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Alex Megos Climbs 9c / 5.15d “Bibliographie” – Video + Downgrade to 9b+

May 5, 2022 November 17, 2020 | News , Sport Climbing

On August 5th Alex Megos climbed “Bibliographie” and gave the climb a grade of 9c / 5.15d! This long-term project is now the second 9c climb in the world! Watch the new video of the send below.

Initially, the news was rumored and the grade was unconfirmed apart from others’ comments. Alex then announced the send in an Instagram post and suggested the 9c grade, saying: –

“Yesterday evening, on my last day of the trip, it definitely wasn’t looking good after messing up the first (and only) try I wanted to do that day. I fell relatively low on the route though, so I decided to give it an infamous ‘one last go ‘… …despite being completely pumped out of my mind, I was able to pull off the sequence of the last four moves… …After clipping the anchor it seemed like all of the days of work I have put into the route were passing in front of my eyes.

He celebrated the achievement with a round of pizzas for the campsite from the local Pizza van – as you do . Adam Ondra commented, “congrats man and most of all – I am glad you suggest 9c!” .

Alex Megos World's Second 9c Bibliographie - Photo by Ken Etzel

Update: Stefano Ghisolfi made the first repeat of “Bibliographie” in 2021 and suggested the route was – to him – a 9b+. Alex Megos then agreed with the grading, saying that grades should come from consensus. Sean Bailey also repeated the route in 2021, though hasn’t confirmed his grading thoughts.

“Bibliographie” was a multi-year project for Alex at the world-famous Céüse area in France. The name is a nod to “Biographie” just a few meters to the left, which was the first 9a+ / 5.15a in the world and first climbed by Chris Sharma. Alex famously sent “Biographie” on his third full try back in 2014, and in July this year sent another Céüse line called “Pornographie” 9a / 5.14d in four attempts.

The route is a 35m overhang that looks similar in style to other routes on the same rock. Ethan Pringle bolted the route in 2009 and it looks like sustained hard overhung crimps and big moves.

The “Bibliographie” video has now been released and is in full below. It features footage of the final send though not completely uncut. The doc and footage are a mix of new and older videos from the Rotpunkt documentary that was based on the original attempts.

bibliography 9c

There is also a short amount of older footage of him trying it when it was a project a few years back. It was featured in the documentary Rotpunkt (Red point) about Alex and the evolution of sport climbing – watch below.

bibliography 9c

Has Alex Megos Just Climbed The World’s Second 9c / 5.15d?

For Alex Megos to be projecting a route for multiple years definitely suggested a grade of 9c or possibly a split grade of 9b+/9c . The only other 9c / 5.15d is “Silence” , which was completed by Adam Ondra in 2017 and has not yet seen any other ascents. He has confirmed there is full footage of the climb!

Alex said of the route and its grade – “With approximately 60 climbing days over the past three years “Bibliographie” has been by far my longest project to date. I know there are many speculations about the grade and I think grades are very subjective. My personal suggestion for the grade is 9c (5.15d). Considering the fact, that “Perfecto Mundo” (9b+) has taken me 16 days of effort, “Bibliographie” with around 60 days and more specific training felt a lot harder. “

Alex Megos World's Second 9c Bibliographie - Le Crux Pizzas

The route was contending with Adam Ondra’s 9c “Silence” for the hardest climb in the world .

Alex Megos is one of only a handful of climbers to have climbed 9b+ when he made the first ascent of “Perfecto Mundo” – originally a Chris Sharma project. Along with Stefano Ghisolfi, they spent a few weeks working on it, Alex sending it first after 16 days and Stefano a few months later. In recent years Alex has been climbing many 9b’s and also qualified for the first Olympics Climbing event in Tokyo 2021 .

Adam Ondra is also attempting “Perfecto Mundo” 9b+ without success quite yet. It’s the only 9b+ Ondra hasn’t sent!

After the full lockdown ended and the Olympic Games were pushed back to 2021, many other world-class climbers have been out getting big ticks. Laura Rogora became the second Woman to climb 9b / 5.15b in July just after becoming the first Italian woman to climb 9a+ . Oriane Bertone climbed a V15 / 8C boulder problem at just 15 years old .

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Alex Megos Agrees With Bibliographie Downgrade to 5.15c

Megos questioned whether his grade of 5.15d was right, and is relieved stefano ghisolfi climbed it and weighed in.

bibliography 9c

Stefano Ghisolfi recently made the second ascent of Bibliographie 5.15d in France. The first ascent was on Aug. 15, 2020, by Alex Megos. Ghisolfi gave Bibliographie a personal grade of 5.15c, Megos has agreed with.

Ghisolfi had been projecting Bibliographie for a number of months. He’s a six-time world cup winner and had previously climbed Change 5.15c and Perfecto Mundo 5.15c.

About the grade, Ghisolfi said, “I know I can climb a 9c [5.15d], but for a route to be that grade it needs to be much harder than the existing 9b+s [5.15c’s], and Bibliographie for me isn’t.” Read more on his post below. Olympic bronze medallist Jacob Schubert said, “Lots of respect, not just incredibly strong but also being honest about your feeling of the grade even with such a big achievement is not taken for granted. True role model!”

Megos replied with, “I underestimated how much of a difference it makes to know you have the right beta. On Bibliographie I thought I had good beta until I came back a season later to completely change it again. And that happened twice. So in the end I probably spent the bigger part of 60 days figuring out beta, changing it again and not being sure that I can do it… I became more and more convinced that it had to be harder than anything I’d ever done before.”

Bibliographie was a multi-year project for Megos and is located at the famous Céüse. The name is a nod to Biographie just a few metres to the left, which was one of the first 5.15a lines. Megos famously sent Biographie 5.15a on his third full try back in 2014, and in July this year sent another Céüse line called Pornographie 5.14d in four attempts.

The world’s hardest sport routes include Change 5.15c by Ondra in 2012, La Dura Dura 5.15c by Ondra in 2013, Vasil Vasil 5.15c by Ondra in 2017, Silence 5.15d by Ondra in 2017, Perfecto Mundo by Megos in 2018 and Bibliographie 5.15c by Megos in 2020.

View this post on Instagram A post shared by Alexander Megos (@alexandermegos)

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Alex Megos first ascented the route 'Bibliography' 9c

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Alex Megos first ascented the route 'Bibliography' 9c

Alex Megos first ascented the route ‚Bibliography‘ in Ceuse. He suggested for the grade 9c. The 35 m long route bolted by Ethan Pringle in 2009 and Alex Megos has tried it for many years. You can see us in the Rotpunktmovie. More information will follow.

„ Sometimes the odds are against you, but it doesn’t mean you don’t have a chance.

Yesterday evening, on my last day of the trip, it definitely wasn’t looking good after messing up the first (and only) try I wanted to do that day. I fell relatively low on the route though, so I decided to give it an infamous “one last go”.

I passed the crux in the middle of the route, and found myself on the poor rest before the final hard section. Twice prior to this burn I had fallen on the last hard move of the route, so I wasn’t feeling super confident. Nonetheless I started off after the rest with full pace and only briefly slowed down to adjust one hold and to get it perfectly. I passed my ‘trouble move’ seemingly effortlessly and despite being completely pumped out of my mind, I was able to pull off the sequence of the last four moves.

After clipping the anchor it seemed like all of the days of work I have put into the route were passing in front of my eyes. With approximately 60 climbing days over the past three years „Bibliographie“ has been by far my longest project to date.

I know there are many speculations about the grade and I think grades are very subjective. My personal suggestion for the grade is 9c (5.15d). Considering the fact, that „Perfecto Mundo“ (9b+) has taken me 16 days of effort, „Bibliographie“ with around 60 days and more specific training felt a lot harder.

Of course, as the first ascensionist you don’t have your perfect beta from the start, you have doubts whether it is possible or not for you, if you are completely missing something, or if you are just not in the best shape. It is always harder to grade something without any other opinion. I am very curious about what the future of the route will look like, and grateful for other people’s opinions.

Independently from the grade, this has been a very valuable experience for me. It marks a personal milestone in my climbing life, one I would have not been able to complete without the support and help of all of my friends and family. Deep gratitude and thanks goes to all of you! (And yes, there is send footage.

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13. November 2020

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  • Lead Weltcup in Briançon - Der Kletterblock - […] Der Wettkampf in Briançon war erste Weltcup nach langer Coronapause, welche viele auf unterschiedlichste Weise verbrachten. Einige wandten sich…
  • Alex Megos kritisiert Durchführung des Weltcups in Briançon - Der Kletterblock - […] vorbereitet hatte und nach einer langen und intensiven Zeit am Fels (Alex kletterte u. a. die zweite 9c-Route der…
  • Alexander Megos holt sich die 2. Begehung von "L'étrange Ivresse des Lenteurs" (9a+) - Der Kletterblock - […] probierte sich Jakob Schubert in Alex‘ neuer Toproute „Bibliographie“ (9c) und konnte, auch mit Alex‘ Hilfe alle Züge der…
  • Video: Erstbegehung "Opposing Force" (8B+/C) von Alex Megos - Der Kletterblock - […] Alex Megos hörte man in letzter Zeit wahnsinnig viel. Neben der Erstbegehung von „Bibliographie“ der vielleicht zweiten 9c-Route der…
  • Video: Alex Megos bouldert im Fränkischen - Der Kletterblock - […] Alex Megos hörte man in letzter Zeit wahnsinnig viel. Neben der Erstbegehung von „Bibliographie“ der vielleicht zweiten 9c-Route der…
  • Alex Megos Kurztrip - Ein paar Gedankern zu Verwendung von Kneepads - Der Kletterblock - […] verwendete diese in „Pure Dreaming“ und wertete sie daraufhin ab. Seine Toproute „Bibliographie“ kletterte er allerdings noch ohne Kneepads.…
  • Melissa Le Nevé klettert 'Mr. Hyde' (8c+) - Der Kletterblock - […] Begehung von „Mr. Hyde“ holen. Im selben Sektor konnte es vor kurzem Alex Megos mit „Bibliographie“ die zweite 9c-Route…
  • Downgrader Kneebar? - Ein paar Gedanken zur Verwendung von Kneepads - Der Kletterblock - […] bei der Begehung von  „Pure Dreaming“ (9a) und wertete sie daraufhin ab. Seine Toproute „Bibliographie“ kletterte er allerdings noch…

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The Complete Guide to 9c Climbing

LAST UPDATED: 6th June 2023

How Many 9c Routes Are There?

The lines and the climbers – from norway to france, why is 9c so rare, the route that used to be a 9c…, you got what it takes the 9c climbing test, 9c – the history goes on…, 9c climbing faqs.

If there’s one topic that’s guaranteed to get the climbing community hot and bothered, it’s the number 9 followed by the letter C. Even in 2023, the elusive 9c climbing grade is still a highly coveted prize, with very few people even possessing the ability to send the hardest climbing grade ever established.   

While clipping the chains on such a line would be a life-changing achievement for any climber, merely attempting a route of this magnitude not only requires superhuman strength but also bucketloads of bravery, mostly for facing the onslaught of critiquing that will inevitably follow such an ascent.

Fortunately for climbing fans, climbing 9c – and grades beyond this (we believe in you, Theo Blass ), – are certainly not beyond human capability. To date, there are two climbers, and two routes, that have managed to enter the realm of 9c climbing. Undoubtedly as the world of climbing training continues to develop, with better gyms, coaches, science, and technology, plenty more men, women (and most likely) children will continue to push the boundaries of the sport.

For now, though, let’s marvel at the hardest sport climbing grade ever achieved : 9c. Read on for a deep dive into the world of 9c climbing including; the 9c routes, climbers, and how to test if you have what it takes to climb the hardest grade (I wouldn’t get your hopes up, though).

Even to propose that a climb at 9c difficulty requires courage, self-belief, and bucketloads of experience. There There are four climbers who have proposed this grade, but only three of these have stood the test of time.  

Thanks to Adam Ondra , Seb Bouin and more recently, Jakob Schubert there are three 9c’s out there . All three climbers, each one in his own unique way, are a great example of how this grade can be achieved. The relentless training, inspiring dedication, and unbelievable pure strength are just some of the traits required to climb to the next level.

While climbing 9c is undoubtedly a monumental achievement, it’s also a pretty controversial grade. The story of these routes and this grade are an ongoing journey, written with time and repeats made by other climbers.

First Ascent: Adam Ondra, September 2017

Ok, let’s cut to the chase. let’s get psyched by those unbelievable lines and 9c climbers.

bibliography 9c

Even now, the line is still waiting for a second ascent. Stefano Ghisolfi , the super-strong Italian climber, had started trying it over the 2022 season. Having made some progress on the route, it’s a waiting game to see if he can achieve the second ascent.

First Ascent: Seb Bouin, April 2022

bibliography 9c

It’s a mix of max finger strength, pull-ups, hangs, and endurance. Ready for it? Take the test here! Keep yourself healthy, don’t get injured, and don’t take the test if you’re not sure about it.

It’s 2023. One year ago, there was only one established 9c in the world (Silence), by a single climber. One year later, we had two lines, by two climbers. Now, there are three! As talented climbers try harder and harder, we can just imagine what I will write about one year from now. I’m excited to see what this year turns out like!

Are there any 9c routes?

Yes, currently there are three routes that are graded 9c; Silenc, DNA and B.I.G.

What is a 9c in climbing?

A 9c in rock climbing represents the highest difficulty rating in the sport, involving both exceptional technical skills and extreme physical demands. The 9c grade corresponds to the American rating of 5.15d.

Did Adam Ondra climb 9c?

Yes, Adam Ondra climbed the first confirmed 9c in the world back in September 2017.

Where is Silence 9c?

“Silence”, the 9c route, is located in the Hanshelleren Cave, near Flatanger, Norway.

Why is Silence a 9c?

“Silence” is considered a 9c due to its extraordinary difficulty level. It’s a 45 meter route that is extremely bouldery. It’s jaggy, steep and requires a lot of knee bars.

Where is DNA climbing route?

DNA is located in La Ramirole, France.

bibliography 9cDownload the app .

We’ve all been there, slapping repeatedly for the same hold, each time finding ourselves slumped on the rope or the pads and telling ourselves we’re too weak! You’ve checked and re-checked your foot sequence and body position and inspected the hold to see if there’s a better part but no joy and maybe it’s time to quit. You make one more try and suddenly, as if by magic, the hold somehow feels OK and you’re pulling through with a big grin on your face. Maybe you suddenly got stronger or more likely, you simply changed your gripping method.

Who would think that there could be four different ways to perform the simple task of gripping an edge, but that’s climbing for you. Let’s take a look at each one, from the perspective of technique, and with a brief focus on supportive training.

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The half crimp is the grip with the broadest range of applications in climbing, yet many are uncertain exactly how to perform it. The index, middle and ring fingers are bent at 90 degrees and the pinky will be straight, simply because it’s shorter. The thumb either rests next to the index finger or nestles into the side of the hold, if possible. The half-crimp can be used for the vast majority of edges, whether flat, sloping or in-cut, and it is also used when pinching. Sometimes on very small micro-edges, a full-crimp may provide better traction or on larger edges an open/drag grip may provide a more restful alternative, but generally speaking, the half crimp is the way to go. Most climbers would be well-advised to give the half-crimp a high level of priority in their training (meaning that you’ll use it the most on the hangboard and when climbing). It’s worth noting that the half-crimp is often demonised for causing injury, whereas, in fact, it is one of the safest grips for general training. It has its own built-in shut-off switch, meaning that it usually fails and opens-out before placing harmful loads on the tendons.

Chisel (aka: open crimp)

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An important variation on the half-crimp is the chisel, where the index finger is kept straight and used more passively. Climbers will debate the respective advantages of the chisel and the true half-crimp forever, but the reality is that you’ll prefer the one that you practice most. Finger length and the nuances of the hold may also affect things degree and it’s good to experiment to see which grip works best for you on certain holds. Most climbers default to the chisel when campusing and performing deadhang repeaters, as these exercises usually feel considerably tougher with the index bent. So why not simply use the chisel all the time? While it may matter less whether you bend your index when endurance training, when making hard moves, if you are able to keep your index bent then you may be able to gain superior traction on a broader range of edges and especially at steeper wall angles. A key training goal is to try to maintain a strict half-crimp as you build up through the grades when warming up, with the acceptance that, for most climbers, the index will start to straighten once they hit harder grades. Clearly hangboarding plays a crucial supportive role, as there is less incentive to cheat. When the objective of sending a problem is removed you can simply focus on training with good form and using the required gripping technique.

bibliography 9c

Going back to the previous century, the full-crimp was the grip that old-timers used for virtually every type of hold, including slopers! This grip involves fully bending and closing the fingers and hyper-extending (bending back) the first finger joints whilst locking the thumb over the index finger nail. So why is it less popular today? The answer is that the word spread about the risks of intensive and repetitive full-crimping. Many climbers have been injured from over-using the full-crimp and were forced to re-train themselves to rely more on the half-crimp and open grips. Additionally, holds at gyms have evolved and we now encounter a broader range of shapes and sizes, most of which don’t really work with a full-crimp. In a bygone era, micro-edges dominated at gyms whereas now, they’re virtually extinct and have been usurped by giant slopers. The majority of new climbers don’t see the point in full-crimping, and many ask whether they should bother to use this grip seeing as the half-crimp feels stronger and more comfortable. To counter this, you don’t have to look far on YouTube to see an elite climber full-crimping (aka: boning) a waifer-thin edge on a hard boulder project. Many (but not all) top climbers find that for the tiniest edges on very steep walls, the full-crimp can offer more traction. A caveat here is finger length. If your fingers are generally long or different in length then the full-crimp is likely to feel weird and unstable. To make sense of this, if you have never practiced the full-crimp and the half-crimp works well for you, then it’s unlikely that you’re missing out significantly. However, it may be worth drip-feeding the full-crimp into your training to see if you experience benefits. Tread carefully with the full-crimp and do small amounts at sub-maximal load levels on the hangboard and avoid pushing to this grip to failure when bouldering.

Open (aka: drag) Grip

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The open or drag grip is the default for pockets, yet it is also possible and beneficial to drag on edges, especially on slightly easier terrain in order to conserve energy. You’ll need to take your little finger off and hook the first joints of the index, middle and ring fingers over the hold. The drag is a more passive grip than the half-crimp, relying more on friction and tension in the main tendons and less on the supportive pulleys. The catch is that on really hard moves it won’t provide as much traction or stability on edges as the full or half-crimp. Junior climbers are prone to over-using the 3-finger drag on edges because they feel weak at half-crimping and hence a key coaching tip is to encourage them to use their little finger and maintain a half-crimp.

A final variation is the open crimp (also known as the bird-beak). This is essentially a hybdid of the half-crimp and open grip where the fingers are held just very-slightly bent at an angle of approximately 160 degrees. We could go into detail but this is getting geeky now, so let’s leave it there!

Other tricks

Grip-switching.

A change is as good as a rest and thus, a classic energy saving trick for long endurance-based routes is to switch between the full-crimp, half-crimp and drag grips. This takes some experimentation, so practice first on easy routes before trying it on something hard. The same principle can also be applied when rehabilitating a finger injury. For example, if you’ve hurt a pulley when crimping then it may still be possible to climb using an open/drag grip on easy and mid-level terrain.

Thumb catches

A common oversight when climbing on rock is to find the edge but miss the accompanying thumb-catch. These are small in-cut depressions or protruding nubbins that work in conjunction with the edge to increase the amount of purchase. They may differ from pinches because you actually pull (or crimp’ with the thumb, as opposed to pinching. With large in-cut holds it may be possible to lock your thumb over the top of the edge in order to reduce load on the fingers and lower the pump. Ignore or under-estimate these techniques and you will be missing out!

In conclusion, it’s important to keep an open mind when it comes to the way we grip the handholds. Sometimes, the most subtle change may only give you an extra one or two percent, but that may be all you need to send!

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  • Harvard Style Bibliography | Format & Examples

Harvard Style Bibliography | Format & Examples

Published on 1 May 2020 by Jack Caulfield . Revised on 7 November 2022.

In Harvard style , the bibliography or reference list provides full references for the sources you used in your writing.

  • A reference list consists of entries corresponding to your in-text citations .
  • A bibliography sometimes also lists sources that you consulted for background research, but did not cite in your text.

The two terms are sometimes used interchangeably. If in doubt about which to include, check with your instructor or department.

The information you include in a reference varies depending on the type of source, but it usually includes the author, date, and title of the work, followed by details of where it was published. You can automatically generate accurate references using our free reference generator:

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Table of contents

Formatting a harvard style bibliography, harvard reference examples, referencing sources with multiple authors, referencing sources with missing information, frequently asked questions about harvard bibliographies.

Sources are alphabetised by author last name. The heading ‘Reference list’ or ‘Bibliography’ appears at the top.

Each new source appears on a new line, and when an entry for a single source extends onto a second line, a hanging indent is used:

Harvard bibliography

Prevent plagiarism, run a free check.

Reference list or bibliography entries always start with the author’s last name and initial, the publication date and the title of the source. The other information required varies depending on the source type. Formats and examples for the most common source types are given below.

  • Entire book
  • Book chapter
  • Translated book
  • Edition of a book

Journal articles

  • Print journal
  • Online-only journal with DOI
  • Online-only journal without DOI
  • General web page
  • Online article or blog
  • Social media post

Newspapers and magazines

  • Newspaper article
  • Magazine article

When a source has up to three authors, list all of them in the order their names appear on the source. If there are four or more, give only the first name followed by ‘ et al. ’:

Sometimes a source won’t list all the information you need for your reference. Here’s what to do when you don’t know the publication date or author of a source.

Some online sources, as well as historical documents, may lack a clear publication date. In these cases, you can replace the date in the reference list entry with the words ‘no date’. With online sources, you still include an access date at the end:

When a source doesn’t list an author, you can often list a corporate source as an author instead, as with ‘Scribbr’ in the above example. When that’s not possible, begin the entry with the title instead of the author:

Though the terms are sometimes used interchangeably, there is a difference in meaning:

  • A reference list only includes sources cited in the text – every entry corresponds to an in-text citation .
  • A bibliography also includes other sources which were consulted during the research but not cited.

In Harvard referencing, up to three author names are included in an in-text citation or reference list entry. When there are four or more authors, include only the first, followed by ‘ et al. ’

In Harvard style referencing , to distinguish between two sources by the same author that were published in the same year, you add a different letter after the year for each source:

  • (Smith, 2019a)
  • (Smith, 2019b)

Add ‘a’ to the first one you cite, ‘b’ to the second, and so on. Do the same in your bibliography or reference list .

To create a hanging indent for your bibliography or reference list :

  • Highlight all the entries
  • Click on the arrow in the bottom-right corner of the ‘Paragraph’ tab in the top menu.
  • In the pop-up window, under ‘Special’ in the ‘Indentation’ section, use the drop-down menu to select ‘Hanging’.
  • Then close the window with ‘OK’.

Cite this Scribbr article

If you want to cite this source, you can copy and paste the citation or click the ‘Cite this Scribbr article’ button to automatically add the citation to our free Reference Generator.

Caulfield, J. (2022, November 07). Harvard Style Bibliography | Format & Examples. Scribbr. Retrieved 6 May 2024, from https://www.scribbr.co.uk/referencing/harvard-bibliography/

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Welcome to MyBib

Generate formatted bibliographies, citations, and works cited automatically

What is mybib.

MyBib is a free bibliography and citation generator that makes accurate citations for you to copy straight into your academic assignments and papers.

If you're a student, academic, or teacher, and you're tired of the other bibliography and citation tools out there, then you're going to love MyBib. MyBib creates accurate citations automatically for books, journals, websites, and videos just by searching for a title or identifier (such as a URL or ISBN).

Plus, we're using the same citation formatting engine as professional-grade reference managers such as Zotero and Mendeley, so you can be sure our bibliographies are perfectly accurate in over 9,000 styles -- including APA 6 & 7, Chicago, Harvard, and MLA 7 & 8.

Quick features:

IMAGES

  1. Chicago Style Annotated Bibliography: Format + Example

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  2. Annotated Bibliography Nhd Example

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  3. How to write an annotated bibliography step-by-step with examples

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  4. Apa 7 Annotated Bibliography Template

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  5. Bibliography Examples for Students

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  6. How to write an annotated bibliography step-by-step with examples

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VIDEO

  1. Digital Annotated Bibliography THE SEQUEL

  2. purpose to study bibliography

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  5. Teaching Annotated Bibliography 2

  6. Annotated Bibliography Literature Review

COMMENTS

  1. Alex Megos Climbs 9c / 5.15d "Bibliographie"

    On August 5th Alex Megos climbed "Bibliographie" and gave the climb a grade of 9c / 5.15d! This long-term project is now the second 9c climb in the world! Watch the new video of the send below. Initially, the news was rumored and the grade was unconfirmed apart from others' comments. Alex then announced the send in an Instagram post and ...

  2. Interview: Alex Megos Discusses the First Ascent of Bibliographie (9c

    Download the app . Last week, Alex Megos made climbing history by completing the first ascent of Bibliographie (9c, 5.15d). It is the second route of the grade ever, after Adam Ondra's Silence. The line, located just right of Biographie in Céüse, France , was bolted by Ethan Pringle in 2009 and follows 35-meters of overhung limestone.

  3. Bibliographie: The Route That Could Have Been 9c

    Bibliographie is a real modern climbing phenomenon, encompassing 35 meters of hard climbing that extends beyond physical challenges. This route tells the story of the world's best climbers, the hardest routes, and a mini-drama of its own. In these 35 meters, you will find not only amazing moves, but also a tale of imagination, vision, downgrading, and more.

  4. Film: Alex Megos climbs bibliography (9c)

    On August 5, 2020, the German professional climber Alexander Megos managed the first ascent of the Bibliography route in Céüse. The route is the world's second 9c. The film by its sponsor Patagonia tells the story behind the first ascent. Invested 60 climbing days spread over several years Alexander Megos. in the first ascent of Bibliography ...

  5. Alex Megos Sends Multi-Year Project Bibliographie, Suggests 5.15d

    Megos has proposed 9c [5.15d], making it the world's second route of the grade after Adam Ondra's Silence. "Considering the fact, that Perfecto Mundo (9b+, 5.15c) has taken me 16 days of effort, Bibliographie with around 60 days and more specific training felt a lot harder," he wrote. Bibliographie is located just to the right of Chris ...

  6. Stefano Ghisolfi climbs bibliography (9c) in Céüse

    A few hours ago, the Italian Stefano Ghisolfi succeeded in repeating the 9c route bibliography in the French climbing area of Céüse. True to the motto "Last day, best day", Stefano Ghisolfi climbed one of the most difficult routes in the world today - despite the worst possible conditions on site. The weather in Céüse was not exactly ...

  7. Alex Megos Agrees With Bibliographie Downgrade to 5.15c

    The first ascent was on Aug. 15, 2020, by Alex Megos. Ghisolfi gave Bibliographie a personal grade of 5.15c, Megos has agreed with. Ghisolfi had been projecting Bibliographie for a number of months. He's a six-time world cup winner and had previously climbed Change 5.15c and Perfecto Mundo 5.15c. About the grade, Ghisolfi said, "I know I ...

  8. Alexander Megos frees Bibliographie at Céüse, the world's second 9c

    Alexander Megos has left an indelible mark at the mecca of sport climbing, Ceüse in France, with his first ascent of the inordinately difficult Bibliographie for which the German has put forward the grade 9c. Bolted by Ethan Pringle, the route lies immediately to the right of famous Biographie, the world's benchmark 9a+ freed by Chris Sharma in 2001 and repeated by Megos, somewhat ...

  9. Stefano Ghisolfi projects 9c-Route bibliography

    The crazy movements in Silence put off many potential 9c repeaters. The route bibliography, for its part, is more "ordinary" and thus attracts more and more top climbers. One of the people who seriously began to plan the route is the Italian Stefano Ghisolfi. He has already climbed two 9b + routes, making him a serious 9c contender.

  10. Alex Megos first ascented the route 'Bibliography' 9c

    Alex Megos first ascented the route ‚Bibliography' in Ceuse. He suggested for the grade 9c. The 35 m long route bolted by Ethan Pringle in 2009 and Alex Megos has tried it for many years. You can see us in the Rotpunktmovie. More information will follow. „Sometimes the odds are against you, but it doesn't mean you don't have a chance.

  11. The Complete Guide to 9c Climbing

    After spending 40 days trying the route and 7 visits to the cave - Ondra sent the line on September 3rd, 2017, suggesting cautiously, of course, the world's first 9c. The climbing world was fascinated by the efforts and the aesthetic of this futuristic line. Even now, the line is still waiting for a second ascent.

  12. Bibliographie downgraded from 9C by Stefano : r/climbing

    Totally! He just isn't a 9b+ climber because he keeps slashing everything. I think we have two options: Seb gives it the 9c and Stefano is just a beast (as we know he is); or he'll downgrade it maybe to 9b+/c and we'll be discussing this in another post (hopefully this season). Reply reply. Montjo17.

  13. 4 Grip Techniques For Milking The Most Out Of Handholds

    The open or drag grip is the default for pockets, yet it is also possible and beneficial to drag on edges, especially on slightly easier terrain in order to conserve energy. You'll need to take your little finger off and hook the first joints of the index, middle and ring fingers over the hold.

  14. Harvard Style Bibliography

    Formatting a Harvard style bibliography. Sources are alphabetised by author last name. The heading 'Reference list' or 'Bibliography' appears at the top. Each new source appears on a new line, and when an entry for a single source extends onto a second line, a hanging indent is used: Harvard bibliography example.

  15. Exclusive: Alexander Megos to devalue Stefano Ghisolfi

    The BETA news show is presented by Bächli Bergsport and Mammut. The Italian succeeded two days ago Stefano Ghisolfi the sensation of the year. He repeated the route Bibliography (9c) in Céüse, first accomplished by Alexander Megos. on August 5, 2020. But the way in which Stefano Ghisolfi commented on the inspection, gave an inkling that he ...

  16. EasyBib®: Free Bibliography Generator

    This is the total package when it comes to MLA format. Our easy to read guides come complete with examples and step-by-step instructions to format your full and in-text citations, paper, and works cited in MLA style. There's even information on annotated bibliographies.

  17. Free APA Citation Generator [Updated for 2024]

    An APA citation generator is a software tool that will automatically format academic citations in the American Psychological Association (APA) style. It will usually request vital details about a source -- like the authors, title, and publish date -- and will output these details with the correct punctuation and layout required by the official ...

  18. Alexander Megos: First ascent of the 9c route Bibliography in Céüse

    The German professional climber Alexander Megos successfully climbs the route Bibliographie in Céüse. Alex suggests 9c as the level of difficulty for the route. It is only the second 9c in the world. In the last three years , Alexander Megos invested around 60 days of projecting the route Bibliographypie in the French sport climbing mecca ...

  19. MyBib

    MyBib is a free bibliography and citation generator that makes accurate citations for you to copy straight into your academic assignments and papers. If you're a student, academic, or teacher, and you're tired of the other bibliography and citation tools out there, then you're going to love MyBib. MyBib creates accurate citations automatically ...

  20. FREE MLA & APA Citation Generator

    APA writing style is designed to make citing easier for social science and technical works. MLA, on the other hand, simplifies citations for humanities, arts, and language arts essays. Fast and free way to automatically generate MLA, APA & Chicago citations, references and bibliographies. Supports In-text citations and multiple formats.

  21. Stefano Ghisolfi downgrades bibliography to 9b

    Alexander Megos. climbed an old Céüse project, the route Bibliography, red point and suggested 9c as the level of difficulty. The top German climber invested a total of 60 climbing days over several years in the first free ascent of the line. A completely new experience for Alex. Because he usually makes short work of difficult routes.