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In-Text Citations: The Basics

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Note:  This page reflects the latest version of the APA Publication Manual (i.e., APA 7), which released in October 2019. The equivalent resource for the older APA 6 style  can be found here .

Reference citations in text are covered on pages 261-268 of the Publication Manual. What follows are some general guidelines for referring to the works of others in your essay.

Note:  On pages 117-118, the Publication Manual suggests that authors of research papers should use the past tense or present perfect tense for signal phrases that occur in the literature review and procedure descriptions (for example, Jones (1998)  found  or Jones (1998)  has found ...). Contexts other than traditionally-structured research writing may permit the simple present tense (for example, Jones (1998)  finds ).

APA Citation Basics

When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text citation. This means that the author's last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, like, for example, (Jones, 1998). One complete reference for each source should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.

If you are referring to an idea from another work but  NOT  directly quoting the material, or making reference to an entire book, article or other work, you only have to make reference to the author and year of publication and not the page number in your in-text reference.

On the other hand, if you are directly quoting or borrowing from another work, you should include the page number at the end of the parenthetical citation. Use the abbreviation “p.” (for one page) or “pp.” (for multiple pages) before listing the page number(s). Use an en dash for page ranges. For example, you might write (Jones, 1998, p. 199) or (Jones, 1998, pp. 199–201). This information is reiterated below.

Regardless of how they are referenced, all sources that are cited in the text must appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.

In-text citation capitalization, quotes, and italics/underlining

  • Always capitalize proper nouns, including author names and initials: D. Jones.
  • If you refer to the title of a source within your paper, capitalize all words that are four letters long or greater within the title of a source:  Permanence and Change . Exceptions apply to short words that are verbs, nouns, pronouns, adjectives, and adverbs:  Writing New Media ,  There Is Nothing Left to Lose .

( Note:  in your References list, only the first word of a title will be capitalized:  Writing new media .)

  • When capitalizing titles, capitalize both words in a hyphenated compound word:  Natural-Born Cyborgs .
  • Capitalize the first word after a dash or colon: "Defining Film Rhetoric: The Case of Hitchcock's  Vertigo ."
  • If the title of the work is italicized in your reference list, italicize it and use title case capitalization in the text:  The Closing of the American Mind ;  The Wizard of Oz ;  Friends .
  • If the title of the work is not italicized in your reference list, use double quotation marks and title case capitalization (even though the reference list uses sentence case): "Multimedia Narration: Constructing Possible Worlds;" "The One Where Chandler Can't Cry."

Short quotations

If you are directly quoting from a work, you will need to include the author, year of publication, and page number for the reference (preceded by "p." for a single page and “pp.” for a span of multiple pages, with the page numbers separated by an en dash).

You can introduce the quotation with a signal phrase that includes the author's last name followed by the date of publication in parentheses.

If you do not include the author’s name in the text of the sentence, place the author's last name, the year of publication, and the page number in parentheses after the quotation.

Long quotations

Place direct quotations that are 40 words or longer in a free-standing block of typewritten lines and omit quotation marks. Start the quotation on a new line, indented 1/2 inch from the left margin, i.e., in the same place you would begin a new paragraph. Type the entire quotation on the new margin, and indent the first line of any subsequent paragraph within the quotation 1/2 inch from the new margin. Maintain double-spacing throughout, but do not add an extra blank line before or after it. The parenthetical citation should come after the closing punctuation mark.

Because block quotation formatting is difficult for us to replicate in the OWL's content management system, we have simply provided a screenshot of a generic example below.

This image shows how to format a long quotation in an APA seventh edition paper.

Formatting example for block quotations in APA 7 style.

Quotations from sources without pages

Direct quotations from sources that do not contain pages should not reference a page number. Instead, you may reference another logical identifying element: a paragraph, a chapter number, a section number, a table number, or something else. Older works (like religious texts) can also incorporate special location identifiers like verse numbers. In short: pick a substitute for page numbers that makes sense for your source.

Summary or paraphrase

If you are paraphrasing an idea from another work, you only have to make reference to the author and year of publication in your in-text reference and may omit the page numbers. APA guidelines, however, do encourage including a page range for a summary or paraphrase when it will help the reader find the information in a longer work. 

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  • How to Cite a Lecture | APA, MLA & Chicago Examples

How to Cite a Lecture | APA, MLA & Chicago Examples

Published on March 19, 2021 by Jack Caulfield . Revised on June 28, 2022.

To cite a lecture or speech, you need an in-text citation and a corresponding reference listing the speaker, the title of the lecture, the date it took place, and details of the context (e.g. the name of the course or event and the institution).

The exact information included varies depending on how you viewed the lecture and what citation style you are using. The main citation styles are APA , MLA , and Chicago style .

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Table of contents

Citing a lecture in apa style, citing a lecture in mla style, citing a lecture in chicago style, frequently asked questions about citations.

In APA Style, you don’t provide a formal citation for a lecture unless it is recorded or documented in some way. This is based on the idea that it’s only useful to document sources your reader can actually access.

Instead, you should usually just cite the lecture as a personal communication in parentheses in the text. State the lecturer’s name (initials and last name), the words “personal communication,” and the date of the lecture.

For a talk at a conference, you do provide a full reference entry and APA in-text citation. For example, a paper presentation is cited in the following format.

A different format is used to cite information from the lecture slides themselves.

Recorded or transcribed speeches

When citing a speech or lecture that you accessed as a recording or transcript, the format follows that of the source type that contains the speech (e.g. book , website , newspaper ).

For example, the following is a citation of an audio recording of a speech hosted on a website.

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In an MLA Works Cited entry for an in-person lecture , list the title in quotation marks, with headline capitalization, and include the word “Lecture” (or a more specific descriptive term) at the end of the entry.

The MLA in-text citation just lists the speaker’s last name.

A different format is used to cite information from lecture slides .

When a lecture or speech is recorded or transcribed within another source (e.g. a website , a book ), you should follow the format for the relevant source type, adding a descriptive phrase at the end of the Works Cited entry to clarify what kind of source it is.

For example, the following is a citation of a speech in audio form from a website.

In Chicago notes and bibliography style, you cite sources using Chicago style footnotes and corresponding entries in the bibliography.

A bibliography entry for a lecture you viewed in person lists the title of the lecture and the event or institution that hosted it. It also includes a descriptive label (e.g. “Lecture”) to clarify the type of source.

A more specific label can be used if you’re citing information specifically from the slides or lecture handout:

Chicago also offers an alternative author-date citation style ; examples of lecture citations in this style can be found here .

When you’re citing a recorded or transcribed lecture (rather than one you saw in person), the format depends on the type of source that contains it (e.g. book , newspaper , website ).

For example, the following citation refers to an audio recording of a speech, hosted on a website.

The main elements included in a lecture citation across APA , MLA , and Chicago style are the name of the speaker, the lecture title, the date it took place, the course or event it was part of, and the institution it took place at.

For transcripts or recordings of lectures/speeches, other details like the URL, the name of the book or website , and the length of the recording may be included instead of information about the event and institution.

When you want to cite a specific passage in a source without page numbers (e.g. an e-book or website ), all the main citation styles recommend using an alternate locator in your in-text citation . You might use a heading or chapter number, e.g. (Smith, 2016, ch. 1)

In APA Style , you can count the paragraph numbers in a text to identify a location by paragraph number. MLA and Chicago recommend that you only use paragraph numbers if they’re explicitly marked in the text.

For audiovisual sources (e.g. videos ), all styles recommend using a timestamp to show a specific point in the video when relevant.

Check if your university or course guidelines specify which citation style to use. If the choice is left up to you, consider which style is most commonly used in your field.

  • APA Style is the most popular citation style, widely used in the social and behavioral sciences.
  • MLA style is the second most popular, used mainly in the humanities.
  • Chicago notes and bibliography style is also popular in the humanities, especially history.
  • Chicago author-date style tends to be used in the sciences.

Other more specialized styles exist for certain fields, such as Bluebook and OSCOLA for law.

The most important thing is to choose one style and use it consistently throughout your text.

Cite this Scribbr article

If you want to cite this source, you can copy and paste the citation or click the “Cite this Scribbr article” button to automatically add the citation to our free Citation Generator.

Caulfield, J. (2022, June 28). How to Cite a Lecture | APA, MLA & Chicago Examples. Scribbr. Retrieved February 15, 2024, from https://www.scribbr.com/citing-sources/cite-a-lecture/

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Home / Guides / Citation Guides / APA Format / How to Cite a Lecture in APA

How to Cite a Lecture in APA

Lecture and PowerPoint presentations are often great sources of information for specific papers. This guide will show you how to cite lectures and PowerPoint presentation slides following APA 7th edition guidelines. The type of lecture (e.g., classroom, conference, etc.) and format of the information (saw lecture, accessed slides, etc.) will determine what citation format you use.

Guide overview

Citing a conference presentation

Citing a classroom presentation/lecture slides.

  • Citing a classroom presentation/lecture you watched
  • Citing a recorded presentation (video)

Troubleshooting

Presenter #1 Last name, F. M., & Presenter #2 Last Name, F. M. (Year, Month Day of conference). Name of presentation [Presentation format]. Name of Conference, Location. URL

Screen Shot 2014-04-02 at 2.02.37 PM

Jacobson, T.E., & Mackey, T. (2013, April 10-13). What’s in the name?: Information literacy, metaliteracy, or transliteracy [Panel session]. Association of College & Research Libraries, Indianapolis, IN, United States. https://www.slideshare.net/tmackey/acrl-2013

In-text citation structure & example:

(Lecture Last Name, Year)

(Jacobson & Mackey, 2013)

If you are citing a classroom presentation file you’ve viewed or accessed, use the following structure.

Lecturer Last name, F. M. (Year, month date). Title of lecture [Description of file type]. Department name, university name. URL

Prosser, M. (2021, October 18). Introduction to rhetorical forms [PowerPoint slides]. English and Modern Languages Department, California Polytechnic State University. https://https://english.calpoly.edu/

(Lecturer Last Name, Year)

(Prosser, 2021)

Citing a presentation/lecture you have watched

If you are citing information you learned through a presentation/lecture you attended, FIRST see if you can find the documented source (e.g., book, article, etc.) the presenter got the information from. If the information is original and the presentation was the primary source, treat the information as personal communication.  This means you ONLY need to cite it in an in-text citation and no reference list entry is needed.

In-text citation structure & examples:

(Presenter First Initial., Last Name, personal communication, Month Day, Year of presentation)

(L. Koerte, personal communication, March 17, 2021)

L. Koerte (personal communication, March 17, 2021)

Citing a recorded presentation/lecture (video)

Cite the recording as you would cite a regular video. The person or channel who uploaded/published the video is credited as the “author” even if they did not conduct the presentation/lecture.

Uploader Last name, F. M. (Year, month date). Title of video [Video]. Website Name. URL

Stanford. (2002, January 13). Einstein’s general theory of relativity | Lecture 1 [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hbmf0bB38h0

(Uploader Last Name, Year)

(Stanford, 2002)

Solution #1: Citing a presentation that comes from a classroom’s website or learning management system (LMS)

If the slides you are citing come from a classroom website or learning management system (LMS) like Canvas or Blackboard, and you are writing for an audience that has access to the site, then provide the name of the site and the URL for the login page.

Reference page structure:

Last name, F. M. (Date). Presentation title in sentence case [PowerPoint slides]. LMS name@University name acronym. Link to login page

Reference page example:

Vincent, P. (2020).  Recognizing rhetorical devices in visual rhetoric  [PowerPoint slides]. Blackboard@ULV. https://idp.quicklaunchsso.com/laverne

In-text citation structure: 

Narrative citation: Last Name (Year)

Parenthetical citation: (Last Name, Year)

In-text citation examples:

Narrative citation: Vincent (2020)

Parenthetical citation: (Vincent, 2020)

APA Formatting Guide

APA Formatting

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How to Cite a Lecture or Speech in APA Format

Lindsay Kramer

In academic writing , whether it’s a research paper , a lab report, or an essay , citing the sources you use correctly is a critical part of the assignment. “Correctly” means according to the specific citation guide you’re using, like APA , MLA , or The Chicago Manual of Style . 

APA format is typically used for work in psychology , engineering, nursing , and the social sciences. Because of this, the format includes citation guidelines for the kinds of sources students and researchers are likely to encounter, like technical reports and research papers . As a student, you might also find yourself citing a class lecture given by your professor or a guest speaker.  Give your writing extra polish Grammarly helps you communicate confidently Write with Grammarly

Citing an in-person speech or lecture in APA format

In APA format, like in other style guides, there are two ways to cite a source : in text and in the bibliography. 

In-text citation formats for lectures

In APA format, the only citation you need for content sourced from an in-class lecture is an in-text citation. This receives a simple citation in the following format:

“Content from in-class lecture” (Lecturer’s first initial(s). Last name, personal communication, date of lecture)

“Without nitrogen, the seeds can’t sprout” (I. Schachtel, personal communication, April 6, 2022)

If your content includes the lecturer’s name, either because you’re paraphrasing their lecture or using a direct quote as part of a sentence that includes their name, simply format your in-text citation like this: (personal communication, date of lecture). 

For in-text citations of lectures and speeches that weren’t personal communications between you and the lecturer, the standard format is this: (Lecturer’s last name, year).

However, if you listened to a recording of the lecture, the in-text citation format is this: (Lecturer’s last name, time stamp of the content cited).

There’s no need to start a new paragraph after an in-text citation. 

Reference-page citations for lectures and speeches attended or accessed

If the lecture you’re citing was recorded or transcribed, you must cite it on your reference page. When citing sources on your references page, list them in alphabetical order by the surname of the speaker or author.

The format for citing speeches and lectures on a reference page is as follows: 

Speaker’s last name, Initials. (Year, Month Day). Lecture title [Speech audio recording]. Name of website where you accessed it. URL of website where it can be accessed

Garcia, L. (2018, February 2). Unraveling string theory [Speech audio recording]. Physics for the Rest of Us. www.physicsfortherestofus.com/ audio- recordings/unraveling-string-theory

For papers presented as lectures, the format for citing them is as follows:

Author’s last name, Initials. (Year, Month Day). Paper title [Paper presentation]. Conference Name, City, State, Country. URL

Feliz, M. (2021, July 10). Waterproofing Modern Foundations [Paper presentation]. GAIn Academy, Newark, NJ, USA. www.gainacademynj.org/2021/speakers /feliz- waterproofing

Here’s a tip: Grammarly’s  Citation Generator  ensures your essays have flawless citations and no plagiarism. Try it for tricky APA citations like conferences , dissertation abstracts , and famous sayings .

How to cite a remote lecture in APA format

In today’s world, many lectures are delivered via online learning platforms . Here’s how to format your bibliography citations for these: 

Lecturer’s last name, First initial. (Year, Month Day of lecture). Lecture Title  [lecture recording]. Online learning platform. URL of platform’s login page

Hirsch, N. (2020, November 4). Modernizing COBOL [lecture recording]. Code Temple. www.codetemple.com/login/

Similarly, if the lecturer used PowerPoint and delivered the lecture via a learning platform, write “PowerPoint slides” in the bracketed section of this format. 

How to cite a lecture delivered via online slideshow

Citing lectures delivered via PowerPoint Online and Google Slides is similar to citing lectures delivered remotely via online learning platforms. This format is as follows: 

Lecturer’s last name, First initial. (Presentation/slide date). Lecture title  [Lecture’s file format, i.e., PowerPoint or Google Slides]. Name of website. URL

What if there’s no date listed?

In APA format, dates are listed like so:

Month and day, year 

September 9, 2006

When you don’t know the date of the lecture you’re citing, simply write “n.d.” for “no date” in your citation. 

Cite your sources with confidence

No matter what kind of academic writing you’re doing, citing your sources correctly is a critical part of the assignment. Before you submit your work to your instructor, always double-check that your references are cited correctly—and that your work is free from grammatical and spelling mistakes. 

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How to cite a lecture in apa (7th edition), published by steve tippins on june 23, 2020 june 23, 2020.

Last Updated on: 6th February 2024, 03:50 am

When writing your dissertation or other academic papers, you may have to cite a lecture in APA. Keep these guidelines handy and you will have no problem citing a lecture that your professor delivers.  

Personal lecture notes

The easiest guideline to remember is how to cite a lecture in APA from your own personal notes. 

Lecture notes you take in a live online or face-to-face class are considered personal communication. They are personal communication, because they do not exist in any other  recorded or print format.  

In-text citation 

(Professor’s first initial. Last name, personal communication, date of lecture)

(S. Graham, personal communication, June 17, 2020)

S. Graham (personal communication, June 17, 2020) explained six ways that one can distinguish between interpretation and evidence. 

According to S. Graham (personal communication, June 17, 2020), “there are six ways that one can distinguish between interpretation and evidence.” 

Note: You only need to cite personal communication in-text, and do not have to put it in the References list.

Lecture in online learning management system (LMS) course

man with eyeglasses writing notes while studying on his laptop

A professor’s lecture in a course conducted in an LMS platform may be recorded. To cite a lecture in APA for this type of format, you will need to put the source in the References list.

In-text citation

(Professor’s last name, date of lecture, if no date, n.d.)

(Jimenez, June 17, 2020)

purdue owl lecture citation apa

Paraphrase 

According to Jimenez (2017), the first Kuru epidemic occurred in the Eastern Highlands of Papua New Guinea among the Fore tribespeople.

Jimenez (2017) stated symptoms of the Kuru disease were “involuntary movements or tremors, difficulty eating that results in malnutrition, personality changes, and dementia.”

Reference list

Professor’s last name, Initial of first name. year, month and day of lecture. Lecture title in italics [Lecture recording]. Type of LMS platform. URL of LMS login page. 

Jimenez, S. (2020, June 17). The Kuru pandemic [Lecture recording]. Blackboard@CR University. https://classes.CRUniv.edu

Lecture on PowerPoint 

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To cite a lecture in APA when your professor delivers it via PowerPoint is easy once you have mastered the previous two guidelines. 

(Professor’s last name, year)

(Hayward, 2020)

The epidemic known as “dancing mania” or the dancing plague broke out during the Middle Ages (Hayward, 2020).

According to Hayward (2020), “there are many chronicles written about scourges of uncontrollable dancing among the population living along the Rhine and Moselle Rivers.”

Professor’s last name, Initial of first name. Year, if no date, then n.d. Title of the PowerPoint presentation in italics [PowerPoint slides]. Type of LMS platform. URL of LMS login page.  

Hayward, D. (2020). Dancing mania epidemic [PowerPoint slides]. Canvas@CR University. https://classes.CRUniv.edu

PowerPoint slides online

Your professor may post the PowerPoint lecture online, rather than on the course website. To cite a lecture in APA for this type of lecture, you will follow the guidelines for citing a PowerPoint lecture above, but with a minor difference in how it is written in the References list. 

Last name of professor, Initial of first name. Year of publication, if no date, then n.d. Title of PowerPoint in italics [PowerPoint slides]. URL of PowerPoint. 

purdue owl lecture citation apa

Knapp, G. (2020). Methylmercury poisoning in Japan [PowerPoint slides]. https://www. net/health-sciences-methylmercury-poisoning

​ Note: You can find more information about how to cite a lecture in APA 7 th edition in section 8.8 and page 347 of the Manual. 

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The following are some very helpful resources from the Purdue OWL on APA 7th edition.  You will find them useful for this class and for other classes at UMGC.

APA 7th Edition: In-Text Citations

APA 7th Edition: References, Part I

APA 7th Edition: References: Part II

purdue owl lecture citation apa

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EDUC 1300: Exceptional Learners

  • APA Citation Style Information

Plagiarism Prevention

Learn more at the slu academic integrity pages, slu academic integrity policy, helpful apa citation style sources.

In addition to the sources below, check out SLU Librarian Jamie Emery's guide  Style Guides & Manuals , including resources for APA, MLA, Chicago & more.

Includes information on APA style citations, as well as information on other citation styles and formatting. This site also includes a variety of other useful writing related information.

APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 7th edition of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, (7th ed.).

This poster created by Purdue Owl summarizes APA style in a visual format.

The style and grammar guidelines pages present information about APA Style as described in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Seventh Edition and the Concise Guide to APA Style, Seventh Edition.

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  • Last Updated: Feb 14, 2024 12:54 PM
  • URL: https://libguides.slu.edu/EDUC1300

Citation Styles

  • About This Guide

Who Should Use APA Citation Style?

How to use this guide, publication manual of the apa, online sources for apa style, 7th edition.

  • In-Text Citations - Basics
  • Reference List - Basics
  • Examples of APA Style
  • Works Cited - Basics
  • Examples of MLA Style - Basics
  • Notes-Bibliography System
  • Author-Date System
  • Turabian Style
  • Examples of AMA Style
  • Citing Generative AI Models
  • More Citation Styles
  • Academic Integrity & Plagiarism
  • ASU Graduate Education

American Psychological Association Style, or APA Style, is generally used by disciplines within the so cial sciences .

Disciplines Using APA Style Include But Are Not Limited to:

  • Communication
  • Criminology and Criminal Justice
  • Engineering
  • Political Science
  • Social Work

This guide is divided into several sections: The main page provides an overview of APA citation style, defines who should use it, and identifies print and online sources. The additional sections discuss the basic guidelines for using APA style 7th edition in in-text citations and the reference list, including examples of various resources.

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Citation styles change over time; the advent of the Internet and the increasing number at material types (web pages, e-journals etc.) have contributed to some of these changes. When using a specific citation style, be sure to use a resource that reflects the current edition, such as the official style manual or additional resource listed above.

Print copies of the most current edition — the 7th edition — are available in the following ASU Library locations:

APA Style Website 

Many of the APA style guidelines and most commonly needed citation examples can be found at the official APA Style website : 

  • Style and Grammar Guidelines  
  • Reference Examples
  • Handouts and Guides
  • Inclusive Language Guidelines

Additional APA Resources:

  • APA Citation Style  Tutorial developed by the ASU Library for learning about APA Style. 
  • Purdue OWL APA Formatting and Style Guide ​​ Online resource from Purdue University that provides information to online reference materials and services for creating citations, formatting papers to particular styles, and more.
  • APA Style Blog Offers opportunities to ask citation style questions and get help from the APA community, especially when the answer cannot be found easily in the  Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.

Please note: These o nline sources are helpful in resolving citation style questions. However, they are not the official APA Style guide, but rather interpretations of the citation style and may be prone to inaccuracies. Always consult the official style manual first for the most accurate information.

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  • URL: https://libguides.asu.edu/citing

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COMMENTS

  1. APA Formatting and Style Guide (7th Edition)

    Basic guidelines for formatting the reference list at the end of a standard APA research paper Author/Authors Rules for handling works by a single author or multiple authors that apply to all APA-style references in your reference list, regardless of the type of work (book, article, electronic resource, etc.)

  2. In-Text Citations: The Basics

    APA Citation Basics. When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text citation. This means that the author's last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, like, for example, (Jones, 1998). One complete reference for each source should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.

  3. How to Cite a Lecture

    In an MLA Works Cited entry for an in-person lecture, list the title in quotation marks, with headline capitalization, and include the word "Lecture" (or a more specific descriptive term) at the end of the entry. The MLA in-text citation just lists the speaker's last name. MLA format. Speaker last name, First name.

  4. Online course or MOOC references

    A lecture or other content from an online course or Mooc is cited similarly to a podcast episode, with the instructor for the lecture listed in the author element of the reference and the names of all course faculty in the editor position within the source element.; Provide a link that will resolve for readers. Because users must enroll in the course and then log in to access the lecture, the ...

  5. APA Style Guide

    Purdue's OWL (Online Writing Lab) provides instruction on how to use APA 7th. Below are a few topics covered by the OWL. ... APA Overview and Workshop APA 7th. General Formatting APA 7th. In-Text Citation: Authors APA 7th. Foot Notes and Appendices APA 7th. Changes in the 7th Edition APA 7th << Previous: Purdue Online Writing Lab; Next ...

  6. How to Cite a Lecture in APA

    Citing a recorded presentation/lecture (video) Cite the recording as you would cite a regular video. The person or channel who uploaded/published the video is credited as the "author" even if they did not conduct the presentation/lecture. Uploader Last name, F. M. (Year, month date). Title of video [Video].

  7. APA Formatting and Style Guide

    This resource was written by David Neyhart and Erin Karper. Last full revision by Jodi Wagner. Last edited by Dana Lynn Driscoll on May 17th 2007 at 3:24PM. Summary: APA (American Psychological Association) is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 5th edition of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA ...

  8. How to Cite a Lecture or Speech in APA Format

    In-text citation formats for lectures. In APA format, the only citation you need for content sourced from an in-class lecture is an in-text citation. This receives a simple citation in the following format: "Content from in-class lecture" (Lecturer's first initial(s). Last name, personal communication, date of lecture) Example:

  9. APA

    Citation management tools help you track and organize the articles you are gathering for your research. Citation management tools also generate in-text citations, import records from databases, and reference pages. NOTE: Errors do occasionally occur with citation managers, so always check your citations and references.

  10. APA Citation Format

    APA Citation Information. APA 7th Edition Citation Format instructions--Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) APA Style Manual. Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th ed. by American Psychological Association. Call Number: BF76.7 .P83 2020 (three copies at HSSE reference desk, one in HICKS)

  11. Library: Purdue Global Library: APA Style Help & Tools

    Using Academic Writer's Writing Tools. Academic Writer contains a Writing section where you can create and write a full APA-formatted paper. You can write the entire paper in Academic Writer or just use it to setup the title page, headings, and references. Export your work at any time to a Microsoft Word document.

  12. Purdue Owl: APA Formatting & Style Guide

    /citations/purdue-owl-apa-formatting-style-guide. Developed by Purdue's Online Writing Lab. Contains resources on in-text citation and the references page, as well as APA sample papers, slide presentations, and the APA classroom poster. 55. 49613 Filters; Developed by Purdue's Online Writing Lab. Contains resources on in-text citation and the ...

  13. Publication Style Guides

    COPY OF THE BOOK: Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association by American Psychological Association. Call Number: HSSE (Reference Desk) BF76.7 .P83 2020. ISBN: 9781433832161. Publication Date: 2019-10-01. Comparative Chart of APA 6th and APA 7th.

  14. How to Cite a Lecture in APA (7th Edition)

    Personal lecture notes. The easiest guideline to remember is how to cite a lecture in APA from your own personal notes. Lecture notes you take in a live online or face-to-face class are considered personal communication. They are personal communication, because they do not exist in any other recorded or print format.

  15. Purdue OWL Lectures on Citing and Listing Sources in APA 7th edition

    Purdue OWL Lectures on Citing and Listing Sources in APA 7th edition. The following are some very helpful resources from the Purdue OWL on APA 7th edition. You will find them useful for this class and for other classes at UMGC. APA 7th Edition: In-Text Citations. APA 7th Edition: References, Part I. APA 7th Edition: References: Part II.

  16. APA Citation Style Information

    APA Formatting & Style Guide by Purdue Owl. APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 7th edition of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the ...

  17. PowerPoint slide or lecture note references

    This page contains reference examples for PowerPoint slides or lecture notes, including the following: Use these formats to cite information obtained directly from slides. If the slides contain citations to information published elsewhere, and you want to cite that information as well, then it is best to find, read, and cite the original source ...

  18. APA

    In addition to providing guidance on grammar, the mechanics of writing, and APA style, this manual offers an authoritative reference and citation system. Call number: BF76.7 .P83 2020. ISBN: 9781433832161. Publication date: 2020. Citation styles change over time; the advent of the Internet and the increasing number at material types (web pages ...