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223 Copy and Paste Final Report Card Comments

223 Copy and Paste Final Report Card Comments

Chris Drew (PhD)

Dr. Chris Drew is the founder of the Helpful Professor. He holds a PhD in education and has published over 20 articles in scholarly journals. He is the former editor of the Journal of Learning Development in Higher Education. [Image Descriptor: Photo of Chris]

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Hey, Teacher! Is it report writing time again?

Hopefully these comments for student report cards will come in helpful.

decorative text that says report card comments for all ages

Copy and paste these report card comments for your students. It’ll save you time and heartache!

Read below for my full list of report card comment ideas:

Positive Comments

Use a few positive comments to show the strengths of the student and how they’ve improved recently.

Positive Attitude to Learning

  • Comes to class every day ready and willing to learn.
  • Has an inquisitive and engaged mind.
  • Is excited to tackle her tasks every day.
  • Likes to come to school and learn with her friends.
  • Has a positive attitude to self-development.
  • Tends to come into the classroom with a big smile and an open mind.
  • Sets herself very high standards and strives to meet them each and every day.

Showing Improvement

  • Is consistently improving.
  • Is developing very well for her age.
  • Has shown strong signs of growth in all learning areas.
  • Has made clear and commendable gains.
  • Improves each and every day.
  • Her hard work and effort has paid off.

Positive Behavior

  • Is always very well behaved during class time.
  • Has a good ability to avoid peers who she sees may be distractions to her learning.
  • Is always willing to listen to instructions.
  • Is a very helpful and respectful student.
  • Never misbehaves in class.
  • Sets a good standard for classmates to follow.
  • Is very good at following the rules.

Read Also: Words to Describe a Student

Shows Respect for Others

  • Has a great deal of respect for all visitors to the classroom.
  • Cares for and respects her classmates.
  • Is always respectful to classroom equipment.
  • Always puts her hand up and follows instructions.
  • Is very considerate of others and often puts others’ needs and interests at the front of her mind.
  • Is a very respectful and responsible classmate.
  • Has proven to be a courteous and polite classmate.
  • Is held in high regard for her kindness to others.
  • Is a very outgoing, positive and upbeat student.
  • Tackles every task with enthusiasm and self-belief.
  • Is building her confidence more and more every day.
  • Has shown remarkable growth in confidence this year.
  • Has reached many achievements this year, which is reflected in her budding confidence.
  • Is a self-assured young learner who is always willing to try something new.
  • Can always be trusted with tasks assigned to her.
  • Conducts herself with honesty and integrity at all times.
  • Is trusted with school equipment including expensive computer technology.
  • Is open, honest and upfront about her thoughts and beliefs.
  • Shares thoughtful and genuine opinions during lessons.
  • Is always willing to self-reflect and provide genuine analyses of her progress.


  • Is a very expressive and confident student.
  • Has a great ability to express thoughts and feelings in writing.
  • Is always willing to express herself in front of the class with a bold and confident voice.
  • Has artistic talent and can articulate her thoughts through drawing and painting very well.
  • Is a very articulate public speaker when talking about issues that she knows well.
  • Is always willing to contribute her own thoughts and beliefs in class discussions.
  • Uses her body and hand movements to express herself artistically.

High Motivation

  • Has a great deal of intrinsic motivation . She’s a real go getter!
  • Has bucket loads of initiative.
  • Has an active mind and is eager to achieve.
  • Comes to class with a huge willingness to participate.
  • Never wants to waste a day in the classroom.
  • Loves to soak up all the information around her.
  • Is an ambitious and proactive student.
  • Knows her goals and strives every day to achieve them.

Strong Communication Skills

  • Projects her voice very well when communicating in class.
  • Is effective at using the written word to express herself.
  • Has a great deal of confidence when speaking to groups.
  • Is very good at clearly and succinctly speaking up when she feels she has a valuable contribution.
  • Consistently provides valuable contributions to class discussion.
  • Is a skilled public speaker.
  • Has shown great strides in written communication skills in recent months.

Is Neat and Tidy

  • Always keeps her belongings neatly organized.
  • Looks after her belongings very carefully.
  • Always has neat book work which shows respect and high regard for her own work.
  • Keeps her desk space very tidy, clean and organized.
  • Takes pride in keeping her work neat, clean and tidy for every submission.
  • Keeps her personal work spaces very well organized.

Good Listening Skills

  • Is an active listener who is always ready to respond with relevant and engaging questions.
  • Listens thoughtfully to other people’s ideas and contributes her own thoughtful ideas.
  • Listens with an open mind to her classmates’ perspectives.
  • Always listens intently with the hope of learning new things.
  • Concentrates and pays close attention during demonstrations to ensure she understands task requirements.
  • Takes directions well and is quick to apply directions to tasks.
  • Is always attentive in class and asks for clarification when required.
  • Is good at working in small groups unaided by a teacher.
  • Listens intently to others and takes their opinions in mind.
  • Excels when given leadership roles in small groups.
  • Appears to thrive in group learning situations.
  • Has developed strong skills in communicating in groups.
  • Works productively in groups of all sizes to get tasks done.
  • Has a knack for managing multiple personalities in group situations.
  • Could work on sharing resources more fairly during group tasks.
  • Needs to work on allowing other group members equal time to speak during group discussions.

Strong Organization and Time Management

  • Always arrives to class on time with her books and is ready to learn.
  • Is exceptionally good at completing tasks in a timely manner.
  • Is a natural organizer and is often seen helping to get her peers organized and ready for tasks.
  • Is always trusted to meet deadlines.
  • Uses color coding and headings in her books effectively to organize her notes.
  • Keeps a neat and organized work space at all times.

Good at Homework

  • Always comes to class with very neat and well written homework.
  • Tends to complete independent homework tasks with ease.
  • Thrives with independent homework tasks, which are always presented in a timely manner.
  • Comes to class with great questions based on the assigned homework tasks, showing thoughtfulness and independence.
  • Can be trusted to complete her homework in time.
  • Often asks for extra homework. She has shown great thirst for knowledge.

Read Also: 27 Pros and Cons of Homework

Strong Participation

  • Is always willing to jump in and participate in any task.
  • Is a great helper, always giving people a hand when she sees they are in need.
  • Participates in all tasks, no matter her skill level. This enthusiasm is laudable.
  • Always comes to class willing to get involved in the daily activities.
  • Is always the first person to put their hand up to volunteer for a task.
  • Loves to learn by getting involved and gaining first-hand experiences.
  • Is beginning to develop her own interest and is eager to learn more about them.
  • Has a strong personal interest in ________ and has been taking the initiative to explore the topic.
  • Is very enthusiastic about ________ and has shown great promise in this area.
  • Has picked a great extracurricular hobby of _____. Her skills learned in this hobby has helped to boost her confidence in the classroom.
  • Shows interest in a variety of different topics which she has been enthusiastically exploring during free study time.
  • Always finds personal interest in topics presented in class.


  • Is showing increasing independence to learn and study without the need for excessive guidance.
  • Is a fiercely independent person who knows what she wants and goes out to get it.
  • Has an independent and free spirited mind.
  • Is not afraid to go against the majority if she is certain of her beliefs and thoughts.
  • Happily goes about her tasks independently but seeks help when required.
  • Shows confidence striking out on her own to do things she is interested in.

Strong Learning and Thinking Skills

  • Is very resourceful and uses the internet, books and peers to find new knowledge.
  • Is aware of her learning styles and makes every effort to work to her strengths as a student.
  • Uses higher-order thinking strategies like analysis and critique to question assumptions.
  • Knows when she needs help and asks for it willingly.
  • Thinks deeply about her responses before providing them.
  • Is very good at reflecting on her weaknesses and working on them to grow as a person.
  • Is great at solving problems using her own initiative.

Good Attention to Detail

  • Pays close attention to the details of a tasks so that she doesn’t miss anything.
  • Is very systematic about going about her tasks so she can complete them thoroughly.
  • Is great at identifying small and nuanced mistakes in her own work.
  • Always creates very presentable and professional looking pieces of work.
  • Has great self-reflection skills , being able to identify her own strengths and weaknesses.
  • Can pause and look at her own work to identify areas for improvement.
  • Has the ability to stop and change course when she identifies areas for improvement.
  • Is very good at identifying and repairing errors in drafts.
  • Has exercised great thoughtfulness about her own capabilities.
  • Has shown the ability to empathize with classmates and show great compassion.

Perseverance and Determination

  • Shows great determination when is set a challenging task.
  • Perseveres through difficulties to achieve her goals.
  • Is resilient in the face of significant challenges and problems presented.
  • Will always work through struggles and come out the other end more confident and skilled.

Constructive Comments

Present constructive comments to show the areas for improvement for the student. Carefully craft the comments so they’re not overly upsetting or impersonal.

Negative Attitude to Learning

  • Occasionally needs special assistance to stay on task.
  • Requires some coaxing to complete tasks.
  • Is at times distracted or uninterested in learning.
  • Is working on paying more attention to her tasks.
  • Has some off days where she is uninterested in learning.
  • Is easily distracted by friends.
  • Will often come to class unwilling to contribute to group discussions.

Needs Improvement

  • Needs to work on focus and concentration during class time.
  • Has improved in some areas, but continues to slip behind in others.
  • Is showing some lack of focus and is slipping behind in some subjects.
  • There is still a lot of room for growth and we are working on improving her focus and drive in coming months.
  • It would be great to see some improvement in her weakest subjects in the future.
  • I would like to see her asking for help when stuck on tasks.

Disruptive Behavior

  • Can occasionally disrupt her friends and classmates.
  • Is at times a distraction to other students.
  • Can be unsettled when entering the class after breaks.
  • Can be talkative during quiet times and individual tasks.
  • Could work on being more considerate to other classmates.
  • Has had a difficult time getting comfortable in class this year.
  • Has at times sought undue attention and distracted the flow of lessons.

Read Also: 13 Best Classroom Management Theories

Low Motivation

  • Sometimes struggles to engage in class discussions.
  • Requires a lot of external rewards to get focused.
  • Works well below her capabilities due to lack of motivation to do her best.
  • Relies heavily on extrinsic motivation. It would be great to see more intrinsic desire to succeed in coming months.
  • Struggles to find things she is interested in.
  • Has trouble getting engaged and interested in class topics.
  • Will respond well to rewards but struggles to use initiative.
  • Needs to dig deep and find greater motivation to learn in coming months.

Is Not Neat and Tidy

  • Occasionally presents work that is messy and difficult to read.
  • I would like to see her paying more attention to neatness in her writing.
  • It would be great to see her showing more care for her workspace to ensure all her belongings are well cared for.
  • At times comes to class disheveled and disorganized.
  • Presents homework that is untidy and appears to have been rushed.
  • Needs to work on ensuring her work is presentable, neat, and error-free.

Weak Communication Skills

  • Speaks very softly. An area for improvement is speaking up in class discussions.
  • Could work some more on communicating her opinions during discussions.
  • Is often shy and intimidated when asked to speak up in class discussions.
  • Needs coaxing to share her thoughts in class.
  • Can work on being clearer when expressing her thoughts in writing.
  • I look forward to seeing further development in expressing her thoughts in class.

Poor Listening Skills

  • Has had some trouble paying attention to others during class discussions.
  • Has some trouble listening to peers and teachers.
  • Is easily distracted during class discussions.
  • Is a good talker but needs to work on pausing and listening to others more attentively.
  • Is often fidgety and distracted when spoken to.
  • Is often resistant to make eye contact and be responsive when spoken to.
  • Has trouble repeating and remembering instructions.

Read Also: 47 Best Classroom Rules for Middle and High School

Weak Organization and Time Management

  • Tends to leave tasks to the last minute.
  • Often submits incomplete drafts due to poor time management.
  • Is often disorganized and forgets important school supplies.
  • Has submitted homework late on several occasions.
  • Could work on using her time more efficiently to complete tasks in allotted time periods.
  • I would like to see her working on her organizational skills in coming months so she can use her class time more efficiently.

Bad at Homework

  • Will often skip assigned homework tasks.
  • Regularly forgets to bring homework to school.
  • Her homework is often brought to class incomplete and rushed.
  • Is often seen completing homework tasks the morning before they are due.
  • I would like to see her working on setting aside more time for homework in the coming months.
  • Is good at class work, but needs more initiative to complete her weekly homework in a timely manner.

Poor Attention to Detail

  • Could be getting higher grades if she edited her work more carefully before submission.
  • Will sometimes make mistakes due to distractedness and carelessness.
  • Has started to let carelessness seep into his work for the past few months.
  • Often does not pay enough attention to test questions, leading to small unforced errors.

Preschool and Kindergarten Comments

Here are some great comments specifically for children in the early years of their development.

Play Based Learning – Strong

  • Plays well with other children.
  • Shares resources with her peers during play time.
  • Has begun to develop cooperative play skills such as sharing and taking turns.
  • Is a creative and imaginative learner.
  • Engages in strong exploratory and discovery play behaviors without prompting.
  • Is enthusiastic and engaged when given developmentally appropriate resources to play with.
  • Thrives in unstructured play environments where she can explore, learn and discover in her own time.
  • Has started to use extended vocabulary well during play scenarios.
  • Is great at taking measured risks during play which reveals great self-confidence for her age.

Play Based Learning – Needs Improvement

  • Plays in parallel with other children, but needs to start developing cooperative play strategies in the coming months.
  • Is good at solitary play, but needs more practice sharing and playing with other students.
  • Is curious about playing with others, but often sits back due to shyness.
  • Needs encouragement to use more language skills during play-based learning .
  • Struggles to take turns when playing with others.

Strong Development

  • Is developing in an age appropriate way and continues to show good progress.
  • Has visibly developed fine and gross motor skills during class sessions.
  • Is using language at an age appropriate level.
  • Is starting to move out of her comfort zone to explore more and more new challenges.
  • Is socially, cognitively and physically on track for transition to school.


  • Has shown remarkable strides in communication skills at preschool.
  • Plays well with others.
  • Is a thoughtful and kind student who plays well with others.
  • Always shares and thinks about others during play scenarios.
  • Is a popular student who finds it very easy to make friends with other children.
  • Has been seen to show some great emerging leadership skills during play scenarios.
  • Is very happy to play in groups and learn from peers .

Final Thoughts

I will often start with a comment bank like the one above. For each student, I’ll copy four or five of the most suitable statements.

But, I will also follow-up my generic comment from the comment bank with a specific example for the parents to read.

Parents do like to see that you have provided specific and thoughtful statements – so don’t forget to use the student’s name and specific anecdotes as much as possible.

I do hope this comment bank for report card comments has come in handy for you.

Remember to also maintain a positive but honest and constructive voice when writing.

If there is serious concern that might be difficult to express in writing, you should arrange for a parent-teacher conference to have a discussion and see how things progress.

Good luck with your report card writing!

About The Author: Hi, I’m Chris Drew (Ph.D) and I run things around here. I’m an Education expert and university professor.


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66 Fantastic Teacher Comments for Progress Reports

  • Suzanne Kelley
  • October 12, 2021
  • No Comments

It’s that time again for most of us…completing Progress Reports! I don’t know about you, but it is a struggle sometimes to capture the correct teacher comments to add to each child’s report. We want to stay positive, but we need to concisely and accurately paint a portrait that truly reflects each child. And, sometimes, we need to report some pretty tough stuff about someone’s baby.

writing reports ks2 comments

Progress Report comments have consistently been huge threads social media groups. Teachers asking other teachers, what should my comment be for this particular behavior? We noticed, and we have now compiled 66 Fantastic Teacher Comments for Progress Reports from these great advice threads. I find myself using #8 a lot.

But, before I hop into all of the comments you can easily cut and paste into your progress reports and report cards, I have two questions for you…

  • Do you give out practice packets for your students?
  • Do you have parents that ask for practice activities during conferences?

I have  thousands of no prep printables you can quickly download and put into packets to help your students practice and master any skills they need help with. 

writing reports ks2 comments

Teacher Comments for Work Habits

  • Works well with classmates; is a strong leader; motivates others to complete work.

2. They remain focused during independent work without frequent reminders.

3. Independent effort is evident in their work. Not afraid to try and willing to work on mistakes

4. Needs reminders to remain focused during independent work; requires teacher support to stay focused during independent work.

5. They need to listen to the directions more closely before engaging in school work.

writing reports ks2 comments

6. They rely heavily on teacher support for most work completion.

7. Lacks some confidence to initiate and complete work, asking for teacher support rather than making attempts.

8. Needs assistance to use time wisely during work activities.

Teacher Comments for Classroom Behavior

9. Shows good manners and kindness to others in the classroom

10. Accepts redirection appropriately.

11. Follows most classroom rules.

12. They remain focused and on-task , minimally distracted.

writing reports ks2 comments

13. Regularly participates in and contributes to class discussions.

14. Cooperates with the teacher and other staff.

15. They demonstrate responsible use of personal and classroom materials.

16. Needs to follow classroom rules and directions throughout the school day.

17. Consistently needs reminders to be quiet and not distract others.

18. Requires frequent directions to be in place at desks, tables, or centers.

19. They need to work on using respectful, kind language with peers and teachers.

writing reports ks2 comments

20. Needs to work on maintaining personal space while keeping body parts and materials off of others.

21. Struggles with impulsive behaviors.

22. Often becomes silly and has difficulty returning to work.

Character Traits

23. Requires additional support to interact in positive ways with classmates.

24. Is great at reminding others of behavioral expectations.

25. The student will benefit from focusing on their decision-making.

26. The student is learning to/requires adult support to differentiate between reporting and tattling.

27. It has truly been a pleasure getting to know your child.

28. Your child arrives at school every day with a smile, ready to learn.

29. Is eager to help others and help around the classroom.

30. Your child is an essential part of our classroom and school community .

writing reports ks2 comments

31. Very expressive with opinions and emotions.

32. Your child is a strong listener to others’ ideas and opinions.

33. Frequent absences continually impact their ability to access all of the learning that takes place daily in our classroom.

34. Your student works well below their potential due to a lack of motivation and attention to work.

Some Academic Teacher Comments to Share

35. They have strengthened their ______skills since the beginning of the quarter.

36. Has made slight progress in ________this quarter/trimester but continues to need work.

37. Continues to make progress in all academic areas due to hard work and determination.

38. Tends to be very talkative during quiet work periods, which disrupts classmates’ work as well.

39. Struggles to remain organized with materials even though systems are in place for them.

writing reports ks2 comments

40. Works fast, often making careless mistakes. They would benefit greatly from slowing down and checking their work.

41. Is very responsible with their belongings and turns assignments in on time.

Social Skills and Socialization Teacher Comments

42. Consistently puts forth their best effort, showing pride in their work.

43. Requires additional practice and repetition to master necessary skills in _______.

44. Has a positive attitude towards work but continues to struggle with retaining taught information.

45. Needs to improve abilities to work with others in a group setting, listening to perspectives and ideas of others.

46. Continues to have difficulty with their willingness to share and take turns in a group setting.

writing reports ks2 comments

47. Is genuinely concerned about the feelings of their peers.

48. Perseveres on challenging tasks with a positive attitude.

49. Expresses himself clearly with teachers and classmates.

50. Difficulty problem-solving with classmates.

Academic Skills Teacher Comments

51. Displays self-discipline.

52. Is an enthusiastic reader.

53. Is good at attacking unknown words.

54. They would benefit from daily reading and sight word practice .

55. Is reading at/above/below grade level for this time of year.

56. Needs additional support at home to practice addition and subtraction facts.

57. Needs to put more effort into ________.

writing reports ks2 comments

58. Does well on assignments but struggles with testing.

59. Requires additional attention for their academics beyond what we would expect for a ____ (grade).

60. Struggles with remembering previously taught skills that are necessary for advancement in the subject area.

61. Consistently completes grade-level books with stellar comprehension skills.

62. Is constantly engaged in their lessons until completed.

63. They struggle with transitions between subject areas within the classroom, delaying their work start time.

64. Reads at grade level, but struggles with recalling information about what they have read.

Two Biggies–Use with Caution

65. I have concerns about your child’s behaviors in the classroom and feel we should meet to discuss some strategies for improvement.

66. I have concerns regarding your child’s progress in academic areas. Let’s talk soon to share more details, and we can make a firm plan for improvement.

Did you find one or two comments that will fit perfectly into your Progress Reports this year? We hope so! Or, are you holding on to this list like me with a tight grip to not misplace it by Progress Reports time? Either way, we appreciate our Facebook members who shared many of these comments and would love to add your ideas to the list. Comment below with some of your teacher comments. Who knows, they might make the updated list for next year!

writing reports ks2 comments


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Report Card Comments for Language Arts and Reading

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Academic Achievement and Improvement

Positive Comments:

_______'s reading has improved considerably throughout the year. Please continue to practice reading with [him/her] regularly.

_______ has shown a great amount of improvement in [his/her] creative writing. She has learned to use more colorful words.

_______ is making excellent progress reading sight words. Please continue to practice with [him/her] regularly.

_______'s spelling scores have improved greatly since the beginning of the school year. Studying [his/her] spelling words regularly has made much difference. I appreciate your help.

_______'s understanding of complex texts has developed significantly. Continue to challenge [him/her] with diverse genres.

_______ has made remarkable strides in verbal communication. [Her/his] oral presentations show a deep understanding of the topics.

Needs Improvement Comments:

However, [his/her] written work needs much improvement. With greater effort, the improvement should slowly come.

Although _______ is trying very hard, [he/she] struggles to write smooth, fluent sentences. Can we meet to discuss some helpful strategies?

_______ is struggling to understand the main ideas in the texts we are reading. Extra reading practice at home could be beneficial.

_______'s vocabulary usage in writing could be expanded. Incorporating a wider array of words can enhance [his/her] writing.

_______ is finding it challenging to spell words correctly, which is affecting [his/her] written work. Regular spelling practice can help improve this.

Despite [his/her] efforts, _______ has difficulty participating in group discussions. Encouraging [him/her] to share [his/her] thoughts could boost [his/her] confidence.

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_______ has shown excellent progress in understanding and interpreting complex texts.

_______ has improved in making predictions based on the text and illustrations.

_______ has been successful in identifying the main ideas and supporting details in a text.

_______ demonstrates a high level of comprehension in both fiction and non-fiction reading.

_______ has made notable improvements in fluency and expression when reading aloud.

_______ consistently uses context clues to decipher the meaning of unfamiliar words.

_______ has a strong ability to draw connections between different texts.

_______ demonstrates a deep understanding of the characters and their motivations in the texts we read.

_______ consistently asks insightful questions about the text to deepen understanding.

_______ has been successful in using reading strategies to improve comprehension and retention.

_______ has difficulty distinguishing between fact and opinion in the texts we read.

_______ struggles with understanding the plot and setting in stories.

_______ has difficulty comprehending complex texts and may benefit from additional support.

_______ needs to work on reading fluency and expression.

_______ should practice using context clues to understand the meaning of unfamiliar words.

_______ struggles to draw connections between different texts.

_______ has difficulty identifying the main ideas and supporting details in a text.

_______ needs to work on making predictions based on the text and illustrations.

_______ should practice asking questions about the text to deepen understanding.

_______ struggles to demonstrate comprehension when reading non-fiction texts.

_______'s writing has improved significantly over the year. [His/her] stories are more detailed and interesting.

_______ has a strong command of grammar, which has improved the clarity of [his/her] writing.

_______ has made impressive strides in [his/her] ability to articulate ideas clearly and concisely.

_______ has been consistent in submitting well-structured and thoughtful essays.

_______ has been creative in [his/her] approach to writing assignments. This has made for some engaging and insightful work.

_______ effectively uses a rich vocabulary to enhance [his/her] writing.

_______ has done an excellent job of incorporating feedback into [his/her] writing.

_______ consistently organizes [his/her] thoughts well in [his/her] written work.

_______ has developed strong sentence and paragraph structure skills.

_______ has shown a commendable ability to write with a clear purpose and audience in mind.

_______ often struggles with sentence structure, which can make [his/her] writing difficult to understand.

_______ has difficulty organizing [his/her] thoughts in a coherent manner when writing.

_______ often forgets to proofread [his/her] work, leading to several grammatical errors.

_______ needs to develop [his/her] paragraph structuring skills.

_______ should focus on developing a richer vocabulary to enhance [his/her] writing.

_______ struggles to write with a clear purpose and audience in mind.

_______ is encouraged to incorporate more detail into [his/her] writing.

_______ often struggles with writing assignments and could benefit from additional support.

_______ needs to work on integrating feedback into [his/her] writing.

_______ has difficulty articulating [his/her] ideas clearly in writing.

_______ has a strong command of vocabulary for [his/her] grade level.

_______ consistently uses new vocabulary words in [his/her] writing and speech.

_______ is eager to learn and use new vocabulary words.

_______ has demonstrated a significant improvement in [his/her] vocabulary over the year.

_______ uses a diverse range of vocabulary in [his/her] written work.

_______ shows an impressive understanding of word meanings and uses.

_______ effectively uses context clues to understand new vocabulary.

_______ easily understands and uses grade-appropriate synonyms and antonyms.

_______ consistently uses appropriate academic vocabulary in class discussions.

_______ has a keen interest in expanding [his/her] vocabulary and often asks about word meanings.

_______ often uses basic vocabulary and should aim to utilize richer, more varied vocabulary.

_______ frequently struggles with the meanings of grade-level vocabulary words.

_______ could benefit from regular vocabulary practice at home.

_______ often misuses or misunderstands new vocabulary words.

_______ should focus on expanding [his/her] vocabulary to improve [his/her] written and oral communication.

_______ could benefit from using context clues to decipher the meanings of unfamiliar words.

_______ has difficulty remembering the meanings of new vocabulary words.

_______ should aim to use new vocabulary in [his/her] written work to reinforce understanding.

_______ struggles with synonyms and antonyms of grade-level vocabulary words.

_______ should practice using academic vocabulary in class discussions.

Spelling and Grammar

_______ shows an excellent understanding of grammar rules.

_______ consistently uses correct spelling in all [his/her] work.

_______ has made considerable progress in spelling and grammar this year.

_______'s sentence construction is commendable and free of grammatical errors.

_______ has a strong command of spelling and uses it effectively in written assignments.

_______ has an impressive understanding of complex grammar rules.

_______ effectively applies spelling rules to new words.

_______ demonstrates excellent proofreading skills to correct spelling and grammatical errors in [his/her] work.

_______ has a keen eye for spotting and correcting grammatical errors in [his/her] writing.

_______ consistently uses proper punctuation and capitalization in [his/her] writing.

_______ often struggles with spelling and could benefit from additional practice.

_______ frequently makes grammatical errors in [his/her] writing.

_______ needs to work on proofreading [his/her] work for spelling and grammar mistakes.

_______ struggles with using correct punctuation in [his/her] writing.

_______ often confuses the spelling of similar-sounding words.

_______ needs to work on sentence construction to avoid grammatical errors.

_______ struggles with complex grammar rules and could benefit from additional practice.

_______ needs to work on applying spelling rules to new words.

_______ should focus on improving [his/her] understanding of different grammar rules.

_______ struggles with using capitalization correctly in [his/her] writing.

Speaking and Listening Skills

_______ has demonstrated excellent listening skills during class discussions.

_______ has shown great improvement in [his/her] verbal communication skills.

_______ can articulate [his/her] thoughts and ideas clearly during discussions.

_______ listens attentively to instructions and follows them accurately.

_______ has shown an impressive ability to engage in thoughtful class debates.

_______ consistently contributes valuable insights during group discussions.

_______ has a strong ability to summarize information presented orally.

_______ is respectful when listening to others speak and waits [his/her] turn to respond.

_______ has shown excellent proficiency in delivering oral presentations.

_______ consistently asks thoughtful questions during class discussions.

_______ often struggles to express [his/her] thoughts clearly during discussions.

_______ frequently interrupts others during class discussions and needs to work on [his/her] listening skills.

_______ could benefit from additional practice with oral presentations.

_______ has difficulty summarizing information presented orally.

_______ needs to work on contributing more regularly to class discussions.

_______ should practice asking more insightful questions during class discussions.

_______ could benefit from additional practice in active listening skills.

_______ often seems distracted during class discussions.

_______ needs to work on [his/her] ability to express thoughts and ideas clearly in a group setting.

_______ should practice speaking more slowly and clearly during oral presentations.

_______ consistently contributes valuable ideas during group work.

_______ is a supportive and effective team member in group projects.

_______ exhibits strong leadership skills in group settings.

_______ is adept at delegating tasks and responsibilities in group work.

_______ is excellent at bridging differences and finding common ground within the group.

_______ has shown a remarkable ability to facilitate group discussions.

_______ effectively collaborates with team members to accomplish tasks.

_______ consistently respects the ideas and perspectives of others in the group.

_______ has been instrumental in the success of group projects.

_______ consistently motivates other group members towards achieving common goals.

_______ often dominates group discussions and should work on listening to others.

_______ should practice contributing more regularly to group work.

_______ could improve on taking on leadership roles in group settings.

_______ needs to work on accepting and integrating feedback from group members.

_______ has difficulty cooperating with others during group work.

_______ should work on delegating tasks effectively during group projects.

_______ should aim to respect the ideas and perspectives of others in the group.

Effort and Participation

_______ consistently demonstrates an impressive level of effort in Language Arts and Reading tasks.

_______ is always eager to participate in class discussions and activities.

_______ shows a laudable dedication to improving [his/her] skills in Language Arts and Reading.

_______ always completes assignments on time and to a high standard.

_______ is very proactive in asking questions to extend [his/her] learning.

_______ consistently takes the initiative to help others in class.

_______ always shows a positive attitude towards learning in Language Arts and Reading.

_______ regularly contributes insightful comments during class discussions.

_______ goes above and beyond in [his/her] participation in class activities.

_______ consistently demonstrates a strong work ethic in Language Arts and Reading.

_______ could benefit from putting more effort into [his/her] Language Arts and Reading assignments.

_______ should aim to participate more actively in class discussions.

_______ would benefit from dedicating more time to [his/her] Language Arts and Reading homework.

_______ should aim to ask more questions to extend [his/her] understanding.

_______ should try to engage more proactively with [his/her] classmates during group work.

_______ needs to focus more on completing tasks to the best of [his/her] ability.

_______ should aim to contribute more regularly to class discussions.

_______ has room for improvement in terms of [his/her] active participation in class activities.

_______ should try to adopt a more positive attitude towards learning in Language Arts and Reading.

_______ could benefit from demonstrating more initiative during class activities.

Elementary School Comments for Language Arts and Reading

_______ enjoys listening to stories.

_______ can distinguish sounds in words.

_______ has difficulty distinguishing sounds in words.

_______ learns new vocabulary quickly.

_______ now knows and can use _____ consonant and vowel sounds.

_______ confuses the sounds ___ and ___.

_______ can blend short words using the vowel(s) _____ without assistance.

_______ is learning to attack words independently.

_______ uses the phonics skills to attack new words.

_______ can now recognize ____ sight words.

_______ is still confusing words that look alike.

_______ is beginning to read words in groups and phrases.

_______ can read [his/her] sentences back.

_______ speaks in complete sentences.

_______ has difficulty using [pronouns, verbs] correctly.

_______ enjoys dramatization.

_______ has a good oral vocabulary.

_______ uses colorful words while speaking.

_______ participates in group storytelling.

_______ is now able to write a complete sentence independently.

_______ can write an original story containing two to four sentences.

_______ puts words in the appropriate order.

_______ is building a good spelling vocabulary.

_______ uses the dictionary to find unfamiliar words.

_______ enjoys learning to spell new words.

_______ can learn to spell words easily.

_______ sometimes reverses letters in a word.

_______ has difficulty remembering the spelling of non-phonetic words.

_______ is helped by using hand or body motions to remember spelling.

Middle School Comments for Language Arts and Reading

_______ needs to increase [his/her] speed and comprehension in reading.

_______ has developed a mature reading vocabulary.

_______ reads extensively.

_______ comprehends what [he/she] reads.

_______ is interested in books and reading.

_______ can read to follow directions.

_______ reads for pleasure.

_______'s reading is... (smooth, jerky, hesitant, rapid, irregular, or fluent).

_______ enjoys discussing the stories we read.

_______'s reading is becoming automatic.

_______'s reading has yet to become automatic.

_______ speaks clearly.

_______ uses punctuation correctly.

_______ uses [complex, simple] sentences while speaking.

_______ needs to apply skills to all written work.

_______ excels in writing original stories and poems.

_______ can place periods and question marks correctly.

_______ uses colorful words in [his/her] writing.

_______ can compose several related sentences.

_______ shows self-confidence in writing.

_______ shows a keen understanding of plot and character development in the books we read.

_______ consistently uses new vocabulary words accurately in [his/her] writing.

_______ should work on incorporating textual evidence into [his/her] written responses.

_______ demonstrates strong critical thinking skills during class discussions.

Featured Middle School Resources

Test Prep Strategies and Practice for Students

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Report Card Comments & Phrases: Personality & Attitude

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Need Help Writing Your General Report Comments?

Need Help Writing Your General Report Comments?

I can remember the first time I had to write report comments. It was scary! What do I put in them? How long do they need to be? The pile of questions I had were long and I had no one I felt I could ask for help. My principal was a little scary and all the other teachers at the school were freshly graduated like me! Then I found a gold mine! The previous teacher had left a copy of her reports on the computer! I was saved!

This gave me a starting point, something to go off of and suddenly reports weren't so hard. Then the next year my reports were made up of 75% of the previous years report comments thanks to copy and paste!

writing reports ks2 comments

Today I am going to show you what I put in my general comments and give you a few sample comments.

First though, a disclaimer. Different states and different schools have different expectations of what goes into comments (and what can't) so make sure you follow any guidelines given to you.

I aim for 80 - 100 words for my general comment. This usually works out to be about 7 sentences.

Opening Sentence:

I start my general comment off with three virtues that the student regularly displays. This starts the comments off to a nice happy tone and instantly gets the parents onside. This work especially well if you are at a school that has the virtues approach, if your school does the values approach then use that wording instead. 

writing reports ks2 comments

Topics to Cover:

Here are some things I like to include when I am writing general comments. I think about the student in question and the things that pop into my head first are usually the things that need to be included. If I am struggling to think of things this list gives me ideas for what to write.

ability to work in a group and leadership skills

listening skills (be careful not to step too much into speaking and listening here as that's for English)

ability to follow instructions

ability to finish tasks diligently, in a timely manner and work ethic

their relationships with other students

participation in discussions

confidence in their ability

writing reports ks2 comments

I will often choose a day to really observe my students on these items and jot down what things I might like to cover in a student's general comment. Below I have attached a observational grid template you can use. Write the name of each student on a separate square and any notes relating to that student go in their square. 

writing reports ks2 comments

I like to include a goal in my comments. Something the students can work towards or something that will help them improve. This can often follow a comment that states something the students is lacking or doesn't do.

Sandwich the negative:

You have probably heard this a million times in many areas of teaching and it is the same for report comments. Place any negative comments between two positive comments. This helps soften the blow and reads better to parents.

Relate to ABE's:

If you have marked students down for anything in the Attitudes, Behaviours and Efforts then this is also a great place to explain why. This is why I do the ABE's prior to doing the general comments and also in hard copy. Click the link below to get my template for this in this blog post. 

writing reports ks2 comments

Closing Sentence:

I usually put a comment that ends things off nicely such as 'Keep up the good work, Bob!' or Congratulations on a great semester, Carol!'

Cassie is a confident, responsible and honest student.   She works diligently to complete set tasks and is able to accept responsibility for, and show initiative in, decision making.  Cassie is a confident speaker in front of the class.  She enjoys asking questions and regularly joins in class discussions.  Cassie participates equally during group work.  Next semester I would like to see her take on more leadership roles.  It has been a pleasure having Cassie in the class this semester.   Carly has become a more forgiving, responsible and tolerant student this term. She needs to improve her ability to work quietly on independent tasks and avoid disrupting those around her. When Carly commits herself she is able to produce good work.However, she can be resistant to working depending on her mood and the difficulty of the task. Carly often has great ideas and questions and I would like to see her share these more readily with the class. Keep up the good work, Carly.   Jack is a friendly student who is working towards being more honest and diligent.  When faced with a challenging situation Jack will often exhibit a wide variety of poor behaviours in an attempt to avoid completing his work. I would like to see him persevere when working on tasks and make good choices more frequently. Next semester I would like to see him become more willing to seek help and to ‘have-a-go’ without prompting. Jack enjoys participating in class discussion and asks thought provoking questions.  I look forward to watching him progress next semester.   Carl is a confident, responsible and honest student. He is a quick learner and has made fantastic progress across the board.Carl is able to work and learn independently and enjoys being presented with challenges. He loves working in groups and takes on leadership roles.Carl perseveres and achieves goals in amazingly quick time and is intrinsically motivated.He has a cheeky sense of humour and a quick wit.Carl frequently assists other students with their learning and is developing skills to better help them. Congratulations on a great semester, Carl!

Need some more help in conquering your report comments? Check out my course below! It walks you through my step by step method to getting reports done. It gives my best tips and tricks to making report writing easier for Australian teachers.

writing reports ks2 comments

If you would like some more tips on writing reports click my the link to my YouTube video below. 

writing reports ks2 comments

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Write your School reports in minutes, not hours

Unfortunately, report comment bank is being discontinued and is not accepting any new subscriptions..

writing reports ks2 comments

School reports in minutes

Use our easy point and click interface to quickly write your school reports. packed with 309942 comments..

Report Comment Bank has been built by a teacher with 16 years in the classroom. This teaching experience has been put to good use in terms of designing useful features.

Huge comment bank

Our comment bank is organised by subject and topic, not only is it the largest on the web, but it is also growing every day - as teachers create their own comments, these are shared within the system.

Everything is editable! You can use what is already in the system, edit these comments to suit you or even create your own from scratch.

Point and click interface

Just enter a pupil name, choose their gender and then start clicking on the comments you wish or even create your own from scratch.

Tab layouts

Comments within a subject are organised by topic in tabs, you can choose to show/hide each tab and create your own layout for a smooth report writing workflow.

Save to "Quick reports"

Our quick reports feature is a great way to complete a whole class very quickly. When you build a report by clicking on comments you can then save this as a "Quick Report" - this means that you then just need to enter a name, choose a gender and voila! A student report is completed!

Who made this?

Report Comment Bank was designed by Duncan Wilson. He has been a teacher for over 16 years and during that time has written thousands of student reports. He put that experience to good use while building the biggest and best school report writer on the web, saving thousands of teachers many hours at a busy time of the year.

writing reports ks2 comments

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writing reports ks2 comments

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writing reports ks2 comments

Trump has some immunity in D.C. election interference case, Supreme Court rules: Highlights

What to know about the supreme court's ruling on trump's immunity appeal.

  • The Supreme Court ruled that former President Donald Trump has some immunity from prosecution in his federal election interference case. The 6-3 decision, which is complex, further delays special counsel Jack Smith's prosecution.
  • Chief Justice John Roberts, writing for the majority, rejected Trump's broad immunity claims and said Trump has immunity only for his "official" acts as president. The high court did not determine what constitutes an official act in this case, leaving that to the lower court.
  • The court's liberal justices issued blistering dissents . In her dissent, Justice Ketanji Brown Jackson said the ruling "breaks new and dangerous ground."
  • President Joe Biden gave brief remarks from the White House this evening on the court's ruling , calling it a "dangerous precedent."

Trump’s Georgia election case gets more complications after immunity decision

writing reports ks2 comments

Dareh Gregorian

The Supreme Court’s presidential immunity decision is expected to add new twists to Fulton County, Georgia, District Attorney Fani Willis’ already stalled racketeering case against Trump and his allies.

The Georgia case, which involves some of the same issues in special counsel Jack Smith’s prosecution of Trump on federal election interference charges, was officially paused last month until at least October, when an appeals court will hear arguments from Trump and some of his co-defendants challenging the presiding judge’s decision not to disqualify Willis as prosecutor.

Superior Court Judge Scott McAfee has yet to set a trial date, and one of the motions pending before him is Trump’s bid to get the charges tossed out on presidential immunity grounds.

Read the full story here.

Trump slams Biden after White House remarks on immunity ruling

writing reports ks2 comments

Katherine Koretski

Trump said tonight that Biden's remarks from the White House were meant to distract from his performance on the campaign trail.

"Another attack by Crooked Joe Biden against his Political Opponent. This is a really bad and incompetent guy. Wanted to deflect from his horrible campaign performance!" Trump said on his social media site, Truth Social.

Special counsel isn't planning to ask the Supreme Court to quickly send Trump case back to lower court

writing reports ks2 comments

Ken Dilanian

Reporting from Washington

Special counsel Jack Smith is not, as of now, planning to ask the Supreme Court to move more quickly than usual to issue its official judgment based on today’s ruling.

The final judgment is what triggers the process for the case to get back to the district court. As it stands, the Supreme Court’s mandate will not issue for at least 32 days.

It’s unclear why Smith’s office is not asking for this to happen faster. One interpretation is that either way, there won’t be a trial before the election so there is no longer any time pressure.

Trump moves to postpone sentencing and set aside hush money verdict

writing reports ks2 comments

Laura Jarrett

Zoë Richards

Trump's attorneys in his New York hush money case indicated in a letter to the presiding judge that they want him to postpone sentencing and set aside the trial verdict as a result of the Supreme Court's presidential immunity ruling.

The lawyers said they want to brief state Judge Juan Merchan on the relevance of the high court's immunity decision and an argument that decision confirmed that the Manhattan district attorney should not have been able to offer evidence at trial about Trump’s official acts.

Trump's attorneys are seeking to throw out his conviction on 34 felony counts of falsifying business records and postpone next week’s sentencing, according to two people with direct knowledge of the matter.

News of the motion was first reported by The New York Times.

Trump's attorneys pointed to an element of the Supreme Court opinion that limits what evidence can be used at trial. The motion comes 10 days before Trump is scheduled to be sentenced in the New York trial.

The district attorney’s office declined to comment.

‘I dissent’: Biden attacks Supreme Court immunity ruling

writing reports ks2 comments

Ginger Gibson Senior Washington Editor

Biden tonight called  the Supreme Court decision  on presidential immunity “a terrible disservice to the people of this nation.”

“This nation was founded on the principle that there are no kings in America. Each, each of us is equal before the law. No one, no one is above the law, not even the president of the United States. [With] today’s Supreme Court decision on presidential immunity, that fundamentally changed for all practical purposes,” Biden said.

Biden said the decision means there are now “virtually no limits on what the president can do,” a sentiment that echoed the dissents written by the liberal justices on the court.

“I dissent,” Biden said in concluding his brief remarks from the White House.

Biden says immunity ruling means there are 'virtually no limits' on presidential power

Biden said tonight that the Supreme Court's ruling means there are “virtually no limits” on presidential power.

He said voters deserved to have an answer through the courts before Election Day about what took place on Jan. 6, 2021.

"Now, because of today's decision, that is highly, highly unlikely. It's a terrible disservice to the people of this nation," he said.

Biden added that the high court's ruling means voters in November will be charged with deciding whether they want to elect Trump "now knowing he’ll be more emboldened to do whatever he pleases, whenever he wants to do it."

President Biden speaking about the decision

Biden is beginning to speak in remarks that are expected to be brief and in response to the decision.

Trump hailed the Supreme Court’s immunity ruling, while the White House said that “nobody is above the law” and the country needs leaders like Biden. NBC News’ Hallie Jackson reports.

Biden to deliver remarks tonight on Trump immunity ruling

Tara Prindiville

The White House this evening said that Biden will deliver remarks at 7:45 p.m. about today's presidential immunity ruling.

Biden was initially scheduled to return to the White House from Camp David, Maryland, after 8 p.m.

House Republicans sue Merrick Garland over Biden audiotapes

Across the street from the Supreme Court, the Republican-led House Judiciary Committee today sued Attorney General Merrick Garland as part of its effort to obtain audiotapes from special counsel Robert Hur’s interview of Biden tied to his handling of classified documents.

"Garland violated, and continues to violate, his legal obligation by refusing to produce to the Committee the audio recordings of the Special Counsel’s interviews with President Biden and Mark Zwonitzer when those recordings are not covered by executive privilege, and, even if they were, executive privilege has been waived," House atto r neys wr ote .

The panel’s lawsuit seeks a court order requiring Garland to produce the audio recordings of Hur's interviews with Biden and Zwonitzer, the ghostwriter of Biden's 2017 memoir.

The panel had previously issued a subpoena to Garland, and the GOP-controlled House  voted to hold him in contempt  last month for refusing to release the special counsel's recordings. The Justice Department declined to bring contempt charges against Garland.

Biden in May asserted executive privilege  over the recordings with Hur, which were released in transcripts in March.

'Five alarm fire': Immunity ruling raises fears about future lawless presidents

writing reports ks2 comments

Lawrence Hurley Supreme Court reporter

When President Gerald Ford pardoned Richard Nixon in 1974, it was under the assumption that his predecessor could have been prosecuted for his efforts to impede the investigation into the Watergate scandal.

But under the new rule implemented by the Supreme Court today that partially immunized Donald Trump in his election interference case, there may not have been any need for such a pardon.

“Richard Nixon would have had a pass,” John Dean, Nixon’s White House counsel, said on a call with reporters today.

Immunity ruling will delay Trump’s Jan. 6 case until after the election

writing reports ks2 comments

Ryan J. Reilly

Daniel Barnes is reporting from the federal courthouse.

The Supreme Court’s  presidential immunity decision  will further delay Trump’s Washington  criminal case  related to his  efforts to stop the transfer of power  in the lead-up to the  Jan. 6 attack on the U.S. Capitol , virtually guaranteeing that Trump’s trial won’t start before Election Day.

Instead, the high court’s ruling sets the stage for hearings before U.S. District Judge  Tanya Chutkan  on what allegations in special counsel Jack Smith’s indictment should be considered official acts and, therefore, potentially immune from prosecution. Her ultimate decisions could then be subjected to further appeal, meaning that a Trump trial is unlikely to happen until well into 2025. If Trump wins in November, a trial is unlikely to happen at all.

Hillary Clinton says she joins Sotomayor in fear for democracy

writing reports ks2 comments

Daniel Arkin

Hillary Clinton reacted to the Supreme Court's immunity ruling on X, writing that she agreed with the final line of Justice Sonia Sotomayor's dissenting opinion: "With fear for our democracy, I dissent."

"It will be up to the American people this November to hold Donald Trump accountable," Clinton said.

Former Capitol Police officer says court 'stripped the guardrails of democracy'

Former Capitol Police Sgt. Aquilino Gonell, who was at the Capitol during the Jan. 6 riot, was outside the Supreme Court for the decision today.

In a statement, he said, "The Supreme Court just further stripped the guardrails of democracy. It’s Absurd and dangerous."

He added: "The GOP and right wing leaning Supreme Court have gone rogue, detached from reality and abandoned the truth. If Biden invokes a mob and sends it to attack the Supreme Court/congress, would the GOP accept that or hold Biden accountable?"

Posting a picture on X of an article with the headline "The President Can Now Assassinate You, Officially," he also said, "The Supreme Court failed to recognize that they themselves could be targeted."

No word from McConnell or Thune today

writing reports ks2 comments

Frank Thorp V producer and off-air reporter

Neither Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell nor Senate Minority Whip John Thune has issued a statement since the immunity ruling.

But notably, after McConnell voted to acquit Trump in his second impeachment trial, the Senate GOP leader said “former presidents are not immune from being held accountable” in both criminal and civil courts.

"In the language of today, President Trump is still liable for everything he did while he was in office as an ordinary citizen unless the statute of limitations is run, still liable for everything he did while he was in office," he said. "He didn’t get away with anything yet. Yet. We have a criminal justice system in this country. We have civil litigation. And former presidents are not immune from being accountable by either one."

Durbin says Alito and Thomas should have recused themselves from Trump immunity case

Kathryn Gilroy

Senate Majority Whip Dick Durbin condemned Justices Clarence Thomas and Samuel Alito for not recusing themselves from the Trump immunity case.

"It is disgraceful that Justice Thomas and Alito brazenly refused to recuse themselves from this case," Durbin said. "As I've said before, the appearance of impropriety or partiality require recusal. Until Chief Justice Roberts uses his existing authority to enact an enforceable code of conduct, I will continue to push to pass the Supreme Court Ethics, Recusal, and Transparency Act. "

Democrats had called for Alito to recuse himself from two Trump-related cases over two controversial flags that were flown outside his homes in Virginia and New Jersey. Calls for Thomas to recuse himself from the cases center on trips he took that were paid for by billionaire GOP donor Harlan Crow and that he failed to disclose on his financial forms. Both justices declined to step aside.

Thomas has also for years faced criticism over the political activism of his wife, Ginni Thomas .

Thomas suggests he believes special counsel's appointment was illegal: 'A private citizen cannot criminally prosecute anyone'

In his concurrence, Justice Clarence Thomas weighs in on the question argued before Judge Aileen Cannon the other day: whether Jack Smith’s appointment was legal. Thomas strongly suggested he believes that it was not, in part because no law establishes the current office of special counsel.

"I write separately to highlight another way in which this prosecution may violate our constitutional structure," Thomas wrote. "In this case, the Attorney General purported to appoint a private citizen as Special Counsel to prosecute a former President on behalf of the United States. But, I am not sure that any office for the Special Counsel has been 'established by Law,' as the Constitution requires."

He added that "if there is no law establishing the office that the Special Counsel occupies, then he cannot proceed with this prosecution. A private citizen cannot criminally prosecute anyone, let alone a former President." 

Alina Habba says 'justices made the right decision'

Trump legal spokesperson Alina Habba said on Fox News that she thinks "that the justices made the right decision" and that the "American people think that these cases should have never existed."

Citing Nixon v. Fitzgerald, Habba said that "absolute immunity is important for all presidents. I’ve said it time and time again. I’ve argued on immunity for President Trump, and I think they did get right that they recognize absolute immunity exists."

She added: “It is a good day when court rest recognizes constitutional rights of presidents and the executive branch, but we should never have been in this situation to start with. This is a disgrace to America,” and “it’s election interference at its finest.”

Habba also said she doesn't "see how this case could go forward before the election."

Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez says she will seek to impeach justices

Elleiana Green Elleiana Green is a Digital Politics intern with NBC News

Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, D-N.Y., said in a statement posted to X that today's Supreme Court ruling is an "assault on American democracy" and that she intends to file articles of impeachment.

"The Supreme Court has become consumed by a corruption crisis beyond its control," she added.

She did not say which justices she intends to target — six voted with the majority.

The House is controlled by Republicans, meaning her effort is unlikely to get traction.

What the immunity decision would mean for evidence in Trump's federal election interference trial

Today’s decision sets out a lot of rules about what evidence can or cannot be used in Trump’s election interference trial, assuming we ever get there.

As part of today’s ruling, the court held if a certain allegation in the indictment is determined to be an “official act,” prosecutors cannot introduce “testimony or private records of the President probing the official act itself.”

However, the court has left a narrow path for prosecutors to show jurors evidence of official acts if, and only if, that evidence can be found in the public record. 

“But of course the prosecutor may point to the public record to show the fact that the President performed the official act,” Roberts writes. “And the prosecutor may admit evidence of what the President allegedly demanded, received, accepted, or agreed to receive or accept in return for being influenced in the performance of the act.”

So if there is a video of Trump speaking to the media or otherwise discussing any of the acts in the indictment — such as the call pressuring Georgia Secretary of State Brad Raffensperger to overturn Biden's win — those statements could be introduced as evidence.

What prosecutors would not be able to do is put someone like Mark Meadows or another presidential adviser on the witness stand and have them tell jurors about their discussions with Trump. 

Speaker Mike Johnson calls ruling a 'victory'

House Speaker Mike Johnson, R-La, said “today’s ruling by the Court is a victory for former President Trump and all future presidents, and another defeat for President Biden’s weaponized Department of Justice and Jack Smith.”

He adds in a statement: "The Court clearly stated that presidents are entitled to immunity for their official acts. This decision is based on the obviously unique power and position of the presidency, and comports with the Constitution and common sense. As President Trump has repeatedly said, the American people, not President Biden’s bureaucrats, will decide the November 5th election.”

What was it like inside the Supreme Court today?

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Gary Grumbach

Rebecca Shabad

When Chief Justice John Roberts announced that he had the opinion in the Trump immunity case, nearly everyone in the courtroom gallery was on the edge of their seats.

All eight present justices (Justice Neil Gorsuch was absent today) were looking ahead into the gallery during the introduction of the opinion.

Roberts ticked through the various official duties of a president, including commanding the nation’s armed forces, to appoint judges — even on this court, he said — and to oversee international diplomacy.

“Not all the actions that the president takes are within the exclusive theater” of official duties, Roberts said, but the ones that are must be protected. “The president must be able to govern” without risk of prosecution or imprisonment, Roberts said. 

“No immunity,” Roberts said, “applies to the president’s unofficial conduct.” That line, however, is clearly where the justices in the majority stopped. “Drawing that decision can be difficult,” he said, lamenting that neither the district court nor appeals court provided guidance on how to distinguish between official and unofficial conduct.

Roberts listed seven reasons why the court made the decision it did, including what he called a lack of precedent, that the “issues are quite difficult,” and that lower courts did not provide the above guidance. 

Roberts then prebutted Justice Sonia Sotomayor’s dissent, saying that the minority dissenters believe today’s decision will lead to “dire consequences.” If they did not make the decision they did today, Roberts said that “the end result would be an executive branch that cannibalizes itself.” 

“The president is not above the law,” Roberts said as he wrapped up his majority opinion read.  

During Sotomayor’s dissent, Justice Clarence Thomas seemed to have a hard time keeping his eyes open, and at times was leaning so far back in his chair, it appeared to be testing the limits of the chair’s flexibility. Roberts and Samuel Alito were reading along with Sotomayor, while Alito, Elena Kagan, Ketanji Brown Jackson and Brett Kavanaugh were looking into and around the gallery.

A “president’s use of any official power for any purpose, even the most corrupt purpose,” is now almost certain to be immune from prosecution, Sotomayor said. “The majority invents immunity through brute force.”

She then took the court through a few examples of actions she believes the president can now take, with this newfound-immunity. Order the Navy Seal Team Six to assassinate a political rival? “Immune. He’s the commander-in-chief,” she said with snark.

“With fear for our democracy, I along with the framers, dissent," she said.

Biden campaign fundraises off Supreme Court immunity ruling

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Sahil Kapur

In a new fundraising email a few hours after the immunity ruling, the Biden campaign wrote to supporters: "If Trump wins again, he’ll be even more dangerous and unhinged because he knows the courts won’t hold him back."

The campaign wrote that the "Supreme Court just granted Donald Trump breathtaking immunity from prosecution," and added: "We cannot overstate how unprecedented this ruling is. One of the dissenting opinions states if the president '[o]rders the Navy’s Seal Team 6 to assassinate a political rival' they will be 'Immune'" — quoting Justice Sonia Sotomayor's dissent.

The email encouraged recipients to donate, providing links to do so.

Stefanik says immunity decision is a 'historic victory' for the rule of law

Rep. Elise Stefanik, R-N.Y. and a Trump vice president contender, said the president "must have immunity" in order for a presidency to "function properly" in a statement posted on X.

She added, "Today's Supreme Court decision is a historic victory for President Donald Trump, the Constitution, the rule of law, and the American people."

Hakeem Jeffries says SCOTUS set a "dangerous precedent"

House Minority Leader Hakeem Jeffries, D-N.Y., said in a press release that "no one, including the twice-impeached former President, should be above the law. The Constitution is sacredly obligatory upon all. That’s what makes America special. "

He adds "Today’s Supreme Court decision to grant legal immunity to a former President for crimes committed using his official power sets a dangerous precedent for the future of our nation. The Framers of the Constitution envisioned a democracy governed by the rule of law and the consent of the American people. They did not intend for our nation to be ruled by a king or monarch who could act with absolute impunity. House Democrats will engage in aggressive oversight and legislative activity with respect to the Supreme Court to ensure that the extreme, far-right justices in the majority are brought into compliance with the Constitution."

Judiciary Committee to "continue to oversee" the judicial system

Rep. Jim Jordan, R-Ohio, who is chairman of the House Judiciary Committee, said on X that "the Judiciary Committee will continue to oversee dangerous lawfare tactics in our judicial system."

He added that "hyper-partisan prosecutors like Jack Smith cannot weaponize the rule of law to go after the Administration's chief political rival, and we hope that the Left will stop its attacks on President Trump and uphold democratic norms."

Pelosi says the Supreme Court has 'gone rogue' in it's immunity decision

In a press release , Rep. Nancy Pelosi said the Supreme Court's credibility has been "further diminished  in the eyes of all those who believe in the rule of law.”

The Supreme Court has "gone rogue" as the "claim of total presidential immunity is an insult to the vision of our founders, who declared independence from a King," she said.

Trump says all criminal and civil cases against him should now be dropped

Basking in a win at the Supreme Court, Trump said all of the cases against him should now be dropped, including a civil case that covered business practices from before he took office.

He continued to assert that Biden is behind the prosecutions he faces, a point he frequently makes with no evidence to back it up.

“Today’s Historic Decision by the Supreme Court should end all of Crooked Joe Biden’s Witch Hunts against me, including the New York Hoaxes — The Manhattan SCAM cooked up by Soros backed D.A., Alvin Bragg, Racist New York Attorney General Tish James’ shameless ATTACK on the amazing business that I have built, and the FAKE Bergdorf’s 'case,'" Trump wrote on his social media page Truth Social, adding in all capital letters: "Proud to be an American."

Trump allies praise immunity decision

Former Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Ben Carson responded on X, saying, "Today’s HISTORIC SCOTUS victory on presidential immunity has stopped Biden and the Department of 'Justice' from their attempt to twist the law in order to persecute his political opponents."

He added that "they know they can’t beat him at the ballot box so they tried to tie him up in their campaign of lawfare. Luckily, SCOTUS held the line against tyranny showing that America is still a country that upholds the rule of law.”

Rep. Lauren Boebert, R-Colo., posted on X that "the Supreme Court isn't 'protecting Trump.' SCOTUS is simply ensuring the ruthless Biden admin follows the RULE OF LAW!"

Steve Bannon says ‘I’m proud of going to prison’ as he enters lockup

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Summer Concepcion

Shortly before reporting to prison on a four-month sentence for defying congressional subpoenas, Bannon said his imprisonment makes him a “political prisoner” of Democrats.

“I’m a political prisoner of Nancy Pelosi. I’m a political prisoner of Merrick Garland. I’m a political prisoner of Joe Biden, the corrupt Biden establishment,” he said in remarks to reporters in front of the prison.

“It’s Nancy Pelosi and Merrick Garland that made me a martyr, right?” he continued. “But martyrs die, and I’m far from dead, baby.”

Bannon said he is “proud" to serve his prison sentence, arguing that he is standing up to “tyranny” by Democrats.

“I am proud to go to prison. If this is what it takes to stand up to tyranny, if this is what it takes to stand up to the Garland corrupt criminal DOJ, if this is what it takes to stand up to Nancy Pelosi, if this is what it takes to stand up to Joe Biden, I’m proud to do it,” he said.

Bannon also decried Trump’s sentencing on all 34 courts in his hush money trial in New York on July 11, saying that his own four-month prison sentence is “nothing” compared to Trump’s “very sham trial.”

Sen. Blumenthal calls conservative justices ‘nakedly partisan hacks’ in immunity ruling

Sen. Richard Blumenthal, D-Conn., said the Supreme Court has “put lawbreaking presidents like Donald Trump above the law” in what he called a “cravenly political decision to shield President Trump” and delay his criminal trial.

In a statement, Blumenthal, a senior member of the Senate Judiciary Committee, said the ruling bestows “an unwise and unjust broad shield for him and other presidents who flout and flagrantly abuse their office.”

“This is a license for authoritarianism,” he said. “My stomach turns with fear and anger that our democracy can be so endangered by an out-of-control Court. The members of Court’s conservative majority will now be rightly perceived by the American people as extreme and nakedly partisan hacks — politicians in robes.”

Sen. Vance says decision may 'destroy all of Jack Smith's case'

Sen. JD Vance, R-Ohio and a Trump vice president contender, posted on X that the ruling was "a massive win, not just for Trump but the rule of law."

He continued saying, "I'm still digesting but this may well destroy all of Jack Smith's case against the president."

Justice Barrett says Trump still should stand trial

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Alana Satlin

Justice Amy Coney Barrett issued a concurring opinion, agreeing with the majority that Trump has some immunity from prosecution but that the decision shouldn't get in the way of his standing trial.

"A President facing prosecution may challenge the constitutionality of a criminal statute as applied to official acts alleged in the indictment,” she said, noting that the court rejected Trump's broader immunity claims. “If that challenge fails, however, he must stand trial."

She also said she agreed with the dissent's opinion that immune conduct should still be allowed to be used as evidence in his trial.

"I appreciate the [majority's] concern that allowing into evidence official acts for which the President cannot be held criminally liable may prejudice the jury," but, "the Constitution does not require blinding juries to the circumstances surrounding conduct for which Presidents can be held liable."

Dissent says the president is 'now a king above the law'

Another scathing line from Sotomayor's dissent:

Let the President violate the law, let him exploit the trappings of his office for personal gain, let him use his official power for evil ends. Because if he knew that he may one day face liability for breaking the law, he might not be as bold and fearless as we would like him to be. That is the majority’s message today. Even if these nightmare scenarios never play out, and I pray they never do, the damage has been done. The relationship between the President and the people he serves has shifted irrevocably. In every use of official power, the President is now a king above the law.

Steve Bannon arrives at Connecticut prison to begin sentence for defying congressional subpoenas

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Vaughn Hillyard

Steve Bannon has arrived to report to prison at Danbury, Connecticut. Supporters standing outside of the prison chanted his name upon his arrival.

Bannon, an ally of Trump who has pushed his baseless claims of a rigged 2020 election, was sentenced to four months in prison for refusing to comply with subpoenas from the House Jan. 6 committee, which requested his testimony in its probe into the Capitol attack on Jan. 6, 2021.

Bannon told NBC News that he is set to be released from prison Oct. 31, the week before the November presidential election.

Schumer says it's a 'sad day for our democracy'

Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer said "This is a sad day for America and a sad day for our democracy," in a statement posted to X.

A “disgraceful decision” by the Supreme Court, Schumer said the decision will allow the former President to “weaken our democracy by breaking the law.”

Schumer added, "Treason or incitement of an insurrection should not be considered a core constitutional power afforded to a president."

Donald Trump Jr. says ruling was 'solid'

Former President Donald Trumps oldest son, Donald Trump Jr., posted on Truth Social after the Supreme Court ruling.

"Solid SCOTUS ruling today. I'm sure the corrupt prosecutors and Dc judge will work overtime to continue their lawfare. It's all they have left."

Rep. Marjorie Taylor Greene says Supreme Court made the 'right decision'

Awaiting Steve Bannon's arrival at federal prison in Danbury, Conn., Rep. Marjorie Taylor Greene told NBC News that the Supreme Court made the "right decision" in Trump's immunity case. She also said special counsel Jack Smith should be "defunded."

Any official acts can't be used as evidence at trial

In writing his decision, Roberts made clear that anything the lower court determines to be an "official act" cannot be used as evidence in a criminal trial — meaning it's entirely off limits to prosecutors even if it would corroborate evidence deemed unofficial.

"Presidents cannot be indicted based on conduct for which they are immune from prosecution. On remand, the District Court must carefully analyze the indictment’s remaining allegations to determine whether they too involve conduct for which a President must be immune from prosecution," Roberts wrote. "And the parties and the District Court must ensure that sufficient allegations support the indictment’s charges without such conduct. Testimony or private records of the President or his advisers probing such conduct may not be admitted as evidence at trial."

Roberts argues liberal dissenters are having a 'disproportionate' reaction to immunity ruling

Chief Justice John Roberts, writing in his majority opinion, appeared to argue that the liberal justices overreacted to the court’s decision in their dissents.

"As for the dissents, they strike a tone of chilling doom that is wholly disproportionate to what the Court actually does today," Roberts wrote.

The three justices who make up the court's liberal bloc — Sonia Sotomayor, Elena Kagan and Ketanji Brown Jackson — all dissented from the court's majority opinion and argued that it created a dangerous new precedent for American presidents.

Sotomayor, for example, wrote that she lodged her dissent “with fear for our democracy."

In dissent, Jackson lays out process for determining whether president has immunity

In her dissent, Justice Ketanji Brown Jackson appeared to run through the process by which the U.S. legal system could decide whether a president has immunity, based on the language of the majority opinion in Trump v. U.S.

"From the structure of the paradigm, it appears that the first decision point is whether the alleged criminal conduct involves one of the President’s 'core' powers," Jackson wrote. "If so (and apparently regardless of the degree to which the conduct implicates that core power), the President is absolutely immune from criminal liability for engaging in that criminal conduct. If not, then one must proceed to consider whether the conduct qualifies as an 'official' act or 'unofficial' act of that President."

"If the crime is an official act, the President is presumptively immune from criminal prosecution and punishment," Jackson added. "But even then, immunity still hinges on whether there is any legal or factual basis for concluding that the presumption of immunity has been rebutted. Alternatively, if the charged conduct is an unofficial act (a determination that, incidentally, courts must make without considering the President’s motivations, ante, at 18), the President is not immune."

Jackson argues immunity decision 'breaks new and dangerous ground'

Justice Ketanji Brown Jackson, in her dissent, accused the conservative justices who wrote the majority opinion in Trump v. U.S. of breaking "new and dangerous ground," departing from what she characterized as a tradition of "individual accountability."

"With that understanding of how our system of accountability for criminal acts ordinarily functions, it becomes much easier to see that the majority’s ruling in this case breaks new and dangerous ground," Jackson wrote.

"Departing from the traditional model of individual accountability, the majority has concocted something entirely different: a Presidential accountability model that creates immunity — an exemption from criminal law— applicable only to the most powerful official in our Government," she added.

She goes on later in the dissent to say, "even a hypothetical President who admits to having ordered the assassinations of his political rivals or critics, or one who indisputably instigates an unsuccessful coup, has a fair shot at getting immunity under the majority’s new Presidential accountability model."

Trump praises immunity decision: 'Big win for our Constitution and democracy'

Minutes after the Supreme Court ruled that he has some immunity in his federal election case, Trump took to his Truth Social platform to tout the ruling.

"Big win for our Constitution and democracy. Proud to be an American!" Trump wrote in all caps.

In blistering dissent, Sotomayor says immunity decision 'reshapes' presidency

In an impassioned dissent, Justice Sonia Sotomayor blasted the court's majority decision in Trump v. U.S., writing in part that the opinion permanently changes the nature of the American presidency.

"Today’s decision to grant former Presidents criminal immunity reshapes the institution of the Presidency," Sotomayor wrote. "It makes a mockery of the principle, foundational to our Constitution and system of Government, that no man is above the law. Relying on little more than its own misguided wisdom about the need for 'bold and unhesitating action' by the President, ante, at 3, 13, the Court gives former President Trump all the immunity he asked for and more."

"Because our Constitution does not shield a former President from answering for criminal and treasonous acts, I dissent," Sotomayor added.

She added in her opinion, “The indictment paints a stark portrait of a President desperate to stay in power.”

Biden campaign says immunity ruling doesn't change what happened on Jan. 6

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Gabe Gutierrez

A senior Biden campaign adviser said that today's ruling "doesn't change the facts" about what happened on Jan. 6, 2021.

"Donald Trump snapped after he lost the 2020 election and encouraged a mob to overthrow the results of a free and fair election," the adviser said. "Trump is already running for president as a convicted felon for the very same reason he sat idly by while the mob violently attacked the Capitol: he thinks he’s above the law and is willing to do anything to gain and hold onto power for himself."

The adviser said that Trump "has only grown more unhinged" since Jan. 6.

“He’s promising to be a dictator ‘on day one,’ calling for our Constitution to be ‘terminated’ so he can regain power, and promising a “bloodbath” if he loses," the adviser said. "The American people already rejected Donald Trump’s self-obsessed quest for power once — Joe Biden will make sure they reject it for good in November.”

It's a complicated decision

This isn't like some Supreme Court decisions we see come down where it is immediately clear what the outcome will mean.

There will be a lot of reading and explaining before the whole scope of the decision is clear.

Supreme Court rules Trump has some immunity in federal election interference case, further delaying trial

Reporting from the Supreme Court

The Supreme Court on Monday ruled that Donald Trump has immunity for some of his alleged conduct as president in his federal election interference case but maybe not for other actions, adding another obstacle to a trial taking place.

In a novel and potentially consequential case on the limits of presidential power, the justices rejected Trump’s broad claim of immunity, meaning the charges will not be dismissed, but said some actions closely related to his core duties as president are off-limits to prosecutors.

Read more about the decision here.

Roberts wrote the Trump immunity decision

Chief Justice John Roberts wrote the majority decision in the Trump immunity ruling.

It's a complicated ruling — attempting to draw a line between official and unofficial acts.

"This case poses a question of lasting significance: When may a former President be prosecuted for official acts taken during his Presidency? In answering that question, unlike the political branches and the public at large, the Court cannot afford to fixate exclusively, or even primarily, on present exigencies. Enduring separation of powers principles guide our decision in this case. The President enjoys no immunity for his unofficial acts, and not everything the President does is official. The President is not above the law. But under our system of separated powers, the President may not be prosecuted for exercising his core constitutional powers, and he is entitled to at least presumptive immunity from prosecution for his official acts. That immunity applies equally to all occupants of the Oval Office," Roberts wrote.

Protesters outside Supreme Court

Protesters gather outside the Supreme Court ahead of a decision on Trump’s claim of immunity from criminal prosecution.

writing reports ks2 comments

Second decision is Moody v. NetChoice

The second decision of the day, announced just after 10:20 a.m. ET, is a ruling in Moody v. NetChoice. Justice Elena Kagan wrote the majority opinion, which was 9-0.

“Our unanimous agreement regarding NetChoice’s failure to show that a sufficient number of its members engage in constitutionally protected expression prevents us from accepting NetChoice’s argument regarding these provisions. In the lower courts, NetChoice did not even try to show how these disclosure provisions chill each platform’s speech," Kagan wrote.

Without explanation, Trump says immunity decision could have a 'bigger impact' on Biden than him

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Jake Traylor

In a pretaped interview with radio host John Fredericks that aired this morning, Trump said he thinks the immunity ruling will have "a bigger impact on Joe Biden" than himself.

“You know, the immunity statement that’s coming out, they say on Sunday, on Monday, that is going to be very interesting to see what happens, but I think it has a bigger impact on Joe Biden than it has on me, actually,” Trump said, without explaining. 

Trump has suggested that if he returns to office, he could prosecute Biden or other political foes.

Asked what he thinks will happen at his hush money sentencing hearing next week, Trump said he believes “there should be no sentence.” He was found guilty in May of 34 counts of falsifying business records and faces a range of possible sentences, including probation, a fine or prison time.

Trump also spoke about Biden staying in the race and said people are saying they “can’t get him out” but could maybe use the 25th amendment if necessary.  

First decision is Corner Post, Inc. v. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System

The first decision released just after 10 a.m. is Corner Post, Inc. v. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. It's a 6-3 decision written by Justice Barrett.

As expected, there are two boxes of decisions

There are two boxes of decisions in the Supreme Court press room, which was expected.

The Supreme Court’s decision to rule in favor of a Jan. 6 rioter could be seen as a win for former Donald Trump’s base, but it may have the opposite effect on independent voters in battleground states. NBC News’ Kristen Welker and Danny Cevallos analyze the implications on the 2024 election.

Today's decisions expected soon

It's 10 a.m. ET, which means today's Supreme Court rulings will start coming in shortly. We're expecting three decisions today, including an opinion in the high-stakes Trump immunity case.

Former Speaker Nancy Pelosi urges Supreme Court to rule against Trump in immunity claim

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Alexandra Marquez

Former Speaker Nancy Pelosi on Sunday said she hoped the court would rule against Trump’s claim of immunity, telling MSNBC’s Jen Psaki, “If the court tomorrow says that the former president is above the law, they will have done a grave disservice to justice in our country.”

She added, “Let us hope that they ... show us some allegiance to their oath of office to support and defend the Constitution of the United States, and that just because you’re president doesn’t mean you’re immune from prosecution if you break the law.” 

Where does Trump's election interference case stand?

writing reports ks2 comments

Megan Lebowitz

Trump's election interference trial could be delayed until after the November election, depending on how the justices rule this morning.

The Supreme Court could send the case to a lower court for decisions about which of Trump's actions could be considered official acts, which would further delay the case.

If a trial is delayed until after the election and Trump is re-elected, there are questions about whether he would pardon himself.

How an appeals court ruled on Trump's immunity

A federal appeals court in February ruled against Trump's argument that he was immune from prosecution for alleged acts while president.

The court noted that "former President Trump has become citizen Trump," dismissing Trump's assertion that former presidents have immunity.

"But any executive immunity that may have protected him while he served as President no longer protects him against this prosecution," the appeals court said.

Supreme Court set to rule on Trump immunity in election interference case

The Supreme Court on Monday is expected to issue its long-anticipated ruling on whether former President Donald Trump can claim immunity from prosecution for at least some of his actions in seeking to overturn the 2020 election.

Chief Justice John Roberts announced Friday that Monday would be the last day of rulings in the current nine-month court term, with the Trump case one of four yet to be decided.

The rulings will be issued one by one, starting at 10 a.m., with the Trump case likely to be the last.

The court has already faced fierce criticism from the left — both for hearing the Trump case in the first place, thereby preventing a trial from taking place in March, and for taking so long to decide it, making it difficult if not impossible for a trial to begin before the election.

Trump faces a four-count indictment for his efforts to overturn the 2020 election that culminated in the Jan. 6, 2021, attack on the Capitol, in which a mob of his supporters sought to prevent Congress from certifying President Joe Biden’s election.

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4 takeaways from the first presidential debate

Domenico Montanaro - 2015

Domenico Montanaro

President Biden and former President Donald Trump participate in the first presidential debate of the 2024 elections at CNN's studios in Atlanta on June 27.

President Biden and former President Donald Trump participate in the first presidential debate of the 2024 elections at CNN's studios in Atlanta on June 27. Andrew Caballero-Reynolds/AFP via Getty Images hide caption

If some people who listened to the radio in 1960 thought Richard Nixon won the presidential debate with John F. Kennedy, then maybe people reading the transcript of Thursday night’s match-up would think President Biden won.

But elections aren’t won in transcripts. The reality is, fairly or not, debates are often about optics — how the candidates present themselves, defend their records and parry attacks.

Guests at the Old Town Pour House watch a debate between President Biden and former President Donald Trump on Thursday in Chicago. The debate is the first of two scheduled between the two candidates before the November election.

Fact check: What did Biden and Trump claim about immigration in the debate?

And that’s why so many Democrats are ringing the fire alarms after the first general-election presidential debate of 2024. The Biden campaign said the president had a cold to explain why he sounded so hoarse and weak. But Biden’s stumbles right from the beginning played into his biggest vulnerability — his age and whether the 81-year-old is up to the challenge of handling four more years in office.

There were issues for Trump, too, as he continued to spread falsehoods and bathe in the kinds of conspiratorial grievances that have turned off many voters.

Not much has changed the dynamics of this race; will anything that happened Thursday night make a difference either?

Here are four takeaways from the first Biden-Trump debate of this campaign:

1. First and foremost, let’s talk about the elephant in the room – Democrats have to be wondering if they’d be better off with someone else as their nominee.

Neither candidate is the official nominee yet. The national political conventions haven’t happened — but it’s next to impossible that Democrats would replace Biden.

Still, given he delivered the kind of performance Democrats feared, party leaders, strategists and many voters, frankly, had to be wondering during this debate what it would be like if any of a handful of other Democrats were standing on that stage.

Biden got a bit stronger as the debate went on, especially on foreign policy. He had some one-liners, like calling Trump a “whiner” when Trump wouldn’t definitively say that he would accept the results of the 2024 election. But Biden often wasn’t able to show vigor or consistently convey what he wanted to say. He simply couldn’t deliver the kinds of happy-warrior blows with that toothy smile audiences have seen from Biden in years past.

“Sometimes the spin don’t spin,” one Democratic strategist texted midway through the debate when asked for reaction.

2. If how Biden sounded wasn’t bad enough, the visuals might have been equally as bad.

An important rule of thumb for candidates — and moderators — in debates is to be conscious of how things look, of how you look, of what people are seeing at home. And what people saw — and this was predictable — was a split screen.

This combination of photos shows Republican presidential candidate former President Donald Trump, left, and President Joe Biden during a presidential debate hosted by CNN on Thursday in Atlanta.

What to know about the key policies that got airtime in the presidential debate

Biden wasn’t able to use that to his advantage at all, even as Trump doled out falsehood after falsehood. Instead, he looked genuinely shocked and confused, which is never a good look.

Trump and his base might not care about late-night comedy, but this week’s monologues are going to sting Democratic voters.

3. The format — and hands-off moderators — benefited Trump.

The muting of the candidates was likely intended to make the debate calmer and not allow Trump to run roughshod over the moderators or his opponent. But it had the effect of making Trump seem more sedate than usual.

Trump employed rounds of verbal jujitsu, in which he threw back his own vulnerabilities and directed them toward Biden. He was even able at one point, during a strange exchange about golf handicaps, to say, “Let’s not act like children.”

The moderation, or lack thereof, also allowed Trump to spread falsehoods and hyperbole without being interrupted or corrected. CNN indicated before the debate that the moderators were not going to play a strong role in fact checking the candidates, and they lived up to that.

They left it to the candidates, essentially, and with Biden unable to deliver in real time and the moderators declining to, the audience was left with a salad bowl full of rotten eggs and moldy lettuce that passed for facts.

4. This debate might not move the needle much, if at all.

Despite Biden’s struggles, which will understandably get the headlines, Trump had some difficult moments, too, especially in the second half of the debate.

In addition to spreading myriad falsehoods, he did little to credibly defend his conduct on and before the Jan. 6 siege on the Capitol; he used the kind of hyperbolic and vituperative language that has long turned off swing voters; and showed why many are concerned about some of his positions on the issues, especially on abortion and how the U.S. should be represented on the world stage.

So despite Biden’s shortcomings, millions will still likely vote for Biden, anyway, because he’s not Trump.

The bottom line is: Americans have said they are unhappy with their choices, and, in this – the biggest moment of the 2024 presidential campaign yet — it was clear why.

Correction June 28, 2024

A previous version of this story referenced this week's live SNL episode but in fact the show is on its summer hiatus.


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    I hope this makes report writing easier for someone. Please review. This is a Report Writing Comments Bank for general contribution, effort and attitude comments, for example, 'He has the ability and commitment to excel in many subjects.' 'He consistently and actively contributes knowledge, opinions, and skills to a group.'

  2. General Comments Report Writing (teacher made)

    The new Twinkl Report Writer makes writing reports easier than ever before. Simply input a child's name, choose the relevant subject and review the comment banks included. In no time at all, these sentence starters and stock phrases will get you writing helpful and accurate reports. At Twinkl Scotland, we understand that report writing can be a time-consuming process, so we have put together ...

  3. Writing report comment bank KS2

    Report Comment Bundle. RECENTLY UPDATED FOR 2020-2021 Includes full paragraph comments for KS2 Reading, Writing, Maths, Science, Computing and Pastoral. Also includes end of term activity sheets booklet for students to get on with whilst you battle with all those reports to write! Hoping this bundle will be easy to use and adapt to relieve some ...

  4. Report Writing Example Statements (teacher made)

    Generating report writing examples in seconds, our Twinkl Report Writer makes writing school reports easier than ever before. Simply input a child's name, choose the relevant subject and review the comment banks included. In no time at all, these sentence starters and stock phrases will get you writing helpful and accurate reports. The answer to your report writing needs. This excellent Excel ...

  5. General Report Writing Comments KS2

    The new Twinkl Report Writer makes writing reports easier than ever before. Simply input a child's name, choose the relevant subject and review the comment banks included. In no time at all, these sentence starters and stock phrases will get you writing helpful and accurate reports. Our handy resource will be a much-needed timesaver when it comes to writing general report comments at KS1 and ...

  6. PDF 100 Sample Report Card Comments

    Consistently makes good choices during the school day. Shows respect for peers and teachers. Transitions easily between classroom activities and is not a distraction to others. Is sensitive to the thoughts and opinions of others. Is a leader and positive role model for students. Is enthusiastic about participating.

  7. Report Writing Bank of Statements

    The new Twinkl Report Writer makes writing reports easier than ever before. Simply input a child's name, choose the relevant subject and review the comment banks included. In no time at all, these sentence starters and stock phrases will get you writing helpful and accurate reports. * NEW * - Report Writing Bank of Statements for KS1 and KS2 - A handy bank of statements that covers all areas ...

  8. English Report Comments

    All you need to write your English, Maths, Science and General comments for your primary reports. Over 1400 different high quality differentiated comments to save you time. Save time and energy this year when writing your primary KS2 reports. Use these extensive report banks to quickly whip up a class full of personalised English, maths ...

  9. 223 Copy and Paste Final Report Card Comments

    Has begun to develop cooperative play skills such as sharing and taking turns. Is a creative and imaginative learner. Engages in strong exploratory and discovery play behaviors without prompting. Is enthusiastic and engaged when given developmentally appropriate resources to play with.


    Import at SchoolReportWriter.COM, our FREE app for teachers: 1. Download below. Import on, Import /export comments page, or 2. Click comments below, Select all (ctrl+a), Copy (ctrl+c) and. Paste (ctrl+v) into, Copy&Paste box on, Import /export page. Video help on, Import /export page. Free Teacher Reports App YouTube Demo.

  11. PDF Report Comments Bank

    Design Technology Group work: skilled/assertive/retiring/a leader 'Makes sure his/her contribution counts' Good/fair/undeveloped understanding of how materials ...

  12. The Report Writing Pack

    This pack includes: The Report Writing Guide - Teaches children about the purpose of report writing, types of reports, researching and facts. Koala Report Example - An example of a report that your children can analyse, review and try to improve! Report Challenges - Eight different report challenges for your students to try!

  13. General Report Comments

    All you need to write your English, Maths, Science and General comments for your primary reports. Over 1400 different high quality differentiated comments to save you time. Save time and energy this year when writing your primary KS2 reports. Use these extensive report banks to quickly whip up a class full of personalised English, maths ...

  14. 66 Fantastic Teacher Comments for Progress Reports

    30. Your child is an essential part of our classroom and school community. 31. Very expressive with opinions and emotions. 32. Your child is a strong listener to others' ideas and opinions. 33. Frequent absences continually impact their ability to access all of the learning that takes place daily in our classroom. 34.

  15. 210 Report Card Comments for Language Arts and Reading

    TeacherVision Staff. Last edited: January 25, 2024. 210 report card comments and phrases focusing on reading, writing, listening, and speaking skills. Appropriate for all grade levels, with examples of more specific elementary school and middle school remarks, the comments and phrases can be edited or modified to suit every student in your class.

  16. Need Help Writing Your General Report Comments?

    Topics to Cover: Here are some things I like to include when I am writing general comments. I think about the student in question and the things that pop into my head first are usually the things that need to be included. If I am struggling to think of things this list gives me ideas for what to write. ability to work in a group and leadership ...

  17. Report Card Comments

    Reading And Writing Report Card Comments. Tweet. LANGUAGE comments. READING/WRITING comments. MATH comments. BEHAVIOR comments. SCIENCE comments. SPELLING comments. Try using some of these READING and WRITING COMMENTS and see how quickly finding and writing appropriate Language comments for your students can be.

  18. 629 Top "Report Comments KS2" Teaching Resources curated for you.

    Science Report Writing Comments Spreadsheet Pack Years 7-10 - Australian Curriculum . 2 reviews . Last downloaded on. Report Synonyms Guide ... Explore more than 629 "Report Comments KS2" resources for teachers, parents and pupils as well as related resources on "Report Comments" Get to know us. About Us; Media; Partnerships ...

  19. Report Comments for KS2

    Make your reports easy-peasy to write with this bumper pack of report comments for a range of subjects. Differentiated into effort and ability, there are a range of comments for each subject that are easily adaptable for topics. Altogether there are 57 pages of comments included. Documents included: KS2 LKS2 Y3 Y4 UKS2 Y5 Y6.

  20. School Report Comments Bank

    Who made this? Report Comment Bank was designed by Duncan Wilson. He has been a teacher for over 16 years and during that time has written thousands of student reports. He put that experience to good use while building the biggest and best school report writer on the web, saving thousands of teachers many hours at a busy time of the year.

  21. General Comments Report Writing (teacher made)

    The new Twinkl Report Writer makes writing reports easier than ever before. Simply input a child's name, choose the relevant subject and review the comment banks included. In no time at all, these sentence starters and stock phrases will get you writing helpful and accurate reports. At Twinkl Scotland, we understand that report writing can be a time-consuming process, so we have put together ...

  22. Sotomayor and Jackson issue scathing dissents of Trump immunity ruling

    Supreme Court Justice Sonia Sotomayor issued a blistering dissent in the Trump immunity ruling, arguing that it "reshapes the institution of the presidency" and "makes a mockery" of the ...

  23. Trump has some immunity in D.C. election interference case, Supreme

    In an impassioned dissent, Justice Sonia Sotomayor blasted the court's majority decision in Trump v. U.S., writing in part that the opinion permanently changes the nature of the American presidency.

  24. Report Comments & Targets

    Report Comments & Targets. Subject: -1. Age range: 7-11. Resource type: Assessment and revision. File previews. docx, 27.47 KB. A bank of comments and targets that I've used at the EBSD school I work at. Many of the comments are behaviour-based due to the nature of the school. May be usable by mainstream staff at this busy time of the year ...

  25. Key Features of Report Writing

    Paragraphs of information for each of the headings. Tables/pictures/diagrams to add information. Facts linked within each paragraph. A conclusion - summary of key points. Factual language. Appropriate tense. An interesting sentence to end the report. These key features of report writing for KS2 are all on this resource for your students to ...

  26. 4 takeaways from the first presidential debate

    "Sometimes the spin don't spin," one Democratic strategist texted midway through the debate when asked for reaction. 2. If how Biden sounded wasn't bad enough, the visuals might have been ...