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How to write Introduction for a Project

Why write introduction for a project, tips for writing an introduction , keep it brief but impactful, use factual information, start with a punchline, mention the details, inspiration for the project, it should be in sync with the description, it should be different from the conclusion, language of the project introduction, 1. creative project, 2. business project, 3. research project, 4. college project.


project work introduction

A project is a task done by an individual or a group to achieve a specific aim within a stipulated  time . A project includes many interrelated sub-tasks to reach the final objective. A project may have particular rules to follow for individuals or groups. It also outlines the use of  resources  to complete the project. Any project needs an  introduction  as it mentions the entire details about the project, including the resources used and the timeline in which it was executed.

Like any mail, composition, or letter, a project also needs an introduction, as it introduces the team, the topic, and all other details. With an introduction, the project will retain identity, interest, and professionalism. Hence, a well-thought-out project introduction is imperative.

With an effective introduction, all your hard work can go to good use. As that’s the first para, a person reads, and it needs to be outlined well, or your project may look flat despite all the hours that went into it. A project intro is generally counted as one heading, but there may be cases when subheadings are required. While we are at this point, below are some  tips  for  writing  a goof introduction for a project.

An introduction should be brief, as more details can follow in subsequent paragraphs. The work of opening is to provide inputs that will be discussed later. It should also be noted that the brief here is relative to the entire project’s length. On average, the length of the introduction should be at most twenty per cent of the entire project and not less  than  ten per cent of the total count of words in the project. E.g. a project of 3000 words, will have an introduction between 300(10%) and 600(20%) words.

An introduction for a project should contain factual information. Factual information means information in numbers and figures. This will make the introduction brief and to the point. Numbers in the start  mean  significant information will be passed on, but it will require details in the description part to explain the source of those numbers. Using graphs or pictures will also make the introduction colourful or exciting.

Starting the project, an introduction with  quotes  or figures will give it a good punchline and generate reader interest. But it depends upon the type of project. Quoting a number would be a better option if the topic is related to business. In contrast, a creative project can have a quote from a famous person as the first line. E.g. “A deal of $5 million between company X and Y” will arouse sufficient interest and be impactful for a business project.

A gist of all the details that will follow suit can entice a reader to read further. Many times, if you submit a project that may be insignificant, but even if the superior reads all the relevant  points  covered in the introduction, half your battle is won.

It is a good idea to write about the inspiration for the project. Some ventures, when starting, have to make a project report, and they can briefly write about how they (the individual or group of people behind the project) got the idea. It could be an event that makes for an exciting read. This can also serve as a reminder for other people about how thoughts turn into projects due to inspiration.

The introduction for a project provides specific pointers for the description, and the details of the project should remain in that outline so that they do not look like elements added as an afterthought. The sync of the introduction should be with the description. Since the introduction of a project is written first, the report will have to follow the lead to be relevant.

The conclusion is written at the end and summarizes the whole project. To summarize does not mean repeating the introduction of the project. The introduction should be different from the conclusion. However, the length of the conclusion can be the same as the introduction. Again as in the case of description, the conclusion should follow the lead of the opening but have ending remarks that shapes the completion of project writing.

The language of the introduction of a project should be relevant to the topic of the project. There are many  types  of projects like projects done in college, projects done for professional courses or work, and creative projects. For example, a Business project will have a formal tone, while creative projects will have an informal style.

project work introduction

Examples of introduction for a project 

There are different types of projects, and the  examples  given here can help you with more clarity and help you with introduction writing. To understand the difference better, we will take the same sample and present it differently as per the project type. Here are some examples of writing a project introduction according to the kind of project.

In the below examples, emphasis is given according to the topic. For instance, a creative project gives more importance to the video, while a medicinal research project gives more weightage to the medicinal properties.

Let us take an example of a creative project about making videos on types of  medicinal plants . The creative part of this project is making a video. The Project introduction will contain how videos will be taken, where and the project’s duration. It can start with a quote like “healing comes from nature” and then describe the process of taking videos of medicinal plants. The camera used, and the type of mode used for shooting, the narration part, and light (natural or use of lights) will take a front seat. 

If the same example is taken for a business project introduction, then it will contain lots of factual data. The starting line can be “profit of millions from medicinal plants.” Introducing a business project can be making medicines out of plants and selling them for a profit or on sales projection with projections of numbers and figures. Graphs or charts can be used to portray numerical and statistical information better.

If the same example is for a research project, then the start of the introduction can be “50 types of medicinal plants that can help mankind live a healthy life.” The opening should emphasize what kind of plants can be termed medicinal plants. It will further categorize the plants according to usage or the area they flourish. The introduction can use some pictures related to the healing properties of plants.

The introduction of a college project will again depend on the type of course selected. If the course of the college project is related to biosciences, then the opening will be similar to the above. If the college project is a photo management course, the introduction can be similar to the creative project. Write your college project introduction based on your course and its weightage on your overall marks.

Remember any project; the base remains the same – make it brief and impactful, be it with a quote, facts, or numbers. Ultimately, the motive is to impress a reader or your professor or employer and entice them to read through the entire thing. 

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Project Introductions: What They Are and How To Write Them

Welcome to the blog post on project introduction! Project introduction is a vital step in the overall project process. It is the starting point to carry out a project and can be the difference between a successful project and one that fails. A great project introduction is detailed, concise, and includes information on the goals and objectives of the project, the team involved, and the timeline for completion. Project introductions should also include a thorough description of the project scope, and the deliverables that will be produced. Additionally, all stakeholders involved in the project should be identified and their roles clarified in order for successful delivery of the project. A great project introduction should serve as a blueprint for the project, offering clear direction and focus. Proper communication is key, and the project introduction should be communicated clearly to all parties involved. In this blog post, we will explore the importance of introducing a project and the key components that should be included in order to ensure the success of the project.

  • Be clear in what you write: …
  • Explain the reasons in the introduction: …
  • Explain why it is important to you: …
  • It should outline the specific objectives of the project:

What is a project introduction?

A project introduction is a paragraph or several paragraphs that explain the subject of the project. It should contain significant project information that enables the reader to comprehend the project’s goals and parameters. You may use project introductions for:

Project introductions are common in various industries, including:

How to write a project introduction in 12 steps

The steps you can take to write a strong project introduction are as follows:

1. Write the project introduction last

A project introduction should be written after your project is finished because it discusses the key ideas from your research or proposal. This way, the introduction contains accurate, relevant information.

2. Identify the purpose of the project

Your introduction should discuss why you completed the project. Depending on your field and position, your project’s goal might be to:

3. Discuss how you completed the project

Briefly describe in your introduction the approach you took to finish your project, such as the research design. Typically, this is a component of research papers and other technical reports. If you used a double-blind study, a survey of 1,000 participants, or a review of published literature, you might mention that in your introduction.

4. Describe any challenges you faced

You can mention any challenges you encountered while working on your project in your introduction. This aids the reader in comprehending the limitations and scope of your project. Lack of published research, a small number of study participants, or potential biases in self-reported results are some examples of challenges.

5. Provide background information

If appropriate, you can go over significant backstory in your introduction. This gives your readers more context and sheds more light on your motivation. Additionally, you can use background information to persuade your readers to be interested in your project and its outcomes.

If you’re writing about a new piece of technology, for instance, you might mention the significant advancements that made the technology possible or earlier versions of the equipment.

6. Include an outline of the project

You can list the main parts of your project in your introduction. Think about a grant application that a college is submitting, for instance. A sentence like, “This proposal includes a discussion of qualifications, an estimate of associated costs, a list of objectives, and the proposed findings” may be in the introduction. “.

7. Add a thesis statement, if necessary

Typically, the conclusion of your introduction for research papers, reports, and other academic writing includes a thesis statement. The thesis statement outlines the key ideas you’ll cover in your essay or paper. In this report, we examine the success rates of visual, auditory, and verbal instruction in 300 middle school science students. For instance, here is a thesis statement for a research paper about educational styles: “.

8. Be clear and concise

Your introduction should be direct and brief. Aim to keep your introduction to one page or less. Use the introduction to capture readers’ interest and compel them to participate in your project. Avoid repeating information from your project or giving the introduction too many details. Instead, limit your introduction to more general explanations.

9. Consider subheadings

You could use subheadings to help organize your information if your introduction is lengthy. This can improve your content’s readability and clarity. Subheadings in your introduction may include:

10. Write for your audience

Your project’s style and tone should be consistent with the introduction you write. When choosing your vocabulary and technical terminology, keep in mind who your audience is. You want your readers to be able to comprehend what you’ve written.

11. Proofread your introduction

Once you’ve finished writing your introduction, it’s critical to proofread your work for proper grammar and spelling. Consider having a colleague review your introduction to ensure that the content is clear and well-organized.

12. Format your introduction

Include the proper formatting and styling in the final version of your introduction to correspond with the rest of your project and other necessary requirements. For instance, your professor or department will usually specify the style and format you should use if you are submitting a thesis for graduate school. Clients may also include formatting instructions in their request for proposals.

Microsoft Project introduction and roadmap

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How to Write Introduction for Project Work: 26 Tips

The introduction is the initial para which kicks the further process of the project. Every project, every essay, or any article if written, is given an introductory para that paves the path for the successive paras or the topics in the project.

It is important to write the introductory paragraph because it is the first write up that gives the gist of what will be the proceeding content be about . So, in order to write the introduction for project work, follow the following points:

write introduction for project

Let’s begin with

What is a Project Work?

It is an activity which aims to give students learning experience with the chance to synthesize their knowledge from different areas of learning, which is critically and creatively applied to current life situations.

It progresses under the guidance and monitoring of an advisor or a mentor.

Here you can see a video on the introduction of project report –

Source: Projectmanager

Guidelines for Preparing Introduction for Project Work:

1. be short and crisp:.

The introduction is the first para that upheavals the next successive probable content the project would contain. To write the introduction, be short and crisp, this is because the introduction of the project reveals the context in which you have made to your project.

The first para should tell everything like background information , the problems you faced, the proposed solutions to the problems and so on.

2. Be clear in what you write:

The introduction is the must, write a paragraph that must be written in the most simple but attractive manner . What you pen down, it should be clear and easily understandable to the reader. If the first part will be complicated, it will reduce the interest of readers to go through the project.

3. Give background information:

Writing the introduction means to start for why you were interested in doing the project , to give the whole background i.e the foundation from which the idea behind the project emerged. Giving background information is vital as it tells the long back history behind the context of the project work .

4. Explain the reasons in the introduction:

In the introduction, you need to explain the reasons why you took a specific topic for your project and also what drove you to do the project work. The reasons will help make your project authentic and credible as the readers love to find the reason why particular work was done by you or any other person. So, explain the reasons in the introductory paragraph.

5. The problems should be highlighted:

The problems should be highlighted in the project work and it will let you explain the question of why you choose the specific topic to make the project work on.

Remember, all the problems are to be discussed in a brief manner and not in the essay type manner as in the following paragraphs, you will surely be going to explain the problems you highlighted in detail.

6. Explain the reason why it is important to you:

The reason why it is important for you must be mentioned in the introductory paragraph. The relevance of the project to you and also to the readers must be explained in a clear manner to the viewer and the avid readers as they would certainly like to know the reason why the topic is important for you .

7. The outline or the blueprint of the content:

The blueprint or the outline of the content is given in the introduction paragraph. This will help readers know what is there in the next paras or the modules of the project. The outline should brief the readers what all the project is related to and why should the reader go through the whole project.

8. It should outline the specific objectives of the project:

The introduction is not just the start, but it is something that outlines the objectives of the project. It relates to the aims that you had for accomplishing the project and the introduction should say all the objectives that you wish to achieve through this project work. The goals and objectives should be specifically highlighted or the content of the project will appear dull and less interesting.

9. Similar related work should be penned down:

There might be a number of other similar projects too, so those too must be referred to the project, especially in the introductory paragraph of the project work. The instances must be used to refer to the context and the topic on which the project is made. This will help in making the project believable and credible for the readers to go through it.

10. No grammatical mistakes:

There must be no grammatical errors in the paragraphs. Check a number of times before finalizing the introduction of the project as the more errors, the less attractive image it will create in the minds of the readers. So, there should be no grammatical mistakes when writing the introduction as if the starting itself will be full of errors, the more least the readers be interested in going through the whole project work.

11. Give instances or examples:

Giving examples in the project work make the project very interesting and worth reading. Also, it makes the project look different from many other projects as many may not include the examples, but if you do, you will be termed different and given more preference than any other person.

12. Write in paragraphs:

The introduction should be in paragraphs. Yes, the paras should be divided into the context itself like the first para for the introduction should be the topic you are going to do the project on, then make a para of the motive behind that project or the topic you choose, then you can make the para for the reasons why you choose the topics and then write down the instances to make it more viable and authentic for the readers. Then you can write the concluding para for the introduction.

13. Do not go very long:

The introduction should not be very long but can go to one page. This much is fine to write in an introduction as an introduction will have to include all the essentials in a very brief manner like the problems, the reason why you chose the topic, the examples, the solutions to the problems and so on. Give everything in brief and not in essay type format.

14. It should arouse interest in the reader:

The first para should be such that it arises interest in the readers to go through the rest of the content in the project. If the first para will be dull and monotonous, then automatically the readers will drop the idea of reading the whole project.

15. The parts should be well separated:

The introduction has to be written in the different paras but along with this, you need to make sure that the content in the paras is separated like the similar content should not be written in all the paras. All the paras and the content must be separated.

Other Project Related Articles:

  • How to Write a Proposal for Project Work
  • How to Write Abstract for Project Work
  • How to Write Preface for Project Work
  • How to Write a Synopsis for Project Work
  • How to Write a Conclusion for Project Work

16. There must be no repetition:

The content of the introduction should not be repeated but should be different from each of the paras. Only the varied content will arouse greater interest in the readers, while similar content will only make the reader bored and monotonous towards the reading.

17. Do not disclose much about the project’s content:

The introduction should not disclose everything about the project or it will release all the interest towards the remaining project. Just be sure to write only the gist or you can say that the introduction with no particular details.

The introduction must be like creating suspense for the reader, about what next can be there in the project. Only the suspense can help your reader be hooked towards the project and the interest will remain intact.

18. Be creative through pictures in the introduction:

You can shed away the same old style of writing the introduction as you can add photographs into the project especially in the first para. When you write the examples, you can paste the pictures in the project. The pictures will add color to the project, making it luring and attractive enough for the readers to get attracted.

19. Make it colorful:

You can make the project colorful by writing with colored pens. Like you can write one para in one color and the other with a different color. This will make the thing look striking. Although it is a little kiddish, yet it is something that will attract a number of readers. This is something that maintains the reader’s interest and the reader will never leave the project with incomplete reading.

20. Start with some quote:

You can start with some quotes too. The quote of some author relating to your topic can be used to start the introduction. The quotes or any idioms, proverbs in the very beginning help in making the introduction very appealing and engaging.

21. If possible write in pointers:

You can even write in the pointers. Pointers will make things easy to read and also memorize for the readers. The whole introduction is not to be written in the pointers but the important points must be given in the pointers.

Like the references, you can write in pointers. This way the important one will get highlighted and the less important is not given more attention.

22. It makes the first impression:

The introduction is the first para written during the project and it should contain no mistake in it, as the first impression is the last impression. So, make sure, you write an introduction without any mistake or it will create a bad impression in the minds of readers, resulting in the hampering rest of the reading of the project work.

23. Write short sentences:

Writing short sentences will help the reader in reading the paragraphs. Do not write the compound and complex sentences. You should write sentences that finish in one breath. When you do so, the reading for the project becomes easy and comfortable for the reader.

24. Use easy words and vocabulary:

Do not make use of the technical jargon as it is not understandable by the common people. Make use of readable and understandable words. The technical words in the introduction may lead a reader to stop the further reading of the project.

25. Do not write anything off the track:

Writing off track means that going away from the main issue or the topic. Write about the topic only or you may keep the reader off track. Writing anything off the track will only make readers move away from the project work.

26. Be specific while writing the introduction:

When you write the introduction to the project work, be specific in writing. The introduction must contain all the relevant information so that when someone goes through the project inside do not have to think twice and memorize again and again. Just by going through the introduction one must come to know about the vital things you are going to talk about in the interior of the project.

The introduction actually behaves almost like an index to what next could be there, but the only difference is that index is not written in detail but the introduction is written briefly


So, the above are some of the points that one should keep in mind while writing the introduction to the project work. The introduction is a must for all sorts of the project as it acts as a mirror to what is written in the next project.

The project must be made in a professional manner and only the professional work will win accolades and the awards. Writing an introduction is vital as it helps in starting the project work. When you are not writing the introduction and start directly, it creates a bad impression in the minds of the reader, which you certainly do not want.


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How to Write a Simple Project Brief: Template & Examples

project work introduction

Your sales team just sold a new project and handed off all the information they have to you on the shared drive. While they put a lot of good stuff in there, it would easily overwhelm your team and stakeholders—and they don’t have that kind of time to spare. 

Now it’s up to you to figure out what needs to be pulled out and shared with your team so they understand the project’s most important parts. By doing this, you’ll get them up to speed quickly and allow them to see how they fit into the project.

The perfect place to put those key highlights? A project brief.

Let’s take a closer look at what a project brief is and how it’s used in project management.

What is a project brief?

A project brief is an easy-to-digest document that outlines the critical components of a project for your team and stakeholders. While a project plan details how a project will get done, a project brief defines the who , what , when , where , and why .

As the project manager, you’ll want to create a project brief right at the start of an engagement before your team gathers for an internal kick-off meeting. The length and format—and even the elements you include—will depend on the size and complexity of your project and client. 

While you might be tempted to include all the good details you uncover from your sales team in your project brief, this isn’t the place for it. The key is to make it approachable enough for your team and stakeholders to understand without leaving any critical information out.

Challenge yourself to keep it to one page so people will actually want to reference it. After all, any info beyond that is up to you to track, not everyone else.

Project brief vs creative brief

Like a project brief, a creative brief is a document that outlines high-level details of a creative project. It focuses on the strategy and design aspects of the project and may include information about target audiences, competitive differentiation, strategic direction, messaging, and more.

If you’re managing a project that involves creative work, you’ll likely create both documents. The project brief will paint the broad strokes of your entire project, while the creative (or strategic) brief provides more specific direction for the creative portion of your project.

Learn how to write a creative brief, and download a free template.

Project brief vs project charter

You might also be wondering about the difference between a project brief and a project charter . Think of your project brief as a high-level summary of the project charter.

A project charter is longer, more formal, and goes into all the extra information you left out of the brief. Its goal is to outline all the project details and secure client approval. While it’s not the official project contract, it often serves as a scope contract between a project manager and their client and is a go-to reference when scope creep happens .

The project brief should align with your project charter but live as an abbreviated, less formal version that seeks to inform vs contract with approvals.

Your project might have both documents or just one. It really depends on what makes sense for your team, process, and project. I personally lean towards fewer documents and pages, but some projects and clients need more formality.

Learn how to create a project charter, and grab a free template.

What’s the purpose of a project brief ?

The project brief can serve many purposes. Here are 3 reasons a project brief is important in project management:

  • It provides information and clarity. Outlining the who, what, when, where, and why of a project gets your team up to speed on the work they’ll soon be involved in. It also clarifies each person’s role in the project and how they can best contribute. 
  • It establishes a common understanding to mitigate risk and confusion. If you’re not doing a project charter, you can use the project brief as a sort of agreement. Review the brief together to confirm your scope, goals, and more—all while addressing any gray areas and red flags. Getting everyone on the same page helps reduce project risk and avoids wasting time in areas outside the project focus.
  • It creates excitement and rallies the teams together. Sharing the project brief in a pre-kick-off meeting allows you to introduce everyone who will be involved in the work and establish a unified vision for the project. This goes a long way towards creating a “We’re all in this together” environment. 

Who’s responsible for writing a project brief?

So who should create the project brief? Well, that depends on how your team is structured.

Ultimately, the project manager should own responsibility for the brief. That being said, your sales team or account manager might start filling out the template with the information they have as part of your sales to production hand-off process.

At the end of the day, though, it’s up to you as the project manager to ensure the brief is fully complete and that your team and stakeholders understand all aspects of it.

What elements should you include in a project brief?

As I noted, what you include in the project brief will depend on your team, client, and project complexity. Here are some common elements that typically make up a project brief:

  • Brief description of the project
  • Overview of the client/organization
  • Project goals and/or success criteria
  • Project team and stakeholders
  • High-level timeline of major project milestones

Let’s walk through the basic steps for creating a project brief.

How to write a project brief with examples

The hardest part about writing a project brief is striking the right balance between information overload and giving team members something they’ll actually read and reference. 

Do your best to keep it short, simple, and accessible, while ensuring the information you include is truly useful. These steps can help you focus on the details that matter most when creating a project brief.

1. Summarize the project and its purpose

Start with a short elevator pitch that outlines what the project is all about. Use this section to explain why the project is happening now and how it will provide value to the organization.

Here’s an example of what the project summary might look like for a website redesign brief:

Project Summary Example: The Museum’s website is on an outdated Drupal platform. They’re looking to move to a modern, secure version for Drupal and implement updated branding that includes a new logo, colors, fonts, and iconography. With this move, they’d also like to include all the user-sourced templates they’ve been digitizing.

2. Outline what the project needs to accomplish 

It’s a whole lot easier to deliver a project win when everyone’s working toward the same goal. Show your team what success looks like by listing the top 3-5 goals the project must accomplish. 

If you can, tie these project goals to business objectives. That way, your team understands how their work will impact the company as a whole.

Project Goal Examples: Create an online solution to allow users to easily search over 100 gantt chart templates. Update the website from D7 to D9 to give content admins access to modern technology. Implement the new branding across the website. Increase conversions overall, including template downloads, newsletter signups, and training course registration.

3. Provide some background about the client

You don’t have to unpack your client’s whole backstory here. Instead explain who the project is for in 2-3 sentences.

Feel free to include any quick facts the team should know about your client’s organization or market as bullet points, like we’ve done in the sample below:

Organization Example: The Gantt Museum contains the world’s largest collection of gantt charts created by project managers from around the world. The organization is funded by engagement—user training, template sales, and in-person visits to the museum. 75% of users only engage with the museum online. The Museum has only existed for 5 years, so the team structure and decision-making process are still in flux.

4. Introduce key players and their project roles

Your project brief is a great place to give everyone a quick rundown of who’s who on the project. I recommend breaking these introductions down into 2 groups:

  • Project team: List each core team member’s name and role, and include an image to help clients put faces with names more easily. Noting percent allocation will give the client a clear picture of how much time each team member has dedicated to this project.
  • Key stakeholders: List the name, title, and project role for each key stakeholder on your project. Be sure to identify the decision-maker and main point of contact for your client if those roles have been decided. Stakeholder photos may be tough to come by, so don’t sweat it if you can’t include them in your project brief.

You can see what these sections might look like in the project brief example highlighted below:

Project brief example with sections for stakeholder and team introductions highlighted

5. List key deliverables with dates

You may not be ready to commit to a full-blown project plan at this stage, but it’s important to sketch out a timeline for major deliverables. Aim for 5-10 items to keep your timeline high-level. 

Many people process images better than text, so I recommend creating a quick, visual timeline in a project management tool like TeamGantt . Simply add key deliverables as milestones on your gantt chart, then throw a screenshot of that timeline into your project brief. 

Before you wrap up this section, be sure to mention any major out-of-scope items and/or project breaks. In our sample project brief, we called out-of-scope items out in a different color so they don’t get overlooked.

Example of the deliverables and timeline section of a sample project brief

6. Include any other important items of note

Finally, add any key notes that can provide clarification or insight about the project. You might outline risks with mitigation strategies , possible phase 2 items, or recent shifts in the marketplace. 

This section of the project brief will likely be a group of random items, and that’s just fine. You just don’t want to lose anything that could spark an important conversation or idea for the project.

Here are a couple of additional notes we included in our sample project brief:

Example of items to note in a project brief: Many stakeholders want to be involved in the project. We need to determine clear roles and communicate those to all users. While new branding is available, it’s not ready yet. Completion is estimated in 1 month.

Project brief example

This sample project brief gives shows you what your final product might look like when all the elements come together.

Project Brief Example for a Sample Web Design Project

Tips to make your project brief more effective

Now that you’ve got the basics down, let’s review a few ways you can add even more value to your project brief. 

Use a template to save time

Your time is best spent thoughtfully adding content to your project brief—not messing with a tool and fixing formatting. 

Creating a project brief template is an easy way to make your process repeatable. This saves you and your fellow project managers time, while establishing brand consistency across your organization.  

We created a free project brief template to help you get started more quickly. Choose between landscape or portrait format, then make a copy of your own in Google Docs (or download it as a Word document). Simply drop in your logo, and customize the details to fit your project.

  • Project brief template (Landscape format)
  • Project brief template (Portrait format)

Want a project brief that’s visually engaging? Consider using a tool like Miro or Figma to build and brand your project brief. 

Just make sure everyone has access to whatever tool you use and feels comfortable editing in it.

Do the work

Let’s be honest, as project managers, we’re often overloaded with projects and to-dos—especially at the start of a new project. You might be inclined to just fill in the blanks and call it a day. But that’s defeating the point. 

The thing that really brings value to a project brief is the experience and thought you put into it. Consider who the client is, what the project’s about, and what information will help your team get to work with confidence. 

Remember: This document sets a foundation for the project. It’s worth spending time to get this right.

Use all your resources 

As a project manager, you have access to lots of resources—whether it’s the sales team, new client, RFP, project proposal , CRM, etc.

Take time to talk to the right people and dig through all the documentation. Most existing documents will likely be set aside as you and your team start creating new ones, so make sure key info from the past comes forward and gets shared.

Adjust your project brief’s format and contents as needed

Your project brief will likely evolve over time as you incorporate this document in your process. You may start to see that some information isn’t helpful while other important details are missing. 

Revisit the brief’s value every couple of projects to ensure you’re making the most out of its use.

Build a free timeline for your project brief

TeamGantt makes it easy to create a simple timeline for your project brief so everyone knows when to expect major project deliverables.

When you’re ready to draft a comprehensive plan, just pick up where you left off, and schedule all your tasks. You’ll have all the features you need to keep your team in sync and ensure projects finish on time and on budget. 

Try TeamGantt for free today!

About the author: Lynn Winter

Lynn is a freelance Digital Strategist who combines 20+ years of experience in content strategy, user experience, and project management to bring a holistic approach to her work. She has spoken at numerous local and national conferences and hosts an annual conference for Digital Project Managers called Manage Digital ( http://managedigital.io/ ). You can connect with her at lynnwintermn.com .

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How to Write Introduction for Project Work? Ultimate Guide

  • Post author: Rajveer
  • Post last modified: March 12, 2023
  • Reading time: 10 mins read

You are currently viewing How to Write Introduction for Project Work? Ultimate Guide

A good project report starts with a perfect introduction. Project introduction is an important element of project work. It gives the readers an idea of ​​what they are about to read throughout the project. This is why writing a good project introduction is the major requirement of any project. This article is mainly oriented on writing a wonderful project introduction and its writing guide.

In this article, I have tried to convey every small and big point of introduction writing to you. An introduction is your first call to engage readers with your completed project report.

Let’s deep dive into Introduction writing for the project.

Meaning of Introduction in Project

1. write project introduction at the end, 2. identify the purpose, 3. summarize your actions for the project, 4. give a background of the topic, 5. use of headings, 6. give an outline of the project, 7. write short and clear, 8. use of bullet points, 9. proofread the introduction, 10. avoid grammatical errors, 11. avoid palagraism errors, 12. give the final touch, final words on how to write introduction for project work, where is the introduction included in the project work, do i need to add an introduction page to my project, writing guide for introduction in project work.

If you have an understanding of your project then you can easily write a good project introduction by following simple introduction writing tips. But before we know about the introduction writing guidelines, we need to know what is introduction in project work.

An introduction in a project report/work is a section that is written to explain and give insights to the readers about the overall project. A thorough introduction provides enough information to its readers so that they can understand the purpose of the project report.

Introduction Writing Guide: How to write Introduction in a Project

Introduction writing is easy with the below smart guide. Here I’ve shared my best tips for writing a professional introduction that will give your readers a great experience. After reading this complete guide I am sure you will get enough confidence to write an Introduction page for your project.

You might be surprised after reading the above title but that is a hack. Yes! I know that the introduction page is part of the introductory pages of the project work. We add it to the opening pages of course but my advice is to write it at the end and then add it to the opening pages.

Because at the end of the project you know what material you have added to your project and now you can write a solid introduction as now you are fully aware of your project. And after writing it you can add it to your opening pages.

The first step in writing an introduction is to identify the purpose of your project work. You can identify the purpose of the project work by identifying the problem-solving point in your project. It means that the problem you are trying to solve with this project is the purpose of your project.

You can discuss your journey and the steps you took to write your project report. Discuss the methods and materials that you have used in your project. Write down your experience for connecting the readers with your project writing journey.

Your audience may not be aware of the basics of your project topic. Introduction plays an important role here. You can provide background information on what your project report is based on. This is an important thing that you have to explain in your project introduction but don’t disclose the complete solution in the introduction.

If your introduction section is too long, try breaking it up into separate headings. You can divide the introduction into headings such as background, purpose, objectives and research methods, etc. The division of the introduction makes it easier to read.

Outline your introduction. A basic project outline gives readers an overview of your project. An overview is essential as it will give the readers an idea of ​​what they can read in the project report.

A good project introduction should be short and clear. Try to avoid writing a long-form introduction. A short introduction with clear information about the topic is a perfect example of a good introduction.

You can summarize the project report in a short paragraph so that the readers can understand the project with just a brief introduction.

Try to use bullet points in your introduction section if necessary. There are probably some key points you want to highlight in your introduction section. By using bullet points, you can draw the reader’s attention to the bullet point content.

Proofreading is required after you have written. After everything is written you need to proofread your content so that you can identify mistakes and grammatical errors. You can ask your supervisor or co-workers to proofread your introduction page. Re-verify the data and numbers in your introduction page if you have used any.

Grammatical errors are possible when we write so we should pay attention to our grammar mistakes. You can use various grammar-checking tools while writing your introduction so that it is free of grammatical errors.

There is a separate article available on our blog for grammar-checking tools for your project report. Grammarly is one of the best grammatical error checker tools available online.

The introduction should be unique and free of plagiarism. There are many free & paid plagiarism tools available to check plagiarism. Using plagiarism-checking tools, you can identify plagiarized content in your introduction and you can modify it to make it unique.

I have written a separate article on avoiding plagiarism in research writing , check it out for more helpful information on plagiarism-free content.

When you’re all done, it’s time to finalize your introduction. On the final touch, you can add a few extras if needed. Organize and format your page well and style it appropriately. One final gesture is necessary to give the page a good structure and to identify any missing information.

I hope all the above guidelines will be helpful in your introduction writing journey. The above-mentioned points are really essential for writing a good introduction.

I have explained most of the points in this guide but if you are an experienced person and if you think there is something to add then please comment below so that I can check it out. Follow our blog for more academic writing guides and tips.

FAQ: How to write a Introduction for Project

You can include Introduction pages in the beginning pages after the table of contents.

An introduction page is needed to give readers an overview of your project report. Thus, it is an essential part of your project report.

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project work introduction

Introduction to project work – what is a project?

Oxford University Press ELT

As part of the celebrations for 25 years of Project, now in it’s third edition, and in preparation for the Project Competition to design the best class poster, Tom Hutchinson explains what a project is and shows us a few examples .

Project work is not a new methodology. Its benefits have been widely recognized for many years in the teaching of subjects like Science, Geography, and History. Some teachers have also been doing project work in their language lessons for a long time, but for others it is a new way of working.

In the first of a series of five blog posts, I aim to provide a simple introduction to project work. In the following posts, I shall then go on to explain what benefits project work brings in relation to motivation, relevance, and educational values. I shall also deal with the main worries that teachers have about using project work in their classrooms. So to get started:

What is a project?

The best way to answer this question is to show some examples of projects (click on the images to see full size versions).

Design by Katorina Pokorná and Klára Kucejová

Projects allow students to use their imagination and the information they contain does not always have to be factual. In the above example of a project which required students to introduce themselves and their favourite things, the students pretend they are a horse.

Design by K Hajnovic

You can do projects on almost any topic. Factual or fantastic, they help to develop the full range of learners’ capabilities.

Designer unknown

Projects are often done in poster format, but students can also experiment with the form, like in the project above. You will probably also note that project work can produce errors! Project work encourages a focus on fluency – some errors of accuracy are bound to occur.

What are the common characteristics of these projects?

Each project is the result of a lot of hard work. The authors of the projects have found information about their topic, collected or drawn pictures, written down their ideas, and then put all the parts together to form a coherent presentation. Project work is not a soft option.

The projects are very creative in terms of both content and language. Each project is a unique piece of communication, created by the project writers themselves.

This element of creativity makes project work a very personal experience. The students are writing about aspects of their own lives, and so they invest a lot of themselves in their project.

Project work is a highly adaptable methodology. It can be used at every level from absolute beginner to advanced, and with all ages.

So, let us now return to the original question: What is a project? In fact, the key to understanding project work lies not in the question What? , but rather in the question Who? Who makes the decisions? A project is an extended piece of work on a particular topic where the content and the presentation are determined principally by the learners . The teacher or the textbook provides the topic, but as the examples in this section show, the project writers themselves decide what they write and how they present it.

This learner-centred characteristic of project work is vital, as we shall see when we consider the merits of project work in the second blog post.

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Projec wort is an essential part of the teaching.As a teacher. Now i will start to give project work to each student for developing his/her interest in subject. Through this they will become more active learner.

Project explained here is very generic in nature. It should rather include what is the purpose of doing a project, its significance, scope and outcomes of a successful project work.

i am to write a project on a hospitals preparedness to face emergency .how do i do it

[…] Introduction to project work – what is a project? by Tom […]

Is an extended piece of work on a particular topic where the content and the presentation are determined principally by the learners. The teacher or the textbook provides the topic, but as the examples in this section show, the project writers themselves decide what they write and how they present it.

that is a very correct definition of a project,excellent Jackson.

Nice explanation

I am writing a project on investigate antihypertensive in the hospital .pls help me out.i don’t know how to start.thanks

I think this project is very useful because it helps students to be creative

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project work introduction

Getting started: Introduction to project management

In this article, history of project management, project management basics, connect with other project users.

Did you know that Gantt Charts have been around for over a hundred years? Bet you didn't. The discipline of project management has evolved and been refined for longer than you might suspect.

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In a nutshell, project management is the discipline of planning, organizing, and managing resources to complete a specific goal. And then everything goes wrong. The following articles can arm you with the basics to manage a project and deal with the problems that come up.

Experienced project managers and Microsoft Project users can be the most useful resource for a new project manager. There are many methods of joining the community and finding answers to your questions.


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Expert Tips for Writing a Project Description With Free Templates

By Kate Eby | May 25, 2021

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A strong project description provides a roadmap for stakeholders and communicates the vision without getting bogged down in details. We’ve compiled expert tips and sample project descriptions to help you get started. 

In this article, you’ll find a project description outline , steps for writing a project description , expert tips , and examples of project descriptions by industry .

What Is a Project Description?

A project description is a high-level overview of why you’re doing a project. The document explains a project’s objectives and its essential qualities. Think of it as the elevator pitch that focuses on what and why without delving into how. 

You typically draft a project description early on, during the project initiation phase of the project management lifecycle.

The project manager often writes the project description. However, if you are working for an agency that seeks grant funding or writing a research proposal, you might need to learn how to write a project description in a project proposal.

The project description should include an overview of the following:

  • Project goals and objectives
  • Stakeholders and their roles
  • Metrics for measuring success
  • Estimated budget

The tricky part is figuring out what doesn’t belong in the project description. The description should focus on goals, objectives, and the overall approach, but you don’t need to include lists of tasks, an extensive background, or research analysis. In general, the project description is broad; you’ll include more detail in the project plan.

Project Management Guide

Your one-stop shop for everything project management

the 101 guide to project management

Ready to get more out of your project management efforts? Visit our comprehensive project management guide for tips, best practices, and free resources to manage your work more effectively.

View the guide

Project Description Outline

The parts of a project description will vary depending on the type of project. However, your project description should contain the following elements:

Parts of a Project Description Outline

  • Project Title: Aim for a short, unambiguous, and memorable title. 
  • Overview: This is a high-level summary (no more than one or two paragraphs).
  • Project Justification: Explain the problem or opportunity and why the project is necessary.
  • Objectives: Set specific and measurable project goals.
  • Phases of Work: Break down the project into phases that describe the desired outcome for each.
  • Metrics for Evaluating and Monitoring: Include the metrics you’ll use to evaluate the project’s success. 
  • Timeline: Outline the timeline for each phase, including the basic tasks that you will accomplish, with start and end dates.
  • Estimated Budget: Include the budget and projected costs.

How to Write a Project Description

Although writing a project description will vary somewhat depending on the type of project, the basic process is the same. The following 10 steps are key to writing a good project description.

  • Summarize: Write a one- or two-paragraph explanation of what the project aims to accomplish. Avoid delving deep into background or past projects. A good project summary will not only serve as your elevator speech, but will also help you clarify larger issues with your plan.
  • Define: Describe the problem or opportunity and how the project will address it.
  • Specific: Answer who, what, when, where, and why.
  • Measurable: Include metrics for defining success.
  • Achievable: Set goals that are possible to accomplish with the available resources.
  • Relevant: Goals should be aligned with your organization’s mission.
  • Time-bound: Include intermediate and final deadlines for each goal.
  • Explain: Briefly explain your methodology. Include any key technologies or project management techniques you’ll use and why they’re appropriate.
  • Measure: Identify the project deliverables . How will you measure success and evaluate the project?
  • Schedule: Include a general timeline, with project phases and milestones. Be sure to note any important deadlines.
  • Budget: Include the total estimated cost of the project and how much you have budgeted. (Note that this shouldn’t be a line item budget.) Use a project budget template for a more detailed breakdown of budgeted and actual project expenses.
  • Get feedback: Seek feedback from key stakeholders, customers, and anyone impacted by the project for feedback. Ask them to explain the project in their own words to get a sense of how clearly you’ve communicated the vision.
  • Proofread: Have someone else proofread the project description. In addition to spelling and grammatical errors, ask them to look for missing details that are significant to the project.
  • Revise: Update and revise the document as the project progresses. Treat the project description as a living document.

A 10-Step Checklist for Writing a Project Description

Now that you know how to write a project description, use this checklist to help you focus on the key details.

Types of Project Descriptions With Examples

In this section, you’ll find a variety of free, customizable project description templates. We’ve completed them with sample information so that you can get an idea of how to write a description that fits your needs. You can also download a free project documentation template to help you track its progress.

Architectural Project Description Template

Architectural Project Description Template

Download Architectural Project Description Template

Microsoft Word | Adobe PDF | Google Docs

An architectural project description should start with a summary that explains the need for the project. Briefly identify the site, any key design features and aesthetic considerations, and a broad timeline. Keep it simple, and write for the general public. Here’s an example of an architectural project description summary for a downtown parking garage:

After you summarize the project, use the architectural project description template to create a customizable action plan. Include a breakdown of work by phases. Note any communications and approvals needed to ensure success.

Client Creative Project Brief Template

Client Creative Brief Template

Download Client Creative Brief Template

Microsoft Excel | Smartsheet

Create a client creative project brief  to ensure a project strategy aligns with client goals. Creative briefs are frequently used for projects involving graphic design, videography, or marketing campaigns. Start by briefly describing the project, objectives, and deadlines. The following client creative project brief provides an overview of a holiday marketing campaign.

The format will vary based on the type of project. In the client creative project template example above, you’ll find a number of kickoff questions about the campaign’s target audience, key components, and messaging. If this template doesn’t meet your needs, check out other Smartsheet client creative briefs and marketing project plan templates .

Grant Project Description Template

Grant Project Description Template

Download Grant Project Description Template 

Microsoft Word | Adobe PDF  

When you’re applying for grant funding or planning a grant-funded project, it’s essential to identify the target population and how they’ll benefit from project activities. Focus on why the project is necessary, rather than on the needs of your organization. The following example describes a grant project for a program seeking funding to combat childhood hunger:

This grant project description template breaks down the description into separate sections for the problem to be addressed, goals and objectives, target population, project activities, and key staff. It provides additional space for background information, measurable outcomes, and a timeline and budget, and it includes separate columns for income sources and expenses.

Interior Design Project Description Template

Interior Design Project Description Template

Download Interior Design Project Description Template

Microsoft Word | Google Docs

An interior design project description is similar to a client creative project brief. You’ll use the project overview to spell out a vision for the project that syncs with the client’s needs. The following interior design project description summarizes a residential kitchen remodel project.

Use the remainder of the interior design project description template to document the client’s likes and dislikes in greater detail. The template includes space to note the client’s preferences for general style, as well as colors, patterns, textiles, furnishings, and more. You’ll also find space to include measurements, a floor sketch, a project schedule, and a budget.

IT Project Description Template

IT Project Description Template

Download IT Project Description Template

Microsoft Excel | Microsoft Word | Adobe PDF

An IT project description should start with a basic summary that condenses key background information and what the project entails. Keep it simple, and explain the project in lay terms. The following IT project description summary provides an overview of a plan to develop a mobile ordering app for a fast casual restaurant:

This IT project description template includes space for goals, assumptions, measurements of success, and risks. Additionally, the template includes space for a breakdown of the scope of work, including processes impacted by the project, milestones, costs, and resources.

Software Project Description Template

Software Project Description Template

Download Software Project Description Template

Microsoft Word | Adobe PDF

A software project description should start with an overview that explains the type of software that will be developed, the problem it will solve, and the benefits to users and the business. The overview shouldn’t focus on the technical aspects of the project, but instead on the final product and its benefits. This software project description example gives an overview of a point-of-sale (POS) system under development for a brewery.

Once you’ve completed the overview, use this software project description template to explain purposes and goals in greater detail. The template includes sections for obstacles, risk factors, hardware compatibility, and software employed. Other features include a detailed breakdown of the project’s timeline and cost structure.

For other project description templates, please refer to our Free Project Description Templates article .

PMP Project Description

If you’re a project manager seeking the Project Management Professional certification, you’ll need either 36 or 60 months of professional experience leading projects, depending on your education level. 

The Project Management Institute (PMI) requires you to submit each project as its own entry on the application and include the following:

  • A one-sentence project objective.
  • Your role in accomplishing project deliverables in each of the five phases of project management : initiating (IN), planning (PL), executing (EX), monitoring and controlling (MC), and closing (CL).
  • A brief description of project outcome.

You can use this PMP application project description example for guidance:

  • Objective: Redesign Company XYZ’s website to improve lead generation by 25 percent.
  • Project Deliverables: I was the project manager for Company XYZ’s redesign. I drafted the project charter and recruited a team of four IT staffers to complete the project (IN). I created the work breakdown structure, timeline, and budget, and I met with stakeholders to assess project contingencies and risks (PL). I coordinated between departments, provided quality assurance, and managed the four-person team throughout the project (EX). I conducted risk audits and communicated results to stakeholders (MC). I obtained stakeholder feedback, archived project documents, and held multidepartment training once the redesign was completed (CL).
  • Outcome: Company XYZ’s website redesign was completed $10,000 under budget and two weeks ahead of schedule. Lead generation increased by 30 percent within six months.

How to Write a Project Description in a CV or Resume

Writing a project description for successful past projects can give you an edge when you’re a job candidate or looking for new clients. When writing a project description for your CV, resume, or portfolio, clearly state the project objective, your role, and the outcome.

Continuing with the example above, here’s a project management project description sample to avoid in your resume because it’s vague. The second project description is a more effective example. It also highlights the most significant accomplishments and responsibilities first.

Project Description Before Example

IT Project Manager, Company XYZ Project: Website redesign

  • Managed a highly successful redesign
  • Provided leadership throughout the project
  • Updated key stakeholders in a timely manner
  • Coordinated communications and staff trainings
  • Completed the project under budget and ahead of schedule, resulting in improved sales

Project Description After Example

IT Project Manager, Company XYZ Project: Website redesign with goal of increasing lead generation by 25%

  • Managed website redesign that resulted in a 30% increase in lead generation
  • Completed the project $10,000 under budget and two weeks ahead of schedule
  • Recruited and managed a team of four IT staffers
  • Created the work breakdown structure, timeline, and budget; assessed project contingencies and risks
  • Communicated with key stakeholders throughout the project; trained staff across departments once the project was complete

Tips for Writing a Good Project Description

To write an effective project description, draft early in the process. Keep it high-level without going into too much detail or background. Use the description to generate interest among a broad audience. Keep it brief and free of jargon.

  • Clear: Keep writing straight to the point and don’t include unnecessary jargon. 
  • Concise: Focus on the project itself, rather than on background information.
  • Complete: This can be a challenge when you’re also aiming for concision. Regardless, the description should include the key points your audience needs to understand the project. 
  • Credible: Only cite authoritative sources and the most up-to-date information.
  • Draft the Project Description Early in the Process: Gregory Carson, PMP, is a biomedical engineer, attorney, and patent agent with more than 20 years of project management experience and who owns Carson Patents . Carson suggests drafting the project description early, ideally as soon as the idea occurs to you or your team. The description will serve as the summary roadmap to refer back to throughout the project. “All of the other details have some direct relationship to the project description, so having the project description well drafted before you begin the execution planning can save you time and frustration, in particular as changes need to be included,” Carson says. At the end of the project, you’ll want to refer back to the document to show that the project fulfilled the goals and objectives.
  • Make a Memorable First Impression: Alan Zucker, PMP, is a project manager with more than 25 years working with Fortune 100 companies and founder of the website Project Management Essentials . He says that a project description should motivate. The goal is for people to understand and support the project after reading the description. “When crafting your pitch, remember that most people will form their initial impressions about the project within the first 30 seconds. Lead with a strong statement and a powerful image of the project’s benefit,” Zucker says.
  • Write for a Broad Audience: A common mistake when writing a project description is targeting too narrow of an audience. “There is usually no lack of attention on the stakeholders that are funding the project, and they are important audience members for the project description to focus on,” Carson says. “But particular attention focused on the stakeholders who will benefit from the project often leads to helpful insights for the project.” Getting feedback on the description from a broader audience is also helpful. Zucker suggests reviewing the description with key stakeholders, customers, and those impacted by the project. “After reading your description, see if they can restate it in their own words,” Zucker suggests. “Was the restatement what you intended? If not, then continue to revise the description based on the feedback.”
  • Avoid Excessive Details, Especially Early On: Your project description should convey a vision, rather than provide a detailed implementation plan. Don’t worry too much about planning out details in the description phase —  Zucker suggests that you simply make sure there’s a clear understanding of the project’s goals and why you want to proceed. “The description will evolve as we learn more about the project,” Zucker says. “Don’t worry about committing too early. Part of that evolutionary process is sharing the description and getting feedback on it.” Keeping a high-level focus will help generate buy-in for the project. Carson says it’s key to describe the project so that others “can understand and appreciate your marvel.” “You don’t want to pontificate to the point where people stop reading or get confused about any of the goals and objectives,” he says.
  • Ask Someone to Proofread Your Project Description: Proofreading and editing are essential when you finalize your project description. But if you wrote the description, recruit someone else to edit it. “Too often as we write, we ‘remember’ what we were writing about and can miss little details, even spelling and grammar, that can impact the meaning and importance of a project and its description,” Carson says. Don’t be surprised if you need to revise and rewrite a few times. It’s all part of the process of crafting your message.

How to Write a Brief Description of a Project

Focus on the project and the problem it addresses. Avoid delving into background info or referencing other projects. Emphasize the what and why without excessive detail about the tasks it requires. This can be your pitch to sell the project.

What Is a Project Description in a Project Proposal?

A project description in a project proposal is a brief summary of the goals, the objectives, and the need for the project. It shouldn’t be more than one or two paragraphs. The project proposal will provide more detailed information.

What Is a Project Description in a Thesis?

A project description in a thesis outlines the research you’re undertaking, typically as part of graduate studies. It includes your working title, your research goals, basic methodology, and why the research is needed.

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What is a project plan and how to write a killer plan in 6 steps

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A project plan is an essential document for keeping your project on track. It states the purpose of your project and identifies the scope, structure, resources, goals, deliverables, and timelines.

Without a solid plan, projects typically get delayed and run over budget.

In this high-level guide, we’ll show you how to write a project plan in six steps and share five monday.com templates to get you up and running quickly. But first, let’s define a project plan and its various components.

What is a project plan?

monday.com board for a project management plan

A project plan is a formal document that outlines an entire project’s goals and objectives, specific tasks, and what success looks like.

In addition to setting the purpose of your project, it should include other materials and deliverables relevant to the project, such as:

  • Timelines and Gantt charts for key milestones — like start and end dates, getting your 200th customer, or launching an event or app.
  • Communication plans — to keep everyone informed of progress, achievements, and potential roadblocks.
  • Work breakdown structure — especially if you have multiple team members working on different or simultaneous tasks, in which case, you may also need a Project Planner .
  • Resources needed to complete the project — like project management tools, cash, freelancers, and more.

In short, your project plan serves as a central hub to define, organize, prioritize, and assign activities and resources throughout your project’s life cycle.

What is project planning?

Project planning is the second phase in the project management lifecycle :

  • PHASE 1: Project Initiation  — where you identify a business need or problem and a potential solution.
  • PHASE 2: Project Planning  — where you define specific tasks, assign responsibilities, and create the project schedule.
  • PHASE 3: Project Execution  — where you touch base with resources, monitor the timeline and budget, and report back to stakeholders.
  • PHASE 4: Project Close-out — where you review the success of the project.

During the project planning phase, you extend the project charter document from the initiation phase to create your detailed project plan. Typical tasks within the project planning phase include:

  • Setting a budget.
  • Defining a project schedule or timeline.
  • Creating work breakdown structures.
  • Identifying resources and ensuring availability.
  • Assessing any potential roadblocks and planning for those scenarios .
  • Defining project objectives , roles, deadlines, responsibilities, and project milestones .

Project plan elements

Here’s how a project plan differs from other project planning elements.

Project plan vs. work plan

Although similar, work plans are not as comprehensive as project plans. A work plan focuses on helping project teams achieve smaller objectives, whereas a project plan provides a high-level overview of an entire project’s goals and objectives.

Project plan vs. project charter

A project charter provides an overview of a project. It’s a formal short document that states a project’s existence and authorizes project managers to commence work. The charter describes a project’s goals, objectives, and resource requirements. You create it in the project initiation phase before your project plan and present it to key stakeholders to get the project signed off.

Project plan vs. project scope

Part of your project plan includes the project scope , which clearly defines the size and boundaries of your project. You document the project scope  in three places: a scope statement, work breakdown structure (WBS), and WBS dictionary. It serves as a reference point to monitor project progress, compare actual versus planned results, and avoid scope creep.

Project plan vs. work breakdown structure

A work breakdown structure (WBS) is a hierarchical outline of the tasks required to complete your project. It breaks down large or complicated goals into more manageable tasks so you can execute the project plan. The WBS breaks down the project scope into phases, subprojects, deliverables, and work packages that lead to your final deliverable.

Project plan vs. agile project

An agile project is the opposite of a traditional project plan. Agile projects use an incremental, iterative approach to deliver a project, whereas traditional projects — also known as a waterfall approach — use a cascading, step-by-step planning process. Agile projects are synonymous with software development teams, but you can use them in any field.

Why are project plans important?

Over a third of all projects experience something called scope creep . This is where the team ends up doing more work than originally planned. Much of this can be avoided by accounting for unexpected hold-ups or changes in circumstances within your project plan. A project plan also makes it easy to pinpoint when problems arose, so you can be better prepared for future projects.

If you look at the numbers related to project management, it’s easy to understand where a project management plan could have a positive impact— 45% of projects aren’t completed on time, and 38% of projects are over budget.

Project outcomes from the PMI Pulse 2021

A project plan can help to curtail wily overspending and late turnaround by identifying these issues early. This leaves no room for confusion and delays in the workflow and progress of your projects.

How to create a project plan in 6 steps

There are no hard-and-fast rules for a project plan. However, we recommend you use the following six steps as a springboard for creating one.

1. Start with an executive summary

The executive summary goes at the beginning of your project plan and should summarize the key points of the project plan . It should restate the purpose of the project plan, highlight the major points of the plan, and describe any results, conclusions, or recommendations from the project.

Even though it is at the beginning of your project plan , it’s something you will write last , as you’ll be pulling out the main points from the rest of your plan.

It should be no longer than a page, offering a brief overview of:

  • The project objectives and goals
  • Your chosen project methodology/framework
  • The final deliverables and acceptance criteria
  • Key scope risks and countermeasures
  • Summary of milestones
  • An overview of the project timeline and schedule-based risks
  • Resource and spending estimates

This snapshot of your project makes it easy for key stakeholders who aren’t actively involved in the mechanics of the project to understand it. For project managers, the executive summary serves as a quick reminder of the key project goal, scope, expectations, and limitations. Since almost a third of projects don’t meet their original goals, it’s important that project managers review the project plan regularly to stay on track.

2. Define the project scope

There are few things worse than starting on a project only for it to balloon. By defining a project’s scope , you set the boundaries for a project’s start and end dates as well as expectations about deliverables and who approves requests—and what merits approval— throughout a project.

It also involves outlining the potential risks associated with meeting these expectations and providing countermeasures to mitigate these risks. Identifying exactly who’s accountable for tracking these risks is essential.

This step will help you prevent scope creep, or how a project’s requirements tend to increase over a project lifecycle. Organizations complain that 34% of all their projects experience scope creep, yet only 52% of organizations go to the effort of mostly or always creating a scoping document every time.

3. Structure your project

There are several frameworks you could use to guide your project and this will affect your workflow’s organizations and how deliverables are produced and assigned.

For example, if you’re using the waterfall framework , you’ll be planning everything in advance, working through each stage of development sequentially, and specialized task owners executing their work at a defined time.

Remember that creating too many dependencies within your project structure can negatively impact success, so try to work out ways that teams can work autonomously to achieve deliverables in a timely manner. It’s also good to consider how many approvers are needed to maintain order but also to prevent bottlenecks.

Above all else, it’s important to incorporate set times for team knowledge-sharing, so your projects can be more successful. Make a note of the communication structures you’ll use to encourage collaboration .

4. Check what project resources you have available

Define the resources you have available for this project:

  • Physical resources

You need to be precise when you’re assessing what you’ll need, otherwise you’re baking a cake with all the wrong ingredients. A resource manager or project manager can lead this.

As an example, when teams have the right highly skilled people, projects are 30% more likely to succeed. Yet, a third of people don’t believe their teams have all the right skills for the project—a recipe for failure.

The quantity of team members is also important—if the ratio of work to available people is off, efficiency and quality will suffer. If you want to effectively allocate your resources to meet expectations, you’ll need to be realistic about resource limitations.

This may, for example, mean adjusting timescales if you’re short on staff or increasing your budget if you need more specialist equipment.

5. Map out your project timeline

Organizations that implement time frames into project plans are more likely to succeed. Despite this, 52% of projects don’t always set baseline schedules. That’s probably why 45% of organizations say they rarely or never complete successful projects on time.

In this sense, it’s wise to add a project schedule section to your project plan. This part of your plan should set expectations on when you’ll deliver and how you’ll stick to your project timeline.

Use a Gantt timeline to plan project activities and timings

Your project schedule will look a little different depending on which framework you choose.

The tasks that you have a ‘Work in Progress’ (WIP) will depend on your team’s capacity. In this section, you should set your maximum number of WIPs you can have in each column at each time.

6. Manage your project changes

Organizations put change control in their top three project challenges. If you don’t solidify a change management plan , your team will be clueless about what to do when unplanned change hits. A dynamic change management plan will outline the steps to follow and the person to turn to when unforeseen changes occur.

A key part of this is having a change management tool in place. And monday work management is flexible enough to help you manage all parts of the project life cycle — from planning and monitoring to reporting and resource management. Let’s take a look at a few of our templates that can help you get started.

5 project planning templates to help you write a good project plan

monday.com templates can be lifesavers when it comes to visualizing each section of your project plan, and they make it easy to get started. Try these 5 project plan templates to kickstart your project planning process.

1. Project Plan Template

Looking for a general project plan template? Try one of our project plan templates .

monday.com Project timeline template

Using this highly visual template by monday.com, you can structure your subprojects by set time periods and allocate accountable personnel to each phase.

Prioritize each project and add a timeline to show when deliverables are expected.

2. Resource Utilization Template

Resource management allows teams to focus on executing tasks, projects, and processes efficiently and achieve shared goals at scale.

monday.com resource management

You can allocate resources to individuals and tack on timescales so your staff knows what resources they’re responsible for in which phase. Adding a location makes it easy for teams to know where to hand over resources as they transition from one phase to the next—and they can check this on our mobile app.

Use the Workload view to manage your team’s time proactively and get an overview of the workload and capacity of each person on the team.

Use the Workload view to manage your team’s time proactively and get an overview of the workload and capacity of each person on the team.

3. Project Cost Management Template

It’s far easier to plan a budget when you can see all your costs in one place.

That’s why this Project Cost Management Template from monday.com is so incredibly handy.

monday.com Project Cost Management Template

Add each subproject and plan out projected costs, allocating totals to each department. You can use the document to estimate the budget you’ll need and to record your approved project budget. You can then use our dashboards or reports to see the information in a different, more colorful way.

4. Project Timeline Template

Plan out your schedules with this Project Timeline Template .

monday.com Project Timeline Template

While this dashboard isn’t really suitable if you’re working with the Kanban framework, it’s ideal for those operating under Waterfall or Scrum frameworks.

For Waterfall projects, add in your milestones, attach a timeline, and allocate a set number of workdays to complete the tasks for each milestone.

Tag the team leader for each phase so project managers know which milestones they’re responsible for.

During project execution, teams can use the status bar to track progress. They can also add updates to each milestone by clicking on each item, which encourages inter-team collaboration.

For Scrum projects, you can organize the dashboard by Sprints, adding in the specific tasks as they’re decided.

5. Program Risk Register Template

Visualize all your project scope and schedule risks in this Program Risk Register Template .

monday.com Program Risk Register Template

Use color-coded status bars to illustrate risk status, risk probability, and risk impact for your project scope and schedule.

You can even categorize risks, add a risk owner, and suggest mitigation strategies. That way other project team members know what to do if these risks start to blossom into real glitches.

Optimize your project management plan with the right tool

Project plans are an essential part of your team’s success.

While they are detail-oriented and complex, creating one and managing it shouldn’t be a struggle. Use monday.com’s pre-built planning templates to help you break down each section of the plan as you go and monitor everything in real-time.

Try monday work management, and see for yourself how much smoother your next project will run when you can consolidate all your project planning materials in one place.

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How to Write a Project Proposal (Examples & Template Included)


Table of Contents

What is a project proposal, types of project proposals, project proposal vs. project charter, project proposal vs. business case, project proposal vs. project plan, project proposal outline, how to write a project proposal, project proposal example, project proposal tips.

  • ProjectManager & Project Proposals

A project proposal is a project management document that’s used to define the objectives and requirements of a project. It helps organizations and external project stakeholders agree on an initial project planning framework.

The main purpose of a project proposal is to get buy-in from decision-makers. That’s why a project proposal outlines your project’s core value proposition; it sells value to both internal and external project stakeholders. The intent of the proposal is to grab the attention of stakeholders and project sponsors. Then, the next step is getting them excited about the project summary.

Getting into the heads of the audience for which you’re writing the project proposal is vital: you need to think like the project’s stakeholders to deliver a proposal that meets their needs.

We’ve created a free project proposal template for Word to help structure documents, so you don’t have to remember the process each time.

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Project Proposal Template

Use this free Project Proposal Template for Word to manage your projects better.

In terms of types of project proposals, you can have one that’s formally solicited, informally solicited or a combination. There can also be renewal and supplemental proposals. Here’s a brief description of each of them.

  • Solicited project proposal: This is sent as a response to a request for proposal (RFP) . Here, you’ll need to adhere to the RFP guidelines of the project owner.
  • Unsolicited project proposal: You can send project proposals without having received a request for a proposal. This can happen in open bids for construction projects , where a project owner receives unsolicited project proposals from many contractors.
  • Informal project proposal: This type of project proposal is created when a client asks for an informal proposal without an RFP.
  • Renewal project proposal: You can use a renewal project proposal when you’re reaching out to past customers. The advantage is that you can highlight past positive results and future benefits.
  • Continuation project proposal: A continuation project proposal is sent to investors and stakeholders to communicate project progress.
  • Supplemental project proposal: This proposal is sent to investors to ask for additional resources during the project execution phase.

A project proposal is a detailed project document that’s used to convince the project sponsor that the project being proposed is worth the time, money and effort to deliver it. This is done by showing how the project will address a business problem or opportunity. It also outlines the work that will be done and how it will be done.

A project charter can seem like the same thing as a project proposal as it also defines the project in a document. It identifies the project objectives, scope, goals, stakeholders and team. But it’s done after the project has been agreed upon by all stakeholders and the project has been accepted. The project charter authorizes the project and documents its requirements to meet stakeholders’ needs.

A business case is used to explain why the proposed project is justified. It shows that the project is worth the investment of time and money. It’s more commonly used in larger companies in the decision-making process when prioritizing one project over another.

The business case answers the questions: what is the project, why should it be taken up, who will be involved and how much will it cost? It’s therefore related to a project proposal, but the project proposal comes before the business case and is usually part of the larger proposal.

Again, the project proposal and the project plan in this case are very similar documents. It’s understandable that there would be some confusion between these two project terms. They both show how the project will be run and what the results will be. However, they’re not the same.

The project proposal is a document that aims to get a project approved and funded. It’s used to convince stakeholders of the viability of the project and their investment. The project plan, on the other hand, is made during the planning phase of the project, once it’s been approved. It’s a detailed outline of how the project will be implemented, including schedule, budget, resources and more.

All the elements in the above project proposal outline are present in our template. This free project proposal template for Word will provide you with everything you need to write an excellent project proposal. It will help you with the executive summary, project process, deliverables, costs—even terms and conditions. Download your free template today.

Project proposal tempalte for Word

There are several key operational and strategic questions to consider, including:

  • Executive summary: This is the elevator pitch that outlines the project being proposed and why it makes business sense. While it also touches on the information that’ll follow in the project proposal, the executive summary should be brief and to the point.
  • Project background: This is another short part of the proposal, usually only one page, which explains the problem you’ll solve or the opportunity you’re taking advantage of with the proposed project. Also, provide a short history of the business to put the company in context to the project and why it’s a good fit.
  • Project vision & success criteria: State the goal of the project and how it aligns with the goals of the company. Be specific. Also, note the metrics used to measure the success of the project.
  • Potential risks and mitigation strategies: There are always risks. Detail them here and what strategies you’ll employ to mitigate any negative impact as well as take advantage of any positive risk.
  • Project scope & deliverables: Define the project scope, which is all the work that has to be done and how it will be done. Also, detail the various deliverables that the project will have.
  • Set SMART goals: When setting goals, be SMART. That’s an acronym for specific, measurable, achievable, relevant and time-bound. All your goals would be defined by those five things.
  • Project approach: Define the approach you’ll use for the contract. There are several different types of contracts used in construction , for example, such as lump sum, cost plus, time and materials, etc. This is also a good place to describe the delivery method you’ll use.
  • Expected benefits: Outline the benefits that will come from the successful completion of the project.
  • Project resource requirements: List the resources, such as labor, materials, equipment, etc., that you’ll need to execute the project if approved.
  • Project costs & budget: Detail all the costs, including resources, that’ll be required to complete the project and set up a budget to show how those costs will be spent over the course of the project.
  • Project timeline: Lay out the project timeline , which shows the project from start to finish, including the duration of each phase and the tasks within it, milestones, etc.

In addition to these elements, it’s advisable to use a cover letter, which is a one-page document that helps you introduce your project proposal and grab the attention of potential clients and stakeholders.

To make the best proposal possible, you’ll want to be thorough and hit on all the points we’ve listed above. Here’s a step-by-step guide to writing a persuasive priority proposal.

1. Write an Executive Summary

The executive summary provides a quick overview of the main elements of your project proposal, such as your project background, project objectives and project deliverables, among other things. The goal is to capture the attention of your audience and get them excited about the project you’re proposing. It’s essentially the “elevator pitch” for the project life cycle. It should be short and to the point.

The executive summary should be descriptive and paint a picture of what project success looks like for the client. Most importantly, it should motivate the project client; after all, the goal is getting them to sign on the dotted line to get the project moving!

2. Provide a Project Background

The project background is a one-page section of your project proposal that explains the problem that your project will solve. You should explain when this issue started, its current state and how your project will be the ideal solution.

  • Historic data: The history section outlines previously successful projects and those that could have run more smoothly. By doing so, this section establishes precedents and how the next project can be more effective using information from previous projects.
  • Solution: The solution section addresses how your project will solve the client’s problem. Accordingly, this section includes any project management techniques , skills and procedures your team will use to work efficiently.

3. Establish a Project Vision & Success Criteria

You’ll need to define your project vision. This is best done with a vision statement, which acts as the north star for your project. It’s not specific as much as it’s a way to describe the impact your company plans to make with the project.

It’s also important to set up success criteria to show that the project is in fact doing what it’s proposed to do. Three obvious project success criteria are the triple constraint of cost, scope and time. But you’ll need to set up a way to measure these metrics and respond to them if they’re not meeting your plan.

4. Identify Potential Risks and Mitigation Strategies

To reduce the impact of risk in your project, you need to identify what those risks might be and develop a plan to mitigate them . List all the risks, prioritize them, describe what you’ll do to mitigate or take advantage of them and who on the team is responsible for keeping an eye out for them and resolving them.

5. Define Your Project Scope and Project Deliverables

The project scope refers to all the work that’ll be executed. It defines the work items, work packages and deliverables that’ll be delivered during the execution phase of your project life cycle. It’s important to use a work breakdown structure (WBS) to define your tasks and subtasks and prioritize them.

6. Set SMART Goals for Your Project Proposal

The best mindset when developing goals and objectives for your project proposal is to use the SMART system :

  • Specific – Make sure your goals and objectives are clear, concise and specific to the task at hand.
  • Measurable – Ensure your goals and objectives are measurable so it’s obvious to see when things are on track and going well, and conversely, when things are off track and issues need to be addressed. Measurable goals make it easy to develop the milestones you’ll use to track the progress of the project and identify a reasonable date for completion and/or closure.
  • Attainable – It’s important every project has a “reach” goal. Hitting this goal would mean an outstanding project that extends above and beyond expectations. However, it’s important that the project’s core goal is attainable, so morale stays high and the job gets done with time and resources to spare.
  • Relevant – Make sure all of your goals are directly relevant to the project and address the scope within which you’re working.
  • Time-Based – Timelines and specific dates should be at the core of all goals and objectives. This helps keep the project on track and ensures all project team members can manage the work that’s ahead of them.

7. Explain What’s Your Project Approach

Your project approach defines the project management methodology , tools and governance for your project. In simple terms, it allows project managers to explain to stakeholders how the project will be planned, executed and controlled successfully.

8. Outline The Expected Benefits of Your Project Proposal

If you want to convince internal stakeholders and external investors, you’ll need to show them the financial benefits that your project could bring to their organization. You can use cost-benefit analysis and projected financial statements to demonstrate why your project is profitable.

9. Identify Project Resource Requirements

Project resources are critical for the execution of your project. The project proposal briefly describes what resources are needed and how they’ll be used. Later, during the planning phase, you’ll need to create a resource management plan that’ll be an important element of your project plan. Project requirements are the items, materials and resources needed for the project. This section should cover both internal and external needs.

10. Estimate Project Costs and Project Budget

All the resources that you’ll need for your project have a price tag. That’s why you need to estimate those costs and create a project budget . The project budget needs to cover all your project expenses, and as a project manager, you’ll need to make sure that you adhere to the budget.

11. Define a Project Timeline

Once you’ve defined your project scope, you’ll need to estimate the duration of each task to create a project timeline. Later during the project planning phase , you’ll need to create a schedule baseline, which estimates the total length of your project. Once the project starts, you’ll compare your actual project schedule to the schedule baseline to monitor progress.

Now let’s explore some project proposal examples to get a better understanding of how a project proposal would work in the real world. For this example, let’s imagine a city that’s about to build a rapid transit system. The city government has the funds to invest but lacks the technical expertise and resources that are needed to build it, so it issues a request for proposal (RFP) document and sends it to potential builders.

Then, the construction companies that are interested in executing this rapid transit project will prepare a project proposal for the city government. Here are some of the key elements they should include.

  • Project background: The construction firm will provide an explanation of the challenges that the project presents from a technical perspective, along with historical data from similar projects that have been completed successfully by the company.
  • Project vision & success criteria: Write a vision statement and explain how you’ll track the triple constraint to ensure the successful delivery of the project.
  • Potential risks and mitigation strategies: List all risks and how they’ll be mitigated, and be sure to prioritize them.
  • Project scope & deliverables: The work that’ll be done is outlined in the scope, including all the deliverables that’ll be completed over the life cycle of the project.
  • Set SMART goals: Use the SMART technique to define your project goals by whether they’re specific, measurable, achievable, relevant and time-bound.
  • Project approach: Define the methodology that the project manager will employ to manage the project. Also, figure out what type of contract will be used to define the project.
  • Expected benefits: Show how the project will deliver advantages to the company and define what these benefits are in a quantifiable way.
  • Project resource requirements: List all the resources, such as labor, materials, equipment, etc., needed to execute the project.
  • Project costs & budget: Estimate the cost of the project and lay that out in a project budget that covers everything from start to finish.
  • Project timeline: Outline the project schedule, including phases, milestones and task duration on a visual timeline.

Whatever project proposal you’re working on, there are a few tips that apply as best practices for all. While above we suggested a project proposal template that would have a table of contents, meaning it would be many pages long, the best-case scenario is keeping the proposal to one or two pages max. Remember, you’re trying to win over stakeholders, not bore them.

Speaking of project stakeholders , do the research. You want to address the right ones. There’s no point in doing all the work necessary to write a great proposal only to have it directed to the wrong target audience. Whoever is going to read it, though, should be able to comprehend the proposal. Keep the language simple and direct.

When it comes to writing, get a professional. Even a business document like a project proposal, business case or executive summary will suffer if it’s poorly constructed or has typos. If you don’t want to hire a professional business writer, make sure you get someone on your project team to copy, edit and proof the document. The more eyes on it, the less likely mistakes will make it to the final edition.

While you want to keep the proposal short and sweet, it helps to sweeten the pot by adding customer testimonials to the attachments. Nothing sells a project plan better than a customer base looking for your product or service.

ProjectManager & Project Proposals

ProjectManager allows you to plan proposals within our software. You can update tasks for the project proposal to signify where things stand and what’s left to be done. The columns allow you to organize your proposal by section, creating a work breakdown structure (WBS) of sorts.

When building a project proposal, it’s vital to remember your target audience. Your audience includes those who are excited about the project, and see completion as a gain for their organization. Conversely, others in your audience will see the project as a pain and something to which they aren’t looking forward. To keep both parties satisfied, it’s essential to keep language factual and concise.

Our online kanban boards help you think through that language and collaborate on it effectively with other team members, if necessary. Each card shows the percentage completed so everyone in the project management team is aware of the work done and what’s left to be done.

Example Project Proposal Kanban Board

As you can see from the kanban board above, work has begun on tasks such as product documentation and design. Tasks regarding stakeholder feedback, ideation, market research and more have been completed, and there’s a good start on the engineering drawings, 3D rendering, supply chain sourcing and translation services.

A PDF is then attached to the card, and everyone added to the task receives an email notifying them of the change. This same process can be used throughout the life-cycle of the project to keep the team updated, collaborating, and producing a first-class project proposal. In addition to kanban boards, you can also use other project management tools such as Gantt charts , project dashboards, task lists and project calendars to plan, schedule and track your projects.

Project proposals are just the first step in the project planning process. Once your project is approved, you’ll have to solidify the plan, allocate and manage resources, monitor the project, and finally hand in your deliverables. This process requires a flexible, dynamic and robust project management software package. ProjectManager is online project management software that helps all your team members collaborate and manage this process in real-time. Try our award-winning software with this free 30-day trial .

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  • Knowledge Base
  • Research paper

Writing a Research Paper Introduction | Step-by-Step Guide

Published on September 24, 2022 by Jack Caulfield . Revised on March 27, 2023.

Writing a Research Paper Introduction

The introduction to a research paper is where you set up your topic and approach for the reader. It has several key goals:

  • Present your topic and get the reader interested
  • Provide background or summarize existing research
  • Position your own approach
  • Detail your specific research problem and problem statement
  • Give an overview of the paper’s structure

The introduction looks slightly different depending on whether your paper presents the results of original empirical research or constructs an argument by engaging with a variety of sources.

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Table of contents

Step 1: introduce your topic, step 2: describe the background, step 3: establish your research problem, step 4: specify your objective(s), step 5: map out your paper, research paper introduction examples, frequently asked questions about the research paper introduction.

The first job of the introduction is to tell the reader what your topic is and why it’s interesting or important. This is generally accomplished with a strong opening hook.

The hook is a striking opening sentence that clearly conveys the relevance of your topic. Think of an interesting fact or statistic, a strong statement, a question, or a brief anecdote that will get the reader wondering about your topic.

For example, the following could be an effective hook for an argumentative paper about the environmental impact of cattle farming:

A more empirical paper investigating the relationship of Instagram use with body image issues in adolescent girls might use the following hook:

Don’t feel that your hook necessarily has to be deeply impressive or creative. Clarity and relevance are still more important than catchiness. The key thing is to guide the reader into your topic and situate your ideas.

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This part of the introduction differs depending on what approach your paper is taking.

In a more argumentative paper, you’ll explore some general background here. In a more empirical paper, this is the place to review previous research and establish how yours fits in.

Argumentative paper: Background information

After you’ve caught your reader’s attention, specify a bit more, providing context and narrowing down your topic.

Provide only the most relevant background information. The introduction isn’t the place to get too in-depth; if more background is essential to your paper, it can appear in the body .

Empirical paper: Describing previous research

For a paper describing original research, you’ll instead provide an overview of the most relevant research that has already been conducted. This is a sort of miniature literature review —a sketch of the current state of research into your topic, boiled down to a few sentences.

This should be informed by genuine engagement with the literature. Your search can be less extensive than in a full literature review, but a clear sense of the relevant research is crucial to inform your own work.

Begin by establishing the kinds of research that have been done, and end with limitations or gaps in the research that you intend to respond to.

The next step is to clarify how your own research fits in and what problem it addresses.

Argumentative paper: Emphasize importance

In an argumentative research paper, you can simply state the problem you intend to discuss, and what is original or important about your argument.

Empirical paper: Relate to the literature

In an empirical research paper, try to lead into the problem on the basis of your discussion of the literature. Think in terms of these questions:

  • What research gap is your work intended to fill?
  • What limitations in previous work does it address?
  • What contribution to knowledge does it make?

You can make the connection between your problem and the existing research using phrases like the following.

Now you’ll get into the specifics of what you intend to find out or express in your research paper.

The way you frame your research objectives varies. An argumentative paper presents a thesis statement, while an empirical paper generally poses a research question (sometimes with a hypothesis as to the answer).

Argumentative paper: Thesis statement

The thesis statement expresses the position that the rest of the paper will present evidence and arguments for. It can be presented in one or two sentences, and should state your position clearly and directly, without providing specific arguments for it at this point.

Empirical paper: Research question and hypothesis

The research question is the question you want to answer in an empirical research paper.

Present your research question clearly and directly, with a minimum of discussion at this point. The rest of the paper will be taken up with discussing and investigating this question; here you just need to express it.

A research question can be framed either directly or indirectly.

  • This study set out to answer the following question: What effects does daily use of Instagram have on the prevalence of body image issues among adolescent girls?
  • We investigated the effects of daily Instagram use on the prevalence of body image issues among adolescent girls.

If your research involved testing hypotheses , these should be stated along with your research question. They are usually presented in the past tense, since the hypothesis will already have been tested by the time you are writing up your paper.

For example, the following hypothesis might respond to the research question above:

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project work introduction

The final part of the introduction is often dedicated to a brief overview of the rest of the paper.

In a paper structured using the standard scientific “introduction, methods, results, discussion” format, this isn’t always necessary. But if your paper is structured in a less predictable way, it’s important to describe the shape of it for the reader.

If included, the overview should be concise, direct, and written in the present tense.

  • This paper will first discuss several examples of survey-based research into adolescent social media use, then will go on to …
  • This paper first discusses several examples of survey-based research into adolescent social media use, then goes on to …

Full examples of research paper introductions are shown in the tabs below: one for an argumentative paper, the other for an empirical paper.

  • Argumentative paper
  • Empirical paper

Are cows responsible for climate change? A recent study (RIVM, 2019) shows that cattle farmers account for two thirds of agricultural nitrogen emissions in the Netherlands. These emissions result from nitrogen in manure, which can degrade into ammonia and enter the atmosphere. The study’s calculations show that agriculture is the main source of nitrogen pollution, accounting for 46% of the country’s total emissions. By comparison, road traffic and households are responsible for 6.1% each, the industrial sector for 1%. While efforts are being made to mitigate these emissions, policymakers are reluctant to reckon with the scale of the problem. The approach presented here is a radical one, but commensurate with the issue. This paper argues that the Dutch government must stimulate and subsidize livestock farmers, especially cattle farmers, to transition to sustainable vegetable farming. It first establishes the inadequacy of current mitigation measures, then discusses the various advantages of the results proposed, and finally addresses potential objections to the plan on economic grounds.

The rise of social media has been accompanied by a sharp increase in the prevalence of body image issues among women and girls. This correlation has received significant academic attention: Various empirical studies have been conducted into Facebook usage among adolescent girls (Tiggermann & Slater, 2013; Meier & Gray, 2014). These studies have consistently found that the visual and interactive aspects of the platform have the greatest influence on body image issues. Despite this, highly visual social media (HVSM) such as Instagram have yet to be robustly researched. This paper sets out to address this research gap. We investigated the effects of daily Instagram use on the prevalence of body image issues among adolescent girls. It was hypothesized that daily Instagram use would be associated with an increase in body image concerns and a decrease in self-esteem ratings.

The introduction of a research paper includes several key elements:

  • A hook to catch the reader’s interest
  • Relevant background on the topic
  • Details of your research problem

and your problem statement

  • A thesis statement or research question
  • Sometimes an overview of the paper

Don’t feel that you have to write the introduction first. The introduction is often one of the last parts of the research paper you’ll write, along with the conclusion.

This is because it can be easier to introduce your paper once you’ve already written the body ; you may not have the clearest idea of your arguments until you’ve written them, and things can change during the writing process .

The way you present your research problem in your introduction varies depending on the nature of your research paper . A research paper that presents a sustained argument will usually encapsulate this argument in a thesis statement .

A research paper designed to present the results of empirical research tends to present a research question that it seeks to answer. It may also include a hypothesis —a prediction that will be confirmed or disproved by your research.

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Caulfield, J. (2023, March 27). Writing a Research Paper Introduction | Step-by-Step Guide. Scribbr. Retrieved February 17, 2024, from https://www.scribbr.com/research-paper/research-paper-introduction/

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Introduction to Project Management

This course is part of multiple programs. Learn more

This course is part of multiple programs

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Rav Ahuja

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What you'll learn

Explain project management, its benefits, and the role it plays in projects

Describe who project managers work with, different project management methodologies, and recent trends in project management

Summarize the typical responsibilities of a project manager and the skill sets needed to fulfill those responsibilities

Compare and contrast different industries, paths, and possible career progressions available to project management professionals

Skills you'll gain

  • Project Management
  • Scrum Master
  • Career Development
  • Project Planning

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There are 5 modules in this course

Project management is a booming field with many opportunities for those with the appropriate skills. This course is designed for anyone interested in starting a career in this field and provides a comprehensive introduction to project management.

Today’s industries are increasingly becoming oriented around projects. As a result, more organizations need project management professionals and Agile Scrum Masters to help plan, manage, and execute these projects. By controlling various factors such as time and resources, project management enables organizations to increase the success rate of their projects, mitigate project risks, and reduce overall costs. In this course, you will learn what project management is, its benefits, and challenges encountered by project managers. You will also learn how recent trends, such as remote work, Agile, and artificial intelligence, have re-shaped modern project management. This course also addresses opportunities for different careers within project management. It will discuss jobs across different industries and experience levels, as well as the various technical and soft skills required for project management work. Throughout this course, you will learn through lectures, interviews with experienced project management professionals, readings, activities, and quizzes designed to teach you the fundamentals of project management. You will gain a range of technical and practical knowledge and get insights and guidance from experts in the field.

What is Project Management?

This module is designed to introduce you to project management, and how project managers support projects. In this course, you’ll learn what project management is, the benefits that organizations recognize using project management, and the constraints that project managers need to consider. You’ll learn about how project managers control three key project factors, and you’ll explore the relationships between programs, projects, and portfolios.

What's included

7 videos 3 readings 2 quizzes 1 discussion prompt 1 plugin

7 videos • Total 37 minutes

  • Course Welcome • 3 minutes • Preview module
  • What is Project Management? • 5 minutes
  • Expert Viewpoints: What do Project Managers do? • 6 minutes
  • Program, Project, Portfolio - What's the Difference? • 5 minutes
  • The Role Project Management Plays in Projects • 5 minutes
  • Expert Viewpoints: What's a project? • 5 minutes
  • Expert Viewpoints: Misconceptions about Project Management • 4 minutes

3 readings • Total 11 minutes

  • How to make the most out of this course • 3 minutes
  • Introduction to PMP-CAPM Certification • 5 minutes
  • Module 1 Summary: What is project management? • 3 minutes

2 quizzes • Total 38 minutes

  • Practice Quiz: Project Management Primer • 8 minutes
  • Graded Quiz: What is project management? • 30 minutes

1 discussion prompt • Total 5 minutes

  • Discussion Topic: Introduce Yourself • 5 minutes

1 plugin • Total 10 minutes

  • Activity: Program, Project or Portfolio? • 10 minutes

Working as a Project Manager

The field of project management is constantly evolving and adapting to changes in technology, business needs, and global events. This module is designed to help you learn about the role of a project manager in the workplace and how current trends impact the field of project management. In this module, you’ll explore who project managers work with, how project managers work across an organization, and different project management methodologies they use. You’ll also discover how project management has evolved, and how project managers work using modern project management techniques and tools.

6 videos 2 readings 3 quizzes 1 discussion prompt 1 plugin

6 videos • Total 38 minutes

  • Who Project Managers Work With • 5 minutes • Preview module
  • Project Management Methodologies • 7 minutes
  • Expert Viewpoints: Project Management Methodologies • 5 minutes
  • Traditional vs Modern Project Management • 6 minutes
  • Recent Trends in Project Management • 6 minutes
  • Expert Viewpoints: Trends in Project Management • 7 minutes

2 readings • Total 17 minutes

  • Working Across Teams, Functions, and Different Organization Structures • 15 minutes
  • Module 2 Summary: Working as a Project Manager • 2 minutes

3 quizzes • Total 38 minutes

  • Practice Quiz: Project Management in the Workplace • 4 minutes
  • Practice Quiz: Current Trends in Project Management • 4 minutes
  • Graded Quiz: Working as a Project Manager • 30 minutes
  • Discussion Topic: Virtual Work • 5 minutes
  • Activity: Project Management Modernization • 10 minutes

What Does Being a Project Manager Require?

This module introduces you to the skills and responsibilities of a project manager. Through a combination of readings, videos, and hands-on activities, you will learn about the soft skills, interpersonal skills, and technical skills that are required for successful project management. You will also explore the day-to-day responsibilities of a project manager and the various tasks they perform to ensure that projects are completed successfully.

8 videos 2 readings 3 quizzes 1 discussion prompt 1 plugin

8 videos • Total 46 minutes

  • Expert Viewpoints: Traits of a Project Manager • 6 minutes • Preview module
  • Soft Skills for Project Management • 6 minutes
  • Technical Skills for Project Management • 6 minutes
  • Expert Viewpoints: Necessary Project Management Skills • 4 minutes
  • Interpersonal Skills and Leadership in Project Management • 5 minutes
  • Project Manager Responsibilities • 5 minutes
  • A Day in the Life of a Project Manager • 5 minutes
  • Expert Viewpoints: A Day in the Life of a Project Manager • 5 minutes

2 readings • Total 10 minutes

  • Transferable Project Management Skills • 7 minutes
  • Module 3 Summary: What does being a project manager require? • 3 minutes

3 quizzes • Total 40 minutes

  • Practice Quiz: Project Management Skills • 6 minutes
  • Practice Quiz: Day to Day Responsibilities • 4 minutes
  • Graded Quiz: What does being a project manager require? • 30 minutes
  • Discussion Topic: Project Manager Requirements • 5 minutes
  • Activity: Typical Tasks and Their Frequencies • 10 minutes

Careers in Project Management

Given that projects are the primary way that work is accomplished, project managers have been in ever increasing demand. This module is designed to familiarize you with careers in project management. In this course, you’ll learn about different opportunities for project managers, and the project management job market. You’ll learn about the many different industries that hire project managers, and dive deeper into the field of IT project management. You’ll also explore the path towards becoming a project manager, and how project managers advance throughout their careers.

8 videos 1 reading 3 quizzes 1 discussion prompt

8 videos • Total 47 minutes

  • Careers in Project Management Overview • 4 minutes • Preview module
  • Project Management Across Industries • 5 minutes
  • Information Technology Project Management • 6 minutes
  • Expert Viewpoints: Industry-Specific Skills • 4 minutes
  • Path to Becoming a Project Manager • 7 minutes
  • Career Progression in Project Management • 6 minutes
  • Expert Viewpoints: Describe your career path • 6 minutes
  • Expert Viewpoints: Job hunting and career progression tips • 6 minutes

1 reading • Total 3 minutes

  • Module 4 Summary: Careers in Project Management • 3 minutes
  • Practice Quiz: Opportunities in Project Management • 6 minutes
  • Practice Quiz: Career Paths in Project Management • 4 minutes
  • Graded Quiz: Module 4 • 30 minutes
  • Discussion Topic: Career Paths in Project Management • 5 minutes

Final Quiz and Final Project

This is the final module of the course which contains a practice assessment, a graded final assessment, and an optional final project. Both of the assessments and the project address topics from all other modules in the course. Each assessment contains a total of 10 multiple-choice questions comprised of questions from each module. For the optional 30-point, peer-reviewed, final project, you will compare two job postings, a project coordinator to a project manager role, in light of what you learned in the course. You must also review one of your peers’ projects based on the rubric provided.

project work introduction

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Reviewed on Dec 7, 2023

I enjoyed by studying the first course in project management and I will complete the advanced course in this scope.

Reviewed on Oct 24, 2023

I think it was very informative and provided a ton of insight from people who are currently in the field.

Reviewed on Aug 28, 2023

A very thoughtful course for beginner to understand project manager's role and job scope. A plus side is includes on fields professional giving their insights for each sub topics

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