Quadratic Word Problems Worksheets

In mathematics, the term quadratic describes something that pertains to squares, to the operation of squaring, to terms of the second degree, or equations or formulas that involve such terms.

In the quadratic equations word problems, the equations wouldn't be given directly. In fact, you have to deduct the equation from the given facts within the equations. It can also include profit maximization or loss minimization questions in which you have to find either minimum or maximum value of the equation.

Download Quadratic Word Problem Worksheet PDFs

These math worksheets should be practiced regularly and are free to download in PDF formats.

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Quadratic Equation Word Problems

Take the young mathematician in you on a jaunt to this printable compilation of quadratic word problems and discover the role played by quadratic equations inspired from a variety of real-life scenarios! From finding the area of your small playroom to calculating the speed of a massive cruise, quadratic equations matter a lot in life. Try this simple question: Alan is 2 years older than Clara. If the product of both Allan’s and Clara’s ages is 168, how old is Clara? As soon as you read this, this equation will ring a bell: x(x + 2) = 168. If you rearrange and rewrite this, you'll have x 2 + 2x - 168 = 0. Solve this equation to obtain their ages. As far as this problem is concerned, Alan is 14 years and Clara is 12 years. Now, print our worksheet pdfs, exclusively designed for high school students and get to solve 15 similar word problems. Read each word problem, formulate a quadratic equation, and solve for the unknown. You can use any of these methods: factoring, square roots, completing squares, or quadratic formula to arrive at your answers.

Quadratic Equations Word Problems

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Related Worksheets

» Quadratic Equation | Factoring

» Quadratic Equation | Completing Squares

» Quadratic Equation | Square Root

» Quadratic Formula

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Quadratic Equations Word Problems

These lessons, with videos, examples, and step-by-step solutions, help Algebra 1 students learn to solve geometry word problems using quadratic equations.

Related Pages Solving Quadratic Equations by Factoring Solving Quadratic Equations by Completing the Square More Lessons for Grade 9 Math Worksheets

Quadratic equations - Solving word problems using factoring of trinomials Question 1a: Find two consecutive integers that have a product of 42

Quadratic equations - Solving word problems using factoring of trinomials Question 1b: There are three consecutive integers. The product of the two larger integers is 30. Find the three integers.

Quadratic Equations - Solving Word problems by Factoring Question 1c: A rectangular building is to be placed on a lot that measures 30 m by 40 m. The building must be placed in the lot so that the width of the lawn is the same on all four sides of the building. Local restrictions state that the building cannot occupy any more than 50% of the property. What are the dimensions of the largest building that can be built on the property?

More Word Problems Using Quadratic Equations Example 1 Suppose the area of a rectangle is 114.4 m 2 and the length is 14 m longer than the width. Find the length and width of the rectangle.

More Word Problems Using Quadratic Equations Example 2 A manufacturer develops a formula to determine the demand for its product depending on the price in dollars. The formula is D = 2,000 + 100P - 6P 2 where P is the price per unit, and D is the number of units in demand. At what price will the demand drop to 1000 units?

More Word Problems Using Quadratic Equations Example 3 The length of a car’s skid mark in feet as a function of the car’s speed in miles per hour is given by l(s) = .046s 2 - .199s + 0.264 If the length of skid mark is 220 ft, find the speed in miles per hour the car was traveling.

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Practice Problems

\(\textbf{1)}\) the length of a rectangle is 3 times its width. the area of the rectangle is 48 square yards. find the dimensions of the rectangle. show answer \( \text{width} = 4 \text{ yards}, \text{length} = 12 \text{ yards} \) show work \(\,\,\,\,\, \text{length } (l) \, \times \, \text{width } (w) = \text{area } (a)\) \(\,\,\,\,\, l=3w, \, a=48\) \(\,\,\,\,\, \left(3w\right)\left(w\right)=48\) \(\,\,\,\,\, 3w^2=48\) \(\,\,\,\,\, w^2=16\) \(\,\,\,\,\, w=\pm4\) \(\,\,\,\,\, w=4\) \(\,\,\,\,\, l=3(4)=12\) \(\,\,\,\,\, \text{width} = 4 \text{ yards}, \text{length} = 12 \text{ yards} \), \(\textbf{2)}\) the length of a rectangle is 4 times its width. the area of the rectangle is 100 square feet. find the dimensions of the rectangle. show answer \( \text{width} = 5 \text{ ft}, \text{length} = 20 \text{ ft} \) show work \(\,\,\,\,\, \text{length } (l) \, \times \, \text{width } (w) = \text{area } (a)\) \(\,\,\,\,\, l=4w, \, a=100\) \(\,\,\,\,\, \left(4w\right)\left(w\right)=100\) \(\,\,\,\,\, 4w^2=100\) \(\,\,\,\,\, w^2=25\) \(\,\,\,\,\, w=5\) \(\,\,\,\,\, l=4(w)=4(5)=20\) \(\,\,\,\,\, \text{width} = 5 \text{ ft}, \text{length} = 20 \text{ ft} \), \(\textbf{3)}\) the length of a rectangular plot is 5 ft more than its width. the area of the plot is 66 square ft. find the dimensions of the plot. show answer \( \text{width} = 6 \text{ ft}, \text{length} = 11 \text{ ft} \) show work \(\,\,\,\,\, \text{length } (l) \, \times \, \text{width } (w) = \text{area } (a)\) \(\,\,\,\,\, l=w+5, \, a=66\) \(\,\,\,\,\, (w+5)w=66\) \(\,\,\,\,\, w^2+5w-66=0\) \(\,\,\,\,\, (w+11)(w-6)=0\) \(\,\,\,\,\, w=-11 \text{ or } w=6\) \(\,\,\,\,\, l=6+5=11 \text{ or } l=-11+5=-6\) \(\,\,\,\,\, \text{width} = 6 \text{ ft}, \text{length} = 11 \text{ ft} \), \(\textbf{4)}\) the length of a rectangle is 15 feet less than its width. the area of the rectangle is 126 square feet. find the dimensions of the rectangle. show answer \( \text{width} = 6 \text{ ft}, \text{length} = 21 \text{ ft} \) show work \(\,\,\,\,\, \text{length } (l) \, \times \, \text{width } (w) = \text{area } (a)\) \(\,\,\,\,\, l=w-15, \, a=126\) \(\,\,\,\,\, (w-15)w=126\) \(\,\,\,\,\, w^2-15w-126=0\) \(\,\,\,\,\, (w-21)(w+6)=0\) \(\,\,\,\,\, w=21 \text{ or } w=-6\) \(\,\,\,\,\, l=21-15=6 \text{ or } l=-6-15=-21\) \(\,\,\,\,\, \text{width} = 21 \text{ ft}, \text{length} = 6 \text{ ft} \), \(\textbf{5)}\) the length of a rectangle is 3 inches more than double the width. the area of the rectangle is 230 square inches. find the dimensions of the rectangle. show answer \(\text{length} = 23 \text{ in}, \text{width} = 10 \text{ in} \) show work \(\,\,\,\,\, \text{length } (l) \, \times \, \text{width } (w) = \text{area } (a)\) \(\,\,\,\,\, l=2w+3, \, a=230\) \(\,\,\,\,\, (2w+3)w=230\) \(\,\,\,\,\, 2w^2+3w-230=0\) \(\,\,\,\,\, (2w+23)(w-10)=0\) \(\,\,\,\,\, w=-23/2 \text{ or } w=10\) \(\,\,\,\,\, l=2(10)+3=23 \text{ or } l=2(-23/2)+3=-23+3=-20\) \(\,\,\,\,\, \text{length} = 23 \text{ in}, \text{width} = 10 \text{ in} \), \(\textbf{6)}\) the length of a rectangle is 5 meters more than triple the width. the area is 138 square meters. find the dimensions of the rectangle. show answer \(\text{width} = 6 \text{ m}, \text{length} = 23 \text{ m}\) show work \(\,\,\,\,\, \text{length } (l) \, \times \, \text{width } (w) = \text{area } (a)\) \(\,\,\,\,\, l=3w+5, \, a=138\) \(\,\,\,\,\, (3w+5)w=138\) \(\,\,\,\,\, 3w^2+5w-138=0\) \(\,\,\,\,\, (3w+23)(w-6)=0\) \(\,\,\,\,\, w=-23/3 \text{ or } w=6\) \(\,\,\,\,\, l=3(6)+5=18+5=23 \text{ or } l=3(-23/3)+5=-23+5=-18\) \(\,\,\,\,\, \text{width} = 6 \text{ m}, \text{length} = 23 \text{ m}\), \(\textbf{7)}\) the width of a rectangle is 6 meters less than its length. the area is 72 square meters. find the dimensions of the rectangle. show answer the answer is \( w = 6, l = 12 \) show work \(\,\,\,\,\, \text{length } (l) \, \times \, \text{width } (w) = \text{area } (a)\) \(\,\,\,\,\, l = w + 6, \, a = 72\) \(\,\,\,\,\, (w + 6)w = 72\) \(\,\,\,\,\, w^2 + 6w – 72 = 0\) \(\,\,\,\,\, (w + 12)(w – 6) = 0\) \(\,\,\,\,\, w = -12 \text{ or } w = 6\) \(\,\,\,\,\, l = 6 + 6 = 12 \text{ or } l = -12 + 6 = -6\) \(\,\,\,\,\, \text{width} = 6 \text{ meters}, \text{length} = 12 \text{ meters} \), \(\textbf{8)}\) the length of a rectangle is twice the width. the area is 32 square inches. find the dimensions of the rectangle. show answer the answer is \( w=4, l=8 \) show work \(\,\,\,\,\, \text{length } (l) \, \times \, \text{width } (w) = \text{area } (a)\) \(\,\,\,\,\, l = 2w, \, a = 32\) \(\,\,\,\,\, (2w)w = 32\) \(\,\,\,\,\, 2w^2 = 32\) \(\,\,\,\,\, w^2 = 16\) \(\,\,\,\,\, w = 4\) \(\,\,\,\,\, l = 2(4) = 8\) \(\,\,\,\,\, \text{width} = 4 \text{ inches}, \text{length} = 8 \text{ inches} \), \(\textbf{9)}\) the length of a rectangle is 1 foot less than twice the width. the area is 120 square feet. find the dimensions of the rectangle. show answer the answer is \( w = 8, l = 15 \) show work \(\,\,\,\,\, \text{length } (l) \, \times \, \text{width } (w) = \text{area } (a)\) \(\,\,\,\,\, l = 2w – 1, \, a = 120\) \(\,\,\,\,\, (2w – 1)w = 120\) \(\,\,\,\,\, 2w^2 – w – 120 = 0\) \(\,\,\,\,\, (2w + 15)(w – 8) = 0\) \(\,\,\,\,\, w = -15/2 \text{ or } w = 8\) \(\,\,\,\,\, l = 2(8) – 1 = 16 – 1 = 15 \text{ or } l = 2(-15/2) – 1 = -15 – 1 = -16\) \(\,\,\,\,\, \text{width} = 8 \text{ feet}, \text{length} = 15 \text{ feet} \), \(\textbf{10)}\) the product of two positive consecutive integers is 56. find the integers. show answer the integers are \( 7, 8 \) show work let’s call the first integer “n” and the second integer “n + 1”. \(\,\,\,\,\, n(n + 1) = 56\) \(\,\,\,\,\, n^2 + n – 56 = 0\) \(\,\,\,\,\, (n + 8)(n – 7) = 0\) \(\,\,\,\,\, n = -8 \text{ or } n = 7\) since we’re looking for positive integers, the integers are \(7, 8\), \(\textbf{11)}\) the product of two positive consecutive odd integers is 99. find the integers. show answer the integers are \( 9, 11 \) show work let’s call the first odd integer “n” and the second odd integer “n + 2”. \(\,\,\,\,\, n(n + 2) = 99\) \(\,\,\,\,\, n^2 + 2n – 99 = 0\) \(\,\,\,\,\, (n + 11)(n – 9) = 0\) \(\,\,\,\,\, n = -11 \text{ or } n = 9\) since we’re looking for positive odd integers, the integers are \(9, 11\), \(\textbf{12)}\) the product of two positive consecutive odd integers is 1 less than 3 times their sum. find the integers. show answer the integers are \( 5, 7 \) show work let’s call the first odd integer “n” and the second odd integer “n + 2”. \(\,\,\,\,\, n(n + 2) = 3(n + n + 2) – 1\) \(\,\,\,\,\, n^2 + 2n = 6n + 6 – 1\) \(\,\,\,\,\, n^2 – 4n – 5 = 0\) \(\,\,\,\,\, (n – 5)(n + 1) = 0\) \(\,\,\,\,\, n = 5 \text{ or } n = -1\) since we’re looking for positive odd integers, the integers are \(5, 7\), \(\textbf{13)}\) the product of two positive consecutive integers is thirteen less than five times their sum. find the integers. show answer the answer is \( 8, 9 \) show work let’s call the first integer “n” and the second integer “n + 1”. \(\,\,\,\,\, n(n + 1) = 5(n + n + 1) – 13\) \(\,\,\,\,\, n^2 + n = 10n + 5 – 13\) \(\,\,\,\,\, n^2 – 9n – 8 = 0\) \(\,\,\,\,\, (n – 8)(n + 1) = 0\) \(\,\,\,\,\, n = 8 \text{ or } n = -1\) since we’re looking for positive integers, the integers are \(8, 9\), \(\textbf{14)}\) the product of two positive consecutive odd integers is 77 more than twice the larger. find the integers. show answer the integers are \( 9, 11 \) show work let’s call the first odd integer “n” and the second odd integer “n + 2”. \(\,\,\,\,\, n(n + 2) = 2(n + 2) + 77\) \(\,\,\,\,\, n^2 + 2n = 2n + 4 + 77\) \(\,\,\,\,\, n^2 – 75 = 0\) \(\,\,\,\,\, (n – 5)(n + 5) = 0\) \(\,\,\,\,\, n = 5 \text{ or } n = -5\) since we’re looking for positive odd integers, the integers are \(5, 7\), challenge problem, \(\textbf{15)}\) the width is twice the height. if the perimeter is 120, what is the area show area the area is \( 800\) units\(^2 \), see related pages\(\), \(\bullet\text{ adding and subtracting polynomials}\) \(\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,(4d+7)−(2d−5)…\), \(\bullet\text{ multiplying polynomials}\) \(\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,(x+2)(x^2+3x−5)…\), \(\bullet\text{ dividing polynomials}\) \(\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,(x^3-8)÷(x-2)…\), \(\bullet\text{ dividing polynomials (synthetic division)}\) \(\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,(x^3-8)÷(x-2)…\), \(\bullet\text{ synthetic substitution}\) \(\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,f(x)=4x^4−3x^2+8x−2…\), \(\bullet\text{ end behavior}\) \(\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\, \text{as } x\rightarrow \infty, \quad f(x)\rightarrow \infty \) \(\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\, \text{as } x\rightarrow -\infty, \quad f(x)\rightarrow \infty… \), \(\bullet\text{ completing the square}\) \(\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,x^2+10x−24=0…\), \(\bullet\text{ quadratic formula and the discriminant}\) \(\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,x=-b \pm \displaystyle\frac{\sqrt{b^2-4ac}}{2a}…\), \(\bullet\text{ complex numbers}\) \(\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,i=\sqrt{-1}…\), \(\bullet\text{ multiplicity of roots}\) \(\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\) \(…\), \(\bullet\text{ rational zero theorem}\) \(\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\, \pm 1,\pm 2,\pm 3,\pm 4,\pm 6,\pm 12…\), \(\bullet\text{ descartes rule of signs}\) \(\,\), \(\bullet\text{ roots and zeroes}\) \(\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\text{solve for }x. 3x^2+4x=0…\), \(\bullet\text{ linear factored form}\) \(\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,f(x)=(x+4)(x+1)(x−3)…\), \(\bullet\text{ polynomial inequalities}\) \(\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,x^3-4x^2-4x+16 \gt 0…\), doing quadratic word problems is a great way to reinforce the algebra behind quadratic equations. it also adds a fun element by demonstrating real-world applications., about andymath.com, andymath.com is a free math website with the mission of helping students, teachers and tutors find helpful notes, useful sample problems with answers including step by step solutions, and other related materials to supplement classroom learning. if you have any requests for additional content, please contact andy at [email protected] . he will promptly add the content. topics cover elementary math , middle school , algebra , geometry , algebra 2/pre-calculus/trig , calculus and probability/statistics . in the future, i hope to add physics and linear algebra content. visit me on youtube , tiktok , instagram and facebook . andymath content has a unique approach to presenting mathematics. the clear explanations, strong visuals mixed with dry humor regularly get millions of views. we are open to collaborations of all types, please contact andy at [email protected] for all enquiries. to offer financial support, visit my patreon page. let’s help students understand the math way of thinking thank you for visiting. how exciting, [latex]\textbf{10)}[/latex] words [latex]123[/latex] [showhide type="link1001" more_text="show answer" less_text="" hidden="yes"] the answer is [latex] x=3 [/latex] [/showhide], [latex]\textbf{11)}[/latex] words [latex]123[/latex] [showhide type="link1101" more_text="show answer" less_text="" hidden="yes"] the answer is [latex] x=3 [/latex] [/showhide], [latex]\textbf{14)}[/latex] words [latex]123[/latex] [showhide type="link1401" more_text="show answer" less_text="" 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Last modified on August 3rd, 2023

Quadratic Equation Word Problems

Here, we will solve different types of quadratic equation-based word problems. Use the appropriate method to solve them:

  • By Completing the Square
  • By Factoring
  • By Quadratic Formula
  • By graphing

For each process, follow the following typical steps:

  • Make the equation
  • Solve for the unknown variable using the appropriate method
  • Interpret the result

The product of two consecutive integers is 462. Find the numbers?

Let the numbers be x and x + 1 According to the problem, x(x + 1) = 483 => x 2 + x – 483 = 0 => x 2 + 22x – 21x – 483 = 0 => x(x + 22) – 21(x + 22) = 0 => (x + 22)(x – 21) = 0 => x + 22 = 0 or x – 21 = 0 => x = {-22, 21} Thus, the two consecutive numbers are 21 and 22.

The product of two consecutive positive odd integers is 1 less than four times their sum. What are the two positive integers.

Let the numbers be n and n + 2 According to the problem, => n(n + 2) = 4[n + (n + 2)] – 1 => n 2 + 2n = 4[2n + 2] – 1 => n 2 + 2n = 8n + 7 => n 2 – 6n – 7 = 0 => n 2 -7n + n – 7 = 0 => n(n – 7) + 1(n – 7) = 0 => (n – 7) (n – 1) = 0 => n – 7 = 0 or n – 1 = 0 => n = {7, 1} If n = 7, then n + 2 = 9 If n = 1, then n + 1 = 2 Since 1 and 2 are not possible. The two numbers are 7 and 9

A projectile is launched vertically upwards with an initial velocity of 64 ft/s from a height of 96 feet tower. If height after t seconds is reprented by h(t) = -16t 2 + 64t + 96. Find the maximum height the projectile reaches. Also, find the time it takes to reach the highest point.

Since the graph of the given function is a parabola, it opens downward because the leading coefficient is negative. Thus, to get the maximum height, we have to find the vertex of this parabola. Given the function is in the standard form h(t) = a 2 x + bx + c, the formula to calculate the vertex is: Vertex (h, k) = ${\left\{ \left( \dfrac{-b}{2a}\right) ,h\left( -\dfrac{b}{2a}\right) \right\}}$ => ${\dfrac{-b}{2a}=\dfrac{-64}{2\times \left( -16\right) }}$ = 2 seconds Thus, the time the projectile takes to reach the highest point is 2 seconds ${h\left( \dfrac{-b}{2a}\right)}$ = h(2) = -16(2) 2 – 64(2) + 80 = 144 feet Thus, the maximum height the projectile reaches is 144 feet

The difference between the squares of two consecutive even integers is 68. Find the numbers.

Let the numbers be x and x + 2 According to the problem, (x + 2) 2 – x 2 = 68 => x 2 + 4x + 4 – x 2 = 68 => 4x + 4 = 68 => 4x = 68 – 4 => 4x = 64 => x = 16 Thus the two numbers are 16 and 18

The length of a rectangle is 5 units more than twice the number. The width is 4 unit less than the same number. Given the area of the rectangle is 15 sq. units, find the length and breadth of the rectangle.

Let the number be x Thus, Length = 2x + 5 Breadth = x – 4 According to the problem, (2x + 5)(x – 4) = 15 => 2x 2 – 8x + 5x – 20 – 15 = 0 => 2x 2 – 3x – 35 = 0 => 2x 2 – 10x + 7x – 35 = 0 => 2x(x – 5) + 7(x – 5) = 0 => (x – 5)(2x + 7) = 0 => x – 5 = 0 or 2x + 7 = 0 => x = {5, -7/2} Since we cannot have a negative measurement in mensuration, the number is 5 inches. Now, Length = 2x + 5 = 2(5) + 5 = 15 inches Breadth = x – 4 = 15 – 4 = 11 inches

A rectangular garden is 50 cm long and 34 cm wide, surrounded by a uniform boundary. Find the width of the boundary if the total area is 540 cm².

Given, Length of the garden = 50 cm Width of the garden = 34 cm Let the uniform width of the boundary be = x cm According to the problem, (50 + 2x)(34 + 2x) – 50 × 34 = 540 => 4x 2 + 168x – 540 = 0 => x 2 + 42x – 135 = 0 Since, this quadratic equation is in the standard form ax 2 + bx + c, we will use the quadratic formula, here a = 1, b = 42, c = -135 x = ${x=\dfrac{-b\pm \sqrt{b^{2}-4ac}}{2a}}$ => ${\dfrac{-42\pm \sqrt{\left( 42\right) ^{2}-4\times 1\times \left( -135\right) }}{2\times 1}}$ => ${\dfrac{-42\pm \sqrt{1764+540}}{2}}$ => ${\dfrac{-42\pm \sqrt{2304}}{2}}$ => ${\dfrac{-42\pm 48}{2}}$ => ${\dfrac{-42+48}{2}}$ and ${\dfrac{-42-48}{2}}$ => x = {-45, 3} Since we cannot have a negative measurement in mensuration the width of the boundary is 3 cm

The hypotenuse of a right-angled triangle is 20 cm. The difference between its other two sides is 4 cm. Find the length of the sides.

Let the length of the other two sides be x and x + 4 According to the problem, (x + 4) 2 + x 2 = 20 2 => x 2 + 8x + 16 + x 2 = 400 => 2x 2 + 8x + 16 = 400 => 2x 2 + 8x – 384 = 0 => x 2 + 4x – 192 = 0 => x 2 + 16x – 12x – 192 = 0 => x(x + 16) – 12(x + 16) = 0 => (x + 16)(x – 12) = 0 => x + 16 = 0 and x – 12 = 0 => x = {-16, 12} Since we cannot have a negative measurement in mensuration, the lengths of the sides are 12 and 16

Jennifer jumped off a cliff into the swimming pool. The function h can express her height as a function of time (t) = -16t 2 +16t + 480, where t is the time in seconds and h is the height in feet. a) How long did it take for Jennifer to attain a maximum length. b) What was the highest point that Jennifer reached. c) Calculate the time when Jennifer hit the water?

Comparing the given function with the given function f(x) = ax 2 + bx + c, here a = -16, b = 16, c = 480 a) Finding the vertex will give us the time taken by Jennifer to reach her maximum height  x = ${-\dfrac{b}{2a}}$ = ${\dfrac{-16}{2\left( -16\right) }}$ = 0.5 seconds Thus Jennifer took 0.5 seconds to reach her maximum height b) Putting the value of the vertex by substitution in the function, we get ${h\left( \dfrac{1}{2}\right) =-16\left( \dfrac{1}{2}\right) ^{2}+16\left( \dfrac{1}{2}\right) +480}$ => ${-16\left( \dfrac{1}{4}\right) +8+480}$ => 484 feet Thus the highest point that Jennifer reached was 484 feet c) When Jennifer hit the water, her height was 0 Thus, by substituting the value of the height in the function, we get -16t 2 +16t + 480 = 0 => -16(t 2 + t – 30) = 0 => t 2 + t – 30 = 0 => t 2 + 6t – 5t – 30 = 0 => t(t + 6) – 5(t + 6) = 0 => (t + 6)(t – 5) = 0 => t + 6 = 0 or t – 5 = 0 => x = {-6, 5} Since time cannot have any negative value, the time taken by Jennifer to hit the water is 5 seconds.

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QUADRATIC EQUATION WORD PROBLEMS WORKSHEET WITH ANSWERS

Problem 1 :

Difference between a number and its positive square root is 12. Find the number.

Problem 2 :

If the difference between a number and its reciprocal is ²⁴⁄₅ , find the number.

Problem 3 :

A piece of iron rod costs $60. If the rod was 2 meter shorter and each meter costs $1 more, the cost would remain unchanged. What is the length of the rod?

Problem 4 :

Divide 25 in two parts so that sum of their reciprocals is ⅙ .

Problem 5 :

The hypotenuse of a right angled triangle is 20 cm. The difference between its other two sides is 4 cm. Find the length of the sides.

Problem 6 :

The altitude of a right triangle is 7 cm less than its base. If the hypotenuse is 13 cm, find the other two sides.

Problem 7 :

A cottage industry produces a certain number of pottery articles in a day. It was observed on a particular day that the cost of production of each article(in dollars) was 3 more than twice the number of articles produced on that day. If the total cost of production on that day was $90, find the number of articles produced and the cost of each article.

Problem 8 : 

The sides of an equilateral triangle are shortened by 12 units, 13 units and 14 units respectively and a right angle triangle is formed. Find the length of each side of the equilateral triangle.

solving quadratic word problems worksheet answers

1. Answer :

Let x be the required number.

Its positive square root is √x.  

Given : Difference between x and √x is 12.

x - √x = 12

x - 12 = √x

(x - 12) 2  = x

x 2 - 24x + 144 = x

Subtract x from both sides.

x 2  - 25x + 144 = 0

x 2  - 9x - 16x + 144 = 0

x(x - 9) - 16(x - 9) = 0

(x - 9)(x - 16) = 0

x = 9  or  x = 16

x = 9 does not satisfy the condition given in the question.

Then, 

x  =  16

Therefore, the required number is 16.

2. Answer :

Let y be the required number.

Then, its reciprocal is ¹⁄ y .

Given : D ifference between a number and its reciprocal is ²⁴⁄₅ .

y - ¹⁄ y   =  ²⁴⁄₅

Multiply both sides by 5y to get rid of the denominators y and 5.

5y(y  - ¹⁄ y ) = 5y( ²⁴⁄₅ )

5y(y) - 5y( ¹⁄ y ) = 24y 

5y 2 - 5 = 24y

Subtract 24y from boths sides.

5y 2 - 24y - 5 = 0

Solve by factoring.

5y 2 - 25y + y - 5 = 0

5y(y - 5) + 1(y - 5) = 0

(y - 5)(5y + 1) = 0

y - 5 = 0  or  5y + 1 = 0

y = 5  or  y =  ⁻¹⁄₅

Justification :

Both the values y =  5  and y =  ⁻¹⁄₅  satisfy the condition given in the question.

Therefore, the required number is 5 or  ⁻¹⁄₅ .

3. Answer :

Let x be the length of the given rod. Then the length of the rod 2 meter shorter is (x - 2) and the total cost of both the rods is $60 (Because cost would remain unchanged).  Cost of one meter of the given rod  is

=  ⁶⁰⁄ₓ 

Cost of one meter of the rod which is 2 meter shorter is

=  ⁶⁰⁄₍ₓ ₋ ₂₎

Given :  If the rod was 2 meter shorter and each meter costs $1 more.

That is,  60/(x-2) is $1 more than 60/x.

⁶⁰⁄₍ₓ ₋ ₂₎  -  ⁶⁰⁄ₓ  = 1

Multiply both sides by x(x - 2) to get rid of the denominators (x - 2) an x.

x(x - 2) [⁶⁰⁄₍ₓ ₋ ₂₎  -  ⁶⁰⁄ₓ]  = x(x - 2)

x(x - 2) [⁶⁰⁄₍ₓ ₋ ₂₎]  - x(x - 2) [⁶⁰⁄ₓ]  = x(x - 2)

60x - 60(x - 2) = x 2  - 2x

60x - 60x + 120 = x 2  - 2x

120 = x 2  - 2x

0 = x 2  - 2x - 120 

x 2  - 2x - 120 = 0

x 2  - 12x + 10x - 120 = 0

x(x - 12) + 10(x - 12) = 0

(x - 12)(x + 10) = 0

x - 12 = 0  or  x + 10 = 0

x = 12  or  x = -10

Because length can not be a negative number, we can ignore x = -10. 

Therefore, the length of the given rod is 12 m.

4. Answer :

Let x be one of the parts of 25.

Then, the other part is (25 - x).  Given : Sum of the reciprocals of the parts is 1/6. 

¹⁄ₓ  +  ¹⁄₍₂₅ ₋ ₓ₎ =  ⅙

Multiply both sides by 6x(25 - x) to get rid of the denominators x, (25 - x) and 6.

6x(25 - x) [ ¹⁄ₓ  +  ¹⁄₍₂₅ ₋ ₓ₎ ]  = 6x(25 - x) [⅙]

6x(25 - x) [ ¹⁄ₓ ]  - 6x(25 - x) [ ¹⁄₍₂₅ ₋ ₓ₎ ]  = x(25 - x)

6(25 - x) - 6x = 25x - x 2

150 - 6x + 6x = 25x - x 2

150 = 25x -  x 2

x 2  - 2 5x + 150 = 0

x 2  - 1 5x - 10x + 150 = 0

x(x - 15) - 10(x - 15) = 0

(x - 15)(x - 10) = 0

x - 15 = 0  or x - 10 = 0

x = 15  or  x = 10

When x = 15, 

25 - x = 25 - 15

When x = 10,

25 - x = 25 - 10

Therefore, the two parts of 25 are 10 and 15.

5. Answer :

From the given information. we can assume x and ( x + 4) as the lengths of the other two sides of the right triangle.

triangle5

Using Pythagorean Theorem in the right triangle above,

x 2  + (x + 4) 2  = 20 2

x 2  + (x + 4)(x + 4) = 400

x 2  + x 2  + 4x + 4x + 16 = 400

2x 2  + 8x + 16 = 400

2 x 2  + 8x - 384 = 0

Divide both sides by 2. 

x 2  + 4x - 192 = 0

x 2  - 12x + 16x - 192 = 0

x(x - 12) + 16(x - 12) = 0

(x - 12)(x + 16) = 0

x - 12 = 0  or  x + 16 = 0

x = 12  or  x = -16

x = -16 can not be accepted. Because length can never be negative.

Therefore, the other two sides of the triangle are 12 cm and 16 cm.

6. Answer :

Let x be the base the right triangle.

Then, its altitude is ( x - 7).

triangle4

x 2 + (x - 7) 2 = 13 2

x 2 + (x - 7)(x - 7) = 169

x 2  + x 2  - 7x - 7x + 49  = 169

2x 2  - 14x + 49 = 169

2x 2  - 14x - 120 = 0

Divide both sides by 2.

x 2  - 7x - 60 = 0

x 2  - 12x + 5x - 60 = 0

x(x - 12) + 5(x - 12) = 0

(x + 5)(x - 12) = 0

x + 5 = 0  or  x - 12 = 0

x = -5  or  x = 12

Because x represents the base of the triangle, it can never be negative. So, x = 12 

Base = 12 cm

 Altitude = 5 cm

Therefore, the other two sides of the right triangle are 12 cm and 5 cm.

7. Answer :

Let x be the number of articles produced on that day.

Then, the cost of production of each article is

Total cost = N umber of articles  ⋅ cost of one article

90 = x(2x + 3)

90 = 2x 2  + 3x

2x 2  + 3x - 90 = 0

Solv by factoring.

2x 2  - 12x + 15 x - 90 = 0

2x(x - 6) + 15(x - 6) = 0

(2x + 15)(x - 6) = 0

2x + 15 = 0  or  x - 6 = 0

x = -7.5  or  x = 6

Because x represents the number of articles, it can never be negative value. Then,  x = 6.

So, the number of articles produced is 6.

The cost of each article : 

8. Answer :

Let x be the length of each side of the equilateral triangle.

triangle6

Then, the sides of the right angle triangle are

(x - 12), (x - 13) and (x - 14) 

In the above three sides, the side represented by ( x - 12) is hypotenuse (because, that is the longest side).

triangle7

(x - 13) 2  + (x - 14) 2  = (x - 12) 2

(x - 13)(x - 13) + (x - 14)(x - 14)   = (x - 12)(x - 12)

x 2  - 26x + 169 + x 2  - 28x + 196 =  x 2  - 24x + 144

2x 2  - 54x + 365 = x 2  - 24x + 144

x 2  - 30x + 221 = 0

x 2  - 13x - 17x + 221 = 0

x(x - 13) - 17(x - 13) = 0

(x - 13)(x - 17) = 0

x - 13 = 0  or  x - 17 = 0

x = 13  or  x = 17 

x = 13 can not be accepted.

Because, if x = 13, the side represented by ( x - 14) is negative. So, x = 17. Therefore, the length of each side of the equilateral triangle is 17 units.

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Course: Algebra 1   >   Unit 14

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Quadratic word problem: ball

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Need Help Solving Those Dreaded Word Problems Involving Quadratic Equations?

Yes, I know it's tough. You've finally mastered factoring and using the quadratic formula and now you are asked to solve more problems!

Except these are even more tough. Now you have to figure out what the problem even means before trying to solve it. I completely understand and here's where I am going to try to help!

There are many types of problems that can easily be solved using your knowledge of quadratic equations. You may come across problems that deal with money and predicted incomes (financial) or problems that deal with physics such as projectiles. You may also come across construction type problems that deal with area or geometry problems that deal with right triangles.

Lucky for you, you can solve the quadratic equations, now you just have to learn how to apply this useful skill.

On this particular page, we are going to take a look at a physics "projectile problem".

Projectiles - Example 1

A ball is shot from a cannon into the air with an upward velocity of 40 ft/sec. The equation that gives the height (h) of the ball at any time (t) is: h(t)= -16t 2 + 40ft + 1.5. Find the maximum height attained by the ball.

Let's first take a minute to understand this problem and what it means. We know that a ball is being shot from a cannon. So, in your mind, imagine a cannon firing a ball. We know that the ball is going to shoot from the cannon, go into the air, and then fall to the ground.

So, here's a mathematical picture that I see in my head.

Now let's talk about what each part of this problem means. In our equation that we are given we must be given the value for the force of gravity (coefficient of t 2 ). We must also use our upward velocity (coefficient of t) and our original height of the cannon/ball (the constant or 1.5). Take a look...

Now that you have a mental picture of what's happening and you understand the formula given, we can go ahead and solve the problem.

  • First, ask yourself, "What am I solving for?" "What do I need to find?" You are asked to find the maximum height (go back and take a look at the diagram). What part of the parabola is this? Yes, it's the vertex! We will need to use the vertex formula and I will need to know the y coordinate of the vertex because it's asking for the height.
  • Next Step: Solve! Now that I know that I need to use the vertex formula, I can get to work.

Just as simple as that, this problem is solved.

Let's not stop here. Let's take this same problem and put a twist on it. There are many other things that we could find out about this ball!

Projectiles - Example 2

Same problem - different question. Take a look...

A ball is shot from a cannon into the air with an upward velocity of 40 ft/sec. The equation that gives the height (h) of the ball at any time (t) is: h(t)= -16t 2 + 40ft + 1.5. How long did it take for the ball to reach the ground?

Now, we've changed the question and we want to know how long did it take the ball to reach the ground.

What ground, you may ask. The problem didn't mention anything about a ground. Let's take a look at the picture "in our mind" again.

Do you see where the ball must fall to the ground. The x-axis is our "ground" in this problem. What do we know about points on the x-axis when we are dealing with quadratic equations and parabolas?

Yes, the points on the x-axis are our "zeros" or x-intercepts. This means that we must solve the quadratic equation in order to find the x-intercept.

Let's do it! Let's solve this equation. I'm thinking that this may not be a factorable equation. Do you agree? So, what's our solution?

Hopefully, you agree that we can use the quadratic formula to solve this equation.

The first time doesn't make sense because it's negative. This is the calculation for when the ball was on the ground initially before it was shot.

This actually never really occurred because the ball was shot from the cannon and was never shot from the ground. Therefore, we will disregard this answer.

The other answer was 2.54 seconds which is when the ball reached the ground (x-axis) after it was shot. Therefore, this is the only correct answer to this problem.

Ok, one more spin on this problem. What would you do in this case?

Projectiles - Example 3

A ball is shot from a cannon into the air with an upward velocity of 40 ft/sec. The equation that gives the height (h) of the ball at any time (t) is: h(t)= -16t 2 + 40ft + 1.5. How long does it take the ball to reach a height of 20 feet?

Yes, this problem is a little trickier because the question is not asking for the maximum height (vertex) or the time it takes to reach the ground (zeros), instead it it asking for the time it takes to reach a height of 20 feet.

Since the ball reaches a maximum height of 26.5 ft, we know that it will reach a height of 20 feet on the way up and on the way down.

Let's just estimate on our graph and also make sure that we get this visual in our head.

From looking at this graph, I would estimate the times to be about 0.7 sec and 1.9 sec. Do you see how the ball will reach 20 feet on the way up and on the way down?

Now, let's find the actual values. Where will we substitute 20 feet?

Yes, we must substitute 20 feet for h(t) because this is the given height. We will now be solving for t using the quadratic formula. Take a look.

Our actual times were pretty close to our estimates. Just don't forget that when you solve a quadratic equation, you must have the equation set equal to 0. Therefore, we had to subtract 20 from both sides in order to have the equation set to 0.

You've now seen it all when it comes to projectiles!

Great Job! Hopefully you've been able to understand how to solve problems involving quadratic equations. I also hope that you better understand these common velocity equations and how to think about what this problem looks like graphically in order to help you to understand which process or formula to use in order to solve the problem.

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  1. PDF Unit 6 Quadratic Word Problems

    4. The width of a rectangle is 2 m less than the length. The area is 48 m2. Find the dimensions. (Answer: 6 m by 8 m) 5. One side of a right triangle is 2 cm shorter than the hypotenuse and 7 cm longer than the third side. Find the lengths of the sides of the triangle.

  2. PDF Lesson 13: Application Problems with Quadratic Equations

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  3. PDF Quadratic Word Problems

    Worksheet by Kuta Software LLC Advanced Algebra II Quadratic Word Problems Name_____ Date_____ ©T t2^0r1^4Q wKCuYtcaI XSdoYfKt^wkaprRen ]LULxCr.l c TAOlVlZ hrMiigQhTt^sV rr]eKsCeJrOv\exdh.-1-1) A fireworks rocket is launched from a hill above a lake. The rocket will fall into the lake after

  4. Quadratic Word Problems Worksheets

    These math worksheets should be practiced regularly and are free to download in PDF formats. Quadratic Word Problem Worksheet - 1. Download PDF. Quadratic Word Problem Worksheet - 2. Download PDF. Quadratic Word Problem Worksheet - 3. Download PDF. Quadratic Word Problem Worksheet - 4. Download PDF.

  5. PDF QUADRATIC EQUATIONS WORD PROBLEMS

    rectangle. e the length is 6 more width x and = the x + length 6 =. + 6. the equation LW = using A. Step - Solve 3. the the formula x ( x + 6) = 91. equation. x 2 + x 6 = 91.

  6. Quadratic Word Problems

    Quadratic Equation Word Problems. Solving word problems with quadratic equations - consecutive integer and rectangle dimensions problems. Examples: (1) The product of two positive consecutive integers is 5 more than three times the larger. Find the integers. (2) The width of a rectangle is 5 feet less than its length.

  7. Quadratic Equation Word Problems

    Now, print our worksheet pdfs, exclusively designed for high school students and get to solve 15 similar word problems. Read each word problem, formulate a quadratic equation, and solve for the unknown. You can use any of these methods: factoring, square roots, completing squares, or quadratic formula to arrive at your answers.

  8. Quadratic Equations Word Problems

    Quadratic equations - Solving word problems using factoring of trinomials. Question 1a: Find two consecutive integers that have a product of 42. Quadratic equations - Solving word problems using factoring of trinomials. Question 1b: There are three consecutive integers. The product of the two larger integers is 30.

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    Practice Problems. 1) The length of a rectangle is 3 times its width. The area of the rectangle is 48 square yards. Find the dimensions of the rectangle. Show Answer. Show Work. 2) The length of a rectangle is 4 times its width. The area of the rectangle is 100 square feet. Find the dimensions of the rectangle.

  10. Quadratic word problems (standard form) (practice)

    Quadratic word problems (standard form) Google Classroom. You might need: Calculator. Rui is a professional deep water free diver. His altitude (in meters relative to sea level), x seconds after diving, is modeled by: d ( x) = 1 2 x 2 − 10 x.

  11. 10 Quadratic Equations Word Problems

    Quadratic equations word problems are math problems in which the equations are not given directly. These problems can be solved by using the given information to obtain a quadratic equation of the form ax^2+bx+c ax2 + bx+ c. We can then use the factoring method, the completing the square method or the quadratic formula to solve the equation.

  12. Quadratic Equation Word Problems with Solution

    Here, we will solve different types of quadratic equation-based word problems. Use the appropriate method to solve them: By Completing the Square; By Factoring; By Quadratic Formula; By graphing; For each process, follow the following typical steps: Make the equation; Solve for the unknown variable using the appropriate method; Interpret the result

  13. QUADRATIC EQUATION WORD PROBLEMS WORKSHEET WITH ANSWERS

    QUADRATIC EQUATION WORD PROBLEMS WORKSHEET WITH ANSWERS. Problem 1 : Difference between a number and its positive square root is 12. Find the number. Problem 2 : If the difference between a number and its reciprocal is ²⁴⁄₅, find the number. Problem 3 : A piece of iron rod costs $60. If the rod was 2 meter shorter and each meter costs $1 ...

  14. Quadratic equations word problem

    Learn for free about math, art, computer programming, economics, physics, chemistry, biology, medicine, finance, history, and more. ... Quadratic word problems (standard form) Math > Algebra 1 > Quadratic functions & equations > ... See the graph I made in the question above for an approximate answer.

  15. PDF Solving Quadratic Word Problems With Multi-parts

    2. Without solving, determine how many solutions/roots/zeros each quadratic equation has. 2 a) x + 14 x + 49 = 0. 2 b) - 2 x - 11 = 0. 2 c) x - 7 x - 10 = 0. 3. Solve using the quadratic formula. Express all final answers as integers or fractions in lowest terms. Round all answers involving radicals to two decimal places.

  16. IXL

    Spanish. Recommendations. Skill plans. IXL plans. Washington state standards. Textbooks. Test prep. Improve your math knowledge with free questions in "Solve quadratic equations: word problems" and thousands of other math skills.

  17. PDF Quadratic Word Problems page 1

    Lecture Notes Quadratic Word Problems page 4 Thus the shorter side is 5 ft, and the longer side is 2(5) 3 = 7 ft. Thus the answer is: 5ft by 7ft: We check: 7 is indeed 3 less than twice 5, i.e. 7 = 2(5) 3 and the perimeter is 2(5ft) + 2(7ft) = 24ft. Thus our solution is indeed correct. 4. One side of a rectangle is 3ft shorter than twice the ...

  18. PDF 23 23 14 14 Quadratic Inequalities & Word Problems Worksheet

    Quadratic Inequalities & Word Problems Worksheet 1. Solve . 2. Solve 3. Solve . 4. Solve . 5. An object is launched at 19.6 meters per second from a 58.8-meter tall platform. The equation for the object's height at time t seconds after launch is : ; , where s is in meters.

  19. Quadratic Word Problems Worksheet with Answers

    Given below are the Quadratic Word Problems Worksheet with Answers Class 10 Maths. Question 1. A train travels at a certain average speed for a distance of 63 km and then travels a distance of 72 km at an average speed of 6 km/h more than its original speed. If it takes 3 hours to complete the total journey, what is its original average speed?

  20. Word Problems Involving Quadratic Equations

    A ball is shot from a cannon into the air with an upward velocity of 40 ft/sec. The equation that gives the height (h) of the ball at any time (t) is: h (t)= -16t 2 + 40ft + 1.5. Find the maximum height attained by the ball. Let's first take a minute to understand this problem and what it means. We know that a ball is being shot from a cannon.

  21. Solving Quadratics Practice Questions

    Previous: Factorising Quadratics Practice Questions Next: Adding Fractions Practice Questions GCSE Revision Cards

  22. Quadratic Formula Practice Problems with Answersx

    The more you use the formula to solve quadratic equations, the more you become expert at it! Use the illustration below as a guide. Notice that in order to apply the quadratic formula, we must transform the quadratic equation into the standard form, that is, [latex]a{x^2} + bx + c = 0[/latex] where [latex]a \ne 0[/latex].

  23. Quadratic word problems worksheet

    This worksheet is specifically designed to challenge and inspire students to think critically and master word problems using the quadratic formula and factoring.With a series of thought-provoking questions and exercises, students will gain confidence and fluency in solving quadratic equations and applications.