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## Year 6 Maths Worksheets UK Hub Page

Welcome to our Year 6 Maths Worksheets area.

Here you will find a wide range of free printable Year 6 Maths Worksheets for your child to enjoy.

Come and take a look at our rounding decimal pages, or maybe some of our adding and subtracting fractions worksheets. Perhaps you are looking for some worksheets about finding angles in a triangle, or need some ratio problem worksheets to help your child learn about ratio?

For full functionality of this site it is necessary to enable JavaScript.

Here are the instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser .

- This page contains links to other Math webpages where you will find a range of activities and resources.
- If you can't find what you are looking for, try searching the site using the Google search box at the top of each page.

## Year 6 Maths Learning

Here are some of the key learning objectives for the end of Year 6:

- know and use Place value up to 10 million
- Counting on and back in steps of powers of 10 from any number up to 10 million
- Round numbers to any given degree of accuracy.
- Count forwards and backwards through zero with positive and negative numbers.
- Read Roman numerals to 1000 and recognise years written in Roman numerals
- solve multi-step problems using addition and subtraction in a range of contexts
- identify multiples and factors including common factors
- multiply and divide up to 4-digit numbers by up to 2 digits
- Use their knowledge of the order of operations to carry out calculations involving the four operations.
- Identify common factors, common multiples and prime numbers.
- solve problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication and division
- simplify fractions
- compare and order fractions including mixed numbers
- add and subtract fractions with different denominators including mixed numbers
- multiply simple fractions together and simplify the answer
- divide proper fractions by whole numbers
- recall and use equivalence between simple fractions, decimals and percentages.
- Multiply and divide whole numbers and decimals up to 3dp by 10, 100 or 1000
- read, write, order and compare numbers up to 3dp
- round decimals with up to 3dp to the nearest whole
- solve problems with numbers up to 3dp
- work out percentages of different amounts
- solve problems using percentages
- use simple formulae
- express missing number problems using algebra
- find pairs of numbers that satisfy equations with two variables
- solve problems involving simple ratios
- solve problems involving similar shapes where the scale factor is known
- use, read, write and convert between standard units of measure
- measure, compare and calculate using different measures
- know that shapes with the same area can have different perimeters
- find the area of parallelograms and right triangles
- find the volume of cubes and cuboids
- convert between miles and km
- name and understand the parts of circles - radius, diameter and circumference
- draw 2D shapes accurately using dimensions and angles
- compate and classify 2D shapes by a range of properties
- find missing angles in triangles, quadrilaterals and regular shapes
- use coordinates in all 4 quadrants
- draw and translate simple shapes in all 4 quadrants
- interpret and construct pie charts and line graphs
- calculate the mean as an average

Please note:

Our site is mainly based around the US Elementary school math standards.

Though the links on this page are all designed primarily for students in the US, but they are also at the correct level and standard for UK students.

The main issue is that some of the spelling is different and this site uses US spelling.

Year 6 is generally equivalent to 5th Grade in the US.

On this page you will find link to our range of math worksheets for Year 6.

Quicklinks to Year 6 ...

- Place Value Zone
- Mental Math Zone

## Word Problems Zone

Fractions percents ratio zone.

- Percentages Zone
- Measurement Zone

## Geometry Zone

Data analysis zone.

- Fun Zone: games and puzzles

Coronavirus Stay At Home Support

For those parents who have found themselves unexpectedly at home with the kids and need some emergency activities for them to do, we have started to develop some Maths Grab Packs for kids in the UK.

Each pack consists of at least 10 mixed math worksheets on a variety of topics to help you keep you child occupied and learning.

The idea behind them is that they can be used out-of-the-box for some quick maths activities for your child.

They are completely FREE - take a look!

- Free Maths Grabs Packs

## Place Value & Number Sense Zone

Year 6 number worksheets.

Here you will find a range of Free Printable Year 6 Number Worksheets.

Using these Year 6 maths worksheets will help your child to:

- use place value with numbers up to 10 million;
- use place value with up to 3 decimal places;
- understand how to use exponents (powers) of a number;
- understand and use parentheses (brackets);
- understand and use multiples and factors;
- extend their knowledge of prime and composite (non-prime) numbers up to 100;
- know and be able to use the PEMDAS (or PEDMAS) rule.
- Place Value Worksheets to 10 million
- Place Value to 3dp
- Ordering Decimals Worksheets
- PEMDAS Rule Support Page
- PEMDAS Problems Worksheets
- Balancing Math Equations
- Roman Numerals worksheets

## Ordering Large Numbers and Decimals to 3dp

The sheets in this section involve ordering lists of decimals to 3 decimal places and also large numbers up to 100 million.

There are sheets with decimals up to 10, and also sheets with numbers from -10 to 10.

- Ordering Large Numbers up to 100 million
- Ordering Decimals to 3dp

## Rounding Decimals

- Rounding to the nearest tenth
- Rounding Decimal Places Sheets to 2dp
- Rounding Decimals Worksheet Challenges

## Year 6 Decimal Counting Worksheets

Using these sheets will support you child to:

- count on and back by multiples of 0.1;
- fill in the missing numbers in sequences;
- count on and back into negative numbers.
- Counting By Decimals

## Year 6 Mental Maths Zone

Each worksheet tests the children on a range of math topics from number facts and mental arithmetic to geometry, fraction and measures questions.

A great way to revise topics, or use as a weekly math quiz!

- Year 6 Mental Maths Tests

Top of Page

## Year 6 Addition Worksheets

- add decimals including tenths and hundredths mentally;
- add a columns of multi-digit numbers, including decimals.
- Decimal Addition Fact Worksheets
- 5th Grade Addition Worksheets BIG Numbers
- Decimal Column Addition Worksheets
- Money Worksheets (randomly generated)

## Year 6 Subtraction Worksheets

Using these sheets will help your child to:

- subtract decimals including tenths and hundredths mentally;
- subtract multi-digit numbers, including decimals using column subtraction.
- Subtracting Decimals Worksheets (mental)
- Subtraction Worksheets up to Billions (columns)
- Column Subtraction with Decimals

## Year 6 Multiplication Worksheets

- extend their knowlege of multiplication to decimals;
- use their multiplication tables to answer related facts, including decimals;
- multiply a range of decimals with up to 2 decimal places (2dp) by a whole number;
- multiply different money amounts by a whole number.
- Multiplying Decimals by 10 and 100
- Multiplication Fact Sheet Decimals
- Decimal Multiplication Worksheets to 1dp
- Decimal Multiplication Worksheets to 2dp
- Free Multiplication Worksheets (randomly generated)
- Multiply and Divide by 10 100 (decimals)
- Multiplication & Division Worksheets (randomly generated)
- Multiplication Word Problems

## Division Worksheets 5th Grade

Using these Year 6 maths worksheets will help your child learn to:

- divide any whole number up to 10000 by a two digit number;
- express any division with a remainder in the form of a mixed number (a number with a fraction part).
- Long Division Worksheets (whole numbers)
- Long Division of Decimal Numbers
- Decimal Division Facts
- Division Facts Worksheets (randomly generated)

## Year 6 Maths Problems

- apply their addition, subtraction, multiplication and division skills;
- apply their knowledge of rounding and place value;
- solve a range of problems including "real life" problems and ratio problems.

These sheets involve solving one or two more challenging longer problems.

- Year 6 Math Problems (5th Grade)

These sheets involve solving many 'real-life' problems involving data.

- Year 6 Math Word Problems (5th Grade)

These sheets involve solving a range of ratio problems.

## Year 6 Fraction Worksheets

Year 6 percentage worksheets, year 6 ratio worksheets.

- compare and order fractions;
- add and subtract fractions and mixed numbers;
- understand how to multiply fractions by a whole number;
- understand how to multiply two fractions together, including mixed fractions;
- understand the relationship between fractions and division;
- know how to divide fractions and mixed fractions;
- convert decimals to fractions.
- Comparing Fractions Worksheet page
- Adding Fractions Worksheets
- Adding Improper Fractions
- Subtracting Fractions Worksheets
- Adding Subtracting Fractions Worksheets
- Improper Fraction Worksheets
- Converting Decimals to Fractions Worksheets
- Fractions Decimals Percents Worksheets
- Multiplying Fractions Worksheets
- Dividing Fractions by Whole numbers
- Divide Whole numbers by Fractions
- Simplifying Fractions Worksheets
- Free Printable Fraction Riddles (harder)

Take a look at our percentage worksheets for finding the percentage of a number or money amount.

We have a range of percentage sheets from quite a basic level to much harder.

- Percentage of Numbers Worksheets
- Money Percentage Worksheets
- Percentage Word Problems

These Year 6 Ratio worksheets are a great way to introduce this concept.

We have a range of part to part ratio worksheets and slightly harder problem solving worksheets.

- Ratio Part to Part Worksheets
- Ratio and Proportion Worksheets

## Year 6 Geometry Worksheets

- know how to find missing angles in a range of situations;
- learn the number of degrees in a right angle, straight line, around a point and in a triangle;
- know how to calculate the area of a triangle;
- know how to calculate the area of a range of quadrilaterals.
- learn the formulas to calculate the area of triangles and some quadrilaterals;
- write and plot coordinates in all 4 quadrants.
- (5th Grade) Geometry - Angles
- Area of Quadrilaterals
- 5th Grade Volume Worksheets
- Coordinate Worksheets (1st Quadrant)
- Coordinate Plane Worksheets (All 4 Quadrants)
- Parts of a Circle Worksheets

## Measurement Zone, including Time & Money

Year 6 measurement worksheets.

Using these sheets will help your child understand how to:

- learn how to read a standard scale going up in different fractions: halves, quarters, eighths and sixteenths;
- learn how to read a metric scale going up in 0.1s, 5s, 10s, 25s, 50s & 100s;
- learn how to estimate a measurement of length, weight or liquid;
- convert temperatures in Celsius and Fahrenheit.
- (5th Grade) Measurement Worksheets

## Time Puzzles - harder

Here you will find our selection of harder time puzzles.

- Time Word Problems Worksheets - Riddles (harder)

Using these sheets will help you to:

- find the mean of up to 5 numbers;
- find a missing data point when the mean is given.
- Mean Worksheets

## Fun Zone: Puzzles, Games and Riddles

Year 6 maths games.

- Year 6 Math Games (5th Grade)

## Year 6 Maths Puzzles

The puzzles will help your child practice and apply their addition, subtraction, multiplication and division facts as well as developing their thinking and reasoning skills in a fun and engaging way.

- Printable Math Puzzles

## Math Salamanders Year 6 Maths Games Ebook

Our Year 6 Maths Games Ebook contains all of our fun maths games, complete with instructions and resources.

This ebooklet is available in our store - use the link below to find out more!

- Year 6 Maths Games Ebook

## Other UK Maths Worksheet pages

See below for our other maths worksheets hub pages designed for children in the UK.

How to Print or Save these sheets

Need help with printing or saving? Follow these 3 steps to get your worksheets printed perfectly!

- How to Print support

Return to Math Salamanders UK Home Page

Return from Year 6 Maths Worksheets to Math Salamanders Homepage

## Math-Salamanders.com

The Math Salamanders hope you enjoy using these free printable Math worksheets and all our other Math games and resources.

We welcome any comments about our site or worksheets on the Facebook comments box at the bottom of every page.

## New! Comments

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- 6th Grade Math
- Solving word problems

## Grade 6 Math Word Problems: Tips, Tricks, and Answers

Do you want to stimulate your 6 th grader’s creative thinking skills? Then, enjoy this brilliant math article. In this comprehensive guide, we will provide you with a treasure trove of fun solving strategies, tips, tricks, and answers to tackle those tricky grade 6 math word problems that have been confusing your students for some time now.

In this page, you will discover why math word problems are important for 6th-graders and simple methods of breaking down complex word problems into manageable steps.

Nevertheless, we will introduce you to Mathskills4kids.com , an outstanding website with thousands of common types of grade 6 math word problems and a step-by-step approach to solving them. Interestingly, we will illustrate how to use diagrams and models to solve math word problems efficiently.

## Learn to love Grade 6 Math word problems with these worksheets and answers

Hello and welcome to Grade 6 Math word problems worksheets and answers , where your 6 th Grade students will learn to love and solve math problems and activities at all times.

We understand that word problems can often frustrate students, as they require a solid understanding of mathematical concepts and the ability to interpret and apply them to real-life situations. That's why we have compiled a collection of proven strategies and techniques to empower your students to approach word problems confidently and accurately.

From understanding problem-solving strategies to breaking down complex questions into manageable steps, this guide will equip you with the knowledge and resources to make math word problems a breeze. So, let's dive in and unlock the secrets to conquering grade 6 math word problems together!

## BROWSE THE WEBSITE

Download free worksheets, grade 6 math topics.

- Whole numbers

Multiplication

- Exponents and square roots
- Number theory
- Add & subtract decimals
- Multiply & divide decimals
- Fractions & mixed numbers
- Add & subtract fractions
- Multiply fractions
- Divide fractions
- Operations with integers
- Mixed operations
- Rational numbers
- Problems solving
- Ratio & proportions
- Percentages
- Measuring units
- Consumer math
- Telling time
- Coordinate graph
- Algebraic expressions
- One step equations
- Solve & graph inequalities
- Two-step equations
- 2D Geometry
- Symmetry & transformation
- Geometry measurement
- Data and Graphs
- Probability

## Start practice on Sixth Grade here

Why are math word problems important for 6th-graders.

Math word problems are about more than just doing calculations. They are also about applying your math knowledge to real-world situations. Math word problems are important for 6 th graders because they help them to:

- Learn how to use different math concepts and skills in various contexts
- Develop their logical thinking and reasoning abilities
- Enhance their communication and literacy skills
- Prepare them for standardized tests and future math courses

Math word problems also make math more exciting and relevant. They show us how math can solve everyday problems and challenges. They also expose us to different topics and scenarios we may not encounter in our regular math lessons.

## Strategies for solving Grade 6 math word problems

Solving Grade 6 math word problems can be intimidating, especially involving multiple steps or operations. But don't worry. Some general strategies will help your students confidently approach any word problem. Here are some of them:

- Please encourage them to read the problem carefully and identify the given information, the unknowns, and the question.
- They should rewrite the problem in their own words or summarize it in a sentence.
- Let them choose a suitable method or strategy to solve the problem. Some standard methods are guessing and checking, making a table or chart, drawing a picture or diagram, using a formula or equation, working backward, or using logical reasoning.
- They must show their work and explain each step clearly. Use appropriate units, labels, symbols, and terms.
- Lastly, tell them to check their answer by plugging it back into the problem or using a different method. Ensure their answer makes sense and answers the question.

## Breaking down complex word problems into manageable steps

Some word problems may seem too complex or confusing at first glance. They may have too much information, too many steps, or too many operations. In such cases, breaking down the problem into smaller and simpler parts is helpful. Here are some tips on how to do that:

Words like "difference," "subtract," "take away," or "minus" indicate s ubtraction .

Words like "product," "multiply," "times," or "of" indicate multiplication .

Words like "quotient," "divide," "per," or "out of" indicate division .

Words like "ratio," "fraction," "percent," or "part" indicate fractions or decimals .

Words like "equal," "same as," or "is" indicate equations .

Words like "more than,” “less than," "greater than," or "smaller than" indicate inequalities .

Words like "average," "mean," or "median" indicate statistics .

Words like "area," "perimeter," "volume," or "surface area" indicate geometry , etc.

- Use parentheses, brackets, or other symbols to group the parts of the problem that belong together . For example, if the problem says:

You can rewrite it as:

- (John has 12 apples) + (Mary has 8 apples) = (total number of apples) / (4 people) = (number of apples per person)

This way, you can see the structure of the problem more clearly and focus on one part at a time.

- Solve each part of the problem separately and write down the intermediate results . For example, using the previous problem:
- (John has 12 apples) + (Mary has 8 apples) = (total number of apples)
- 12 + 8 = 20
- (total number of apples) / (4 people) = (number of apples per person)

This way, you can keep track of your work and avoid making mistakes.

- Combine the intermediate results to get the final answer. For example, using the previous problem :

This way, you can answer the question and check your answer.

## Common types of grade 6 math word problems

There are many types of word problems that you may encounter in grade 6 math . Some of the most common ones found on Mathskills4kids.com are:

- Ratio and proportion problems : These problems involve finding the relationship between two quantities with the same unit or measure. For example, if 12 pencils cost $3, how much do 20 pencils cost?
- Percent problems : These problems involve finding the part, whole, or percent of a quantity. For example, if 30% of a class is boys, and there are 24 students, how many boys are there?
- Fraction problems : These problems involve adding, subtracting, multiplying, or dividing fractions. For example, how much pizza do you have left if you have 2/3 of a pizza and eat 1/4?
- Decimal problems : These problems involve adding, subtracting, multiplying, or dividing decimals. For example, if you buy a shirt for $12.50 and a pair of jeans for $24.75, how much change do you get from $50?
- Measurement problems : These problems involve converting between different units of measurement or finding the perimeter, area, or volume of shapes. For example, if a rectangle has a length of 15 cm and a width of 10 cm, what is its area in square meters?
- Algebra problems : These problems involve finding the value of an unknown variable or expression. For example, if x + 5 = 13, what is the value of x?

## A step-by-step approach to solving different types of word problems

No matter what type of word problem your 6 th graders are faced with, they can use the following steps to solve it:

- They should read the problem carefully and identify the given information and the question.
- They must choose a variable to represent the unknown quantity and write an equation or expression that relates the given information and the question.
- They can now solve the equation or expression and find the variable's value.
- They can check their answer by plugging it back into the equation or expression to see if it makes sense.
- They can now write their answer in complete sentences and include the appropriate units.

## Using diagrams and models to solve math word problems

Sometimes, it can be helpful to use diagrams and models to visualize the problem and make it easier to solve. Some examples of diagrams and models for solving math word problems are:

- Tape diagrams : These are horizontal or vertical bars showing the relationship between two quantities. For example, you can use a tape diagram to show how much money each person gets when $60 is shared equally among 4 people.
- Number lines : These horizontal lines show numbers and their relative positions. For example, you can use a number line to show how to add or subtract fractions with different denominators.
- Tables : These are grids that show data in rows and columns. For example, you can use a table to show how to find equivalent ratios or fractions.
- Charts : These are graphical representations of data using bars, circles, lines, or other shapes. For example, you can use a chart to show how to find the percent of a quantity or compare different quantities.
- Drawings : These are sketches or illustrations that show shapes or objects. For example, you can use a drawing to show how to find a shape's perimeter, area, or volume.

## Providing answers and explanations to sample Mathskills4kids’ Grade 6 math word problems

Here are some sample Grade 6 math word problems with answers and explanations available at Mathskills4kids.com :

Answer : 6 cups of flour

Explanation : This is a ratio problem. We can use a tape diagram to show the relationship between flour and sugar.

Flour →|<---2 cups--->|<---2 cups--->|<---2 cups---> = 6

Sugar→|<---3 cups--->|<---3 cups--->|<---3 cups---> = 9

We can see that for every 3 cups of sugar, we need 2 cups of flour. So, for 9 cups of sugar, we need 6 cups of flour.

Answer : $15

Explanation : This is a percent problem. We can use a formula to find the sale price of the shirt.

Sale price = Original price - Discount

Discount = Percent off x Original price

We know the percent off is 40%, and the original price is $25. So, we can plug these values into the formula and solve for the sale price.

Discount = 40% x $25

Discount = 0.4 x $25

Discount = $10

Sale price = $25 - $10

Sale price = $15

## Tips for improving problem-solving skills in Grade 6 math

Here are some tips that can help students improve their problem-solving skills in grade 6 math :

- Please encourage them to practice regularly and try different types of word problems.
- They should review the concepts and skills they have learned and apply them to new situations.
- They can use different strategies and methods to solve word problems and compare their results.
- Let them ask for help from the teacher, parents, or peers if they get stuck or confused.
- They should learn from their mistakes and try to avoid them in the future.

## Bonus: additional resources to reinforce Grade 6 math problem skills

If you want to enhance your student's Grade 6 math word problem skills , or if you need some extra help, here are some additional and useful web links that you can check out:

- Math Playground : This website has a lot of fun and interactive games that let 6 th graders practice different types of math word problems, such as fractions, decimals, ratios, proportions, and more. They can also watch videos explaining how to solve some problems. https://www.mathplayground.com/wordproblems.html .
- Khan Academy : This website has many videos and exercises covering various topics in Grade 6 math, including word problems. Students can learn at their own pace and track their progress. https://www.khanacademy.org/math/cc-sixth-grade-math .
- IXL : This website has many practice questions aligned with the Common Core standards for Grade 6 math. Students can choose from different categories of word problems, such as expressions and equations, geometry, statistics, and more. They can also get instant feedback and explanations for their answers. https://www.ixl.com/math/grade-6 .
- Math Goodies : This website has a lot of worksheets and lessons that teach 6 th graders how to solve different types of word problems, such as percent, ratio, proportion, and more. They can also find tips and tricks for solving word problems faster and easier. https://www.mathgoodies.com/math-mammoth/worksheets/pdf/grade_6_word_problems.pdf .

Thank you for sharing the links of MathSkills4Kids.com with your loved ones. Your choice is greatly appreciated.

Math word problems can be challenging for many 6th-graders, but they are also important for developing their mathematical thinking and reasoning skills.

Using the strategies and steps we discussed in this article, your student's ability to solve different types of word problems in Grade 6 math can be improved.

You can also use the diagrams and models we have shown you to help your students visualize the problem and find the solution. Encourage them to practice as much as possible, and they must not be afraid to ask for help if needed.

You can also use the web links that we have provided to reinforce your student’s learning and have fun with math. We hope this article has helped your 6th-grade students feel more confident and prepared for tackling Grade 6 math word problems.

Happy problem-solving!

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## Free Printable Math Word Problems Worksheets for 6th Year

Math Word Problems: Discover a vast collection of free printable worksheets for Year 6 students, created by educators to enhance their mathematical skills and problem-solving abilities. Dive into the world of numbers with Quizizz!

## Recommended Topics for you

- Addition Word Problems
- Subtraction Word Problems
- Multiplication Word Problems
- Division Word Problems
- Mixed Operation Word Problems
- Multi-Step Word Problems
- Fraction Word Problems
- Geometry Word Problems
- Measurement Word Problems
- Time Word Problems
- Money Word Problems
- Data Word Problems
- Performance Tasks

## Explore Math Word Problems Worksheets by Grades

- kindergarten

## Explore Math Word Problems Worksheets for year 6 by Topic

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- Social studies
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## Explore printable Math Word Problems worksheets for 6th Year

Math Word Problems worksheets for Year 6 are an essential resource for teachers who want to help their students develop strong problem-solving skills and a deep understanding of mathematical concepts. These worksheets provide a variety of engaging and challenging problems that require students to apply their knowledge of math in real-world situations. With a wide range of topics covered, including fractions, decimals, percentages, and geometry, Year 6 Math Word Problems worksheets are designed to align with the Common Core State Standards and support teachers in their efforts to create a well-rounded math curriculum. By incorporating these worksheets into their lesson plans, teachers can ensure that their students are receiving the practice and reinforcement they need to excel in math.

Quizizz is an excellent platform for teachers to access a vast library of Math Word Problems worksheets for Year 6, along with other valuable resources to enhance their students' learning experience. This interactive platform offers a variety of features, such as customizable quizzes, real-time feedback, and gamification elements, to keep students engaged and motivated. In addition to Year 6 Math worksheets, Quizizz also provides resources for other subjects and grade levels, making it a one-stop-shop for teachers looking to diversify their instructional materials. By utilizing Quizizz in conjunction with Math Word Problems worksheets for Year 6, teachers can create a dynamic and effective learning environment that fosters a love for math and sets their students up for success.

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## 20 Word Problems For Year 6: Develop Their Problem Solving Skills Across Single and Mixed KS2 Topics

Emma johnson.

Word problems for Year 6 are an important part of the curriculum. For children to achieve success in the Year 6 SATs, in particular the more challenging reasoning element of the SATs assessments, it is essential they have the confidence to tackle a wide range of word problems.

Key to this success is regular exposure to the style and type of questions, covering the topics children could be presented with. Our collection of year 6 maths worksheets are is a great place to start.

To help child practice their problem solving skills, we have put together a collection of 20 word problems , organised by topic. This collection encompasses the types of questions children may encounter in the two reasoning papers.

## All Kinds of Word Problems Four Operations

Download this free pack of word problems. With questions covering all four operations, your students will have a great opportunity to practice their problem solving skills across KS2 topics.

## Place value

Addition, subtraction, multiplication and division, fractions , ratio and proportion, why are word problems important in year 6 maths, how to teach problem solving in year 6, word problems in sats, addition word problems for year 6 , subtraction word problems for year 6, multiplication word problems for year 6, division word problems for year 6, fractions, decimals and percentage word problems for year 6, ratio word problems for year 6, mixed four operation word problems for year 6, more word problems resources, year 6 maths word problems in the national curriculum.

The National Curriculum states that children need to be able to solve problems by applying their mathematics to a variety of routine and non-routine problems with increasing sophistication, including breaking down problems into simpler steps and persevering in seeking solutions.

By Year 6, children can expect to be tackling a range of one-step, two-step and multi-step word problems. To achieve at least the expected standard in Year 6, pupils need to demonstrate the ability to solve word problems across a range of topics.

Solving problems including ordering, rounding and negative numbers.

Solving multiplication, division and addition and subtraction word problems including one and two-step word problems and multi-step word problems in context, deciding which operations and methods to use and why.

Solving problems involving comparing, ordering and sequencing fractions; using the four operations and problems which require answers to be rounded to specified degrees of accuracy.

Solving problems involving the relative sizes of two quantities; the calculation of percentages; involving similar shapes where the scale factor is known and can be found; and unequal sharing and grouping, using knowledge of fractions and multiples.

Solving problems including time word problems and involving the calculation and conversion of units of measure, using decimal notation up to three decimal places, where appropriate.

Interpret and construct pie and line graphs and use these to solve problems.

Word problems are an essential element of the Year 6 curriculum, because they require children to apply the knowledge they have learnt to ‘real life’ situations, for example, in money word problems . They shouldn’t just be taught as stand alone topics, but should be incorporated in lessons throughout the year, to ensure children have as much exposure as possible.

Solving word problems helps children learn the skills needed to apply their knowledge of maths beyond the classroom and into the real world.

When teaching problem solving in Year 6, children need to firstly look carefully at the key information and think about what they already know. Secondly, what is the word problem actually asking? Which calculation(s) would be required and would it help to draw/represent the problem pictorially?

Here is an example:

Ahmed is buying clothes. He buys a t-shirt for £12.99 and a pair of jeans which cost £12.26 more than the T-shirt. He pays with a £50 note. What change does Ahmed get?

How to solve:

What do you already know?

- More than means I will need to add the price of the T-shirt and jeans together.
- Decimals numbers means I need to remember to line up the decimal points in my calculations.
- Calculating change means I will need to subtract the total for the jeans and T-shirt from the original amount.

How can this be drawn/represented pictorially?

We can draw a bar model to represent this problem:

- To calculate the cost of the jeans, we need to add £12.99 and £12.26 = £25.25
- Ahmed pays using a £50 note.
- To calculate the change Ahmed will get, we need to subtract £25.25 from £50.
- £50 – £25.25 = £24.75

Problem solving is an important part of the preparation for the Key Stage 2 SATs, as this is the area children tend to find the most challenging. With two reasoning papers to complete, children will be expected to answer a wide range of word and number problem style questions. The best preparation for this is through regular exposure to these types of questions.

Addition word problems at Year 6 include larger 6 or 7 digit numbers, decimal numbers and problems involving finding the inverse. These can be one, two and multi-step problems

## Addition question 1

A shopping centre had 124,713 visitors in January, 102,539 in February and 118,768 in March. How many shoppers visited the shopping centre from January to March?

Answer (1 mark): 346,020

## Addition question 2

A shop has an offer on all T-shirts.

Buy one T-shirt, get one for half price.

If Tom buys 2 T-shirts, how much does he pay altogether?

Answer (2 marks): £7.35

## Addition question 3

The table below shows the number of visitors to the planetarium and the transport museum each day. Which day had the most visitors?

Answer (2 marks): Saturday

Subtraction word problems in Year 6 include larger 6 or 7 digit numbers, decimal numbers and problems involving finding the inverse. These can be one, two and multi-step problems

## Subtraction question 1

In the Autumn term, the total number of English and maths worksheets printed by a school was 63,502. 39,756 were maths worksheets. How many worksheets were printed out for English?

Answer (1 mark): 23,746

## Subtraction question 2

6 cars were weighed before being loaded onto the car transporter.

They weight of the cars was:

What is the difference in weight between the heaviest and lightest car?

Answer (1 mark): 1043kg

## Subtraction question 3

Two decimal numbers add together to make 37.53.

One number is 23.86.

What is the other number?

Answer (1 mark): 13.67

Multiplication word problems can include multiplying whole and decimal numbers by 1 and 2-digit numbers. A secure knowledge of times tables is helpful for children solving these questions confidently.

## Multiplication question 1

A box of chocolate contains 2 trays of chocolates.

There are 18 chocolates on each tray.

How many chocolates are there in 35 boxes of chocolates?

Answer (2 marks): 1260

## Multiplication question 2

Zara buys 4 large boxes of cupcakes and 3 small boxes of cupcakes.

Each large box contains 28 cupcakes. Each small box contains 16 cupcakes.

How many cupcakes does Zara buy altogether?

Answer (2 marks): 160

## Multiplication question 3

A cyclist cycled a route of 123.6 miles once a week for a year. How far did he cycle over the whole year?

Answer (2 marks): 6427.2

Division word problems in Year 6 can include division with whole numbers and decimal numbers, dividing by 1 and 2-digit numbers.

## Division question 1

A 940ml bottle of blackcurrant makes 20 drinks.

How many millilitres of blackcurrant are in each drink?

Answer (2 marks): 47

## Division question 2

Mr Jones is organising mini buses for a Year 6 school trip. Each minibus seats 12 people

120 Year 6 pupils are going on a school trip.

There needs to be one adult for every 10 pupils

How many coaches will Mr Jones need to book?

Answer (2 marks): 12 mini buses

125 pupils will need 13 adults = 138 in total

## Division question 3

A factory is packaging eggs in boxes of 12.

The factory has 878 eggs to box-up.

How many boxes will they have, to send to the supermarket?

Answer (2 marks): 73 boxes

Decimals, percentage word problems and fraction word problems can be stand alone, or they can involve converting between. For example, in questions using measures.

## Fractions, decimals and percentages question 1

By the end of the Autumn term, Chloe had used ⅔ of her maths book. If the book had 96 pages, how many pages had she used?

Answer (1 mark): 64 pages

⅓ of 96 = 32

⅔ of 96 = 64

## Fractions, decimals and percentages question 2

Abdullah received £600 for his birthday. He spent 45% of him money on a VR headset. How much did the headset cost him?

Answer (1 mark): £270

## Fractions, decimals and percentages question 3

Mrs Jones went to the local supermarket to buy some vegetables.

She bought:

- 1 3/10kg of potatoes
- 840.5g of apples
- 4/5kg of peaches
- 520.6g of grapes

What was the total weight of the shopping Mrs Jones bought?

Answer (1 mark):

- 1.3kg potatoes
- 0.8405kg apples
- 0.8kg peaches
- 0.520kg grapes

Ratio word problems are often linked with measures. Children should be encouraged to draw bar models to solve problems involving ratio, as these question really benefit from a visual representation.

## Ratio question 1

Sam and Zeyn were making drinks for the school fair. To make the jugs of squash, they were mixing 300ml of orange squash with 1500ml of water.

If they have 900ml of orange squash

- How much water will they need altogether?
- What will be the total volume of the squash?

Answer (2 marks):

- 4500ml of water
- 5400ml of squash

## Ratio question 2

A piece of ribbon is 72cm long. It is cut into pieces in the ratio of 2:3:4.

How long is each piece of ribbon?

Answer (1 mark): 16cm:24cm:32cm

Mixed operation word problems require two or more operations to solve. Alongside the four operations, they can also include other topics, including fractions and percentages These can be two-step or multi-step questions and are worth 2 or 3 marks in SATs papers.

Third Space Learning’s online one-to-one tutoring programmes include questions that combine skills students have learnt and test their understanding across a range of topics. Personalised to the needs of each individual student, our online tutoring programme works to identify gaps in learning, fill those gaps and reinforce students’ maths knowledge.

## Mixed four operations question 1

One bank-holiday weekend, a total of 346,728 people visited a theme park.

134,235 visited on Saturday

121,689 visited on Sunday.

How many visited on bank holiday Monday?

Answer (2 marks): 90,804

## Mixed four operations question 2

A pair of jeans in a shop cost £28.

In the sale, they were reduced in price by 25%.

What was the reduced price?

Answer (2 marks): £21

## Mixed four operations question 3

Sophie thinks of a number.

She multiplies her number by 6.

Then she adds 10

Finally she divides by 4.

Her answer is 13.

What was her original number?

Answer (1 mark): 7

Third Space Learning also offers a wide array of maths and word problems resources for other year groups such as word problems for Year 5 , word problems for Year 4 and word problems for Year 3

Do you have pupils who need extra support in maths? Every week Third Space Learning’s maths specialist tutors support thousands of pupils across hundreds of schools with weekly online 1-to-1 lessons and maths interventions designed to plug gaps and boost progress. Since 2013 we’ve helped over 150,000 primary and secondary school pupils become more confident, able mathematicians. Learn more or request a personalised quote for your school to speak to us about your school’s needs and how we can help.

Subsidised one to one maths tutoring from the UK’s most affordable DfE-approved one to one tutoring provider.

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## Solving word problems Y6

Subject: Mathematics

Age range: 7-11

Resource type: Worksheet/Activity

Last updated

26 December 2020

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Good range multi word problems like it thank you

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In glad it was helpful. <br /> Check our http://mathsanarchy.com<br /> Kind regards, Shirley

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This is a really useful resource to U and A skills. Thank you for sharing.

Very good resource. Re the car slide - surely each car has 4 (or 5) tyres? Therefore cost is £400.

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