
  • Effective ways used to treat ADHD.
  • Ethical considerations for pediatric caregivers.
  • Causes of pediatric antibiotic resistance.
  • Effective ways to ensure diversity in caregiving.
  • Adverse effects of children’s hormonal treatment.
  • The psychological health impact caused by COVID-19.
  • How air pollution is adversely affecting children.
  • How is the immune system affected by age?
  • What causes seizures in children?

Popular Nursing Research Topics

Another way to develop your essay is to choose from a list of popular nursing topics. There are many common caregiving ideas for your paper that you can choose from. Below we have compiled some of the most popular nursing research topics for students to help in writing your paper:

  • Advantages of selecting a nursing career.
  • Dangers associated with chemotherapy exposure.
  • Night shifts impacts on caregivers' mental health.
  • Preventing malnutrition in children.
  • Negative impacts of caregiving as a career.
  • Benefits of home health nursing.
  • How caregivers contribute to the medical industry.
  • Reasons why occupational therapy has increased in popularity.
  • Key roles that can be played by caregivers in rehabilitation.
  • Effective measures employed to reduce infant injuries during delivery.
  • Assessing the evolution of newborn care over the past ten years.
  • Best ways used to improve working conditions for caregivers.
  • Analyzing the measures employed in reducing obesity.
  • Causes of child mortality .
  • Challenges involved in trying to find the major causes of cancer.

Current Nursing Research Topics

If you want to write about recent affairs, you can select current topics in nursing. Trendy topics are essential in tackling issues that have affected the healthcare industry in recent years. Below is a list of contemporary nursing research paper topic ideas:

  • Analyzing rising cases of cancer among children.
  • Measures that bridge existing gender gaps in nursing.
  • Importance of vaccines during pregnancy.
  • Causes and impacts of increased use of online caregiving programs.
  • Does online medical education affect the quality of caregiving?
  • What positive effects did nurses have during the pandemic?
  • How computer tomography scans have impacted treatment methods.
  • Negative effects of poor pain management techniques.
  • Challenges faced by advanced innovations in clinical cardiology.
  • Are caregivers supposed to practice specialization in their education?
  • Best measures employed in protecting nurses during the pandemic.
  • Parental roles in ensuring healthy lifestyles for their children.
  • Challenges associated with Telemedicine.
  • Criteria used to improve the popularity of healthcare professions.
  • Benefits of community caregiving.

Interesting Nursing Research Topics

Selecting interesting nursing topics is also a great way to ensure the success of your paper. Below is a catalog of interesting nursing research paper topics that will help you: 

  • Shortcomings associated with medical contracts.
  • Fundamental causes of anxiety in patients.
  • Strategies for reducing stress.
  • The importance of diversity in medical health.
  • What are the moral aspects brought by euthanasia?
  • Key causes of hypersensitive diseases.
  • Methods used in managing low blood pressure.
  • Reasons for universal medical care.
  • Practical steps for treating severe headaches.
  • Major causes of bipolar disorder .
  • Key roles that can be performed by healthcare providers during an El Nino weather phenomenon.
  • How can caregivers assist patients dealing with anxiety?
  • Have technological advancements enhanced healthcare quality?
  • Techniques for handling elderly individuals who won't eat.
  • The main causes of death in children.

Good Topics in Nursing

You can get a research topic for nursing students from various lists of ideas online. However, if you are looking for good research paper topics for nursing, you are in the right place. Below we have presented a list of titles that can help you begin your paper:

  • Key disadvantages associated with Medicare.
  • How can more men be encouraged to take up caregiving courses?
  • Methods used for treating osteoporosis in women.
  • The success of the chlamydia treatment regimen.
  • The best method for improving patient care standards.
  • Reasons why caregivers should be tested for drug use.
  • Efficient methods utilized in treating acne among teenagers.
  • Advantages of specialization for healthcare providers.
  • Importance of caregivers being internet savvy.
  • How nursing roles have changed in modern times.
  • Factors contributing to the rise in male infertility.
  • Why should caregivers be subjected to psychological therapy?
  • Best care for women who have miscarried.
  • Should caregivers be allowed to provide futile medical care?
  • Importance of low carbohydrate diet.

Any nursing student is constantly busy with assignments and clinic hours. Research paper writing help from academic experts is very needed from time to time. Get in touch with StudyCrumb if you require any writing assistance.

Easy Nursing Research Topics

Sometimes complicated themes are challenging for students. If you feel like that is your case, consider choosing easy nurse topics. Below is a catalog of a variety of easy nursing topics for research: 

  • Critical roles played by caregivers in medical care.
  • Analyzing the roles of nutrition in managing obesity.
  • How does cyberbullying affect children’s mental health?
  • What benefits do children get from being vaccinated?
  • Every patient's medical history should remain confidential.
  • Ways in which caregivers can improve their service quality.
  • Reasons why the demand for home medical services is rising.
  • Should all medical records be automated?
  • How has the quality of medical service improved over the years?
  • Effective ways for preventing sexually transmitted diseases.
  • Effective ways to lose weight for women.
  • Reasons for decreased child mortality during labor in recent times.
  • Common ways to manage hypertension.
  • Signs that a patient has experienced physical abuse .
  • Efficient methods used in managing stress levels among adults.

Hot Nursing Topics

There is no better way to amaze your professor with your essay than to select hot topics in nursing research. Choosing one of these nursing hot topics provided below will likely guarantee you high grades:

  • Challenges facing medicine in 2023.
  • How does unhealthy eating affect athletes?
  • Effective methods used in protecting healthcare providers during the pandemic.
  • The COVID-19 epidemic saw nurses play crucial roles.
  • Technological advancements have greatly enhanced medical care.
  • People should be taught how to practice preventive care.
  • Challenges encountered when trying to quit smoking.
  • Advantages of having caregivers on the school premises.
  • Significant benefits associated with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
  • Effective methods employed in managing headaches.
  • Strategies that can enhance caregivers’ productivity.
  • Is massage therapy effective in relieving pain?
  • Challenges faced in managing chronic diseases.
  • The most effective strategies for treating eating disorders.
  • Efficient ways utilized in improving online caregiving education.

Nursing Research Topics for Students in Healthcare

If you are a healthcare student, you can count yourself lucky because you will not encounter the challenges of selecting a title for your essay. The section below has provided different research paper topics for nursing students to choose from. They are classified into different groups to provide various research ideas for nursing students. Go through them and pick the category that interests you.

Pediatric Nursing Research Topics

Pediatric caregivers are the ones who take care of children, neonates, and adolescents. There are many pediatric nursing topics for writing a research paper found online. Below are pediatric nursing paper topics to jump-start your mind: 

  • Reasons why misdiagnoses cases in the pediatric wards are rising.
  • Major emotional issues among children below ten years.
  • What ways can be used to manage seizures in kids?
  • Reasons why children develop resistance to antibiotics.
  • What is the connection between autism and vaccination?
  • Should there be specialized training for caregivers who manage pediatric wards?
  • Reasons for the rising cases of obese children.
  • How should caregivers deal with pain and injuries in toddlers?
  • Steps involved in controlling allergic reactions in pediatric wards.
  • Major health issues that threaten the development of children.
  • Ethical considerations for nurses working in pediatric wards.
  • Factors contributing to the rise in childhood eating disorders.
  • Psychological impacts on parents with kids diagnosed with cancer.
  • Best management practice for children with heart diseases .
  • Early life exposure to air pollution and health impacts.

Adult Nursing Research Topic Ideas

You can also write your paper based on adult nursing ideas. These will mainly focus on providing healthcare intervention to adults. We have many nursing research ideas below for you to get you going:

  • Health implications brought by abortion.
  • Home remedies for people with high blood pressure.
  • How should caregivers handle patients in prison?
  • The proficiency of cognitive therapy in managing pain.
  • Effective ways to manage alcohol addiction.
  • Dangers associated with living a sedentary life.
  • Physical exercises that prevent risks brought by heart complications.
  • Efficient methods used to manage work-related stress.
  • How to handle migraines at home.
  • Reasons why obesity cases are rising among men above 35 years.
  • Common causes of sleep disorders among adults.
  • Best ways to reduce dependence on pain medicine.
  • How can yoga be used as a pain management activity.
  • Techniques for treating acute coronary syndrome in persons older than 35.
  • How is the body affected by consuming too much carbohydrates?

Midwifery Nursing Topics

Midwifery care providers are specialists in childbirth and women's reproductive health. Students specializing in this should look at nursing research paper topics. For that, we have provided a list of the best midwifery nursing research topics below to assist you in your essay: 

  • Management methods for autistic women giving birth.
  • Evolution of midwifery in the last decade.
  • Feeding problems associated with newborns and infants.
  • Techniques for enhancing mother-child ties during postpartum care.
  • History and development of midwifery.
  • Best practices utilized in managing pain during labor.
  • How to deal with postnatal depression among women?
  • Advantages of maintaining high standards of skin hygiene for newborns.
  • Managing women with disabilities during childbirth.
  • Effective ways used in treating pregnancy-induced hypertension.
  • Best ways to assist during prenatal and postnatal stages for fathers.
  • Technological advancements in midwifery and their impacts.
  • Reasons why mothers should ensure vaccinations for newborns children.
  • Why has the childbirth mortality rate reduced over the last decade?
  • Explanations for the increased number of women choosing to deliver at home instead of the hospital.

Elderly Care Nursing Research Paper Topics

Elderly care nursing topics are also prevalent among scholars. You can choose any elderly care nursing research paper topic from the catalog provided below:

  • Techniques for avoiding delirium in older people.
  • Methods for improving pain treatment in elderly individuals.
  • Should the elderly be subjected to vaccinations?
  • Managing cases of Alzheimer’s disease.
  • Physical exercises that are not strenuous.
  • Age-related changes to the immune system .
  • How to shield senior patients from injuries and slips and falls.
  • Caregivers should get specialized education to deal with geriatric patients.
  • Preventing risk associated with cardiovascular ailments.
  • Biological mechanism of Alzheimer’s disease and to prevent it in geriatric patients.
  • Nursing approaches to providing ophthalmic care to elderly individuals.
  • Interventions strategies to prevent adverse drug effects in senior patients.
  • Regular exercises that help maintain joint movements.
  • Should older patients be subjected to chemotherapy?
  • How is sepsis managed in critically ill older patients?

Women's Health Nursing Research Topics

Women’s health topics in nursing are some of the most trending and relevant titles you can use for your essay. The following are some of the best women’s health nursing research paper topics that you pick from:

  • Evaluation of why women experience sleep disorders.
  • Ways used in treating menopause.
  • Diseases that affect female sexual health.
  • Managing infertility cases in women.
  • Addressing cultural variations in women's health.
  • Techniques for preventing sexually transmitted diseases.
  • Symptoms associated with breast cancer.
  • Factors that contribute to high numbers of infertilities.
  • Best ways employed in treating acne.
  • Factors that increase fertility.
  • Approaches employed in dealing with postnatal depression.
  • Preventive measures for vaginal atrophy.
  • Efficient methods of detecting breast cancer.
  • Best pregnancy prevention practices.
  • How can nurses help prevent sepsis that comes after labor?

Need more ideas? Browse  psychology research topics  and choose something special.

Mental Health Nursing Research Topics

Mental disease is a serious health problem that has recently gained global attention. Therefore, studies focusing on mental health nursing topics are among the most searched. These are some  prevalent mental health nursing projects topics for you:  

  • Evaluating caregivers’ mental health.
  • Reason why there is an increase in stress cases after the pandemic.
  • Are there effective methods to treat schizophrenia?
  • Evaluating the significant causes of depression.
  • How has social media contributed to the rise in mental incidents?
  • The symptoms associated with chronic anxiety.
  • Is it advisable to use medication in treating mental health issues?
  • Advantages of using antipsychotics in treating mental problems.
  • Best methods used in managing dementia effects.
  • Causes of mental health issues among medical practitioners.
  • How to prevent aggression acts among teenagers caused by playing violent video games.
  • Causes of PTSD among war veterans.
  • Treatment strategies for patients with cognitive impairment.
  • Major causes of bipolar disorder.
  • Practical steps that are taken in treating panic attacks.

>> View more: Mental Health Research Topics

Pain Management Nursing Research Topics

The most crucial nursing research problem is pain management. Some students will likely provide interventions for patients dealing with pain. If this is your area of concern, you should look at various pain management nurse topics to get your inspiration. The following is a narrowed-down list of pain management topics for you: 

  • Major roles played by caregivers in treating pain.
  • Assessing the efficacy of non-pharmacological pain management techniques.
  • Successful modern pain management medications.
  • Efficient methods used in remedying chronic pain.
  • Managing pain in hemophilia.
  • Steps involved in treating headaches.
  • Best pain managing exercises for women in labor.
  • How can caregivers relieve pain in cancer patients?
  • Methods used in treating spinal cord nerve injuries.
  • Advantages of therapeutic injections.
  • Can Benson’s relaxation therapy be used to relieve pain?
  • Applying cognitive hypnotherapy in relieving body discomforts.
  • How may rheumatoid arthritis be treated with opioids?
  • The ideal use of myofascial pain rehabilitation.
  • Treating children's stomach pain.

Health Care Management Nursing Research Topics

There are many healthcare research problems in nursing that you can base your essay on. Some of the best healthcare nursing project topics that you can choose from include: 

  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of Medicare?
  • Should the healthcare industry seek to have more diversity?
  • Does gender play a role in caregiving?
  • What steps should be taken to encourage more people to take caregiving courses?
  • How has technological advancement affected the quality of healthcare services?
  • Should remote care be explored as a way of enhancing the service?
  • How can caregivers rise to become physicians?
  • Approaches taken to improve staff relations in the hospital?
  • Leadership styles that are effective in caregiving.
  • Best training methods for healthcare providers to keep them up to date.
  • Importance of caregivers adhering to the uniform codes and rules.
  • How can healthcare providers take leadership positions in the hospital?
  • The procedures for establishing a private medical practice.
  • Methods used in improving record keeping.
  • Ethical considerations that caregivers should know when dealing with patients.

>> Read more: Healthcare Research Topics

Primary Healthcare Nursing Research Topics

For those students seeking primary healthcare nursing concept topics, there are various topics you can find on the internet. However, to make your work easier, below we have provided a catalog of primary healthcare nursing related research topics that you can pick from:

  • Economic implications associated with enhanced primary healthcare.
  • Best ways to treat chronic medical problems.
  • Primary care for diabetic patients.
  • Advantages of antenatal treatment.
  • Methods employed in assessing medical care quality.
  • Should pharmacists perform roles meant for physicians?
  • Key considerations made in primary healthcare.
  • Efficient methods of treating stroke.
  • Advantages of the private sector's involvement in creating mental health services.
  • Challenges faced in financing quality primary healthcare.
  • How data collected during primary healthcare can be used in research.
  • Technologically advanced methods used in cardiology.
  • Common techniques used in evaluating patients’ health.
  • Key responsibilities played by social workers in providing direct healthcare.
  • Is preventive medicine effective among elderly patients?

>> Read more: Public Health Topics to Research

Nursing Research Paper Topics on Obstetrics

Obstetrics is a field of caregiving that focuses on providing care during pregnancy, childbirth, and after birth. There are many nursing research problems that you can write on obstetrics. You can choose the following nursing related research topics for your essay: 

  • Dangers associated with hypertensive disorders.
  • Causes and prevention of hypertension during childbirth.
  • Best management practices for labor and delivery.
  • Steps employed in resuscitating newborns.
  • Dangers related to consuming foods rich in unsaturated fatty acids for pregnant women.
  • Disadvantages of water birth.
  • Best antenatal care plans.
  • Challenges involved in saving mother and child during delivery.
  • Methods of dealing with pre-term labor.
  • Advantages of incorporating music therapy during lactation.
  • Key dangers associated with early pregnancies.
  • Best methods to manage post-delivery stress.
  • Nutrition that helps mothers recover better after delivery.
  • Unhealthy habits during pregnancy that might be dangerous.
  • Best foods that increase fertility among women.

Health Promotion Nursing Research Topics

Health promotion aims at encouraging communities and individuals to choose healthy behavior, which reduces the risks of diseases. Selecting a healthy lifestyle is a research problem in nursing that needs addressing. As a scholar, there are many health-promoting issues you can analyze as your clinical nursing problems for research. The following topics are an excellent way to start:

  • Nutrition misinformation that is spread on the internet.
  • Best practices of educating parents to ensure their children grow up healthy.
  • Causes of increased dependency on Telemedicine.
  • Ways of promoting healthy living among older patients.
  • Dangers related to leading an inactive lifestyle among the youths.
  • Methods used in preventing medical misinformation on the internet.
  • Dangers associated with fake news on health.
  • Impacts of short staffing on patients’ outcomes.
  • Modern and safe methods employed in cancer screening.
  • How can social media be employed to promote healthy lifestyles?
  • Steps that are taken to discourage inactivity behaviors among the youths.
  • Dangers related to cigarette smoking.
  • Methods used in reversing the adverse effects of diabetes.
  • Raising awareness on the causes and risks of heart diseases.
  • Is secondhand smoking dangerous to people’s health?

Biology research topics may be helpful as well. Look through additional ideas and come up with something unique.

Nursing Careers Research Paper Topics

You can also investigate medical careers by examining nursing education topics as a scholar. Caregiving is a career that still has plenty of room for growth. This can be achieved by evaluating various nursing problems for research. These are titles that you can look at to get you off: 

  • How will caregiving be affected in the future with more technological advancements?
  • Challenges that affect the process of diversifying the healthcare industry.
  • What leadership skills should caregivers have to be effective in their roles?
  • How do nurses who work during the night deal with stress?
  • Steps that are taken in dealing with anxiety.
  • Critical functions played by clinical health providers.
  • Primary ethical considerations for caregivers.
  • Practices that ensure safe prescription of medication.
  • Role played by nurses in critical care services.
  • Career paths for caregivers.
  • Methods used in preventing infections in the line of duty.
  • Dangers associated with the nursing profession.
  • Coping mechanism for caregivers during the pandemic.
  • Benefits and drawbacks of a mobile intensive care unit.
  • Tactics employed to deal with an elder who refuses to eat.

Topics for Nursing Research: Qualitative & Quantitative

When choosing your nursing research topics, you should consider the research design you want. The research questions you come up with will direct the type of design that will conclusively answer them. As a result, your research topic choices can be either qualitative or quantitative. To make it easier for you, below we have further explained the two types of nursing research examples.

Qualitative Research Topics in Nursing

Qualitative nursing research topics deal with caregivers’ personal experiences with their patients that are derived through observation and interviews. It uses induction to gain evidence that will support a particular theory without generalizing obtained results. The following are examples of qualitative research questions in nursing:

  • Challenges in dealing with caregiving stereotypes.
  • Problems associated with systematic racism in healthcare systems.
  • The evolution of the nursing profession since the 20th century.
  • Main accreditation issues in medical school for caregivers.
  • How technology has improved the process of caregiving.
  • Importance of healthcare staff in primary care.
  • How does music affect the psychological conditions of patients?
  • Importance of robotics in the healthcare industry .
  • Method of preventing harmful effects of obesity.
  • How to treat victims of sexual harassment.
  • Major physical activities that elderly patients can participate in.
  • Efficient methods utilized in managing depression.
  • Chief causes of dyslexia in children.
  • Managing patients who have PTSD.
  • Making older patients' cancer therapy more effective.

Nursing Quantitative Research Topics

On the other hand, quantitative nursing research topics deal with obtaining empirical evidence through generalization and deduction. Below are examples of quantitative research topics in nursing: 

  • Benefits of healthy diets.
  • Efficacy of Telemedicine.
  • Causes and symptoms of heart complications.
  • How are cardiovascular problems treated?
  • Dangers associated with information overload in medicine.
  • Development of Telehealth.
  • Ethical considerations of assisted suicide.
  • How effective is primary health care for the patients?
  • What roles do caregivers play during an operation?
  • Leading causes of mental illnesses in adolescents.
  • Unconventional methods that may be used in treating diabetes.
  • Disadvantages of using probiotics in treating diarrhea.
  • Efficient strategies that can be used to assist patients who try to commit suicide.
  • How statistics are used to analyze the benefits of changing your diet.
  • Effective methods for assessing pain in critical patients.

Bonus Ideas on Nursing Research Paper Topics

You should now be able to select a topic for your essay because we have given you a variety of research topics related to nursing to choose from. The above titles are obtained from different areas of nursing. However, modern times call for different approaches to caregiving. Browse  chemistry topics for research  to come up with some new and interesting ideas for your paper. If you want to focus on more recent evidence-based practice nursing research topics, we have different varieties for you to choose from below.

Nursing Topics for Discussion

Many research questions for nursing aim at triggering deeper conversations on issues from different health stakeholders. If you want to generate a discussion around a particular subject, you should come up with a suitable nursing research topic. The following are examples of such titles:

  • Is child health insurance a human right?
  • How can the gender gap that exists in healthcare be reduced?
  • Compare and contrast complementary and alternative therapies.
  • Are video games responsible for increased teen aggression?
  • Should elderly patients be allowed to use alcohol?
  • Should a caregiver force food on elderly patients who refuse to eat?
  • Should all hospitals adopt the usage of Telemedicine?
  • Is online education a competent program for nurses?
  • Should caregivers be allowed to prescribe medicine to patients?
  • Are nurses given the same respect as that offered to doctors?

Nursing Topics for Presentation

Consider nursing presentation topics if you are required to write an essay to present to a class or other medical practitioners. The following are examples of presentation research topics related to nursing: 

  • Key disadvantages associated with Telemedicine .
  • What is the connection between mental stability and obesity?
  • The best non-medical techniques for recuperating from physical trauma.
  • Factors contributing to the rise in teenage alcohol misuse.
  • The main signs of bipolar disorder in children under the age of 14.
  • Health issues related to menopause and how to prevent them.
  • Best ways to treat bone injuries at home.
  • Effective ways used in managing obesity in women above 35 years.
  • Reasons why Telecare is essential to caregivers.
  • Is pet therapy an effective method that should be used in managing autism?

Literature Review Nursing Topics

Analyzing previously written nursing research projects provides the best source of information for you to seek answers to different medical issues. If this is what you are aiming at, we have a variety of different nursing literature review topics below:

  • How effective is the caregiving education program?
  • Challenges facing caregivers in using modern treatment.
  • Effects of family therapy on the mental well-being of adolescents.
  • How can caregivers improve pregnancy care outcomes?
  • Laughter therapy and its positive impacts on patients.
  • Social repercussions of HIV.
  • Problems associated with teenage alcohol addictions.
  • How do caregivers manage drunk patients?
  • Recognizing the signs of patients who have been abused.
  • Ways in which gardening therapy is used to reduce anxiety among the elderly.

Check out literature topics for research papers , you may find something interesting for you.

Nursing Thesis Topics

You need a suitable thesis to find an appropriate title for your nursing research project. The thesis you choose will guide your research question, which you seek to answer with your findings. Below are examples of nursing thesis topic ideas for your paper: 

  • Consequences of avoiding regular checkups.
  • Effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on pupils' mental health.
  • Ways of preventing racism in the healthcare industry.
  • Importance of treating cancer using bacterial injection.
  • Ethical considerations for organ transplants.
  • Best methods that should be used in administering vaccines.
  • Steps in managing alcohol addiction among adults.
  • Confidential ways used in helping patients of domestic violence seek justice.
  • Disadvantages associated with using excessive antibiotics in children.
  • Effects of alcohol consumption on pregnant women.

Nursing Research Question Examples

Many nursing research questions examples can help you develop suitable evidence-based practice titles for your essay. These will guide your ideas, making it easy to create a suitable topic. The following are examples of research questions in nursing to get you going: 

  • How can caregivers assist patients who are abused domestically?
  • What effective methods are used in resuscitating newborns?
  • What are the main symptoms of dyslexia ?
  • What advice should caregivers give to parents who have children with eating disorders?
  • How to treat patients who are in prison.
  • What is the connection between teenage drug abuse and popular pop culture?
  • Methods used to treat seizures in young adolescents.
  • Should caregivers adhere to medical uniform code principles?
  • What therapies are effective in treating speech disorders?
  • What are the advantages of Telemedicine?

Bottom Line on Nursing Research Topics

We understand the stress that comes with writing a nursing research paper. One of those challenges is difficulty in choosing suitable topics for nursing research. However, we have provided you with more than 350 nursing student research topics to inspire you to write your essay. These topics are derived from the different areas of nursing. Others are evidence based practice nursing research topics. Select one that will add more knowledge to the healthcare industry and write about it. 


Our nursing writing services are remedies on their own. Our writers do their best to deliver high-quality result on time. Receive original  papers that can be completed within one click, and we’ll be happy to see you.


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Research Topics & Ideas: Nursing

50+ Nursing Research Topic Ideas To Fast-Track Your Project

Research topics for nursing dissertations and theses

Finding and choosing a strong research topic is the critical first step when it comes to crafting a high-quality dissertation, thesis or research project. If you’ve landed on this post, chances are you’re looking for a nursing-related research topic , but aren’t sure where to start. Here, we’ll explore a variety of nursing-related research ideas and topic thought-starters, including general nursing, medical-surgical nursing, pediatric nursing, obstetrics and gynaecological nursing, ICU and mental health nursing.

NB – This is just the start…

The topic ideation and evaluation process has multiple steps . In this post, we’ll kickstart the process by sharing some research topic ideas within the nursing domain. This is the starting point, but to develop a well-defined research topic, you’ll need to identify a clear and convincing research gap , along with a well-justified plan of action to fill that gap.

If you’re new to the oftentimes perplexing world of research, or if this is your first time undertaking a formal academic research project, be sure to check out our free dissertation mini-course. In it, we cover the process of writing a dissertation or thesis from start to end. Be sure to also sign up for our free webinar that explores how to find a high-quality research topic. 

Overview: Nursing Research Topics

  • General nursing-related topics
  • Medical-surgical nursing
  • Pediatric nursing
  • Obstetrics and gynaecological nursing
  • ICU nursing
  • Mental health nursing

General Nursing Research Topics & Ideas

  • The impact of cultural competence on patient care in the UK
  • The importance of evidence-based practice in nursing for patients with HIV/AIDS
  • The effects of workplace stress on nurse well-being and performance
  • The role of nurse-patient communication for patients transitioning from adolescent to adult care
  • The impact of technology on nursing practice and patient outcomes
  • The importance of interdisciplinary collaboration in healthcare for the rehabilitation of patients post-surgery
  • The effects of fatigue on nurse performance in the emergency room
  • The impact of nurse staffing levels on patient outcomes in rural areas
  • The effectiveness of nurse-led interventions in managing chronic conditions: a case study of diabetes
  • The impact of patient-centred care on health outcomes for the elderly
  • The importance of patient safety in nursing: bedside nurse vigilance
  • The effects of empathy and compassion in critical care nursing
  • The role of nursing in disaster preparedness and response: a case study of the Haiti earthquake of 2021
  • The impact of the level of nursing education on patient outcomes
  • The importance of ethical considerations in frail care nursing practice

Topics & Ideas: Medical-Surgical Nursing

  • The impact of bedside care on patient outcomes in medical-surgical units
  • The role of the nurse in managing post-operative patient pain
  • The effects of nurse-patient ratios on patient outcomes in medical-surgical units
  • A systematic review of different approaches to patient education in medical-surgical units
  • The relationship between nurse-patient communication and patient satisfaction in medical-surgical units: perspectives and recommendations to improving patient satisfaction

Topics & Ideas: Pediatrics Nursing

  • The impact of family-centered care on pediatric patient outcomes with sickle cell anemia
  • The role of nursing interventions in promoting developmental and behavioral health in pediatric patients
  • The effects of play therapy on anxiety and pain in pediatric patients during hospitilisation
  • A systematic review of different approaches to pain management in pediatric cancer patients
  • The relationship between parent involvement and post-operative patient outcomes in pediatric units

Research topic idea mega list

Ideas: Obstetrics and Gynecological Nursing

  • The impact of nurse-led prenatal care on maternal and fetal outcomes in African American communities
  • The role of the nurse in promoting sexual and reproductive health for women in the UK
  • The effects of midwifery care on maternal satisfaction of primiparous women and birth outcomes
  • A comparative study of different approaches to childbirth education for expectant mothers and partners: perceptions of control
  • The relationship between lactation support and breastfeeding success of primiparous women

Topics & Ideas: ICU Nursing

  • The impact of nursing interventions on patient outcomes in intensive care units in a developing country
  • The role of the nurse in managing palliative and end-of-life care in the ICU
  • The effects of family presence on patient outcomes and satisfaction in the ICU: A systematic review of the literature
  • A comparative study of different approaches to pain management for trauma patients in the ICU
  • The relationship between nurse-patient communication and geriatric patient outcomes in ICU

Research topic evaluator

Topics & Ideas: Mental Health Nursing

  • The impact of nurse-led therapy on adolescent patient outcomes in mental health settings
  • The role of the nurse in promoting recovery and resiliency in mental health patients through group interventions
  • The effects of mindfulness-based interventions on stress and anxiety in mental health patients: A systematic literature review
  • A comparative study of the role of nurses in applying different approaches to patient education in mental health settings
  • The association between nurse-patient therapeutic alliance and patient outcomes in mental health settings

Nursing Dissertation & Theses

While the ideas we’ve presented above are a decent starting point for finding a nursing-related research topic, they are fairly generic and non-specific. So, it helps to look at actual dissertations and theses to see how this all comes together.

Below, we’ve included a selection of research projects from various nursing-related degree programs to help refine your thinking. These are actual dissertations and theses, written as part of Master’s and PhD-level programs, so they can provide some useful insight as to what a research topic looks like in practice.

  • Nursing Workload and Interventions of Licensed Nurses in Nursing Homes: An Observational Time and Motion Study (Kang, 2021)
  • Missed Nursing Care: Accounting for Education, Experience, and Job Satisfaction in Registered Nurses (Bechard, 2021)
  • Examining Predictors of Attitudes and Knowledge of Registered Nurses and Nursing Students in Tennessee toward Pregnant and Perinatal Women with a Substance Use Disorder (Patrylo, 2021)
  • A Program Evaluation of the Organizational Readiness for Pathway to Excellence at Two Community Hospitals  (Behling, 2021)
  • The Impact of Covid-19 Pandemic Policy Decisions on the Wellbeing of Nursing Home Residents in Missouri (White, 2022)
  • Battling A Parallel Pandemic: An Evaluation of Sustainable System-Level Nursing Support in Response To COVID-19 (Gifford, 2022)
  • Holistic Nursing Process Maps: a Tool for Student Nurses to Operationalize the Nursing Process to Increase Clinical Reasoning (Reyes, 2022)
  • Satisfaction and Work-Life Balance in Undergraduate Nursing Faculty: A Mixed-Methods Study (Crawford, 2021)
  • The Effect of Mindfulness Meditation on the Stress, Anxiety, Mindfulness, and Self-Compassion Levels of Nursing Students (Heinrich, 2022)
  • Effectiveness of Simulation-Based Case Studies in Undergraduate Nursing Students (Becnel, 2022)
  • A Telehealth Simulation Experiment: Exploring Prebriefing (Owen, 2022)
  • Perceptions of Lateral Violence Among Vocational Nursing Students, Associate Degree Nursing Students, and Bachelor’s Degree Nursing Students (Martha, 2022)
  • Nurse Educators’ Description of Ethics from a Disciplinary Perspective: A Qualitative Descriptive Research Study (Cuchetti, 2022)
  • A Literature Review of the Relationship Between Oral Health and Pneumonia Risk in the Geriatric Nursing Home Population (Swift, 2021)

Looking at these titles, you can probably pick up that the research topics here are quite specific and narrowly-focused , compared to the generic ones presented earlier. This is an important thing to keep in mind as you develop your own research topic. That is to say, to create a top-notch research topic, you must be precise and target a specific context with specific variables of interest . In other words, you need to identify a clear, well-justified research gap.

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  • Volume 19, Issue 1
  • Reviewing the literature
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  • Joanna Smith 1 ,
  • Helen Noble 2
  • 1 School of Healthcare, University of Leeds , Leeds , UK
  • 2 School of Nursing and Midwifery, Queens's University Belfast , Belfast , UK
  • Correspondence to Dr Joanna Smith , School of Healthcare, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK; j.e.smith1{at}

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Implementing evidence into practice requires nurses to identify, critically appraise and synthesise research. This may require a comprehensive literature review: this article aims to outline the approaches and stages required and provides a working example of a published review.

Are there different approaches to undertaking a literature review?

What stages are required to undertake a literature review.

The rationale for the review should be established; consider why the review is important and relevant to patient care/safety or service delivery. For example, Noble et al 's 4 review sought to understand and make recommendations for practice and research in relation to dialysis refusal and withdrawal in patients with end-stage renal disease, an area of care previously poorly described. If appropriate, highlight relevant policies and theoretical perspectives that might guide the review. Once the key issues related to the topic, including the challenges encountered in clinical practice, have been identified formulate a clear question, and/or develop an aim and specific objectives. The type of review undertaken is influenced by the purpose of the review and resources available. However, the stages or methods used to undertake a review are similar across approaches and include:

Formulating clear inclusion and exclusion criteria, for example, patient groups, ages, conditions/treatments, sources of evidence/research designs;

Justifying data bases and years searched, and whether strategies including hand searching of journals, conference proceedings and research not indexed in data bases (grey literature) will be undertaken;

Developing search terms, the PICU (P: patient, problem or population; I: intervention; C: comparison; O: outcome) framework is a useful guide when developing search terms;

Developing search skills (eg, understanding Boolean Operators, in particular the use of AND/OR) and knowledge of how data bases index topics (eg, MeSH headings). Working with a librarian experienced in undertaking health searches is invaluable when developing a search.

Once studies are selected, the quality of the research/evidence requires evaluation. Using a quality appraisal tool, such as the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP) tools, 5 results in a structured approach to assessing the rigour of studies being reviewed. 3 Approaches to data synthesis for quantitative studies may include a meta-analysis (statistical analysis of data from multiple studies of similar designs that have addressed the same question), or findings can be reported descriptively. 6 Methods applicable for synthesising qualitative studies include meta-ethnography (themes and concepts from different studies are explored and brought together using approaches similar to qualitative data analysis methods), narrative summary, thematic analysis and content analysis. 7 Table 1 outlines the stages undertaken for a published review that summarised research about parents’ experiences of living with a child with a long-term condition. 8

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An example of rapid evidence assessment review

In summary, the type of literature review depends on the review purpose. For the novice reviewer undertaking a review can be a daunting and complex process; by following the stages outlined and being systematic a robust review is achievable. The importance of literature reviews should not be underestimated—they help summarise and make sense of an increasingly vast body of research promoting best evidence-based practice.

  • ↵ Centre for Reviews and Dissemination . Guidance for undertaking reviews in health care . 3rd edn . York : CRD, York University , 2009 .
  • ↵ Canadian Best Practices Portal. / ( accessed 7.8.2015 ).
  • Bridges J , et al
  • ↵ Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP). / ( accessed 7.8.2015 ).
  • Dixon-Woods M ,
  • Shaw R , et al
  • Agarwal S ,
  • Jones D , et al
  • Cheater F ,

Twitter Follow Joanna Smith at @josmith175

Competing interests None declared.

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Doing a Literature Review in Nursing, Health and Social Care

Doing a Literature Review in Nursing, Health and Social Care

  • Michael Coughlan - Trinity College Dublin, Ireland
  • Patricia Cronin - Trinity College Dublin, Ireland
  • Description

A clear and practical guide to completing a literature review in nursing and healthcare studies.

Providing students with straightforward guidance on how to successfully carry out a literature review as part of a research project or dissertation, this book uses examples and activities to demonstrate how to complete each step correctly, from start to finish, and highlights how to avoid common mistakes.

The third edition includes:

  • Expert advice on selecting and researching a topic
  • A chapter outlining the different types of literature review
  • Increased focus on Critical Appraisal Tools and how to use them effectively
  • New real-world examples presenting best practice
  • Instructions on writing up and presenting the final piece of work

Perfect for any nursing or healthcare student new to literature reviews and for anyone who needs a refresher in this important topic.

See what’s new to this edition by selecting the Features tab on this page. Should you need additional information or have questions regarding the HEOA information provided for this title, including what is new to this edition, please email [email protected] . Please include your name, contact information, and the name of the title for which you would like more information. For information on the HEOA, please go to .

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Praise for the previous edition:

'This book is an excellent resource for practitioners wishing to develop their knowledge and understanding of reviewing literature and the processes involved. It uses uncomplicated language to signpost the reader effortlessly through key aspects of research processes. Practitioners will find this an invaluable companion for navigating through evidence to identify quality literature applicable to health and social care practice.' 

'Students often struggle with writing an effective literature review and this invaluable guide will help to allay their concerns. Key terms are clearly explained, and the inclusion of learning outcomes is a helpful feature for students and lecturers alike.  The examples are also very helpful, particularly for less confident students.  This is an accessible yet authoritative guide which I can thoroughly recommend.' 

'A must have - this book provides useful information and guidance to students and professionals alike. It guides the reader through various research methods in a theoretical and pragmatic manner.' 

' It's a very readable, concise, and accessible introduction to undertaking a literature review in the field of healthcare. The book’s layout has a logical format which really helped me to think methodically about my research question. An excellent reference for undergraduates who are about to undertake their first literature review.' 

'This book is an essential resource for students. Clearly written and excellently structured, with helpful study tools throughout, it takes the reader step by step through the literature review process in an easy, informative and accessible manner. This text gives students the skills they need to successfully complete their own review.' 

'The updating of the chapters will be exceptionally helpful given the rapid changes in online availability of resources and open-access literature.'  

Excellent resource. Useful for any stage of studying

Excellent text for masters and doctoral level students

An excellent primer to help the level 7 students write their systemised review for the assignment.

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the practical process of literature review in healthcare. It contains all details required to conduct a review by students.

This is an excellent clear and concise book on undertaking literature reviews being particularly good at demystifying jargon. It is timely given the move to student dissertations being primarily literature reviews in the current Covid pandemic. However nearly all the examples are drawn from nursing and health making the text less useful for social care and social work. A little disappointing given the title. SW students are likely to gravitate to texts where their subject is more prominent for a primary text.

Accessible, informative, step to step guide

This is a really helpful, accessible text for students and academic staff alike.

A really good addition to the repertoire of skills and techniques for understanding the essential process of literature reviewing.

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Literature Review Overview

What is a Literature Review? Why Are They Important?

A literature review is important because it presents the "state of the science" or accumulated knowledge on a specific topic. It summarizes, analyzes, and compares the available research, reporting study strengths and weaknesses, results, gaps in the research, conclusions, and authors’ interpretations.

Tips and techniques for conducting a literature review are described more fully in the subsequent boxes:

  • Literature review steps
  • Strategies for organizing the information for your review
  • Literature reviews sections
  • In-depth resources to assist in writing a literature review
  • Templates to start your review
  • Literature review examples

Literature Review Steps

nursing literature review topics

Graphic used with permission: Torres, E. Librarian, Hawai'i Pacific University

1. Choose a topic and define your research question

  • Try to choose a topic of interest. You will be working with this subject for several weeks to months.
  • Ideas for topics can be found by scanning medical news sources (e.g MedPage Today), journals / magazines, work experiences, interesting patient cases, or family or personal health issues.
  • Do a bit of background reading on topic ideas to familiarize yourself with terminology and issues. Note the words and terms that are used.
  • Develop a focused research question using PICO(T) or other framework (FINER, SPICE, etc - there are many options) to help guide you.
  • Run a few sample database searches to make sure your research question is not too broad or too narrow.
  • If possible, discuss your topic with your professor. 

2. Determine the scope of your review

The scope of your review will be determined by your professor during your program. Check your assignment requirements for parameters for the Literature Review.

  • How many studies will you need to include?
  • How many years should it cover? (usually 5-7 depending on the professor)
  • For the nurses, are you required to limit to nursing literature?

3. Develop a search plan

  • Determine which databases to search. This will depend on your topic. If you are not sure, check your program specific library website (Physician Asst / Nursing / Health Services Admin) for recommendations.
  • Create an initial search string using the main concepts from your research (PICO, etc) question. Include synonyms and related words connected by Boolean operators
  • Contact your librarian for assistance, if needed.

4. Conduct searches and find relevant literature

  • Keep notes as you search - tracking keywords and search strings used in each database in order to avoid wasting time duplicating a search that has already been tried
  • Read abstracts and write down new terms to search as you find them
  • Check MeSH or other subject headings listed in relevant articles for additional search terms
  • Scan author provided keywords if available
  • Check the references of relevant articles looking for other useful articles (ancestry searching)
  • Check articles that have cited your relevant article for more useful articles (descendancy searching). Both PubMed and CINAHL offer Cited By links
  • Revise the search to broaden or narrow your topic focus as you peruse the available literature
  • Conducting a literature search is a repetitive process. Searches can be revised and re-run multiple times during the process.
  • Track the citations for your relevant articles in a software citation manager such as RefWorks, Zotero, or Mendeley

5. Review the literature

  • Read the full articles. Do not rely solely on the abstracts. Authors frequently cannot include all results within the confines of an abstract. Exclude articles that do not address your research question.
  • While reading, note research findings relevant to your project and summarize. Are the findings conflicting? There are matrices available than can help with organization. See the Organizing Information box below.
  • Critique / evaluate the quality of the articles, and record your findings in your matrix or summary table. Tools are available to prompt you what to look for. (See Resources for Appraising a Research Study box on the HSA, Nursing , and PA guides )
  • You may need to revise your search and re-run it based on your findings.

6. Organize and synthesize

  • Compile the findings and analysis from each resource into a single narrative.
  • Using an outline can be helpful. Start broad, addressing the overall findings and then narrow, discussing each resource and how it relates to your question and to the other resources.
  • Cite as you write to keep sources organized.
  • Write in structured paragraphs using topic sentences and transition words to draw connections, comparisons, and contrasts.
  • Don't present one study after another, but rather relate one study's findings to another. Speak to how the studies are connected and how they relate to your work.

Organizing Information

Options to assist in organizing sources and information :

1. Synthesis Matrix

  • helps provide overview of the literature
  • information from individual sources is entered into a grid to enable writers to discern patterns and themes
  • article summary, analysis, or results
  • thoughts, reflections, or issues
  • each reference gets its own row
  • mind maps, concept maps, flowcharts
  • at top of page record PICO or research question
  • record major concepts / themes from literature
  • list concepts that branch out from major concepts underneath - keep going downward hierarchically, until most specific ideas are recorded
  • enclose concepts in circles and connect the concept with lines - add brief explanation as needed

3. Summary Table

  • information is recorded in a grid to help with recall and sorting information when writing
  • allows comparing and contrasting individual studies easily
  • purpose of study
  • methodology (study population, data collection tool)

Efron, S. E., & Ravid, R. (2019). Writing the literature review : A practical guide . Guilford Press.

Literature Review Sections

  • Lit reviews can be part of a larger paper / research study or they can be the focus of the paper
  • Lit reviews focus on research studies to provide evidence
  • New topics may not have much that has been published

* The sections included may depend on the purpose of the literature review (standalone paper or section within a research paper)

Standalone Literature Review (aka Narrative Review):

  • presents your topic or PICO question
  • includes the why of the literature review and your goals for the review.
  • provides background for your the topic and previews the key points
  • Narrative Reviews: tmay not have an explanation of methods.
  • include where the search was conducted (which databases) what subject terms or keywords were used, and any limits or filters that were applied and why - this will help others re-create the search
  • describe how studies were analyzed for inclusion or exclusion
  • review the purpose and answer the research question
  • thematically - using recurring themes in the literature
  • chronologically - present the development of the topic over time
  • methodological - compare and contrast findings based on various methodologies used to research the topic (e.g. qualitative vs quantitative, etc.)
  • theoretical - organized content based on various theories
  • provide an overview of the main points of each source then synthesize the findings into a coherent summary of the whole
  • present common themes among the studies
  • compare and contrast the various study results
  • interpret the results and address the implications of the findings
  • do the results support the original hypothesis or conflict with it
  • provide your own analysis and interpretation (eg. discuss the significance of findings; evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the studies, noting any problems)
  • discuss common and unusual patterns and offer explanations
  •  stay away from opinions, personal biases and unsupported recommendations
  • summarize the key findings and relate them back to your PICO/research question
  • note gaps in the research and suggest areas for further research
  • this section should not contain "new" information that had not been previously discussed in one of the sections above
  • provide a list of all the studies and other sources used in proper APA 7

Literature Review as Part of a Research Study Manuscript:

  • Compares the study with other research and includes how a study fills a gap in the research.
  • Focus on the body of the review which includes the synthesized Findings and Discussion

Literature Reviews vs Systematic Reviews

Systematic Reviews are NOT the same as a Literature Review:

Literature Reviews:

  • Literature reviews may or may not follow strict systematic methods to find, select, and analyze articles, but rather they selectively and broadly review the literature on a topic
  • Research included in a Literature Review can be "cherry-picked" and therefore, can be very subjective

Systematic Reviews:

  • Systemic reviews are designed to provide a comprehensive summary of the evidence for a focused research question
  • rigorous and strictly structured, using standardized reporting guidelines (e.g. PRISMA, see link below)
  • uses exhaustive, systematic searches of all relevant databases
  • best practice dictates search strategies are peer reviewed
  • uses predetermined study inclusion and exclusion criteria in order to minimize bias
  • aims to capture and synthesize all literature (including unpublished research - grey literature) that meet the predefined criteria on a focused topic resulting in high quality evidence

Literature Review Examples

  • Breastfeeding initiation and support: A literature review of what women value and the impact of early discharge (2017). Women and Birth : Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
  • Community-based participatory research to promote healthy diet and nutrition and prevent and control obesity among African-Americans: A literature review (2017). Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities

Restricted to Detroit Mercy Users

  • Vitamin D deficiency in individuals with a spinal cord injury: A literature review (2017). Spinal Cord

Resources for Writing a Literature Review

These sources have been used in developing this guide.

Cover Art

Resources Used on This Page

Aveyard, H. (2010). Doing a literature review in health and social care : A practical guide . McGraw-Hill Education.

Purdue Online Writing Lab. (n.d.). Writing a literature review . Purdue University.

Torres, E. (2021, October 21). Nursing - graduate studies research guide: Literature review. Hawai'i Pacific University Libraries. Retrieved January 27, 2022, from

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Literature Review

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How to Search

Need more articles, but can't seem to find the right ones? Try these techniques!

Backwards searching: Once you find a relevant article, check the reference list at the end of the article. This will help you find other pertinent articles. 

Forward searching : Once you find a relevant article, look at whether it has been cited in more-recent research. If a researcher cited it, it is likely that their paper will also relate to your topic. ResearchGate is a community for students and researchers. It lists where each of their publications have been cited, if at all. This can be found under the "citations" tab that pops up when you click on any publication. 

When stuck, ask yourself, "What else is related to my topic?"

Get creative! You might find useful literature that you did not initially anticipate.

Fonseca, M. (2013, November 4) 5 tips to write a great literature review.

What is a Literature Review?

"A literature review is a critical summary of all the published works on a particular topic" (Fonseca, 2013). A literature review provides background for your paper by quickly bringing the reader up-to-date on relevant findings, controversies, and dilemmas. It is the author's chance to "set the scene" and demonstrate why their topic is of interest to academia. In your literature review, you will describe "where your project comes from and how it fits in with existing knowledge" (Lloyd, 2017-2018). Further, you will provide "an argument for why your project makes a valuable contribution" (Lloyd, 2017-2018).


Lloyd, C.(2017-2018). Literature reviews for sociology senior theses . [PowerPoint Slides].

Step One: Define Your Research Question

What are you trying to determine for your literature review? What specifically do you want to learn more about? Choose a topic that you are genuinely interested in. Next, conduct a broad search on it. Determine what trending and popular research is available, then narrow your topic down. You can refine it by one or more of the following:

  • Geographic location
  • Time period
  • Discipline/field of study, etc.

Research terms will help define your question.

  • A broad question might be something like: What is the homeless population like?
  • A narrow and specific question may include: What social and political factors have affected the growth of the middle-aged homeless population in Toronto within the past five years?

Once you have determined an appropriate research question/topic, move on to planning your approach.

Dermody, K., Literature Reviews. (2020, January 23). Retrieved from

Step Two: Plan Your Approach 

After you have landed a research question, ask yourself "Which specific terms will I use, and where am I going to begin?" Determine what kind of literature you want to look at, whether it be journal articles, books, electronic resources, newspapers, or even other literature reviews on similar topics.

Boolean Search Terms Image

Your keywords are the main concepts or ideas of your paper.  For example, the keywords for a paper on “youth employment in Canada” would be:

Use synonyms: Often there are multiple ways to express the same concept. Make sure to use synonyms in your research. For instance, "employment" can be researched as:

Lastly, use “ AND ” and “ OR .” By bridging your truncated keywords and synonyms with the capitalized search words “AND” and “OR” (known as Boolean operators), you can search for multiple concepts effectively. For more information, visit the "electronic resources" tab of this research guide. There is a box on Boolean operators. 

Step Four: Analyze Material

When searching for material, it is important to analyze your sources for credibility, accuracy, currency, and authenticity. Ask these questions when analyzing a source:

  • What is the purpose of the work?
  • How current is it?
  • Who is the author? 
  • What are the author's biases?
  • Is this work peer reviewed? 
  • How accurate is this information? What facts/empirical evidence support it?
  • What time frame are you looking at for your literature review, and does the work fall within that range?

Step Five: Manage Your Results 

After analyzing your research and determining what sources you want to use, it's important to keep track of what you have looked through. Keep a list of the following:

  • What searches you have completed.
  • Which ones were successful and unsuccessful.
  • What databases you used.
  • What sources you want to use for your literature review.
  • What else you may want to search for next.

You can do this using software such as Zotero , Mendeley , and EndNote .

Congratulations! You are making progress towards an exceptional literature review.

Literature Review vs. Annotated Bibliography  Both a literature review (A.K.A. literature synthesis) and an annotated bibliography summarize the existing body of knowledge on a given topic.

What is the difference between a literature review and an annotated bibliography?  Unlike literature reviews, annotated bibliographies summarize entire research articles. An annotated bibliography looks like this:

Annotated Bibliography

•    Summarizes each article separately.

o    First, students discuss article one, then two, etc.  o    Topic: Blood Donation

  • Paragraph 1: Bonnie and Clyde (2019) wrote "this" on blood donation.
  • Paragraph 2: Rose and Jack (1997) wrote "this" on blood donation.
  • Paragraph 3: Mary-Kate and Ashley (2001) wrote "this" on blood donation.
  • Result: Multiple summaries of individual research articles (Lloyd, 2017-2018).

•    Describes the existing body of knowledge by integrating and synthesizing the literature to create something new.

o     Topic: Blood Donation

  • Paragraph 1: Information/research findings on red blood cells pulled from multiple sources.
  • Paragraph 2: Information/research findings on platelets pulled from multiple sources.
  • Paragraph 3: Information/research findings on white blood cells pulled from multiple sources.
  • Paragraph 4: Information/research findings on the drawbacks of donating blood from multiple sources (Lloyd, 2017-2018).
  • Result: The author points out "themes, concepts, gaps and disagreements" between articles (Hofer, Hanick & Townsend, 2019, p. 216). Students use these to describe the existing body of knowledge on their topic one concept at a time. 


Hofer, A. R., Hanick S. L., & Townsend, L. (2019). Designing activities for conceptual teaching. Transforming information literacy instruction: Threshold concepts in theory and practice. (p. 209-224). Libraries Unlimited.

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Dixon-Woods M, Cavers D, Agarwal S Conducting a critical interpretive synthesis of the literature on access to healthcare by vulnerable groups. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2006; 6:(1)

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Mueller J, Jay C, Harper S, Davies A, Vega J, Todd C. Web use for symptom appraisal of physical health conditions: a systematic review. J Med Internet Res. 2017; 19:(6)

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Carrying out systematic literature reviews: an introduction

Alan Davies

Lecturer in Health Data Science, School of Health Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester

View articles · Email Alan

Systematic reviews provide a synthesis of evidence for a specific topic of interest, summarising the results of multiple studies to aid in clinical decisions and resource allocation. They remain among the best forms of evidence, and reduce the bias inherent in other methods. A solid understanding of the systematic review process can be of benefit to nurses that carry out such reviews, and for those who make decisions based on them. An overview of the main steps involved in carrying out a systematic review is presented, including some of the common tools and frameworks utilised in this area. This should provide a good starting point for those that are considering embarking on such work, and to aid readers of such reviews in their understanding of the main review components, in order to appraise the quality of a review that may be used to inform subsequent clinical decision making.

Since their inception in the late 1970s, systematic reviews have gained influence in the health professions ( Hanley and Cutts, 2013 ). Systematic reviews and meta-analyses are considered to be the most credible and authoritative sources of evidence available ( Cognetti et al, 2015 ) and are regarded as the pinnacle of evidence in the various ‘hierarchies of evidence’. Reviews published in the Cochrane Library ( are widely considered to be the ‘gold’ standard. Since Guyatt et al (1995) presented a users' guide to medical literature for the Evidence-Based Medicine Working Group, various hierarchies of evidence have been proposed. Figure 1 illustrates an example.

nursing literature review topics

Systematic reviews can be qualitative or quantitative. One of the criticisms levelled at hierarchies such as these is that qualitative research is often positioned towards or even is at the bottom of the pyramid, thus implying that it is of little evidential value. This may be because of traditional issues concerning the quality of some qualitative work, although it is now widely recognised that both quantitative and qualitative research methodologies have a valuable part to play in answering research questions, which is reflected by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) information concerning methods for developing public health guidance. The NICE (2012) guidance highlights how both qualitative and quantitative study designs can be used to answer different research questions. In a revised version of the hierarchy-of-evidence pyramid, the systematic review is considered as the lens through which the evidence is viewed, rather than being at the top of the pyramid ( Murad et al, 2016 ).

Both quantitative and qualitative research methodologies are sometimes combined in a single review. According to the Cochrane review handbook ( Higgins and Green, 2011 ), regardless of type, reviews should contain certain features, including:

  • Clearly stated objectives
  • Predefined eligibility criteria for inclusion or exclusion of studies in the review
  • A reproducible and clearly stated methodology
  • Validity assessment of included studies (eg quality, risk, bias etc).

The main stages of carrying out a systematic review are summarised in Box 1 .

Formulating the research question

Before undertaking a systemic review, a research question should first be formulated ( Bashir and Conlon, 2018 ). There are a number of tools/frameworks ( Table 1 ) to support this process, including the PICO/PICOS, PEO and SPIDER criteria ( Bowers et al, 2011 ). These frameworks are designed to help break down the question into relevant subcomponents and map them to concepts, in order to derive a formalised search criterion ( Methley et al, 2014 ). This stage is essential for finding literature relevant to the question ( Jahan et al, 2016 ).

It is advisable to first check that the review you plan to carry out has not already been undertaken. You can optionally register your review with an international register of prospective reviews called PROSPERO, although this is not essential for publication. This is done to help you and others to locate work and see what reviews have already been carried out in the same area. It also prevents needless duplication and instead encourages building on existing work ( Bashir and Conlon, 2018 ).

A study ( Methley et al, 2014 ) that compared PICO, PICOS and SPIDER in relation to sensitivity and specificity recommended that the PICO tool be used for a comprehensive search and the PICOS tool when time/resources are limited.

The use of the SPIDER tool was not recommended due to the risk of missing relevant papers. It was, however, found to increase specificity.

These tools/frameworks can help those carrying out reviews to structure research questions and define key concepts in order to efficiently identify relevant literature and summarise the main objective of the review ( Jahan et al, 2016 ). A possible research question could be: Is paracetamol of benefit to people who have just had an operation? The following examples highlight how using a framework may help to refine the question:

  • What form of paracetamol? (eg, oral/intravenous/suppository)
  • Is the dosage important?
  • What is the patient population? (eg, children, adults, Europeans)
  • What type of operation? (eg, tonsillectomy, appendectomy)
  • What does benefit mean? (eg, reduce post-operative pyrexia, analgesia).

An example of a more refined research question could be: Is oral paracetamol effective in reducing pain following cardiac surgery for adult patients? A number of concepts for each element will need to be specified. There will also be a number of synonyms for these concepts ( Table 2 ).

Table 2 shows an example of concepts used to define a search strategy using the PICO statement. It is easy to see even with this dummy example that there are many concepts that require mapping and much thought required to capture ‘good’ search criteria. Consideration should be given to the various terms to describe the heart, such as cardiac, cardiothoracic, myocardial, myocardium, etc, and the different names used for drugs, such as the equivalent name used for paracetamol in other countries and regions, as well as the various brand names. Defining good search criteria is an important skill that requires a lot of practice. A high-quality review gives details of the search criteria that enables the reader to understand how the authors came up with the criteria. A specific, well-defined search criterion also aids in the reproducibility of a review.

Search criteria

Before the search for papers and other documents can begin it is important to explicitly define the eligibility criteria to determine whether a source is relevant to the review ( Hanley and Cutts, 2013 ). There are a number of database sources that are searched for medical/health literature including those shown in Table 3 .

The various databases can be searched using common Boolean operators to combine or exclude search terms (ie AND, OR, NOT) ( Figure 2 ).

nursing literature review topics

Although most literature databases use similar operators, it is necessary to view the individual database guides, because there are key differences between some of them. Table 4 details some of the common operators and wildcards used in the databases for searching. When developing a search criteria, it is a good idea to check concepts against synonyms, as well as abbreviations, acronyms and plural and singular variations ( Cognetti et al, 2015 ). Reading some key papers in the area and paying attention to the key words they use and other terms used in the abstract, and looking through the reference lists/bibliographies of papers, can also help to ensure that you incorporate relevant terms. Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) that are used by the National Library of Medicine (NLM) ( to provide hierarchical biomedical index terms for NLM databases (Medline and PubMed) should also be explored and included in relevant search strategies.

Searching the ‘grey literature’ is also an important factor in reducing publication bias. It is often the case that only studies with positive results and statistical significance are published. This creates a certain bias inherent in the published literature. This bias can, to some degree, be mitigated by the inclusion of results from the so-called grey literature, including unpublished work, abstracts, conference proceedings and PhD theses ( Higgins and Green, 2011 ; Bettany-Saltikov, 2012 ; Cognetti et al, 2015 ). Biases in a systematic review can lead to overestimating or underestimating the results ( Jahan et al, 2016 ).

An example search strategy from a published review looking at web use for the appraisal of physical health conditions can be seen in Box 2 . High-quality reviews usually detail which databases were searched and the number of items retrieved from each.

A balance between high recall and high precision is often required in order to produce the best results. An oversensitive search, or one prone to including too much noise, can mean missing important studies or producing too many search results ( Cognetti et al, 2015 ). Following a search, the exported citations can be added to citation management software (such as Mendeley or Endnote) and duplicates removed.

Title and abstract screening

Initial screening begins with the title and abstracts of articles being read and included or excluded from the review based on their relevance. This is usually carried out by at least two researchers to reduce bias ( Bashir and Conlon, 2018 ). After screening any discrepancies in agreement should be resolved by discussion, or by an additional researcher casting the deciding vote ( Bashir and Conlon, 2018 ). Statistics for inter-rater reliability exist and can be reported, such as percentage of agreement or Cohen's kappa ( Box 3 ) for two reviewers and Fleiss' kappa for more than two reviewers. Agreement can depend on the background and knowledge of the researchers and the clarity of the inclusion and exclusion criteria. This highlights the importance of providing clear, well-defined criteria for inclusion that are easy for other researchers to follow.

Full-text review

Following title and abstract screening, the remaining articles/sources are screened in the same way, but this time the full texts are read in their entirety and included or excluded based on their relevance. Reasons for exclusion are usually recorded and reported. Extraction of the specific details of the studies can begin once the final set of papers is determined.

Data extraction

At this stage, the full-text papers are read and compared against the inclusion criteria of the review. Data extraction sheets are forms that are created to extract specific data about a study (12 Jahan et al, 2016 ) and ensure that data are extracted in a uniform and structured manner. Extraction sheets can differ between quantitative and qualitative reviews. For quantitative reviews they normally include details of the study's population, design, sample size, intervention, comparisons and outcomes ( Bettany-Saltikov, 2012 ; Mueller et al, 2017 ).

Quality appraisal

The quality of the studies used in the review should also be appraised. Caldwell et al (2005) discussed the need for a health research evaluation framework that could be used to evaluate both qualitative and quantitative work. The framework produced uses features common to both research methodologies, as well as those that differ ( Caldwell et al, 2005 ; Dixon-Woods et al, 2006 ). Figure 3 details the research critique framework. Other quality appraisal methods do exist, such as those presented in Box 4 . Quality appraisal can also be used to weight the evidence from studies. For example, more emphasis can be placed on the results of large randomised controlled trials (RCT) than one with a small sample size. The quality of a review can also be used as a factor for exclusion and can be specified in inclusion/exclusion criteria. Quality appraisal is an important step that needs to be undertaken before conclusions about the body of evidence can be made ( Sambunjak and Franic, 2012 ). It is also important to note that there is a difference between the quality of the research carried out in the studies and the quality of how those studies were reported ( Sambunjak and Franic, 2012 ).

nursing literature review topics

The quality appraisal is different for qualitative and quantitative studies. With quantitative studies this usually focuses on their internal and external validity, such as how well the study has been designed and analysed, and the generalisability of its findings. Qualitative work, on the other hand, is often evaluated in terms of trustworthiness and authenticity, as well as how transferable the findings may be ( Bettany-Saltikov, 2012 ; Bashir and Conlon, 2018 ; Siddaway et al, 2019 ).

Reporting a review (the PRISMA statement)

The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) provides a reporting structure for systematic reviews/meta-analysis, and consists of a checklist and diagram ( Figure 4 ). The stages of identifying potential papers/sources, screening by title and abstract, determining eligibility and final inclusion are detailed with the number of articles included/excluded at each stage. PRISMA diagrams are often included in systematic reviews to detail the number of papers included at each of the four main stages (identification, screening, eligibility and inclusion) of the review.

nursing literature review topics

Data synthesis

The combined results of the screened studies can be analysed qualitatively by grouping them together under themes and subthemes, often referred to as meta-synthesis or meta-ethnography ( Siddaway et al, 2019 ). Sometimes this is not done and a summary of the literature found is presented instead. When the findings are synthesised, they are usually grouped into themes that were derived by noting commonality among the studies included. Inductive (bottom-up) thematic analysis is frequently used for such purposes and works by identifying themes (essentially repeating patterns) in the data, and can include a set of higher-level and related subthemes (Braun and Clarke, 2012). Thomas and Harden (2008) provide examples of the use of thematic synthesis in systematic reviews, and there is an excellent introduction to thematic analysis by Braun and Clarke (2012).

The results of the review should contain details on the search strategy used (including search terms), the databases searched (and the number of items retrieved), summaries of the studies included and an overall synthesis of the results ( Bettany-Saltikov, 2012 ). Finally, conclusions should be made about the results and the limitations of the studies included ( Jahan et al, 2016 ). Another method for synthesising data in a systematic review is a meta-analysis.

Limitations of systematic reviews

Apart from the many advantages and benefits to carrying out systematic reviews highlighted throughout this article, there remain a number of disadvantages. These include the fact that not all stages of the review process are followed rigorously or even at all in some cases. This can lead to poor quality reviews that are difficult or impossible to replicate. There also exist some barriers to the use of evidence produced by reviews, including ( Wallace et al, 2012 ):

  • Lack of awareness and familiarity with reviews
  • Lack of access
  • Lack of direct usefulness/applicability.


When the methods used and the analysis are similar or the same, such as in some RCTs, the results can be synthesised using a statistical approach called meta-analysis and presented using summary visualisations such as forest plots (or blobbograms) ( Figure 5 ). This can be done only if the results can be combined in a meaningful way.

nursing literature review topics

Meta-analysis can be carried out using common statistical and data science software, such as the cross-platform ‘R’ (, or by using standalone software, such as Review Manager (RevMan) produced by the Cochrane community (, which is currently developing a cross-platform version RevMan Web.

Carrying out a systematic review is a time-consuming process, that on average takes between 6 and 18 months and requires skill from those involved. Ideally, several reviewers will work on a review to reduce bias. Experts such as librarians should be consulted and included where possible in review teams to leverage their expertise.

Systematic reviews should present the state of the art (most recent/up-to-date developments) concerning a specific topic and aim to be systematic and reproducible. Reproducibility is aided by transparent reporting of the various stages of a review using reporting frameworks such as PRISMA for standardisation. A high-quality review should present a summary of a specific topic to a high standard upon which other professionals can base subsequent care decisions that increase the quality of evidence-based clinical practice.

  • Systematic reviews remain one of the most trusted sources of high-quality information from which to make clinical decisions
  • Understanding the components of a review will help practitioners to better assess their quality
  • Many formal frameworks exist to help structure and report reviews, the use of which is recommended for reproducibility
  • Experts such as librarians can be included in the review team to help with the review process and improve its quality

CPD reflective questions

  • Where should high-quality qualitative research sit regarding the hierarchies of evidence?
  • What background and expertise should those conducting a systematic review have, and who should ideally be included in the team?
  • Consider to what extent inter-rater agreement is important in the screening process

Health (Nursing, Medicine, Allied Health)

  • Find Articles/Databases
  • Reference Resources
  • Evidence Summaries & Clinical Guidelines
  • Drug Information
  • Health Data & Statistics
  • Patient/Consumer Facing Materials
  • Images and Streaming Video
  • Grey Literature
  • Mobile Apps & "Point of Care" Tools
  • Tests & Measures This link opens in a new window
  • Citing Sources
  • Selecting Databases
  • Framing Research Questions
  • Crafting a Search
  • Narrowing / Filtering a Search
  • Expanding a Search
  • Cited Reference Searching
  • Saving Searches
  • Term Glossary
  • Critical Appraisal Resources
  • What are Literature Reviews?
  • Conducting & Reporting Systematic Reviews
  • Finding Systematic Reviews
  • Tutorials & Tools for Literature Reviews
  • Finding Full Text

What are Systematic Reviews? (3 minutes, 24 second YouTube Video)

Systematic Literature Reviews: Steps & Resources

nursing literature review topics

These steps for conducting a systematic literature review are listed below . 

Also see subpages for more information about:

  • The different types of literature reviews, including systematic reviews and other evidence synthesis methods
  • Tools & Tutorials

Literature Review & Systematic Review Steps

  • Develop a Focused Question
  • Scope the Literature  (Initial Search)
  • Refine & Expand the Search
  • Limit the Results
  • Download Citations
  • Abstract & Analyze
  • Create Flow Diagram
  • Synthesize & Report Results

1. Develop a Focused   Question 

Consider the PICO Format: Population/Problem, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome

Focus on defining the Population or Problem and Intervention (don't narrow by Comparison or Outcome just yet!)

"What are the effects of the Pilates method for patients with low back pain?"

Tools & Additional Resources:

  • PICO Question Help
  • Stillwell, Susan B., DNP, RN, CNE; Fineout-Overholt, Ellen, PhD, RN, FNAP, FAAN; Melnyk, Bernadette Mazurek, PhD, RN, CPNP/PMHNP, FNAP, FAAN; Williamson, Kathleen M., PhD, RN Evidence-Based Practice, Step by Step: Asking the Clinical Question, AJN The American Journal of Nursing : March 2010 - Volume 110 - Issue 3 - p 58-61 doi: 10.1097/01.NAJ.0000368959.11129.79

2. Scope the Literature

A "scoping search" investigates the breadth and/or depth of the initial question or may identify a gap in the literature. 

Eligible studies may be located by searching in:

  • Background sources (books, point-of-care tools)
  • Article databases
  • Trial registries
  • Grey literature
  • Cited references
  • Reference lists

When searching, if possible, translate terms to controlled vocabulary of the database. Use text word searching when necessary.

Use Boolean operators to connect search terms:

  • Combine separate concepts with AND  (resulting in a narrower search)
  • Connecting synonyms with OR  (resulting in an expanded search)

Search:  pilates AND ("low back pain"  OR  backache )

Video Tutorials - Translating PICO Questions into Search Queries

  • Translate Your PICO Into a Search in PubMed (YouTube, Carrie Price, 5:11) 
  • Translate Your PICO Into a Search in CINAHL (YouTube, Carrie Price, 4:56)

3. Refine & Expand Your Search

Expand your search strategy with synonymous search terms harvested from:

  • database thesauri
  • reference lists
  • relevant studies


(pilates OR exercise movement techniques) AND ("low back pain" OR backache* OR sciatica OR lumbago OR spondylosis)

As you develop a final, reproducible strategy for each database, save your strategies in a:

  • a personal database account (e.g., MyNCBI for PubMed)
  • Log in with your NYU credentials
  • Open and "Make a Copy" to create your own tracker for your literature search strategies

4. Limit Your Results

Use database filters to limit your results based on your defined inclusion/exclusion criteria.  In addition to relying on the databases' categorical filters, you may also need to manually screen results.  

  • Limit to Article type, e.g.,:  "randomized controlled trial" OR multicenter study
  • Limit by publication years, age groups, language, etc.

NOTE: Many databases allow you to filter to "Full Text Only".  This filter is  not recommended . It excludes articles if their full text is not available in that particular database (CINAHL, PubMed, etc), but if the article is relevant, it is important that you are able to read its title and abstract, regardless of 'full text' status. The full text is likely to be accessible through another source (a different database, or Interlibrary Loan).  

  • Filters in PubMed
  • CINAHL Advanced Searching Tutorial

5. Download Citations

Selected citations and/or entire sets of search results can be downloaded from the database into a citation management tool. If you are conducting a systematic review that will require reporting according to PRISMA standards, a citation manager can help you keep track of the number of articles that came from each database, as well as the number of duplicate records.

In Zotero, you can create a Collection for the combined results set, and sub-collections for the results from each database you search.  You can then use Zotero's 'Duplicate Items" function to find and merge duplicate records.

File structure of a Zotero library, showing a combined pooled set, and sub folders representing results from individual databases.

  • Citation Managers - General Guide

6. Abstract and Analyze

  • Migrate citations to data collection/extraction tool
  • Screen Title/Abstracts for inclusion/exclusion
  • Screen and appraise full text for relevance, methods, 
  • Resolve disagreements by consensus

Covidence is a web-based tool that enables you to work with a team to screen titles/abstracts and full text for inclusion in your review, as well as extract data from the included studies.

Screenshot of the Covidence interface, showing Title and abstract screening phase.

  • Covidence Support
  • Critical Appraisal Tools
  • Data Extraction Tools

7. Create Flow Diagram

The PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses) flow diagram is a visual representation of the flow of records through different phases of a systematic review.  It depicts the number of records identified, included and excluded.  It is best used in conjunction with the PRISMA checklist .

Example PRISMA diagram showing number of records identified, duplicates removed, and records excluded.

Example from: Stotz, S. A., McNealy, K., Begay, R. L., DeSanto, K., Manson, S. M., & Moore, K. R. (2021). Multi-level diabetes prevention and treatment interventions for Native people in the USA and Canada: A scoping review. Current Diabetes Reports, 2 (11), 46.

  • PRISMA Flow Diagram Generator (, Haddaway et al. )
  • PRISMA Diagram Templates  (Word and PDF)
  • Make a copy of the file to fill out the template
  • Image can be downloaded as PDF, PNG, JPG, or SVG
  • Covidence generates a PRISMA diagram that is automatically updated as records move through the review phases

8. Synthesize & Report Results

There are a number of reporting guideline available to guide the synthesis and reporting of results in systematic literature reviews.

It is common to organize findings in a matrix, also known as a Table of Evidence (ToE).

Example of a review matrix, using Microsoft Excel, showing the results of a systematic literature review.

  • Reporting Guidelines for Systematic Reviews
  • Download a sample template of a health sciences review matrix  (GoogleSheets)

Steps modified from: 

Cook, D. A., & West, C. P. (2012). Conducting systematic reviews in medical education: a stepwise approach.   Medical Education , 46 (10), 943–952.

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nursing literature review topics

Nursing Literature Review Topics and Examples

Nursing Literature Review Topics and Example– 49 Effective Topic Ideas to Get Your Creative Juices Flowing! Are you a medical student brainstorming for his final literature review nursing topics? Have you run out of ideas? Then let us inspire you again! Nursing is one of the professions that need a lot of research and investigation to […]

Nursing Literature Review Topics

Table of Contents

Nursing Literature Review Topics and Example– 49 Effective Topic Ideas to Get Your Creative Juices Flowing!

Are you a medical student brainstorming for his final literature review nursing topics, have you run out of ideas then let us inspire you again.

Nursing is one of the professions that need a lot of research and investigation to make sure that the experiments are updated. This profession mostly requires that the studies be current and qualitative which can discuss in detail the factors that influence a particular disease and its behaviors.

This is the only way an ailment can research its cure. This is the reason why it is so important for researchers to find the right nursing literature review topics example for them.

A nursing literature review can cater to the behavioral aspect of the ailment or the physical one but it is important to get a good mentorship in nursing a literature review so that you may choose the right theme for your study.

Below mentioned are some nursing literature review Topics examples that will help you select the right topic for your study.

Keep in mind that just because you are studying nursing does not mean that your nursing literature review topics must strictly be related to the field. It can range from hospital management to the cure of an ailment.

  • Pain management in critically ill patients
  • Clinical outcomes of evidence-based practice in nursing
  • Impact of sleep deprivation on nurses and patient care
  • The effectiveness of telehealth in nursing practice
  • The role of the nurse in end-of-life care
  • Ethical considerations in nursing research
  • The impact of mindfulness on stress reduction in nurses
  • The importance of cultural competence in nursing practice
  • The impact of technology on nursing education and practice
  • The role of the nurse in preventing healthcare-associated infections
  • The effects of workplace violence on nurses
  • The impact of nurse-to-patient ratios on patient outcomes
  • The effects of sleep deprivation and fatigue on medical errors in nursing
  • The impact of burnout on job satisfaction and turnover in nurses
  • The impact of organizational culture on nurse satisfaction and retention
  • The use of simulation in nursing education
  • The effects of shift work on the physical and mental health of nurses
  • The impact of leadership styles on nurse engagement and job satisfaction
  • The use of telemedicine in rural healthcare
  • The role of the nurse in promoting healthy lifestyles and preventing chronic diseases
  • Major risks in the clinical management of patients with cancer
  • Management problems faced in the care of elderly patients
  • Knowledge management in clinical practice and use of evidence
  • Disease management with the use of evidence-based medicine
  • Leadership and ethics in evidence-based nursing practice
  • Evidence-based guidelines in promoting quality healthcare
  • Evidence-based practice as a theoretical and practical approach. nursing interventions
  • Evaluating the impact of health-promoting interventions on public health in the UK
  • AIDS and its social impact: A study in public health
  • Exercise habits and their relation with the epidemiological patterns of cardiovascular risks
  • Improving pregnancy outcomes and care with the help of midwives
  • The role of community nursing in improving the quality of life of the elderly
  • Health promotion through community nursing practice
  • The collaborative roles of GPs, nurses, social workers, and policymakers in a community nursing center
  • The growing problem of alcoholism and binge drinking among teenagers is an issue in public health
  • The focus on public health policies in the UK as delineated by the Department of Health
  • The policies and approaches of the World Health Organization in understanding child development
  • Effectiveness and efficiency of the National Health Service in providing services to the elderly
  • Factors in research, development, and strategic policies toward healthcare

Another great idea to come up with a research topic for you is to search the Internet for a current illness that has not been studied as frequently. Then take that up as your topic and conduct a study on the same. This will ensure that your nursing research is current and significant.

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Nursing and Midwifery

  • Accessing NHS resources
  • Journals, Databases and Critical Thinking

What is a literature review?

Choosing a topic, developing your search strategy, carrying out your search, saving and documenting your search, formulating a research question, critical appraisal tools.

  • Go to LibrarySearch This link opens in a new window

So you have been asked to complete a literature review, but what is a literature review?

A literature review is a piece of research which aims to address a specific research question. It is a comprehensive summary and analysis of existing literature. The literature itself should be the main topic of discussion in your review. You want the results and themes to speak for themselves to avoid any bias.

The first step is to decide on a topic. Here are some elements to consider when deciding upon a topic:

  • Choose a topic which you are interested in, you will be looking at a lot of research surrounding that area so you want to ensure it is something that interests you. 
  • Draw on your own experiences, think about your placement or your workplace.
  • Think about why the topic is worth investigating.  

Once you have decided on a topic, it is a good practice to carry out an initial scoping search.

This requires you to do a quick search using  LibrarySearch  or  Google Scholar  to ensure that there is research on your topic. This is a preliminary step to your search to check what literature is available before deciding on your question. 

nursing literature review topics

The research question framework elements can also be used as keywords.

Keywords - spellings, acronyms, abbreviations, synonyms, specialist language

  • Think about who the population/ sample group. Are you looking for a particular age group, ethnicity, cultural background, gender, health issue etc.
  • What is the intervention/issue you want to know more about? This could be a particular type of medication, education, therapeutic technique etc. 
  • Do you have a particular context in mind? This could relate to a community setting, hospital, ward etc. 

It is important to remember that databases will only ever search for the exact term you put in, so don't panic if you are not getting the results you hoped for. Think about alternative words that could be used for each keyword to build upon your search. 

Build your search by thinking about about synonyms, specialist language, spellings, acronyms, abbreviations for each keyword that you have.

Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Your inclusion and exclusion criteria is also an important step in the literature review process. It allows you to be transparent in how you have  ended up with your final articles. 

Your inclusion/exclusion criteria is completely dependent on your chosen topic. Use your inclusion and exclusion criteria to select your articles, it is important not to cherry pick but to have a reason as to why you have selected that particular article. 

nursing literature review topics

  • Search Planning Template Use this template to plan your search strategy.

Once you have thought about your keywords and alternative keywords, it is time to think about how to combine them to form your search strategy. Boolean operators instruct the database how your terms should interact with one another. 

Boolean Operators

  • OR can be used to combine your keywords and alternative terms. For example "Social Media OR Twitter". When using OR we are informing the database to bring articles continuing either of those terms as they are both relevant so we don't mind which appears in our article. 
  • AND can be used to combine two or more concepts. For example "Social Media AND Anxiety". When using AND we are informing the database that we need both of the terms in our article in order for it to be relevant.
  • Truncation can be used when there are multiple possible word endings. For example Nurs* will find Nurse, Nurses and Nursing. 
  • Double quotation marks can be used to allow for phrase searching. This means that if you have two or more words that belong together as a phrase the database will search for that exact phrase rather than words separately.  For example "Social Media"

Don't forget the more ORs you use the broader your search becomes, the more ANDs you use the narrower your search becomes. 

One of the databases you will be using is EBSCOHost Research Databases. This is a platform which searches through multiple databases so allows for a comprehensive search. The short video below covers how to access and use EBSCO. 

A reference management software will save you a lot of time especially when you are looking at lots of different articles. 

We provide support for EndNote and Mendeley. The video below covers how to install and use Mendeley. 

Consider using a research question framework. A framework will ensure that your question is specific and answerable.

There are different frameworks available depending on what type of research you are interested in.

Population - Who is the question focussed on? This could relate to staff, patients, an age group, an ethnicity etc.

Intervention - What is the question focussed on? This could be a certain type of medication, therapeutic technique etc. 

Comparison/Context - This may be with our without the intervention or it may be concerned with the context for example where is the setting of your question? The hospital, ward, community etc?

Outcome - What do you hope to accomplish or improve etc.

Sample - as this is qualitative research sample is preferred over patient so that it is not generalised. 

Phenomenon of Interest - reasons for behaviour, attitudes, beliefs and decisions.

Design - the form of research used. 

Evaluation - the outcomes.

Research type -qualitative, quantitative or mixed methods.  

All frameworks help you to be specific, but don't worry if your question doesn't fit exactly into a framework. 

There are many critical appraisal tools or books you can use to assess the credibility of a research paper but these are a few we would recommend in the library. Your tutor may be able to advise you of others or some that are more suitable for your topic.

Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP)

CASP is a well-known critical appraisal website that has checklists for a wide variety of study types. You will see it frequently used by practitioners.

Understanding Health Research

This is a brand-new, interactive resource that guides you through appraising a research paper, highlighting key areas you should consider when appraising evidence.

Greenhalgh, T. (2014) How to read a paper: The basics of evidence-based medicine . 5 th edn. Chichester: Wiley

Greenhalgh’s book is a classic in critical appraisal. Whilst you don’t need to read this book cover-to-cover, it can be useful to refer to its specific chapters on how to assess different types of research papers. We have copies available in the library!

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Nursing: How to Write a Literature Review

  • Traditional or Narrative Literature Review

Getting started

1. start with your research question, 2. search the literature, 3. read & evaluate, 4. finalize results, 5. write & revise, brainfuse online tutoring and writing review.


The best way to approach your literature review is to break it down into steps.  Remember, research is an iterative process, not a linear one.  You will revisit steps and revise along the way.  Get started with the handout, information, and tips from various university Writing Centers below that provides an excellent overview.  Then move on to the specific steps recommended on this page.

  • UNC- Chapel Hill Writing Center Literature Review Handout, from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
  • University of Wisconsin-Madison Writing Center Learn how to write a review of literature, from the University of Wisconsin-Madison.
  • University of Toronto-- Writing Advice The Literature Review: A few tips on conducting it, from the University of Toronto.
  • Begin with a topic.
  • Understand the topic. 
  • Familiarize yourself with the terminology.  Note what words are being used and keep track of these for use as database search keywords. 
  • See what research has been done on this topic before you commit to the topic.  Review articles can be helpful to understand what research has been done .
  • Develop your research question.  (see handout below)
  • How comprehensive should it be? 
  • Is it for a course assignment or a dissertation? 
  • How many years should it cover?
  • Developing a good nursing research question Handout. Reviews PICO method and provides search tips.

Your next step is to construct a search strategy and then locate & retrieve articles.

  •  There are often 2-4 key concepts in a research question.
  • Search for primary sources (original research articles.)
  • These are based on the key concepts in your research question.
  • Remember to consider synonyms and related terms.
  • Which databases to search?
  • What limiters should be applied (peer-reviewed, publication date, geographic location, etc.)?

Review articles (secondary sources)

Use to identify literature on your topic, the way you would use a bibliography.  Then locate and retrieve the original studies discussed in the review article. Review articles are considered secondary sources.

  • Once you have some relevant articles, review reference lists to see if there are any useful articles.
  • Which articles were written later and have cited some of your useful articles?  Are these, in turn, articles that will be useful to you? 
  • Keep track of what terms you used and what databases you searched. 
  • Use database tools such as save search history in EBSCO to help.
  • Keep track of the citations for the articles you will be using in your literature review. 
  • Use RefWorks or another method of tracking this information. 
  • Database Search Strategy Worksheet Handout. How to construct a search.
  • TUTORIAL: How to do a search based on your research question This is a self-paced, interactive tutorial that reviews how to construct and perform a database search in CINAHL.

The next step is to read, review, and understand the articles.

  • Start by reviewing abstracts. 
  • Make sure you are selecting primary sources (original research articles).
  • Note any keywords authors report using when searching for prior studies.
  • You will need to evaluate and critique them and write a synthesis related to your research question.
  • Consider using a matrix to organize and compare and contrast the articles . 
  • Which authors are conducting research in this area?  Search by author.  
  • Are there certain authors’ whose work is cited in many of your articles?  Did they write an early, seminal article that is often cited?
  • Searching is a cyclical process where you will run searches, review results, modify searches, run again, review again, etc. 
  • Critique articles.  Keep or exclude based on whether they are relevant to your research question.
  • When you have done a thorough search using several databases plus Google Scholar, using appropriate keywords or subject terms, plus author’s names, and you begin to find the same articles over and over.
  • Remember to consider the scope of your project and the length of your paper.  A dissertation will have a more exhaustive literature review than an 8 page paper, for example.
  • What are common findings among each group or where do they disagree? 
  • Identify common themes. Identify controversial or problematic areas in the research. 
  • Use your matrix to organize this.
  • Once you have read and re-read your articles and organized your findings, you are ready to begin the process of writing the literature review.

2. Synthesize.  (see handout below)

  • Include a synthesis of the articles you have chosen for your literature review.
  • A literature review is NOT a list or a summary of what has been written on a particular topic. 
  • It analyzes the articles in terms of how they relate to your research question. 
  • While reading, look for similarities and differences (compare and contrast) among the articles.  You will create your synthesis from this.
  • Synthesis Examples Handout. Sample excerpts that illustrate synthesis.

Regis Online students have access to Brainfuse. Brainfuse is an online tutoring service available through a link in Moodle. Meet with a tutor in a live session or submit your paper for review.

  • Brainfuse Tutoring and Writing Assistance for Regis Online Students by Tricia Reinhart Last Updated Oct 26, 2023 81 views this year
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What is a Literature Review?

The Scholarly Conversation

A literature review provides an overview of previous research on a topic  that critically evaluates, classifies, and compares what has already been published on a particular topic. It allows the author to synthesize and place into context the research and scholarly literature relevant to the topic. It helps  map the different approaches to a given question and reveals  patterns.  It  forms the foundation for the author’s subsequent research and justifies the significance of the new investigation.

A literature review can be a short introductory section of a research article or a report or policy paper that focuses on recent research. Or, in the case of dissertations, theses, and review articles, it can be an extensive review of all relevant research.

  • The  format  is usually a bibliographic essay; sources are briefly cited within the body of the essay, with full bibliographic citations at the end.
  • The  introduction  should define the topic and set the context for the literature review. It will include the author's perspective or point of view on the topic, how they have defined the scope of the topic (including what's not included), and how the review will be organized. It can point out overall trends, conflicts in methodology or conclusions, and gaps in the research.
  • In the  body of the review , the author should organize the research into major topics and subtopics. These groupings may be by subject, (e.g., globalization of clothing manufacturing), type of research (e.g., case studies), methodology (e.g., qualitative), genre, chronology, or other common characteristics. Within these groups, the author can then discuss the merits of each article and analyze and compare the importance of each article to similar ones.
  • The  conclusion  will summarize the main findings, make clear how this review of the literature supports (or not) the research to follow, and may point the direction for further research.
  • The  list of references  will include full citations for all of the items mentioned in the literature review.

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Nursing Support for Pain in Patients With Cancer: A Scoping Review

Miharu morikawa.

1 Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, JPN

Kohei Kajiwara

2 Faculty of Nursing, Japanese Red Cross Kyushu International College of Nursing, Munakata, JPN

Masamitsu Kobayashi

3 Graduate School of Nursing Science, St. Luke’s International University, Tokyo, JPN

Kanno Yusuke

4 Department of Home Health and Palliative Care Nursing, Graduate School of Health Care Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, JPN

Kimiko Nakano

5 Clinical Research Center for Developmental Therapeutics, Tokushima University Hospital, Tokushima, JPN

Yoshinobu Matsuda

6 Department of Psychosomatic Internal Medicine, National Hospital Organization Kinki-Chuo Chest Medical Center, Sakai, JPN

Yoichi Shimizu

7 Department of Adult Nursing, National College of Nursing, Japan, Tokyo, JPN

Taichi Shimazu

8 Division of Behavioral Sciences, National Cancer Center Institute for Cancer Control, National Cancer Center, Tokyo, JPN

9 Graduate School of Medicine, Mie University, Tsu, JPN

Pain is subjective, warranting tailored responses in pharmacotherapy and nursing support. Despite this, the evidence for suitable nursing support for pain is not well established in terminally ill patients such as those with cancer; therefore, it is necessary to provide support in consideration of changes in physical symptoms and quality of life. However, interventional studies for such patients are often difficult. There have been no comprehensive studies to date on non-pharmacological support that can be implemented by nurses. Therefore, with the aim of examining nursing support applicable at the end of life, this scoping review comprehensively mapped nursing support for pain in cancer patients at all stages of the disease. This study complies with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement and the Arksey and O’Malley framework. All available published articles from the time of database establishment to January 31, 2022, were systematically searched for in PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), CENTRAL, and the Ichushi Web database of the Japanese Society of Medical Abstracts. Overall, 10,385 articles were screened, and 72 were finally included. Both randomized controlled trials (RCTs) (n = 62) and non-RCTs (n = 10) were included. Twenty-two types of nursing support were identified. Eighteen of them showed positive results; five of them were provided only to terminally ill patients, three of which were effective, namely, comfort care, foot bath, and combined therapy. It is important to examine the applicability of types of nursing support in clinical practice in the future.

Introduction and background

Most cancer patients experience pain [ 1 ]; in particular, more than half of patients with advanced, metastatic, or terminal cancer experience pain [ 2 ]. In addition, cancer pain is a subjective experience and a complex symptom with varying factors (e.g., tumor or treatment-related and non-cancer-related), nature (e.g., nociceptive and neuropathic), and duration (e.g., persistent pain, sudden pain, and chronic pain), and its management requires an individualized approach. Therefore, in parallel with pharmacological therapy, nurses provide education on pain management and care to increase pain threshold through various activities such as foot bathing, positioning, and massage [ 3 ].

The National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) [ 4 ] and American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) [ 5 ] guidelines for patients with pain at any stage of disease recommend a combination of pharmacological and non-pharmacological pain management strategies according to patient preferences. In terms of non-pharmacological therapy, the NCCN guidelines recommend physical interventions such as conditioning exercise, massage, heating and cooling, acupressure, and cognitive-behavioral interventions such as mindfulness, breathing techniques, and relaxation, as well as psychosocial support and spiritual care [ 4 ]. The ASCO guidelines recommend moderate acupuncture for joint pain due to the use of aromatase inhibitors and reflexology, massage, acupressure, yoga, and muscle relaxation therapy for general and musculoskeletal pain [ 5 ]. Only moderate massage is also recommended for patients with cancer receiving palliative care. However, evidence of suitable nursing support for specifically terminally ill patients is still insufficient.

In the case of terminally ill cancer patients with a prognosis of weeks until death, the increased distress of physical symptoms, decline in physical and cognitive functions, and psychological changes warrant special attention to the needs of the patient [ 6 ]. However, guidelines for nursing support for cancer pain and consensus on nursing support for terminally ill patients are lacking. The purpose of this scoping review was to map nursing support for pain in cancer patients at all phases of the disease before examining the potential of pain care for terminally ill cancer patients.

Objective and methodology

In this study, nursing support for pain is defined as any non-pharmacological treatment for pain relief that can be provided by a nurse. This study was conducted in accordance with a previously published protocol [ 6 ]. The protocol article states that information would be collected using the Delphi method to examine the feasibility of providing support to terminally ill cancer patients, although, in this study, we continued to map the results of the scoping review. We applied Arksey and O’Malley’s five-step scoping review framework [ 7 ] and followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) extended version for scoping reviews (PRISMA-ScR) reporting guidelines [ 8 ].

Step 1: Identification of research questions

A systematic literature search was conducted on nursing support for cancer pain. The research question for this study was “What types of nursing support are provided to reduce cancer pain?”

Step 2: Identification of relevant research

PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials in the Cochrane Library, and the Japanese Ichushi Web database of the Japanese Society of Medical Abstracts were searched from the time of database establishment to January 31, 2022. Relevant studies were evaluated from the list of articles, and major journals were manually searched. Search queries were first created in PubMed for an initial search, and then, search formulas were created to match other databases (refer to the protocol study) [ 6 ]. Two researchers (MM and JK) conducted this initial search in consultation with a librarian. Eligibility criteria were determined by physicians and nurses specializing in symptom management for patients with cancer. The inclusion criteria were studies that reported (a) patient age as 18 years or above, (b) interventions aimed at relieving pain, (c) nursing support, and (d) quantitative assessment of pain using a scale. The exclusion criteria were (a) studies that reported at least 20% non-cancer participants, (b) secondary analyses, and (c) those in languages other than Japanese and English. The details are described in the protocol article [ 6 ].

Step 3: Study selection process

Two investigators (MM and JK) independently evaluated the titles and abstracts of all studies and then screened the complete studies against the eligibility criteria. Discrepancies in study selection were resolved through discussion. The study selection process is summarized in Figure ​ Figure1 1 .

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Object name is cureus-0015-00000049692-i01.jpg

PRISMA: Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses, PICO: population, intervention, comparison, and outcomes

Step 4: Data charting

A form was developed to extract study characteristics, including the name of the first author, year of publication, country of publication, design of the study, size of the sample, eligible patients, type of nursing support, outcome measurement tools, and intervention effect. The same two researchers independently extracted the data. Studies that did not meet the eligibility criteria were excluded at this stage.

Step 5: Consolidation, summarization, and reporting of results

Nursing support reported in the articles extracted from the literature review was categorized by element of care using qualitative thematic analysis. First, the nursing support data described in the subject study were extracted into Microsoft Excel (Microsoft Corp., Redmond, WA) as raw data and analyzed for possible patterns, and notes were made as initial codes leading to the classification of the nursing support elements. Second, initial codes were created based on the intent and content of care provided. Third, patterns were searched, and potential nursing support components were grouped. Fourth, the initial codes were reviewed to find common nursing support components. Finally, each component was identified and clearly named. Several nursing support terms defined in the included studies were used as references. The analysis validated the classification by one author (MM) through discussion with another researcher (JK) and the entire study group.

Our initial literature search listed 11,348 studies. After the removal of 963 duplicate studies, the titles and abstracts of 10,385 studies were screened, following which 10,177 studies were excluded. A total of 208 full-text studies were assessed for study eligibility and relevance, of which 72 were judged to satisfy the eligibility criteria (Figure ​ (Figure1). 1 ). The interventions in the 72 studies were qualitatively categorized into 22 types of nursing support. Each intervention was divided according to the stage of the participant’s illness (all phases, treatment phase, terminal phase, and no notation); the number of tabulated studies is shown in Table ​ Table1. 1 . The details of the identified studies are presented in Table ​ Table2 2 .

BPI § : Brief Pain Inventory, MPQ † : McGill Pain Questionnaire, NRS € : numerical rating scale, VAS ¶ : visual analog scale, EORTC-QLQ-C30 Θ : European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer QLQ-C30, RCT Δ : randomized controlled trial, POS: pre- and post-test, N/A: not applicable/available, VR: virtual reality

Of these studies, 62 were randomized controlled trials (RCTs), five were non-RCTs, and five were prospective observational studies. The United States accounted for the largest number of these studies (26 studies), followed by Taiwan (seven studies), China (six studies), Turkey (five studies), and other countries (28 studies). A total of six studies had been published in the 1990s, 25 in the 2000s, 36 in the 2010s, and 13 in the 2020s. In terms of pain assessment tools, the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI) was the most commonly used (24 studies), followed by a numerical rating scale (NRS) (23 studies), and the visual analog scale (VAS) (22 studies). These scales convert pain into a numerical value. Associated factors such as beliefs, barriers, and concerns about analgesics and pain management, which may have an influence on perception of pain, were not identified in this study.

The largest number of studies were related to education and were categorized into four types based on the characteristics of the educational programs. Studies focused on providing knowledge and information, self-care management, using coaching skills, and emphasizing education and psychological care. In total, 10 and 11 studies focused on providing knowledge and information [ 9 - 18 ] and self-care management [ 19 - 29 ], respectively, and four and six studies used coaching skills [ 30 - 33 ] and educational and psychological care interventions [ 34 - 39 ], respectively. A total of 31 studies on education of all types were extracted, 29 of which were RCTs, one a non-RCT, and one a prospective observational study. All studies included a treatment phase. Although only one study each for specific cancers such as that of the lung, breast, and head and neck was extracted, most of the studies involved patients with various cancer types.

For nursing support to promote physical activity, two cases each of exercise [ 40 , 41 ] and progressive muscle relaxation therapy [ 42 , 43 ] were identified. One study on exercise and muscle relaxation therapy was reported for all disease stages and one for the treatment stage, both of which were RCTs.

For nursing support of perception of pain, three guided imagery therapies [ 42 , 44 , 45 ] (two RCTs), four cognitive-behavioral interventions [ 44 , 46 - 48 ] (three RCTs), and two narrative approaches [ 49 , 50 ] (two RCTs) were identified. Four studies (all RCTs) of combined therapies [ 51 - 54 ] that considered both physical function and cognition were extracted. One study of combined therapy involved only terminally ill cancer patients [ 53 ].

The types of nursing support expected to promote comfort and relieve local tension included relaxation therapy using virtual reality (VR) in two studies [ 55 , 56 ] (one RCT), massage therapy in eight studies [ 57 - 65 ] (four RCTs), aromatherapy massage in one RCT [ 60 ], music therapy in six studies [ 44 , 66 - 70 ] (five RCTs), reflexology in five RCTs [ 43 , 65 , 71 - 73 ], poetry appreciation in one RCT [ 68 ], and foot bathing in one RCT [ 74 ].

Two studies on massage therapy [ 60 , 63 ] and one study each on aromatherapy massage therapy [ 60 ], reflexology [ 71 ], and foot bathing [ 74 ] were conducted only in the terminal phase, whereas the others were conducted in the treatment phase or all phases of the disease.

One study each of self-administered acupressure [ 75 ], auricular point acupressure [ 76 ], and Reiki [ 45 ] were identified as considering nursing support related to Eastern medicine. The studies of self-acupressure and auricular acupressure used RCT designs, whereas the study of Reiki used a non-RCT design. In addition, two comfort care (environmental adjustment/mental healthcare/oral care) [ 77 , 78 ] and two adjustments to home care programs [ 79 , 80 ] were identified, all of which were RCTs.

Of the 72 studies, 48 showed a statistically significant reduction in pain. These included 15 studies of education (five focused on the provision of knowledge and information, five on self-management, and five on education and psychological care), six of music therapy, four each of massage and reflexology, three of combination therapy, and two each of exercise, progressive muscle relaxation therapy, comfort care, and adjustments to home care programs. There was one study each of acupressure, poetry appreciation, cognitive-behavioral intervention, relaxation, foot bathing, and Reiki.

This study is the first to comprehensively map nursing research on non-pharmacological therapies for cancer pain. We reviewed nursing support for patients from the treatment phase to the end of life and identified 72 types of nursing support. Only six studies were conducted exclusively on terminally ill patients.

Patient education was identified as a form of nursing support for cancer pain. Pain management education focused on providing knowledge and information, including the introduction of videos, slides, booklets, and online applications to the patients. Education focused on self-care comprised several support packages, including the PRO-SELF Plus pain control program (a pain education intervention program that frames Orem’s self-care theory), which provides information and pillboxes to correct misconceptions about opioids and enable effective medication and communication with healthcare providers. It has been reported that a patient’s ability to effectively self-manage cancer pain can be negatively affected by inadequate knowledge and negative attitudes. Therefore, it is expected that these interventions will be useful to ensure that patients have the correct knowledge and demonstrate appropriate self-care skills [ 81 ]. Oldenmenge et al. [ 82 ] reported that education of patients with cancer pain not only improved their knowledge about cancer pain but also alleviated pain in 31% of the studies. In their review, Koller et al. [ 83 ] divided the content of the educational intervention into four components: cognitive, behavioral, goal setting, and direct contact between research staff and clinicians. They reported that interventions could not be clearly categorized by the educational component; although the present study also focused on the characteristics of educational interventions and categorized them, the components were not clearly separated. Nevertheless, as the purpose of the current study was to comprehensively map nursing support, the objective was achieved. Many of the studies identified in this study were educational for various cancer types and all disease phases, suggesting that the support is adaptable to many cancer patients. In contrast, many studies reported long-term interventions that included follow-up and should be scrutinized when considering their application to terminally ill patients.

Exercise was identified as an aid in promoting physical activity. Meta-analyses on exercise therapy for cancer pain management have shown that it is effective in reducing pain, although the effect size is small [ 84 ]. It has been suggested that exercise be tailored to the patient, as generalized exercise may be ineffective or lead to worsening of pain depending on the patient’s situation [ 84 , 85 ]. Similarly, muscle relaxation therapy has been shown to be effective, but the level of evidence is low [ 86 ], and evidence building is important before considering it as nursing support. The muscle relaxation and guided imagery therapies extracted in this study have been examined using recorded data, and such interventions would be easier for nurses to introduce in clinical practice. In this study, nursing support that can provide comfort and relieve local tension included relaxation using VR, combination therapy (progressive muscle relaxation/guided imagery therapy/cognitive therapy), massage, reflexology, foot bathing, music therapy, and poetry appreciation. Notably, many types of support were identified that address the diverse needs of patients and play a complementary role in pain management. Although a systematic review conducted on the effects of massage on cancer patient symptoms suggests that it has a beneficial effect on pain [ 87 ], only two of the six studies reported pain relief. This may partly be attributed to the fact that this study excluded treatments performed by qualified therapists and included those that could be performed by nurses and other medical personnel. It should also be noted that while differences in techniques used between practitioners are generally noted [ 88 ], it is more difficult to standardize techniques when they are performed by nurses than therapists. More effective comfort care interventions to raise patient pain threshold [ 3 ] should be studied, and relevant evidence should be built in the future.

Reiki, auricular acupressure, and self-acupressure instructions were also identified as other types of nursing support based on Eastern medicine, which are also referred to in the ASCO guidelines [ 5 ] as non-pharmacological therapies. In this study, these nursing support items were extracted in a format that nurses could easily incorporate into their clinical practice, such as auricular point acupressure, in which seeds are applied to the ear, and self-administered acupressure. Further study is needed to determine whether these can be implemented in clinical practice and the effectiveness of their implementation by nurses.

In addition, it was suggested that preparing the patient’s living and recuperation environment, including adjustments to comfort care and home care programs, is a fundamental element of nursing, and these are also important types of support in cancer pain management [ 77 - 80 ].

This scoping review has some limitations. First, because the search was limited to studies published in Japanese and English, this review may have excluded relevant studies published in other languages. Second, this scoping review was not designed to assess methodological quality, as its purpose was to map nursing support. Thus, this conclusion is primarily based on the extraction of nursing support investigated in studies rather than on the effectiveness of nursing support for cancer pain.


In this study, we comprehensively mapped the non-pharmacological support provided by nurses for cancer pain and identified 22 types of nursing support from 72 studies. Of these, six studies were exclusively of terminally ill cancer patients, and only five types of nursing support were identified. The most common nursing support for cancer pain was related to education. Other types of support included those pertaining to the patient’s perception of pain, promoting patient comfort (believed to raise pain threshold), and adjusting the patient’s care environment. Further research on and consideration of the possible support for terminally ill patients are needed in the future.


We thank Editage ( for English language editing. This study received guidance from the National Center Consortium in Implementation Science for Health Equity (N-EQUITY) funded by the Japan Health Research Promotion Bureau (JH) Research Fund (2019-(1)-4) and JH Project fund (JHP2022-J-02). The data are stored as de-identified participant data, which are available on request to the corresponding author ([email protected]).

Table ​ Table3 3 presents the PRISMA-ScR checklist.

JBI: Joanna Briggs Institute, PRISMA-ScR: Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews

*Where sources of evidence (see second footnote) are compiled from, such as bibliographic databases, social media platforms, and Web sites.

†A more inclusive/heterogeneous term used to account for the different types of evidence or data sources (e.g., quantitative and/or qualitative research, expert opinion, and policy documents) that may be eligible in a scoping review as opposed to only studies. This is not to be confused with information sources (see first footnote).

‡The framework by Arksey and O’Malley (6) and Levac and colleagues (7) and the JBI guidance (4 and 5) refer to the process of data extraction in a scoping review as data charting.

§The process of systematically examining research evidence to assess its validity, results, and relevance before using it to inform a decision. This term is used for items 12 and 19 instead of “risk of bias” (which is more applicable to systematic reviews of interventions) to include and acknowledge the various sources of evidence that may be used in a scoping review (e.g., quantitative and/or qualitative research, expert opinion, and policy document).

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Concept and design:   Miharu Morikawa, Kohei Kajiwara, Kanno Yusuke, Kimiko Nakano, Yoshinobu Matsuda, Yoichi Shimizu, Taichi Shimazu, Jun Kako, Masamitsu Kobayashi

Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data:   Miharu Morikawa, Jun Kako

Drafting of the manuscript:   Miharu Morikawa

Critical review of the manuscript for important intellectual content:   Miharu Morikawa, Kohei Kajiwara, Kanno Yusuke, Kimiko Nakano, Yoshinobu Matsuda, Yoichi Shimizu, Taichi Shimazu, Jun Kako, Masamitsu Kobayashi

Supervision:   Jun Kako

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100+ Nursing Literature Review Topics & Ideas [2024]

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In this modern and growing health environment, it is very essential to use different evidence-based approaches for the nursing personnel so that the patients can be provided the best possible treatment options in the hospital care setting. The area of nursing is basically a big umbrella in the field of health care, and there are a lot of areas in which research studies are required. A few common areas of the nursing literature review are as follows, underlining the potential benefits of seeking assistance such as nursing essay help to excel in academic endeavors.

Discover Our Rich Nursing Literature Review Examples

Looking for unique nursing literature review topics that will impress your professors? It’s really easy to fall into the temptation of choosing cliché suggestions. But that’s not going to fetch top scores. Instead, explore these literature reviews written by nursing professionals.

Check This Nursing Literature Review Topics Example

  • What is the effectiveness of the education program for the nurses?
  • Impact of work place stress on the nurses
  • What is the impact of the mentorship on the nurses in work place setting?
  • Impact of decision making of the nurses on the patients’ health
  • What are the strategies for the nurses to overcome the stress condition among the nurses?
  • What are the roles of the nurses in managing the stress conditions of the patients?
  • Role of nurses in delivering telehealth in the health care setting
  • Role of the mindfulness-based exercise on nurses’ stress level
  • What are the barriers for the nurses to use modern treatment?
  • Role of nurses in increasing the patients’ satisfaction
  • Role of the nurses in effective communication
  • Role of the nurses in patient centred care
  • Role of the nurses in person centred care
  • Role of the nurses in family centred care
  • Role of the nurses in patient hand over
  • Role of nurses in delivering evidenced based care
  • Role of nurses in delivering tele-health care to the patients
  • Association between the behaviours of the nurses and patient satisfaction
  • Nurses and the obstacles to the sustainable health
  • Role of nurses in delivering holistic care
  • Strategies to reduce the anxiety of the nurses
  • Bullying among the nursing students
  • Bullying and poor academic outcomes for new graduate nurses
  • Impact of bullying on nurses
  • Strategies to overcome the bullying in nursing colleges
  • Impact of work load on the nurses
  • Impact of work load on the quality of care
  • Impact of work load on the level of patient satisfaction
  • Impact of work load on the work life balance of nurses
  • Impact of work load on the job burn out status of the nurses
  • Association of work load and job burn out of nurses
  • Association of work load and retention rate of nurses
  • Association of work load and turn out intention of nurses
  • Role of motivation on the work performances of the nurses
  • Role of motivation on the working intention of the nurses
  • Impact of the prolonged shift hour and error in treatment process by the nurses
  • Impact of the prolonged shift hour and miscommunication by the nurses
  • Association between the nurses’ empathy and quality of care
  • Association between the nurses’ empathy and treatment outcome
  • Association between the nurses’ empathy and level of patients’ satisfaction
  • Association between the nurses’ empathy and satisfaction level of the family members of the patients
  • Impact of awareness program on the knowledge level of new nurses
  • Impact of stress management program on the stress level of new nurses
  • Impact of telehealth program on the telehealth delivery rate of new nurses
  • Impact of work rest cycle on the work quality of new nurses
  • Impact of breathing exercise program on the stress level of nurses
  • Impact of communication training on the communication of new nurses
  • Effect of simulation training on the critical thinking of the nurses
  • Ethical dilemma faced by the nurses
  • Role of resilience in providing care by the nurses
  • Effectiveness of the effective communication by the nurses in health care
  • Effectiveness of the verbal communication by the nurses in health care
  • Effectiveness of the non-verbal communication by the nurses in health care
  • Role of nurses in assessing the body language of the patients
  • Role of nurses in using the standard nursing essay help
  • Effectiveness of using the concept maps in the nursing education
  • Understanding the clinical competence of the clinical nurses
  • Impact of training program for improving the end-of-life care by the nurse
  • Impact of the peer training on the knowledge of the new nurses
  • Use of the social media and chances of error by nurses
  • Effectiveness of retention program to increase retention rate of the nurses
  • Work place hazard faced by the nurses
  • Factors influencing poor communication of the nurses
  • Knowledge of nurses about medication safety
  • Knowledge of nurses about patient safety
  • Knowledge of nurses about role of verbal communication
  • Knowledge of nurses about role of non-verbal communication
  • Role of nurses in using electronic health record
  • Role of nurses in building bridge between doctors and family members
  • Knowledge of nurses in using electronic health record
  • Role of nurses in assisting patients in using electronic health record
  • Association between work load and electronic health record by the nurses
  • Perceptions of the nurses about electronic health record
  • Impact of training in improving knowledge of nurses about electronic health record
  • Factors related to nursing students’ readiness to enter working life
  • Work related musculoskeletal disorders of nurses
  • Strategies to overcome work related musculoskeletal disorders of nurses
  • usefulness of standardized nursing   terminologies in different fields of application
  • Symptoms of the job burnout among nurses
  • Effectiveness of video technology in improving knowledge of the nurses
  • Effectiveness of video technology in improving confidence of the nurses
  • Effectiveness of video technology in improving blood collection of the nurses
  • Effectiveness of video technology in improving clinical of the nurses
  • Effectiveness of the mindfulness on academic performance of student nurses
  • Effectiveness of the mindfulness on stress managing capacity of new nurses
  • Effectiveness of the meditation program on literature essay of student nurses
  • Fatigue among the nurses
  • Strategies to overcome fatigue among the nurses
  • Factors contributing generation of fatigue among the nurses
  • Factors associated with decision making process of the new nurses
  • Importance of ethical values on nursing help
  • Factors affecting professional success of the new nurses
  • Exploring the experiences of the new nurses
  • Role of spirituality in improving the performances of the nurses
  • Reasons for losing the nurses in the health care setting
  • Association between empathy and burn out of the nurses
  • Stress management strategies for nurses
  • Implementation of technology for nurses to improve performances
  • Use of m-health by the nurses
  • Role of the nurses in delivering palliative care.  


Hi, I am Mark, a Literature writer by profession. Fueled by a lifelong passion for Literature, story, and creative expression, I went on to get a PhD in creative writing. Over all these years, my passion has helped me manage a publication of my write ups in prominent websites and e-magazines. I have also been working part-time as a writing expert for for 5+ years now. It’s fun to guide students on academic write ups and bag those top grades like a pro. Apart from my professional life, I am a big-time foodie and travel enthusiast in my personal life. So, when I am not working, I am probably travelling places to try regional delicacies and sharing my experiences with people through my blog. 

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    Literature Review & Systematic Review Steps. Develop a Focused Question; Scope the Literature (Initial Search) Refine & Expand the Search; ... Asking the Clinical Question, AJN The American Journal of Nursing: March 2010 - Volume 110 - Issue 3 - p 58-61 doi: 10.1097/01.NAJ.0000368959.11129.79 ...

  15. 49+ Best Nursing Literature Review Topics and Examples

    The impact of nurse-to-patient ratios on patient outcomes. The effects of sleep deprivation and fatigue on medical errors in nursing. The impact of burnout on job satisfaction and turnover in nurses. The impact of organizational culture on nurse satisfaction and retention. The use of simulation in nursing education.

  16. Home

    The literature review helps a scholar or student turn a network of articles into a coherent view of the literature. A literature review is not: an annotated bibliography; or. a "laundry list" of articles. A literature review allows a student or scholar to integrate and synthesize information on a topic and use it to create new knowledge.

  17. LibGuides: Nursing and Midwifery: Literature Reviews

    A literature review is a piece of research which aims to address a specific research question. It is a comprehensive summary and analysis of existing literature. ... The literature itself should be the main topic of discussion in your review. You want the results and themes to speak for themselves to avoid any bias. ... Nurses and Nursing.

  18. Literature Review

    A literature review is NOT an academic research paper, an annotated bibliography, or a report on original research. Unlike an academic research paper, the main focus of a literature review is not to develop a new argument. A literature review is an overview of a topic that shows the reader what research has been done on that subject.A literature review may build on an annotated bibliography ...

  19. Nursing: How to Write a Literature Review

    Once you have read and re-read your articles and organized your findings, you are ready to begin the process of writing the literature review. 2. Synthesize. (see handout below) Include a synthesis of the articles you have chosen for your literature review. A literature review is NOT a list or a summary of what has been written on a particular ...

  20. LibGuides: Doctor of Nursing Practice: Literature Reviews

    A literature review can be a short introductory section of a research article or a report or policy paper that focuses on recent research. Or, in the case of dissertations, theses, and review articles, it can be an extensive review of all relevant research. The format is usually a bibliographic essay; sources are briefly cited within the body ...

  21. Nursing Support for Pain in Patients With Cancer: A Scoping Review

    Conclusions. In this study, we comprehensively mapped the non-pharmacological support provided by nurses for cancer pain and identified 22 types of nursing support from 72 studies. Of these, six studies were exclusively of terminally ill cancer patients, and only five types of nursing support were identified.

  22. 100+ Nursing Literature Review Topics & Ideas [2024]

    100+ Nursing Literature Review Topics & Ideas [2024] Mark. 25 March,2022. In this modern and growing health environment, it is very essential to use different evidence-based approaches for the nursing personnel so that the patients can be provided the best possible treatment options in the hospital care setting.

  23. Nursing Literature Reviews

    Nursing Literature Reviews. The nursing literature reviews below were written by students to help you with your own studies. If you are looking for help with your nursing literature review then we offer a comprehensive writing service provided by fully qualified academics in your field of study. Literature Review Service.